From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
|Full name||Eintracht Frankfurt e. V.|
|Founded||8 March 1899|
|Ground||Deutsche Bank Park|
|Board member||Markus Krösche (plc)|
Oliver Frankenbach (plc)
Axel Hellmann (plc)
|2021–22||Bundesliga, 11th of 18|
|Active departments of|
Eintracht Frankfurt e.V. (German pronunciation: [ˈaɪntʁaxt ˈfʁaŋkfʊʁt] (listen)) is a German professional sports club based in Frankfurt, Hesse, that is best known for its football club, which was founded on 8 March 1899. The team are currently playing in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. Eintracht have won the German championship once, the DFB-Pokals five times, the UEFA Europa League twice and finished as runner-up in the European Cup once. The team was one of the founding members of the Bundesliga at its inception and has spent a total of 53 seasons in the top division, thus making them the seventh longest participating club in the highest tier of the league.
The club's first matches from 1899 to 1906 were played on the former Hundswiese field, whose present day location would be near Hessischer Rundfunk. Following new regulations that pitches needed to be surrounded by a fence for the purpose of official games, the team established a new pitch by the Eschersheimer Landstraße called Victoriaplatz in 1906, for which they purchased stands at a price of 350 marks in 1908. From 1912 the team moved to a new ground at Roseggerstraße in Dornbusch with more facilities, before relocating to the former Riederwaldstadion in 1920 following the fusion of Frankfurter FV and Frankfurter Turngemeinde von 1861. Since 1925 their stadium has been the Waldstadion, which was renamed Deutsche Bank Park for sponsorship reasons.
Eintracht Frankfurt have enjoyed some success in the Bundesliga, having either won or drawn more than three-quarters of their games as well as having finished the majority of their seasons placed in the top half of the table, but also having the highest number of losses in the league (657). With an average attendance of 47,942 since 2013 the team also boasts one of the highest attendance ratings in the world and the eighth highest out of the 36 Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga teams. The player with the highest number of appearances (602) in the Bundesliga, Charly Körbel, spent his entire senior career as a defender for Eintracht Frankfurt. The club's primary rival is local club Kickers Offenbach, although, due to spending most of their history in different divisions, the two have only played two league matches within the last 40 years.
The origins of the club go back to a pair of football clubs founded in 1899: Frankfurter Fußball-Club Viktoria von 1899 – regarded as the original team in the club's history – and Frankfurter Fußball-Club Kickers von 1899. Both clubs were founding members of the new Nordkreis-Liga in 1909. These two teams merged in May 1911 to become Frankfurter Fußball Verein (Kickers-Viktoria), an instant success, taking three league titles from 1912 to 1914 in the Nordkreis-Liga and qualifying for the Southern German championship in each of those seasons. In turn, Frankfurter FV joined the gymnastics club Frankfurter Turngemeinde von 1861 to form TuS Eintracht Frankfurt von 1861 in 1920. The German word Eintracht means 'harmony' or 'concord', and so Eintracht is the equivalent of United in English in the names of sports teams.
At the time, sports in Germany was dominated by nationalistic gymnastics organizations, and under pressure from that sport's governing authority, the gymnasts and footballers went their separate ways again in 1927, as Turngemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt von 1861 and Sportgemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt (FFV) von 1899.
Through the late 1920s and into the 1930s, Eintracht won a handful of local and regional championships, first in the Kreisliga Nordmain, then in the Bezirksliga Main and Bezirksliga Main-Hessen. After being eliminated from the national level playoffs after quarterfinal losses in 1930 and 1931, they won their way to the final in 1932 where they were beaten 2–0 by Bayern Munich, who claimed their first ever German championship. In 1933, German football was re-organized into sixteen Gauligen under the Third Reich and the club played first division football in the Gauliga Südwest, consistently finishing in the upper half of the table and winning their division in 1938.
Eintracht picked up where they left off after World War II, playing as a solid side in the first division Oberliga Süd and capturing division titles in 1953 and 1959. Their biggest success came on the heels of that second divisional title as they went on to a 5–3 victory over local rivals Kickers Offenbach to take the 1959 German national title and followed up immediately with an outstanding run in the 1960 European Cup. Eintracht lost 7–3 to Real Madrid in a final that was widely regarded as one of the best football matches ever played, which included a hat-trick by Alfredo Di Stéfano and four goals by Ferenc Puskás.
