2016 Syrian parliamentary election

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2016 Syrian parliamentary election

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All 250 seats to the Parliament of Syria
126 seats are needed for a majority
  First party
  Bashar al Assad.jpg
Leader Bashar al-Assad
Party Ba'ath Party
Alliance NPF
Last election 168
Seats won 200
Seat change Increase 32

Speaker before election

Mohammad Jihad al-Laham
Ba'ath Party

Elected Speaker

Hadiya Khalaf Abbas
Ba'ath Party

Parliamentary elections were held in Syria to elect the People's Council on 13 April 2016.[citation needed] Syria's parliamentary elections occur every four years, with the last in 2012, while presidential elections are done every seven years, with the last in 2014. The current parliamentary term ends in 2020, which is consequently the planned date for the next parliamentary election.


Amidst nearly five years of civil war and ensuing negotiations for a ceasefire, following the Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War and Syrian Arab Army gains, President Bashar al-Assad called the election.

At the time of the election, Idlib Governorate was almost entirely outside government control, as it was controlled by rebels. Raqqa Governorate and Deir ez-Zor Governorate were mostly occupied by ISIL. As such, elections did not take place in these provinces. Parts of Aleppo, Homs, and Daraa governorates were also held by anti-government forces at the time of the election. Rojava had also been semi-autonomous since the civil war began.

Electoral system[edit]

All 250 members of the People's Council were elected from 15 multi-member constituencies[1] in general tickets.

Constituency Seats Population
(est. 2011)[2][3]
Damascus Governorate 29 1,754,000
Rif Dimashq Governorate 19 2,836,000
Aleppo (city) 20 2,132,100
Aleppo Governorate 32 2,735,900
Homs Governorate 23 1,803,000
Hama Governorate 22 1,628,000
Latakia Governorate 17 1,008,000
Idlib Governorate 18 1,501,000
Tartus Governorate 13 797,000
Raqqa Governorate 8 944,000
Deir ez-Zor Governorate 14 1,239,000
Al-Hasakah Governorate 14 1,512,000
Daraa Governorate 10 1,027,000
As-Suwayda Governorate 6 370,000
Quneitra Governorate 5 90,000
Total 250 21,377,000


The Ba'ath Party-led National Progressive Front won 200 of the 250 seats, while the opposition inside and outside the country boycotted the elections; voter turnout was 57.56%. Two Armenians were elected to the People's Council.[4]

Composition de l'assemblée Syrienne après les élections de 2016.svg
Ba'ath Party172
Syrian Social Nationalist Party7
Syrian Communist Party (Bakdash)3
Socialist Unionist Party2
Arab Socialist Union Party2
Syrian Communist Party (Faisal)1
National Covenant Party1
NPF-affiliated independents12
National Progressive Front200
Total votes5,085,444
Registered voters/turnout8,834,99457.56
Source: IPU



  1. ^ President Assad calls for parliamentary elections next April AMN, 22 February 2016
  2. ^ "Population estimates on 31 December 2011" (in Arabic). Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  3. ^ "2004 census data" (in Arabic). Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  4. ^ Hairenik (17 April 2016). "Two Armenians Elected to Syria's Parliament". Armenian Weekly.
  5. ^ "The Latest: Syrian opposition in Geneva lashes out at Assad". The Chronicle Herald.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)