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YJ-83J Missile 20170902.jpg
YJ-83J Missile
TypeAnti-ship cruise missile
Place of originPeople's Republic of China
Service history
In service1998
Used byPeople's Republic of China
Production history
ManufacturerChina Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation
Warhead190 kg high-explosive fragmentation (YJ-83)
165 kg high-explosive, semi-armour piercing (YJ-83K)

EngineCTJ-2 turbojet
180 km (YJ-83, YJ-83K)
230 km (YJ-83KH)
120 km (C-802)
180 km (C-802A)[1][2]
Maximum speed Mach 0.9
Inertial navigation/active radar homing terminal guidance
Surface- and air-launched

The YJ-83 (Chinese: 鹰击-83; pinyin: yingji-83; lit. 'eagle strike 83'; NATO reporting name: CSS-N-8 Saccade) is a Chinese subsonic anti-ship cruise missile. It is manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Third Academy.[3]


The YJ-83 uses microprocessors and a strapdown inertial reference unit (IRU); these are more compact than the equivalent electronics used in the YJ-8 and the export C-802, allowing the YJ-83 to have a 180-km range at Mach 0.9. The missile is powered by the Chinese CTJ-2 turbojet, and carries 190-kg high-explosive fragmentation warhead. Terminal guidance is by an active radar.[3]

The air-launched YJ-83K has a range of 180-km, a cruise speed of Mach 0.9, and a 165 kg high-explosive, semi-armour piercing warhead. The improved YJ-83KH uses a imaging-infrared seeker and has a range of 230 km;[4] reportedly it may receive course corrections by remote link.[5]

The YJ-83 entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy in 1998-1999,[3] equipping large numbers of its surface warships.[6] The YJ-83K is the standard anti-ship missile carried by the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force;[4] the United States reported the usage in 2014.[7] The People's Liberation Army Air Force was using the YJ-83K by February 2020.[4]



The C-802 is the export version of the YJ-83;[6] It is powered by the French TRI 60-2 turbojet[3] and has a range of 65 nautical miles (120 km).[6]

The C-802A and C-802AK are the export surface- and air-launched variants.[3] The C-802A has a range of 97 nautical miles (180 km).[1][2][6]

Confusion between the YJ-82, C-802 and "C-803"[edit]

The US military considers the C-802 and C-802A as parts of the YJ-83 family.[6]

The C-802 precedes the closely related YJ-83; strictly speaking, only the C-802A is the export development of the YJ-83.[8] The C-802 is sometimes and erroneously considered the export version of the YJ-82; the two are separate developments.[9]

A prospective "C-803" was erroneously promulgated as the export version of the YJ-83 by enthusiasts in the late-1990s.[8] As yet, no such missile exists.[citation needed]

Operational history[edit]

News reports indicate that this was the missile used[10] on 14 July 2006, in the 2006 Lebanon War when Hezbollah fired two missiles at Israeli warships.[11][12] One missile hit the corvette INS Hanit, causing significant damage and four fatalities.[13] Iran, the reported supplier of the missile to Hezbollah, refused to formally confirm or deny the claim. The Hanit suffered severe damage, but stayed afloat, got itself out of the line of fire, and made the rest of the journey back to Ashdod for repairs on its own.[14]

The Israeli ship possessed sophisticated multi-layered missile defense capability: a Phalanx CIWS gun, Barak 1 anti-missile missiles, chaff and ECM. These should have been able to prevent an anti-ship missile attack such as the YJ-82, but according to the Israeli military, these were intentionally disabled at the time of the alleged missile hit due to:[15]

  • Lack of intelligence indicating Hezbollah possessed such a missile.[15]
  • Presence of many Israeli Air Force aircraft conducting operations in the vicinity of the ship which might have accidentally set off the ship's anti-missile/aerial threats system, with the danger of shooting down a friendly aircraft. However, the ship has an (optionally installed, especially during wartime) identification friend or foe interrogator system to prevent attacking friendly aircraft.[citation needed]