Founding member of the Bundesliga
The side continued to play good football and earned themselves a place as one of the original 16 teams selected to play in the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, formed in 1963. Eintracht played Bundesliga football for 33 seasons, finishing in the top half of the table for the majority of them.
The team also narrowly avoided relegation on several occasions. In 1984, they defeated MSV Duisburg 6–1 on aggregate, and in 1989 they beat 1. FC Saarbrücken 4–1 on aggregate, in two-game playoffs. Eintracht finally slipped and were relegated to 2. Bundesliga for the 1996–97 season. At the time that they were sent down alongside 1. FC Kaiserslautern, these teams were two of only four sides that had been in the Bundesliga since the league's inaugural season. It looked as though they would be out again in 1998–99, but they pulled through by beating defending champions Kaiserslautern 5–1, while 1. FC Nürnberg unexpectedly lost at home to give Eintracht the break they needed to stay up. The following year, in another struggle to avoid relegation, the club was "fined" two points by the German Football Association (DFB) for financial misdeeds, but pulled through with a win by a late goal over SSV Ulm on the last day of the season. The club was plagued by financial difficulties again in 2004 before once more being relegated.
Between 1997 and 2005, Eintracht bounced regularly between the top two divisions.
The 2010–11 season ended with the club's fourth Bundesliga relegation. After setting a new record for most points in the first half of the season, the club struggled after the winter break, going seven games without scoring a goal. Despite winning the next game, Frankfurt sacked coach Michael Skibbe, replacing him with Christoph Daum. The change in coaches did little to improve Eintracht's fortunes. Frankfurt achieved only three draws from the last seven games of the season and were relegated on the 34th matchday.
Success outside the Bundesliga
The club has enjoyed success in competition outside the Bundesliga. Eintracht lost the European Cup final to Real Madrid on 18 May 1960 at Hampden Park 7–3 in front of 127,621 spectators. In the match, Alfredo Di Stéfano scored three and Ferenc Puskás scored the other four in Madrid's victory.
Eintracht won the DFB-Pokal in 1974, 1975, 1981, 1988 and in 2018, and took the UEFA Cup over another German team, Borussia Mönchengladbach, in 1980. Also, Eintracht were the losing finalists in the 2005–06 DFB-Pokal. Their opponents in the final, that year's Bundesliga champions Bayern Munich, previously qualified to participate in the Champions League. As a result, Eintracht, received the DFB-Pokal's winner's place in the UEFA Cup, where they advanced to the group stage. In 2017 DFB-Pokal, they were defeated in the final match by Borussia Dortmund and made it the next year again into the final, which they won 3–1 against Bayern Munich. In 2018–19 UEFA Europa League, Eintracht reached the semi-finals of the competition, only losing on penalties to the eventual champions, Chelsea.
Colours, logo and nicknames
The logo has evolved slowly over time, showing little significant change until 1980, when a stylized eagle in black and white was chosen to represent the team. In Eintracht's centenary year of 1999, the club decided to re-adopt a more traditional eagle logo. Since 2005, Eintracht has had a living mascot, a golden eagle named Attila from the nearby Hanau Zoo, who has currently been present at over 200 different games.
The official club colours of red, black, and white have their origins in the colours of the founding clubs Frankfurter FC Viktoria and Frankfurter FC Kickers, which sported red and white and black and white respectively. Red and white are the colours of the city coat of arms, and black and white the colours of Prussia. When the clubs merged, officials decided to adopt the colours of both sides. Since local rival Kickers Offenbach sport the colours red and white, Eintracht avoids playing in such a kit, preferring to play in black and red, or in black and white.
The club is nicknamed "Die Adler" ("The Eagles"), which derives from their logo. A nickname still popular among supporters is SGE, taken from the club's old official name Sportgemeinde Eintracht (Frankfurt), which roughly translates into English as "Sports Community Harmony."
The nickname Schlappekicker ("Slipper Kickers") has been around since the 1920s, when J. & C. A. Schneider, a local manufacturer of shoes and especially slippers (called Schlappe in the regional Hessian dialect) was a major financial backer of the club and helped propel it to national relevance.
