Authenticity and Development Front

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Authenticity and Development Front
جبهة الأصالة والتنمية[1]
Jabhat al-Aisalat wal-Tanmia
Participant in Syrian Civil War
ADFlogo2015.png
ActiveNovember 2012 – present[2]
IdeologySunni Islamism[3]
Group(s)Unification Army[5]
Lions of the East Army (Former)[6]
The White Shroud
LeadersKhalid al-Hamad [1]
Area of operations
Part ofMujahideen Shura Council (2014–2015)
Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army
Allies Turkey
 Saudi Arabia
 Jordan
Tahrir al-Sham
Jaysh al-Islam
Ahrar al-Sham
Saraya Ahl al-Sham
Opponent(s) Syria
 Iran
 Russia
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[7]
Hezbollah
PFLP-GC
Syrian Democratic Forces
Battles and war(s)Syrian Civil War

The Authenticity and Development Front (Arabic: جبهة الأصالة والتنمية‎; Jabhat al-Aisalat wal-Tanmia) is a Saudi Arabia-backed alliance of rebel groups that was active during the Syrian Civil War.

Background[edit]

The coalition includes Islamists, military defectors, and former civilian rebels.[3][4][12] Although the alliance uses Syrian independence flags and symbols, it does not identify itself as part of the Free Syrian Army.[13] One of the groups involved was the Nour al-Din al-Zenki Movement, which was also part of the Army of Mujahideen,[3] though the Army of Mujahideen announced on 4 May 2014 that the Nour al-Din al-Zenki Movement had withdrawn from the coalition.[14] The Authenticity and Development Front operated American-made BGM-71 TOW anti-tank missiles captured from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[15]

Member Groups[edit]

Current[edit]

  • The White Shroud
  • Army of Tawhid[16]
    • Tajamuu Alwiyat al-Iman Billah
    • Liwa Hamah al-Aqidah
    • Tajamuu Jund al-Badr Brigade 313
    • Lions of Islam Brigade
    • Talbisah Brigade
    • Falcons of Talbisah Brigade
    • Muawiyah Ibn Abi Sufyan Brigade
    • Sword of Islam Battalion
    • Tajamuu Alwiyat wa Kataib Suyuf al-Haq
  • Allahu Akbar Battalions[17]
  • Battalions of the People of Impact[18]
  • Abd Al-Rahman Battalions[19]
  • Miqdad Bin al-Aswad Battalion[20]
  • Division 60
  • Jund al-Sham[21]

Former Groups[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Non-State Militant Landscape in Syria". Combating Terrorism Center. 27 August 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  2. ^ Sinjab, Lina (17 October 2013). "Syria crisis: Guide to armed and political opposition". BBC. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "The Mujahedeen Army of Aleppo". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  4. ^ a b "The Levant Front: Can Aleppo's Rebels Unite?". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 26 December 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Northern Homs based rebel group joins Authenticity and Development Front". Archived from the original on 2017-08-07. Retrieved 2017-05-22.
  6. ^ http://en.deirezzor24.net/the-authenticity-and-development-front-cuts-all-of-its-ties-with-the-new-syrian-army/
  7. ^ a b "ثوار القلمون يطردون تنظيم "الدولة" من مناطق جديدة". الدرر الشامية.
  8. ^ "Syria Direct: News Update 4-20-15". Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Analysis: Insurgents launch major offensive against Assad regime in Hama province - FDD's Long War Journal". FDD's Long War Journal.
  10. ^ https://malcolmxtreme.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/soldiers-killed-by-rebels-in-jobar-9-29-2014.jpg
  11. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qpmHh9ZJTVw
  12. ^ "The Fighting in Abu Kamal (Albukamal): Background and Analysis". Brown Moses Blog. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  13. ^ "The Factions of Abu Kamal". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Jeish al-Mujahideen Charter – Comment and Translation". Goha's Nail. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  15. ^ "THE MODERATE REBELS: A GROWING LIST OF VETTED GROUPS FIELDING BGM-71 TOW ANTI-TANK GUIDED MISSILES". Hasan Mustafas. 5 August 2015.
  16. ^ https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CEfJeg8XIAAM6BN.png
  17. ^ https://www.meforum.org/3699/abu-kamal-factions
  18. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20190729190920/https://twitter.com/alasalawatanmya/status/968542562976968704?s=20
  19. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20190729191142/https://twitter.com/alasalawatanmya/status/857214764501442560?s=20
  20. ^ https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C9xpv0jWsAAWzT4?format=jpg&name=small
  21. ^ https://017qndpynh-flywheel.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/FSA-friendly.jpg
  22. ^ http://www.mesop.de/the-white-shroud-a-syrian-resistance-movement-to-the-islamic-state-by-aymenn-jawad-al-tamimi/
  23. ^ http://www.aymennjawad.org/14756/key-updates-on-albukamal-abu-kamal
  24. ^ https://docs.google.com/document/d/1aI3yAmNGW1vLpJCOrhiVLqpUUIX9PG1RNsCqJGGfhxI/

External links[edit]



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