Kurdish National Alliance in Syria

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Kurdish National Alliance in Syria
Hevbendiya Niştimanî a Kurdî li Sûriyê
Arabic nameالتحالف الوطني الكردي في سوريا
LeaderMustafa Mashayikh (Mistefa Meşayîx/مصطفى مشايخ)[1]
SpokespersonMustafa Mashayikh[2]
Founded13 February 2016
HeadquartersAmuda, al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria
IdeologySyrian federalism
Kurdish nationalism
People's Council
0 / 250
Democratic Council
3 / 43
Councils of Jazira Region
40 / 2,902
Councils of Euphrates Region
40 / 954
Councils of Afrin Region
72 / 1,176
Party flag
Flag of Kurdistan.svg

The Kurdish National Alliance in Syria (Kurdish: Hevbendiya Niştimanî a Kurdî li Sûriyê‎, HNKS; Arabic: التحالف الوطني الكردي في سوريا‎, romanizedat-Taḥāluf al-Waṭanī al-Kurdi fi Sūriyā) is a Syrian Kurdish coalition formed by five Syrian Kurdish parties in the city of Amuda in the al-Hasakah Governorate of northeastern Syria in 13 February 2016. Four of the five parties in the coalition were originally members of the Kurdish National Council, but were expelled due to their cooperation with the Democratic Union Party (PYD).[3]

Constituent parties[3][edit]

Name Leader
Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria Sheikh Ali
Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el-Partî) Nasruddin Ibrahim
Syrian Kurdish Democratic Reconciliation
Kurdistan Left Party in Syria Salih Gedo
Kurdish Reform Movement in Syria Amjad Othman


An office of the Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria (PYDKS), a member of alliance, in the town of Afrin.

The Kurdish National Alliance in Syria was founded on 14 February 2016 after 2 days of negotiations between the constituent groups. It stated its goal as to "get rid of Kurdish fragmentation". 39 representatives were elected during the conference.[4]

In June 2016, the group condemned the Kurdish National Council's foreign relations office in Ankara's accusation of the People's Protection Units being a terrorist organization.[5]

In January 2017, the HNKS stated that it will support proposals of unity talks between the Movement for a Democratic Society and the KNC.[6]

The HNKS also took part in the Northern Syria regional elections in December 2017, during which it was one of the two main electoral lists, opposing the PYD-led Democratic Nation List. It ran with 99 candidates for the Jazira Region, with 124 candidates for the Euphrates Region, and with 197 candidates in the Afrin Region. The HNKS consequently won 40 seats in Jazira Region, 40 seats in Euphrates Region, and 72 seats in Afrin Region.[7]

In early March 2018, during the Turkish military operation against the Afrin Region, Turkish-backed Sunni Islamist fighters captured the village of Sharran and burned a flag of the HNKS's Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria (PYDKS) in its vacant office.[8]


The Kurdish National Alliance supports Rojava and considers federalism in Syria as the most effective solution to the Syrian Civil War. It claims that its objective is to "stress the necessity of unifying the Kurdish ranks in the face of the current challenges".[2] In addition, it listed 4 recommendations during its formation:[4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Şandeyek ji Rojava li Japonya ye". ANHA. 26 April 2017. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Syrian Kurds form new political alliance, call for federalism as solution to ongoing civil war". ARA News. 14 February 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Al-Qamishli: A new party alliance formed". Kurd Watch. 23 February 2016.
  4. ^ a b ""The Kurdish National Alliance," a new political entity in the column". Enab Baladi. 15 February 2016.
  5. ^ "Kurdistan National Alliance Describe the Declarations of "Siyamend Hajo" by harm and did not Serve without the Kurdish Question haters". Adar Press. 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Despite calls for unity, Syrian Kurds remain divided". ARA News. 19 January 2017.
  7. ^ "High Electoral Commission disclosed Local Administration elections' outcomes". Hawar News Agency. 5 December 2017. Archived from the original on 8 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Icon Unity Party Icon (Yekiti)". Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria. 9 March 2018.