- German Championship
- 2. Bundesliga
- DFB / DFL-Supercup
- European Cup / UEFA Champions League
- Runners-up: 1959–60
- UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
- Intertoto Cup
- Winners: 1967
- Southern German Championship
- Champions: 1929–30, 1931–32
- Runners-up: 1912–13+, 1913–14+, 1927–28, 1930–31
- Oberliga Süd
- Champions: 1911–12+, 1912–13+, 1913–14+
- Kreisliga Nordmain
- Champions: 1919–20+, 1920–21
- Runners-up: 1921–22
- Bezirksliga Main-Hessen:
- Champions: 1927–28, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1931–32
- Runners-up: 1932–33
- Gauliga Südwest/Mainhessen:
- Hesse Cup (Tiers 3–7):
- Winners: 1946, 1969*
- Runners-up: 1949
- Hesse Championship (Tier 3 & 4):
- Champions: 1970*, 2002*
- Runners-up: 1978*, 1983*, 1995*
- + As Frankfurter FV
- * Achieved by Reserve Team
Green denotes the highest level of football in Germany; yellow the second highest.
- As of 8 February 2022
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Players out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Current sport brand: Nike
- Home kit: Black shirt with horizontal red lines, black shorts and black socks
- Away kit: White shirt with details on red, white shorts and white socks
- 3rd kit: Yellow or red shirt, yellow or red shorts and yellow or red socks
| || |
Current club staff
|Assistant managers|| Michael Angerschmid|
|Goalkeeping coach||Jan Zimmermann|
|Medical staff||Koichi Kurokawa|
|Fitness coaches|| Markus Murrer|
|Equipment managers|| Franco Lionti|
|Team doctors|| Dr. Florian Pfab|
|Academy manager||Charly Körbel|
|Head Scout||Ben Manga|
- Wilhelm Schöndube (1920–1926)
- Fritz Steffan / Heinrich Berger (1926–1927)
- Horst Rebenschütz (1927)
- Egon Graf von Beroldingen (1927–1933)
- Hans Söhngen (1933–1939)
- Rudolf Gramlich / Adolf Metzner (1939–1942)
- Anton Gentil (1942–1945) (temporary)
- Christian Kiefer (1945–1946) (temporary)
- Günther Reis (1946)
- Robert Brubacher (1946–1949)
- Anton Keller (1949–1955)
- Rudolf Gramlich (1955–1969)
- Albert Zellekens (1970–1973)
- Achaz von Thümen (1973–1981)
- Axel Schander (1981–1983)
- Klaus Gramlich (1983–1988)
- Joseph Wolf (1988)
- Matthias Ohms (1988–1996)
- Dieter Lindner (1996) (temporary)
- Hans-Joachim Otto (1996)
- Rolf Heller (1996–2000)
- Peter Fischer (2000–)
- Albert Sohn (1919)
- Dori Kürschner (1921–1922)
- Maurice Parry (1925–1926)
- Fritz Egly / Walter Dietrich (1926–1927)
- Gustav Wieser (October 1927 – May 1928)
- Paul Oßwald (1928 – August 1933)
- Willi Spreng (1933–1935)
- Paul Oßwald (1935–1938)
- Otto Boer (1939) (caretaker)
- Péter Szabó (1939)
- Willi Lindner (1941) (caretaker)
- Péter Szabó (1942) (caretaker)
- Willi Balles (1942) (caretaker)
- Willy Pfeiffer (1945) (caretaker)
- Sepp Herberger (1945) (caretaker)
- Emil Melcher (1946)
- Willi Treml (1947)
- Bernhard Kellerhoff (1948 – December 1948)
- Walter Hollstein (January 1949 – Summer 1950)
- Kurt Windmann (Summer 1950 – July 1956)
- Adolf Patek (July 1956 – April 1958)
- Paul Oßwald (April 1958 – April 1964)
- Ivica Horvat (April 1964 – June 1965)
- Elek Schwartz (July 1965 – June 1968)
- Erich Ribbeck (July 1968 – June 1973)
- Dietrich Weise (July 1973 – June 1976)
- Hans-Dieter Roos (July 1976 – November 1976)
- Gyula Lóránt (November 1976 – November 1977)
- Jürgen Grabowski (December 1977) (caretaker)
- Dettmar Cramer (December 1977 – June 1978)
