Article 52 of N.O.I.F.

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Art.52, Norme organizzative interne della FIGC ("Article 52 of the Italian Football Federation regulations for internal organisation") governs the status of phoenix clubs in football in Italy. The article was revised in 2004,[1] 2008,[2] 2010[3] and 2014. Comma 1 describes the matter of the article, while Comma 2 forbids to sell a club sport right.

Comma 3 and 4[edit]

According to Comma 3 of the article, a new company from the same city could be admitted to the same division to replace a bankrupted football club company, if the company had acquired the bankrupted company as well as being willing to take over the liabilities to pay sports related debt, as well as any outstanding taxes.

Examples[edit]

Serie B
Serie C

Comma 4 rules the same matter of 3 in semiprofessional and amatorial leagues.

Serie D
Eccellenza
Promozione

Comma 5[edit]

Comma 5 rules the merging of two or more clubs. The new team follows the sport rights of the strongest of the merging clubs. It is one of the most ancient FIGC rules, and the most famous historical case of application was UC Sampdoria (1946) which inheredited and continued the history of its forerunner SG Sampierdarenese in Serie A.

Comma 6 to 9 (Lodo Petrucci)[edit]

Lodo Petrucci ('Petrucci Award') was a ruling named after Gianni Petrucci. Ratified in 2004, instead of acquiring the sports title by clearing the debt, FIGC could award the title to a new company based on the historic sporting merit of the old club. However, in such a situation the new club was automatically relegated to one level below the original club. In 2008 this changed to an automatic relegation two levels below the original club, and was limited to Serie A and B clubs only. However, the ruling was abolished completely in 2015 as its criteria were too subjective.

Examples[edit]

Serie A → Serie B
Serie B → Serie C1
Serie C1 → Serie C2

Some clubs unsuccessfully tried the "Lodo" so they had to pay part of the old debts to create the new phoenix club. These cases were privately managed by the FIGC without specific rules as the ACF Fiorentina case in 2002:

Comma 10[edit]

Comma 10 of the article allowed a new company could be admit to Serie D to replace the old football club that not admitted to professional leagues. It was the Comma 9 but became 10 in the 2010 amendment. One of the example was the failed auction of Parma F.C., which the debt was stood at €22.6 million.[35] (reduced from over €70 million by the resettlement during administration[36])

Examples[edit]

City Team Year Source
Serie D
Arezzo A.S.D. Atletico Arezzo 2010 [37]
Avellino Avellino Calcio.12 S.S.D. 2009 [38]
U.S. Avellino 1912 2018
Bari S.S.C. Bari 2018
Como Calcio Como 2005 [39][40][41]
Como 1907 2017 [42]
Ferrara Real SPAL 2012
Foggia A.C.D. Foggia Calcio 2012
Calcio Foggia 1920 2019
Grosseto F.C. Grosseto S.S.D. 2015 [43]
Latina 2017 [42]
Leghorn U.S. Livorno 2021
Mantua Mantova F.C. S.r.l. 2010 [37]
2017 [42]
Messina A.C. Rinascita Messina 2008 [42]
2017 [42]
Modena Modena Football Club 2018
Monza S.S.D. Monza 1912 2015 [44]
Novara Novara Football Club 2021 [45]
Padua S.S.D. Biancoscudati Padova 2014 [46]
Palermo Palermo Football Club 2019
Parma S.S.D. Parma Calcio 1913 2015 [47]
Perugia A.S.D. Perugia Calcio S.r.l. 2010 [37]
Pisa A.C. Pisa 1909 2009 [48]
Reggio Calabria A.S.D. Reggio Calabria 2015 [49]
Reggio Emilia Reggio Audace F.C. 2018
Rimini A.C. Rimini 1912 S.S.D. a r.l. 2010 [37]
Salerno Salerno Calcio 2011
Siena Robur Siena S.S.D. 2014 [46]
Spezia Spezia Calcio 2008
Venice F.B.C. Unione Venezia 2009
Venezia Football Club 2015 [43]
Eccellenza
Alessandria U.S. Alessandria Calcio 1912 2003
Barletta A.S.D. Barletta 1922 2015 [43]
Imola Imolese 2005
Manfredonia A.S.D. Manfredonia Football 1932 2010 [37]
Olbia A.S.D. Olbia 1905 2010 [37]
Sora Sora 2005
Trieste Unione Triestina 2012 S.S.D. 2012 [50]
Varese Varese Calcio S.S.D. 2015 [49]
Promozione
Chieti A.S.D. Chieti 2006 [51]
Cassino A.S.D. Nuova Cassino Calcio 1924 2010 [52][53]
Gallipoli Gallipoli Football 1909 2010 [49]

