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Red Arrow 10 Anti-tank missile.jpg
TypeNon-line-of-sight Anti-tank / anti-helicopter / air-to-surface and surface-to-surface missile
Place of originPeople's Republic of China
Service history
Used byChina
Production history
WarheadHEAT and others

10 km (6.2 mi)[1]
fiber-optic wire-guided missile (AFT-10)
semi-active laser homing and millimeter wave radar seeker (AKD-10)
Infrared homing

HJ-10 (or "Red Arrow 10") is a Chinese ground-launched anti-tank missile developed by Norinco. It has a tandem high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, that may penetrate 1,400 mm (55 in) of conventional steel armour protected by explosive reactive armour. The maximum range is 10 km (6.2 mi), with pre- or post-launch lock-on.[1] Air-launched variants for helicopters and drones have also been developed.[2][3]


AFT-10, equipped on the ZBD-04A Anti-tank platform, is the ATGM version of the HJ-10 platform and it is the first one to be developed.



The AFT-10 (Chinese: 反坦克导弹-10; pinyin: Fǎn tǎnkè dǎodàn-10; lit. 'Anti-tank missile-10') is the surface-to-surface variant in the HJ-10 family, receiving designation of AFT-10. AFT-10 is a fiber-optic wire-guided missile that equipped with ZBD-04 Anti-tank platform. AFT-10 was first revealed in its deployment in Peace Mission 2014 joint military exercise.[4][better source needed]


  • Length (mm): 1,850 mm (73 in)
  • Diameter (mm): 170 mm (6.7 in)
  • Missile weight (kg): 43 kg (95 lb)
  • System weight (kg): 105
  • Max range (km): 10 km (6.2 mi)
  • Min range (km): 3 km (1.9 mi)
  • Search speed (m/s): 150
  • Attack speed (m/s): 250
  • g overload: 15
  • Guidance: fiber optic + MMW radar or fiber optic + ImIR


The AKD-10 is an air-to-surface variant. It weighs 50 kg (110 lb) and is laser guided.[2]


The LJ-7 (or "Blue Arrow-7") is an air-to-surface[5] export version of the AKD-10. The tandem HEAT warhead can penetrate 1,400 mm (55 in). It has semi-active laser guidance, and an effective range of 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) to 8 km (5.0 mi). The launch weight is 47 kg (104 lb).[3]


The LJ-21 (or "Blue Arrow-21") is an air-to-surface variant, reportedly an improved export version of the AKD-10. An LJ-21 with slightly different tail configuration was fired by PLAGF Z-10 helicopters, indicating that it has entered service. The missile is reported to have a range of 18 km, payload of 9 kg and guided by dual mode MMW radar and semi-active laser seeker. This would indicate it has fire-and-forget capabilities and the ability to operate in poor weather conditions, similar to the US AGM-114 Hellfire missile.[6][7]


See also[edit]

Red Arrow Development
  • HJ-8 - wire-guided anti-tank missile system
  • HJ-9 - beam-riding anti-tank missile system
  • HJ-12 - man-portable infrared-homing anti-tank missile system
Similar weapons
Related lists


  1. ^ a b c Foss, Christopher F. (19 February 2019). "Red Arrow strikes [IDEX19D3]". Jane's. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  2. ^ a b Gormley, Dennis M.; Erickson, Andrew S.; Yuan, Jingdong (2014). A Low-Visibility Force Multiplier: Assessing China's Cruise Missile Ambitions (PDF) (Report). Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press. p. 37.
  3. ^ a b "China's shooting stars". IHS. 13 Jun 2012. Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  4. ^ AFT-10
  5. ^ Candurra, Daniella (8 May 2019). "UN Panel Finds Chinese Missiles, UAVs in Libya". Missile Threat. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  6. ^ https://www.janes.com/defence-news/news-detail/more-details-emerge-about-new-chinese-helicopter-launched-atgm
  7. ^ https://www.janes.com/defence-news/news-detail/image-shows-chinese-z-10-attack-helicopter-firing-possible-new-asm