- Otto Knefler (July 1978 – December 1978)
- Udo Klug (December 1978 – January 1979) (caretaker)
- Friedel Rausch (January 1979 – June 1980)
- Lothar Buchmann (July 1980 – June 1982)
- Helmut Senekowitsch (July 1982 – September 1982)
- Branko Zebec (September 1982 – October 1983)
- Jürgen Grabowski (October 1983) (caretaker)
- Klaus Mank (October 1983) (caretaker)
- Dietrich Weise (October 1983 – December 1986)
- Timo Zahnleiter (December 1986 – June 1987)
- Karl-Heinz Feldkamp (July 1987 – September 1988)
- Pál Csernai (September 1988 – December 1988)
- Jörg Berger (December 1988 – April 1991)
- Dragoslav Stepanović (April 1991 – March 1993)
- Horst Heese (March 1993 – June 1993)
- Klaus Toppmöller (July 1993 – April 1994)
- Charly Körbel (April 1994 – June 1994) (caretaker)
- Jupp Heynckes (July 1994 – April 1995)
- Charly Körbel (April 1995 – March 1996)
- Dragoslav Stepanović (April 1996 – December 1996)
- Rudolf Bommer (December 1996) (caretaker)
- Horst Ehrmantraut (December 1996 – December 1998)
- Bernhard Lippert (December 1998 – January 1999) (caretaker)
- Reinhold Fanz (December 1998 – April 1999)
- Jörg Berger (April 1999 – December 1999)
- Felix Magath (December 1999 – January 2001)
- Rolf Dohmen (January 2001 – April 2001) (caretaker)
- Friedel Rausch (April 2001 – May 2001)
- Martin Andermatt (June 2001 – March 2002)
- Armin Kraaz (March 2002 – May 2002) (caretaker)
- Willi Reimann (July 2002 – May 2004)
- Friedhelm Funkel (July 2004 – June 2009)
- Michael Skibbe (July 2009 – March 2011)
- Christoph Daum (March 2011 – May 2011)
- Armin Veh (July 2011 – July 2014)
- Thomas Schaaf (July 2014 – June 2015)
- Armin Veh (June 2015 – March 2016)
- Niko Kovač (March 2016 – June 2018)
- Adi Hütter (July 2018 – June 2021)
- Oliver Glasner (July 2021 – )
- Home victory, Bundesliga: 9–1 v Rot-Weiss Essen, 5 October 1974
- Away victory, Bundesliga: 8–1 v Rot-Weiss Essen, 7 May 1977
- Home loss, Bundesliga: 0–7 v Karlsruher SC, 19 September 1964
- Away loss, Bundesliga: 0–7 v 1. FC Köln, 29 October 1983
- Highest home attendance: 81,000 v FK Pirmasens, 23 May 1959
- Highest away attendance: 127,621 v Real Madrid, Hampden Park, Glasgow, 18 May 1960
- Highest average attendance, season: 49,176, 2016–17
- Most appearances, all competitions total: 720, Charly Körbel (1972–1991)
- Most appearances, Bundesliga: 602, Charly Körbel (1972–1991)
- Most goals scored, all competitions total: 225, Karl Ehmer (1927–1938)
- Most goals scored, Bundesliga: 160, Bernd Hölzenbein (1967–1981)
- Most goals scored, season, Bundesliga: 28, André Silva, 2020–21
- Richard Kress, (born 6 March 1925) is the oldest Bundesliga rookie, making his debut at 38 years and 171 days on the opening day of league play on 24 August 1963. He scored his first Bundesliga goal at 38 years and 248 days of age.
- Eintracht hold the record for most consecutive away games without a win (32) from 20 August 1985 to 25 August 1987.
The ground was inaugurated as Waldstadion ("Forest Stadium") in 1925 with the German championship final match between FSV Frankfurt vs. 1. FC Nürnberg. The facility was renovated for the FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany. For Bundesliga fixtures the maximum capacity is 51,500 as on the East Stand next to the visitor's terrace some spaces are held free for security purposes.
