Battle of Tabqa

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Battle of Tabqa
Part of the American-led intervention in Syria, the International military intervention against ISIL, the Raqqa campaign (2016–17), the Syrian Civil War, and the Rojava–Islamist conflict
Tabqa offensive (2017).svg
Map of the operation to capture the Tabqa region
Date22 March – 10 May 2017
(1 month, 2 weeks and 4 days)
Location35°50′12″N 38°32′53″E / 35.8367°N 38.5481°E / 35.8367; 38.5481Coordinates: 35°50′12″N 38°32′53″E / 35.8367°N 38.5481°E / 35.8367; 38.5481
Result Major SDF victory
  • The SDF gains a foothold south of the Euphrates
  • The SDF captures Tabqa Airbase, Tabqa city,[3] Tabqa Dam, and more than 8 villages[4]

Syrian Democratic Forces
International Freedom Battalion


 Iraqi Kurdistan
 Islamic State
Commanders and leaders
Rojda Felat[5]
Qandil Manbij[6]
Unidentified YPJ commander [6]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Unidentified high-ranking ISIL commander (WIA(POW)[6]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Abu Umar al-Almani [7]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Abu Zubeyir [8]
Units involved

Syrian Democratic Forces


  • SWAT Units (HAT)[1]

International Freedom Battalion

United States United States Armed Forces

United Kingdom British Armed Forces

 Iraqi Kurdistan[12]

Military of ISIL

SDF: 1,000–3,000 fighters[14]
United States US: 500 Special Forces[15]
Casualties and losses
100 killed (U.S. claim),[17]
66+ killed (various claims),[18] 300+ wounded[6]
370 killed and wounded (ISIL claim)[19]
133–340 killed (SDF claim)[20]
7,000+ civilians displaced[21]

The Battle of Tabqa, part of the Raqqa campaign (2016–17) of the Rojava-Islamist conflict, resulted from a Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) operation against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) to recapture and secure the Tabqa Dam, al-Thawrah (al-Tabqah), Tabqa Airbase, and the surrounding countryside.[22][23] The SDF was supported by the United States military. The assault on these targets by the anti-ISIL forces began on 22 March 2017,[15] and control of Tabqa and the Tabqa Dam was achieved by these forces on 10 May 2017.[24]


The Tabqa Dam in 2014

The SDF, moving to take Raqqa, positioned themselves around the city as part of the second phase of the operation. However, as part of this, they encountered IS forces dug in around the Tabqa Dam, west of Raqqa city. Because of the dam's fragility and strategic importance, the SDF could not immediately move on the dam, and there were concerns it could break and cause flooding.[25][26] ISIL had threatened to open the floodgates if the dam was attacked, which would destroy many villages downstream.[27]

Initial assault[edit]

In late January 2017, it was reported that a number of ISIL militants were hiding inside the structure of Tabqa Dam, with senior militant leaders who used to be "very important prisoners" wanted by the US and several other countries, in order to deter a possible US-led coalition strike on these targets.[citation needed]

Probing attacks took place in January 2017, when U.S. special forces crossed the Euphrates in amphibious raids, including the raid against ISIL by combined SDF and U.S. special forces on the Tabqa Dam and the nearby city of al-Thawrah (al-Tabqah).[citation needed] Following the raids, ISIL counterattacked the SDF positions, but the counterattacks were largely repelled.

The offensive[edit]

Assault on Tabqa Dam and Tabqa Airbase[edit]

SDF fighters near Tabqa Dam

On 22 March, the SDF began an assault to capture the Tabqa Dam, al-Thawrah (al-Tabqah; Tabqa) city, and the Tabqa Airbase. 500 SDF fighters and U.S. special forces from CJTF–OIR were airlifted by helicopters of the United States military across the Euphrates river and Lake Assad, and were dropped on the Shurfa Peninsula to the west of Tabqa city. The attack was supported by artillery support from United States Marines, as well as air support.[15][14][28][29] SDF and US forces also landed on the Jazirat al-'Ayd Island (or Peninsula) to the west of Tabqa Dam, capturing it as well.[30] An anti-ISIL coalition spokesman announced that the advance had cut off the highway linking the Aleppo, Deir ez-Zor, and Raqqa Governorates. He added that around 75-80% of the attacking force consisted of Arab fighters, with the rest being Kurds. The SDF stated that the advance was also meant to block any advance on Raqqa by the Syrian Arab Army from the west.[31]