References[edit]

general
  • "Ordinamento dei campionati e delle gare da art. 47 ad art. 70" (PDF) (in Italian). FIGC. 4 June 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
specific
  1. ^ Carraro, Franco (14 May 2004). "Comunicato Ufficiale (C.U.) N°175/A (2003–04)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  2. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (5 May 2008). "C.U. N°98/A (2007–08)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  3. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (8 June 2010). "C.U. N°130/A (2009–10)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  4. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (30 June 2014). "C.U. N°177/A (2013–14)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  5. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (12 May 2014). "C.U. N°147/A (2013–14)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Comunicato Ufficiale N°453/A (2015–16)" (PDF) (in Italian). FIGC. 30 June 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  7. ^ Carraro, Franco (30 June 2004). "C.U. N°199/A (2003–04)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  8. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (25 June 2008). "C.U. N°117/A (2007–08)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  9. ^ Carraro, Franco (30 June 2004). "C.U. N°201/A (2003–04)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  10. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (12 March 2009). "C.U. N°111/A (2008–09)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  11. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (27 June 2009). "C.U. N°159/A (2008–09)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  12. ^ Rossi, Guido (27 June 2006). "C.U. N°19 (2005–06)" (PDF). Commissario Straordinario (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  13. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (28 June 2012). "C.U. N°185/A (2011–12)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  14. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (11 July 2014). "C.U. N°8/A (2014–15)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Comunicato Ufficiale N°10/A (2015–16)" (PDF) (in Italian). FIGC. 10 July 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  16. ^ Nizzola, Luciano (25 October 2000). "C.U. N°52/A (2000–01)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  17. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (27 June 2009). "C.U. N°160/A (2008–09)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  18. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (8 July 2014). "C.U. N°5/A (2014–15)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  19. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (3 August 2009). "C.U. N°38/A (2009–10)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  20. ^ "Comunicato Ufficiale N°25/A (2009–10)" (PDF) (in Italian). FIGC. 21 July 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  21. ^ Carraro, Franco (30 January 2003). "C.U. N°121/A (2002–03)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  22. ^ Nizzola, Luciano (2 August 2000). "C.U. N°29/A (2000–01)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  23. ^ Abete, Giancarlo (17 July 2014). "C.U. N°9/A (2014–15)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  24. ^ Rossi, Guido (1 August 2006). "C.U. N°25 (2006–07)" (PDF). Commissario Straordinario (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  25. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°61/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  26. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°62/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  27. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°63/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  28. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°64/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  29. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°65/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  30. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°67/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  31. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°66/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  32. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°68/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  33. ^ Carraro, Franco (7 September 2004). "C.U. N°98/A (2004–05)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  34. ^ Carraro, Franco (13 September 2004). "C.U. N°108 (2004–05)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  35. ^ McCourt, Ian (22 June 2015). "Parma relegated to Serie D after failing to find a new owner". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  36. ^ "Il Parma è ufficialmente fallito. Ma domenica col Torino si gioca". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 19 March 2015.
  37. ^ a b c d e f "Comunicato Stampa" (PDF) (in Italian). FIGC. 10 August 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  38. ^ "Calcio - Finalmente una certezza: l'Avellino è in D con Taccone" (in Italian). irpinianews.it. 10 August 2009. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014.
  39. ^ Carraro, Franco (5 July 2005). "C.U. N°3/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Presidente Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  40. ^ Carraro, Franco (27 July 2005). "C.U. N°48/A (2005–06)" (PDF) (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  41. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "C.U. N°74/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (in Italian). FIGC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  42. ^ a b c d e "Serie D 2017/2018: I gironi" (Press release) (in Italian). Serie D. 11 August 2017. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  43. ^ a b c "Fc Grosseto Ssd, Venezia Fc Srld ammesse in soprannumero in Serie D. La Asd Barletta 1922 in Eccellenza" (in Italian). FIGC. 6 August 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  44. ^ "Il Monza 1912 ammesso in soprannumero in Serie D" (in Italian). FIGC. 4 August 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  45. ^ Gravina, Gabriele; Brunelli, Marco (7 September 2021). "Il Presidente Federale" (PDF). Comunicato Ufficiale (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 2020–21 (71/A). Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  46. ^ a b "Serie D: L'organico e i gironi" (in Italian). LND. 11 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  47. ^ "La S.S.D. Parma calcio 1913 s.r.l. ammessa in soprannumero in Serie D" (in Italian). FIGC. 27 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  48. ^ "Il Comandante sale sulla Torre". Il Tirreno (in Italian). 6 August 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  49. ^ a b c "L'ASD Reggio Calabria ammessa in soprannumero in Serie D. Il Varese Calcio Società Sportiva Dilettantista A R.L. in Eccellenza" (in Italian). FIGC. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  50. ^ "Triestina, Cosolini alle due cordate: "Decida la Figc"" (in Italian). sportest.it. 5 August 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  51. ^ "Comunicato Stampa N°4" (in Italian). FIGC Abruzzo. 11 September 2006. Archived from the original on 26 January 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  52. ^ "AMMISSIONE DI SOCIETA' IN SOPRANNUMERO" (Microsoft Word). Comitato Regionale Lazio. Comunicato Ufficiale (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 2010–11 (10). 16 August 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  53. ^ "San Pietro e Paolo in Promozione…ora è ufficiale". zonapontina.com (in Italian). 17 August 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2018.[permanent dead link]