On 9 October 2016, the United States Navy guided-missile destroyer USS Mason (DDG-87) reported coming under attack in the Red Sea by cruise missiles fired from territory in Yemen controlled by the Houthi group. The missiles appeared similar to one fired from Yemen a week earlier that damaged HSV-2 Swift, a leased transport ship under the control of the United Arab Emirates, who are supporting the Yemeni government in a civil war against the Houthis. Analysis of the damage caused by that missile led experts to believe it was a C-802. None of the missiles fired at USS Mason hit their targets; U.S. authorities claimed that defensive countermeasures were used, including firing defensive missiles.[16][17]


Map with YJ-83 operators in blue
 People's Republic of China

See also[edit]

  • Noor, derivative of the C-802 produced by Iran


  1. ^ a b "Thailand flexes anti-ship missile capabilities in Andaman Sea with C-802A firing". Janes. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Bangladesh Navy has launched five new warships including 2 frigates - 1 corvette and 2 survey ships". Navy Recognition. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gromley et al.: page 101
  4. ^ a b c d e Rupprecht, Andreas (18 February 2020). "Images show PLAAF J-16 armed with YJ-83K anti-ship missile". Janes. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  5. ^ Gromley et al.: page 102
  6. ^ a b c d e United States Office of Naval Intelligence: page 16
  7. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (June 2014). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2014 (PDF) (Report). p. 40. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  8. ^ a b Carlson, Christopher P. (8 February 2013). "China's Eagle Strike-Eight Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles, Part 3". DefenseMediaNetwork. Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  9. ^ Carlson, Christopher P. (6 February 2013). "China's Eagle Strike-Eight Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles, Part 2". DefenseMediaNetwork. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  10. ^ Mazzetti, Mark (1 January 2009). "Striking Deep Into Israel, Hamas Employs an Upgraded Arsenal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 17 April 2009. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  11. ^ "DEBKAfile, Political Analysis, Espionage, Terrorism, Security". Archived from the original on 2 September 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  12. ^ Thomson Reuters Foundation. "Thomson Reuters Foundation". Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  13. ^ "IDF Finds Bodies of Missing Sailors Aboard Damaged Navy Ship". Haaretz.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Strike on Israeli Navy Ship". NAVSEA. 19 July 2006. Archived from the original on 11 February 2007.
  15. ^ a b Greenberg, Hanan (1 January 2007). "Officers reprimanded over Hanit vessel incident". Ynet.
  16. ^ "USS Mason Fired 3 Missiles to Defend From Yemen Cruise Missiles Attack". USNI. 11 October 2016. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  17. ^ "U.S. Navy ship targeted in failed missile attack from Yemen: U.S." NAVSEA. 10 September 2016.
  18. ^ Rahmat, Ridzwan (16 March 2016). "Algeria commissions second Chinese-built C28A corvette". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  19. ^ "C-802 / YJ-2 / Ying Ji-802 / CSS-C-8 / SACCADE / C-8xx / YJ-22 / YJ-82". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  20. ^ Mazumdar, Mrityunjoy (29 December 2015). "Myanmar commissions second frigate with reduced RCS, hospital ship". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 31 December 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  21. ^ "Trade Registers - China to Myanmar - 1950 to 2019 - All weapons". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 28 December 2020. (30) C-802/CSS-N-8 Anti-ship missile (2015) 2018-2019 (10) C-802AK version for JF-17 combat aircraft
  22. ^ a b Dominguez, Gabriel (6 March 2018). "PN, PAF successfully test-fire C-802 anti-ship cruise missiles". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  23. ^ Dominguez, Gabriel (28 November 2019). "Pakistan launches fourth Azmat-class fast attack craft". janes.com. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  24. ^ United States Office of Naval Intelligence: page 17
  25. ^ Binnie, Jeremy (29 October 2015). "Yemeni rebels claim third anti-ship missile attack". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  26. ^ "China Arming Venezuelan Navy With Anti-Ship Missiles". USNI News. 16 October 2020. Retrieved 5 December 2020.