The operation was described by Pentagon spokesman Eric Pahon as a large high-priority offensive to secure the area both around Tabqa and the associated Tabqa Dam. The airlift of forces behind enemy lines enabled SDF and US forces to cut the road to Raqqa from the west. Four towns were also seized as part of the amphibious landing. According to the US, 80% of the fighters in the airlift were Arabs, and the rest were Kurds in the YPG and the YPJ.[32]

Coalition press announced that the assault would be a complex operation involving Kurdish troops and the SDF, in both air and amphibious attacks. It was believed that the dam and general area were held by hundreds of ISIL fighters, many of them foreign fighters.[33]

On 24 March, SDF spokeswoman Jihan Sheikh Ahmed announced that they had reached the Tabqa Dam, and were fighting ISIL at its entrance.[34] The assault on the dam was spearheaded by SDF fighters who were backed by United States Special Operation Forces. It was also reported that the SDF had captured eight villages to the southwest of Tabqa city.[4] Amaq meanwhile claimed SDF had withdrawn from the dam. Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa claimed online that the SDF had captured the Tabqa Airbase; however, Al-Masdar News stated that the SDF's open room had stated that the claim was completely fabricated.[35]

A boat carrying SDF fighters across Lake Assad

On 26 March, the SDF captured two villages to the east of Tabqa. It was also reported that ISIL was shelling the surroundings of Tabqa Dam with heavy weaponry.[36][37] On the same day, ISIL claimed that Tabqa Dam was on the verge of collapse and that all the floodgates were closed. The dam was reported to have become inoperable, which ISIL claimed was due to Coalition bombing and artillery strikes, though the SOHR stated that the actual reasons were unknown, adding that ISIL still held its main building and turbines.[38][39] SDF however denied that it had been hit, while RISBS (Raqqa is Silently Being Slaughtered) stated that ISIL was informing fleeing civilians that the dam was safe.[40] Additionally, the US-led Coalition stated that the Tabqa Dam was structurally sound, and that the dam had not been targeted by any airstrikes. They also stated that the SDF controlled an emergency spillway at the northern part of the dam, which could be used in the event of an emergency.[41] On the same day, SDF spokesman Talal Silo announced that SDF had stormed the Tabqa military airport, and had taken sixty to seventy percent of it.[42] They later announced that they had completely captured the Al-Tabqa Airbase, following a 24-hour battle.[3][43][44] ISIL fighters stationed at Tabqa Airbase were reported to have withdrawn northward, to Tabqa city. Additionally, SDF forces captured two villages near the airbase during the advance.[43][45]

ISIL was reported to have reversed an earlier evacuation order in Raqqa, stating that the dam was safe and ordered civilians to remain in the city.[46][47] A day later however SDF announced they were temporarily pausing their offensive for the dam.[48][49][50] Later in the day, a spokeswoman of the SDF announced that engineers who had been permitted to check the dam and its operations did not find it was damaged or malfunctioning.[51] On 28 March, ISIL deployed an additional 900 fighters to the Tabqa District, in an attempt to stop the SDF advances.[16]

Besieging Tabqa city[edit]

Toyota Hilux and other technicals of the YPG and YPJ near Tabqa

On 29 March, the SDF cut the road between al-Thawrah (al-Tabqah) city and Raqqa. The SDF stated that ISIL had shelled the Tabqa Dam during the day, causing repair work to be temporarily paused.[52][53] On 31 March, SDF forces attacked the town of Al-Safsafah, to the east of Tabqa, nearly besieging the city.[54]

The SDF and some activists stated on 2 April that it had repelled a major ISIL counterattack to the northeast of Tabqa city, near the Tabqa Dam, and near the Tabqa airbase. They also continued to advance in villages to the east of Tabqa city.[55] On the same day, it was reported that SDF had completely besieged al-Thawrah (al-Tabqah) city, with Kurdish activists stating that two SDF units linked up to the east of the city.[56][57] SOHR, however, stated that they were still trying to besiege the city.[58] SDF fighters continued battling for Safsafah and Ibad, on the next day, to fully encircle Tabqa.[59][60] On 3 April, it was reported that ISIL was possibly in the process of moving its capital from Raqqa city to Mayadin, in the Deir ez-Zor Governorate. This followed months of gradual relocation of resources and senior ISIL leaders from Raqqa to Mayadin.[61] SDF entered and besieged Safsafah on 5 April, thus also besieging Tabqa city while claiming that it had also taken control of a major part of Safsafah.[62] The village was captured by the next day, resulting in SDF completely encircling Tabqa city.[63][64]

