Syrian Democratic Council

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Syrian Democratic Council

ܡܘܬܒܐ ܕܣܘܪܝܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܛܝܬܐ
Meclîsa Sûriya Demokratîk
مجلس سوريا الديمقراطية
Coat of arms or logo
Riad Darar, Independent
since 25 February 2017
Amina Omar
since 16 July 2018
Syrian Democratic Council 1.svg
Political groups
  LND (15)
  TWDS (4)
  HNKS (4)
  QMH (3)
  CDR (2)
  Other (15)
Meeting place
Al-Malikiyah, Al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria[1]
Official Website

The Syrian Democratic Council (Kurdish: Meclîsa Sûriya DemokratîkMSD, Arabic: مجلس سوريا الديمقراطية‎, Classical Syriac: ܡܘܬܒܐ ܕܣܘܪܝܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܛܝܬܐ‎, romanized: Mawtbo d'Suriya Demoqraṭoyto) is the political wing of the Syrian Democratic Forces in the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria. The SDC's stated mission is working towards the implementation of a "Pluralistic, democratic and decentralized system for all of Syria".[2]

Establishment and history[edit]


The Syrian Democratic Council was established on 10 December 2015 in Al-Malikiyah.[3][4][5] Prominent human rights activist Haytham Manna was elected co-chair at its founding.[6]

The Assembly that established the Syrian Democratic Council was made up of 13 members from specific ethnic, economic and political backgrounds.[7]


On 1 August 2016 the Syrian Democratic Council opened a public office in Hasakah.[8]

On 11 September 2016 the Syria's Tomorrow Movement signed a cooperation agreement with the Syrian Democratic Council and the associated de facto autonomous region of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.[9]

In late September and early October 2016 a forum for the Syrian Democratic Council was held in the town of Rmelan, in the northeastern Hasakah Governorate. Those that attended the conference included a representative from Jableh, in the western Latakia Governorate.[10]


On 13 January 2017, a youth constituent assembly was established in Qamishli.[11]

On 25 February 2017, the Assyrian Democratic Party agreed to join the Syrian Democratic Council, and the YPG agreed to hand over security in the Assyrian towns along the Khabur River to the Khabour Guards and Nattoreh which joined the Syrian Democratic Forces.[12][13] On 13 April, PYD forces officially handed over the Khabur valley's villages to the Khabour Guards and Nattoreh, though the YPG kept a military base near Tell Tamer.[14] On the same day, the second conference of the SDC took place in al-Malikiyah and Riad Darar was elected as the co-president of the SDC, replacing Haytham Manna, alongside Îlham Ehmed, who was re-elected.[15]

On 28 May 2017, a female branch of the Syrian Democratic Assembly was established in Al-Shaddadah.[16]


Elections for the council were planned for early 2018, but never held.[17] On 16 July 2018, the Third Conference of SDC held under the slogan "Towards a Political Solution and Building a Decentralized Democratic Syria" in Al-Tabqa city, where the delegates elected Amina Omar, replacing Îlham Ehmed, who was elected co-president of Executive Council, and re-elected Riad Darar as co-chairs of SDC.[18][19][20]

On 6 September 2018, SDC held a meeting of local councils and autonomous administration departments in north and east Syria at the headquarters of SDC in Ain Issa town, with the participation of Amina Omar, co-chair of SDC, the heads of the civil councils in North Syria and the dignitaries of the Arab tribes, to form an autonomous administration of north and east of Syria on the basis of the decision taken at the third conference of the SDC held on 16 July this year. During the meeting, the 70-member General Council for Autonomous Administration of North, East Syria was formed as follows: 49 members of the legislative councils in the areas of Autonomous Administration and civil councils, and 21 members of the technocrats agreed upon through the preparatory committee and discuss other departments. Mrs. Siham Qariou (Syriac) and Mr. Farid Atti (Kurd) were elected to the joint presidency of the General Council for the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria, also were elected five members of General Office of the Council. Mrs. Berivan Khaled (Khalid) and Abdul Hamid al-Mahbash were elected co-chairmans of Executive Body.[21][22][23][24]
Later, in the meeting held on 3 October 2018, the co-chairs of the nine Authorities of the Executive Council were elected.[25][26] On October 21, the first meeting of the General Council was held, at which a legal committee of three people was created, whose tasks is to determine laws, concepts and proposals from committees, departments and offices, in addition to studying the laws issued by the Council. At the meeting it was decided to hold meetings of the Council twice a month.[27]

