Arab Socialist Movement (Damascus branch)

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Arab Socialist Movement
حركة الاشتراكيين العرب
LeaderOmar Adnan al-Alawi
FounderAkram al-Hawrani
Founded5 January 1950 (5 January 1950) (original Arab Socialist Movement)
Split fromArab Socialist Movement
HeadquartersDamascus, Syria
IdeologyArab socialism
Arab nationalism
Political positionLeft-wing
National affiliationNational Progressive Front
People's Council
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The Arab Socialist Movement's Damascus branch is a Syrian political party that operates from Damascus. It originated as faction of the Arab Socialist Movement, a party which broke apart in the 1960s, and continues to claim the original party's name and legacy. The Damascus branch is headed by Abdul-Ghani Qannout, and joined the Ba'ath Party-led National Progressive Front government in 1972[2][3] and has continued to support the al-Assad family's rule in Syria ever since.[1] After Abdul-Ghani Qannout died in 2001, Ahmad al-Ahmad became the new secretary general; under him, the party continued its pro-government course, even during the Syrian Civil War.[1] Amid the conflict's civil uprising phase, the Arab Socialist Movement's Damascus branch organised pro-government rallies.[4] When the uprising escalated into a full insurgency, members of the party organised pro-government militias. Assistant secretary general Omar Adnan al-Alawi headed the National Defence Forces' Deir ez-Zor branch during part of the siege of Deir ez-Zor (2014–17), and was wounded in combat.[1] A member of the party's political office, Turki Albu Hamad, in founding the "Forces of the Fighters of the Tribes" militia.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "The Arab Socialist Movement: Interview". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.
  2. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 175, 176.
  3. ^ Akram al-Bunni (2013), pp. 5, 8.
  4. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Quwat Muqatili al-Asha'ir: Tribal Auxiliary Forces of the Military Intelligence". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.

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