The SDF captured Ibad village, to the east of Safsafah, on 9 April, further expanding their control in eastern countryside of Tabqa, while more than 25 ISIL fighters were killed in the clashes.[65][66] ISIL also launched unsuccessful counterattacks on Safsafah,[67] while also attacking Al-Tabqa Airbase.[68] The SDF captured another village near Tabqa on the next day.[69]

On 11 April, the US-led Coalition reported that the SDF had captured 60% of Tabqa Dam, and that they were "very close" to liberating the dam.[70][71] On 13 April, the United States military stated that CJTF-OIR had bombed a SDF fighting position near Tabqa as it was misidentified as belonging to ISIL. It added that the airstrikes resulted in deaths of 18 SDF fighters.[72]

Battle for Tabqa city[edit]

A SDF fighter stands in a destroyed area of Tabqa

On 15 April, the SDF advanced within "hundreds of metres" from Tabqa, and fighting reached two suburbs of the city. Later on the same day, the SDF entered al-Thawrah (al-Tabqah) from the east and the west, capturing the entire Alexandria suburb in southern Tabqa, bringing 15% of the city under SDF control.[73][74][75] On 17 April, the SDF advanced further, bringing 20% of Tabqa city under their control.[76] Also on 17 April 2017, it was announced that 200 fighters from the Manbij Military Council would participate in this part of the battle, with a total of 350.[77][9] On 18 April, the SDF captured the ISIL radio station in the city.[78] In the following days, SDF decided to accelerate their operations in Tabqa and by 22 April managed to secure a quarter of the city.[79]

IRPGF fighters crossing the Lake Assad by boat

SDF advanced in Tabqa city again on 30 April. It stated that it had captured six more districts and ISIL only controlled the northern part of the town near Tabqa dam.[80] SOHR stated that SDF controlled at least 40% of the city, including more than half of the Old City area.[81] Later on the same day, it was reported that the SDF had captured at least 60% of the city.[82] On the next day SDF stated that it had completely captured the Old City area, leaving ISIL in control of only the newer areas of the town alongside the dam. SOHR stated that they controlled about 80% of the city.[83]

On 2 May, SDF stated that it had captured about 90 percent of the town[84] amid reports of negotiations between Kurdish fighters and ISIL to allow the latter to withdraw from the remaining areas under its control.[85] By 3 May, SDF had almost captured the whole city except in a small northern area and district near the dam.[86][87] ISIL also carried out counterattacks in and near Tabqa.[86][88] It was later reported that a deal had been reached to allow remaining ISIL fighters to withdraw from the city as well as the dam.[87][89] SDF and its commanders however denied any deal had been reached, adding that clashes were still ongoing against ISIL in a village near Tabqa and the three northern districts of the town including some militants who were hiding among civilians.[90][91]

End of the battle[edit]