Involvement in negotiations on Syria[edit]

The Syrian Democratic Council was invited to participate in the international Geneva III peace talks on Syria in March 2016. However, it rejected the invitations because no representatives of the Movement for a Democratic Society, led by the Democratic Union Party, were invited.[citation needed]

Effective 31 January 2018, the SDC is registered in the US as a "foreign political party" under the Foreign Agents Registration Act.[28]

Members of the General Federal Assembly[edit]

Name Party Alliance Canton Notes
Salih El-Nebwanî Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ?
Haytham Manna Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ? Heysem Menaa (Kurdish Transcription)
Majid Hebu Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ? Macid Hebo, European Representative of Wheat Wave Movement
Betar El-Şerih Honor and Rights Convention (CDR) ?
Meram Dawûd Honor and Rights Convention (CDR) ?
Ziyad El-Asî Syrian Democratic Society TAA ? Affiliated to Ahmed Al-Jarba
Kerîm El-Dîn Fadil Fetûm Democratic Socialist Arab Ba'ath Party ?
Ebilqadir El-Miwehed Syrian Democratic Modernity Party LND ? Led by Fîras Qesas
Parêzer Elaaddin El-Xalid Syrian National Democratic Alliance ?
Ehmed Ehrec Syrian National Democratic Alliance ?
Fîdan Berîm Syrian National Democratic Alliance ? Rewan Mihemed
Ceyhan Khaddro Syrian National Democratic Alliance Shahba Dayr Hafir Representative
Îşûh Gewriyê Syriac Union Party (SUP) LND Jazira
Şemîran Şemûn Syriac Union Party (SUP) LND Jazira
Lawyer Macid Behî Syriac Union Party (SUP) LND Jazira
Mihmedê Mûsê Left Party of Syrian Kurds LND ?
Rojîn Remo Yekîtiya Star LND Women's Representative, also in Democratic Union Party (PYD)
Alî Hoco N/A N/A Shahba Jarablus Representative
Sîhanok Dîbo Democratic Union Party (PYD) LND Jazira
Hikmet Hebîb Arab National Coalition LND ?
Mistefa Meşayix Democratic Unity Party of Kurdistan (Democratic Yekîtî) HNKS ?
Wail Mîrza Assyrian Democratic Party LND Jazira
Telal Mihemed Syrian Kurds' Democratic Peace Party (PADKS) LND ?
Mizgîn Zêdan Democratic Transformation Party LND ?
Ferhad Têlo Kurdistan Liberal Union Party (PYLK) LND ?
Xensa Hemûd Bureau of Arab Women ?
Newal El-Mezîd Independent ?
Ebdilrezaq Mihemed El-Taî Democratic Council of Arab Tribes Jazira
Îlham Ehmed Democratic Union Party (PYD) LND ? Yekîtiya Star
Cîhad Mihemed Omer Independent (TEV-DEM) LND ?
Emar Helûş El-Salêm Independent ?
Fewzî Şengalî Kurdish Democratic Accord Party (al Wifaq) HNKS ?
Emcet Osman Syrian Reform Movement (Al-Îslah) HNKS ?
Îbrahîm El-Hesen N/A N/A Kobanî Tell Abyad Turkmen Representative
Bêrîvan Ehmed N/A N/A N/A Youth Representative
Faris Eto Şemo Yazidi House Jazira Mala Êzîdiyan
Fehed Daqûrî Council of Kurdish Tribes Kobanî
Cîhan Xedro Independent Shahba
Cemal Şêx Baqî Syrian Kurdish Democratic Party (PDK-S) ENKS ? Jamal Sheik Baqi
Nasir El-Nasir Independent ?
Bassam Said Ishak Syriac National Council LND ? Syriac European diaspora Representative
Hisnî Xemîs Independent ?
Cebel El-Ereb Patriotic Initiative HNKS ?



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  2. ^
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