SDF fighters raise their flag in Tabqa

By 10 May, there were still two ISIL holdouts in the Tabqa area. On one side, 14 Chechen and French African ISIL fighters, members of the elite Ingimassayeen units, still held the control room, the floodgates, and a number of tunnels inside Tabqa Dam. Even though they were left without light or fresh air, as the SDF had shut down all electricity to the dam, and without means to communicate with their allies because the coalition jammed their radio frequencies, these ISIL fighters had resisted attempts to clear them out for weeks. The second, bigger holdout was in northern Tabqa city, where around 50 ISIL militants still defended a number of highly fortified apartments. In course of 10 May, however, this last resistance was finally broken,[6] when the remaining ISIL defenders surrendered or fled. According to the United States Central Command, the Islamists had acceded to SDF's demand of dismantling the IEDs surrounding the dam. The anti-ISIL coalition stated that it tracked those militants who fled and targeted those who could be killed without harming civilians.[92] At 16:00 on that day, SDF commander Rojda Felat stated that the Tabqa Dam had been completely brought under control of the SDF.[24][93][94] SDF conducted clearance operation after the capture and hunted for any remaining ISIL holdouts in addition to carrying out de-mining operations.[95]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Raqqa: Qasioun Lens Inside Tabaqa City And Euphrates Dam 13-5-2017". Qasioun News Agency. 14 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  2. ^ Point de situation des opérations au 30 mars 2017
  3. ^ a b "U.S.-backed forces capture IS-held airport near Euphrates dam". Reuters. 26 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.[dead link]
  4. ^ a b News, ANF. "SDF fighters enter the eastern neighborhoods of Raqqa". Archived from the original on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Raqqa will soon be encircled from four fronts: Rojda Felat". Hawar News Agency. 28 March 2017. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Anthony Loyd (11 May 2017). "IS jihadis stall push on Raqqa, Syria". The Australian. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Abu Omar al-Almany was killed". Hawar News Agency. 26 March 2017. Archived from the original on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  8. ^ "SDF kills ISIS commander near al-Tabqa town in northern Syria". Ahlul Bayt News Agency. 2 April 2017.
  9. ^ a b Wladimir van Wilgenburg (18 April 2017). "200 fighters from Manbij to join Raqqa operation, SDF gets closer to Tabqa centre". ARA News. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  10. ^ a b "MMC and SDF liberated 2 km2 of al-Tabqa". Hawar News Agency. 22 April 2017. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Britain admits elite troops involved in capture of Tabqa dam, airbase from ISIS". Al Masdar News. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Did Kurdistan's Counter-Terrorist Group assault the Tabqa Dam in Syria? - SOFREP". 23 March 2017.
  13. ^ MAHİR YILMAZKAYA (27 March 2017). "Strategic significance of Tabqa". ANF News. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Coalition airdrops SDF and US forces into Tabqa for joint operation". Rudaw. 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  15. ^ a b c d Barbara Starr; Zachary Cohen; Ryan Browne (22 March 2017). "US joins first air assault 'behind enemy lines' against ISIS in Syria". CNN. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  16. ^ a b Rodi Said (28 March 2017). "Guns silent as engineers work to ease pressure on Syrian dam". Reuters. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  17. ^ "Mattis, Dunford Host News Conference on Defeating ISIS". United States Department of Defense. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  18. ^ 5 killed (7 April),[1] 25 killed (11–13 April; clashes),[2] 1 killed (16 April),[3] Archived 23 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine 18 killed (13 April; air-strike),[4] 4 killed (18 April),[5] Archived 23 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine 7 killed (20 April),[6] 6 killed (22 April),[7] total of 66 reported killed
  19. ^ Tomson, Chris (22 April 2017). "Kurdish troops sustain 370 casualties amid Tabqa offensive: Amaq".
  20. ^ 50+ killed (7 April),[8] Archived 25 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine 340 Killed [9] 30 killed (22 April),[10] & 53 killed (3 May),[11] total of 133+ reported killed
  21. ^ Ltd, Australian News Channel Pty. "Thousands flee IS-held Tabqa, Syria".
  22. ^ Syrian Democratic Forces assault ISIS near Tabqah Dam - CENTCOM
  23. ^ "Syrian rebels take full control of IS-held airbase".
  24. ^ a b "Syrian milita nears full capture of Tabqa city, dam".
  25. ^ "U.N. warns of Catastrophic Dam Failure in Syria battle" Reuters
  26. ^ "US Backed Forces Begin Offensive to take Tabqa Dam"
  27. ^ "How Tabqa Dam collapse could snatch ISIS's defeat from jaws of victory". Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  28. ^ "Syria: Syrian Democratic Forces Cross Euphrates West Of Raqqa". STRATFOR. 22 March 2017. Archived from the original on 23 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  29. ^ "Escalation in Raqqa; Inside the Trump-Saudi meeting; Lockheed to move F-16 assembly line; What's wrong with the military personnel system?; and just a bit more…". Defense One. Atlantic Media. 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  30. ^ "Special forces join airborne assault on Isis dam stronghold".
  31. ^ Ellen Francis; Tom Perry (22 March 2017). "U.S.-led coalition airdrops forces in Raqqa province". Reuters. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  32. ^ Philip Issa and Robert Burns, Associated Press "US Forces Ferry Syrian Kurds in Amphibious operation"
  33. ^ "US Joins First Air Assault 'behind enemy lines' against ISIS in Syria Syria Tabqa Dam" CNN
  34. ^ "Syrian militia reaches Tabqa dam: SDF official". Reuters. 24 March 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  35. ^ "Kurdish forces close in on ISIS controlled Tabqa Airbase amid blitz offensive in Raqqa". Al-Masdar News. 25 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  36. ^ News, ANF. "SDF fighters liberate two more villages east of Tabqa". Archived from the original on 27 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  37. ^ "Al-Acel al-Sharqi and al-Gharbi were liberated - ANHA". Archived from the original on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  38. ^ Antonopoulos, Paul (26 March 2017). "BREAKING: ISIS claims Tabqa Dam on verge of collapse".
  39. ^ "The strategic Euphrates Dam stops working and the "Islamic State" organization still controls its main buildings and turbines". SOHR. 26 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  40. ^ "IS conflict: Raqqa warning over 'risk to Tabqa dam'". BBC. 26 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  41. ^ "The Latest: US claims Tabqa dam is not in danger of bursting".
  42. ^ "U.S-backed forces storm IS-held Tabqa military airport in northern Syria: spokesman". Reuters. 26 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  43. ^ a b Chris Tomson (26 March 2017). "BREAKING: Kurdish forces liberate Tabqa Airbase in Raqqa province". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  44. ^ "تحرير قرية تبعد عن مطار الطبقة كيلو متراً واحداً" (in Arabic). Hawar News. 26 March 2017. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  45. ^ Andrew V. Pestano (27 March 2017). "Syrian militia captures Tabqa airbase from Islamic State". United Press International. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  46. ^ "IS conflict: Raqqa warning over 'risk to Tabqa dam'" - BBC 26 March 2017
  47. ^ McKirdy, Euan. "ISIS orders Raqqa residents to flee, then stay". CNN.
  48. ^ Antonopoulos, Paul (27 March 2017). "Tabqa Dam update: Kurdish-led forces to stop assault against ISIS to allow engineers to work".
  49. ^ "U.S.-backed forces capture IS-held airport near Euphrates dam". Al-Jazeera. 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  50. ^ Ellen Francis (27 March 2017). "U.S.-backed Syrian militias say have paused military operations near Tabqa dam". Reuters. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  51. ^ Angus McDowall (27 March 2017). "Syria dam not damaged: SDF Raqqa campaign spokeswoman". Reuters. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  52. ^ Rodi Said (29 March 2017). "Engineers repair Syria's Tabqa dam spillways after shelling". Reuters. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  53. ^ "Clashes renewed in the vicinity of al-Tabaqa airbase and the Syria Democratic Forces monitor the road of eastern countryside of Aleppo – al-Tabaqa – Al-Raqqah". SOHR. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  54. ^ Fadel, Leith (31 March 2017). "Kurdish forces closing on ISIL bastion in west Al-Raqqa".
  55. ^ Suleiman Al-Khalidi (2 April 2017). "U.S.-backed forces repel Islamic State attack near Syrian dam". Reuters. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  56. ^ Arab, The New. "Syrian Kurdish-Arab force 'surround' IS' last stronghold before Raqqa".
  57. ^ Tomson, Chris (2 April 2017). "BREAKING: Kurdish forces encircle Tabqa city as ISIS collapses on outskirts of Raqqa".
  58. ^ "هجومات يومية مستمرة من قبل تنظيم "الدولة الإسلامية" على مطار الطبقة العسكري وقصف مدفعي على ريف دمشق الغربي" (in Arabic). SOHR. 2 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  59. ^ "Flooding reported in Raqqa city as US-backed forces fight for Euphrates Dam". Syria Direct. 3 April 2017. Archived from the original on 30 November 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  60. ^ Zen Adra (3 April 2017). "US-backed forces clash with ISIS outside Tabqa [Video + Photos]". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  61. ^ Ph.D, Anne Speckhard. "Is ISIS Moving its Capital from Raqqa to Mayadin in Deir ez-Zor?". Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  62. ^ "After 15 days of the airdrop missions west of it… the Syria Democratic Forces and U.S. Special Forces besiege al-Tabaqa city". SOHR. 5 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  63. ^ "Islamic State fighters 'fully encircled' in Tabqa city, Euphrates Dam". Syria Direct. 6 April 2017. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  64. ^ "US-backed fighters surround IS-held Syria town: monitor". Agence-France Presse. Middle East Eye. 6 April 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  65. ^ "The Syria Democratic Forces and U.S. Special Forces control the second village in the eastern countryside of al-Tabaqa and kill more than 25 members of the "Islamic State" organization". SOHR. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  66. ^ "SDF liberate Ibad village east of Tabqa". ANF News. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  67. ^ Zen Adra (9 April 2017). "US-backed fighters foil ISIS attack east of Tabqa". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  68. ^ "The violent clashes renewed near al-Tabaqa airbase in a new offensive by the "Islamic State" organization". SOHR. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  69. ^ "Al-Raqqa's 'Ayed al-Kabeer village liberated". ANHA. 10 April 2017. Archived from the original on 13 April 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  70. ^ "SDF close to liberating Tabqa dam, will move into Raqqa after, says coalition rep".
  71. ^ "U.S.-Backed Forces Push Back Islamic State in Raqqa Campaign - Officials".
  72. ^ "18 Syrian Fighters Allied With U.S. Are Killed in Coalition Airstrike". The New York Times. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  73. ^ "Observatory: SDF on Doorstep of Syria's Tabqa". Asharq Al-Awsat. 15 April 2017. Archived from the original on 9 October 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  74. ^ Tomson, Chris (15 April 2017). "ISIS in big trouble as Kurdish troops seize entire neighborhood in Tabqa city". AMN - Al-Masdar News | المصدر نيوز. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  75. ^ "SDF forces enter Taqba city, 16 ISIS fighters killed - ARA News". 16 April 2017. Archived from the original on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  76. ^ Tomson, Chris (17 April 2017). "VIDEO: Kurdish troops push through ISIS bastion west of Raqqa as reinforcements arrive".
  77. ^ "Shams al-Shamal fighters participating in Wrath of Euphrates - ANHA". Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  78. ^ Wladimir van Wilgenburg (19 April 2017). "US-backed SDF forces take over ISIS radio station in Tabqa". ARA News. Archived from the original on 25 June 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  79. ^ Tomson, Chris (22 April 2017). "Kurdish forces go all in on liberating Tabqa city from Islamic State". AMN - Al-Masdar News | المصدر نيوز. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  80. ^ Angus McDowall (30 April 2017). "U.S.-backed militias claim big advance against IS in Syria's Tabqa". Reuters. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  81. ^ "Kurdish-Arab force makes gains against ISIL in Tabqa". Al-Jazeera. 30 April 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  82. ^ Tomson, Chris (30 April 2017). "ISIS defeat in western Raqqa inevitable as Kurdish troops seize over half of Tabqa city".
  83. ^ Lisa Barrington (1 May 2017). "U.S.-backed militias oust Islamic State from Syria's Tabqa old city". Reuters. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  84. ^ Diana al-Rifai (2 May 2017). "Kurdish forces 'take 90 percent' of Syria's Tabqa". Al-Jazeera. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  85. ^ "Kurdish fighters 'negotiating with IS' to withdraw from Tabqa". The New Arab. 2 May 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  86. ^ a b "Humiliating defeat for ISIS as Kurdish troops impose full control over Tabqa city". Al-Masdar News. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  87. ^ a b "18 days after entering the city… the Syria Democratic Forces almost completely control al-Tabaqa and ISIS withdraw after negotiations". SOHR. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  88. ^ "Islamic State Launches Counter-Attacks on US-Backed Kurdish Forces in Syria". The Latin American Herald Tribune. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  89. ^ "Humiliating defeat for ISIS as Kurdish troops impose full control over Tabqa city". Al-Masdar News. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  90. ^ "SDF denies deal to evacuate ISIS in Tabqa, reports intensive clashes". Rudaw. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  91. ^ "Syrian Democratic Forces deny evacuation deal with ISIS". ARA News. 4 May 2017. Archived from the original on 1 June 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  92. ^ Carla Babb. "Islamic State Defeated at Tabqa Dam". Voice of America.
  93. ^ "U.S.-backed Syria militias say Tabqa, dam captured from Islamic State". 10 May 2017 – via Reuters.
  94. ^ AFP, Beirut. "US-backed forces seize Syria's Tabqa, dam from ISIS". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  95. ^ "SDF hunt for Daesh holdouts in Tabqa". Daily Star (Lebanon). 12 May 2017.