Though the media usually refer to the ground by the official name, Deutsche Bank Park, Eintracht faithful typically use the original name, Waldstadion.
Eintracht Frankfurt U23 was the reserve team of Eintracht Frankfurt. The team played as U23 (Under 23) to emphasize the character of the team as a link between the youth academy and professional team and competed until 2013–14 in the regular league system in the fourth tier, the Regionalliga Süd, until the club board decided to dissolve the team.
Rivalries and friendships
The club's original rival was Frankfurt city-rival FSV Frankfurt. In both clubs' early years, there used to be a fierce rivalry, but after World War II Eintracht proved to be the stronger club and the ways parted and the rivalry deteriorated due to lack of contact. Nowadays, the fan relations tend to be friendly. The 2011–12 season saw Eintracht play FSV in a league match for the first time in almost 50 years. The last league game between the two had been played on 27 January 1962, then in the Oberliga Süd. For the first of the two matches, FSV's home game on 21 August 2011, the decision was made to move to Eintracht's stadium as FSV's Bornheimer Hang only holds less than 11,000 spectators. Eintracht won 4–0. The second match on 18 February 2012 ended in another victory for Eintracht, a 6–1 rout.
A friendship between two Eintracht fan clubs and supporters of English club Oldham Athletic has lasted for over 30 years after fans from each club met at an international football tournament. Small sections of each club's support will pay a visit to the other's ground at least once a season. Eintracht supporters also have an international friendship with supporters of Italian club Atalanta.
Other sections within the club
The sports club Eintracht Frankfurt e.V. is made up of nineteen sections:
- Gymnastics (since 22 January 1861)
- Football (since 8 March 1899)
- Athletics (since 1899)
- Field hockey (since 1906 as "1.Frankfurter Hockeyclub)
- Boxing (since 1919)
- Tennis (since spring 1920)
- Handball (since 1921)
- Rugby (since summer 1923 – see Eintracht Frankfurt Rugby)
- Table tennis (since November 1924)
- Basketball (since 4 June 1954)
- Ice stock sport (since 9 December 1959)
- Volleyball (since July 1961)
- Football supporter's section (since 11 December 2000)
- Ice hockey (1959–91 and again since 1 July 2002)
- Darts (since 1 July 2006)
- Triathlon (since January 2008)
- Ultimate (since 2015)
- Table football (since July 2016)
- Esports (since June 2019)
Betty Heidler, the hammer throw world champion of 2007, was a member of the Eintracht Frankfurt athletics team. Other Eintracht athletes include the 2008 Olympians Andrea Bunjes, Ariane Friedrich, Kamghe Gaba and Kathrin Klaas.
Within the football section, the sports club directly manages only the youth system and the reserve team. The professional footballers are managed as a separate limited corporation, Eintracht Frankfurt Fußball-AG, which is a subsidiary of the parent club.
- List of Eintracht Frankfurt players
- List of Eintracht Frankfurt records and statistics
- Eintracht Frankfurt in European football
- Eintracht Frankfurt II
- Eintracht Frankfurt Women
- Eintracht Frankfurt Basketball
- Eintracht Frankfurt Rugby
- "Die Gründungsmitglieder der Bundesliga". kicker. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "120 Jahre Eintracht Frankfurt: Wie alles begann". Eintracht Frankfurt. 8 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Commerzbank-Arena To Become Deutsche Bank Park". The Stadium Business. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Eintracht Frankfurt | Statistik". Bundesliga. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Die ewige Tabelle der Bundesliga". Fussballdaten. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "50 Football Clubs With the Highest Average Attendance Since 2013". 90min. 1 May 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Germany – All-Time Most Matches Played in Bundesliga". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Eine historische Fußball-Feindschaft". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). 31 July 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2009.
- Harper Collins German Dictionary: German-English/English-German (Harpercollins, 1991; ISBN 0061002437), p. 203.
- "The great European Cup final of 1960 remembered". BBC. 19 May 2010.
- "Eintracht turn to Daum after Skibbe sacking". UEFA. 22 March 2011.
- "Dortmund condemn Eintracht to the drop". UEFA. 14 May 2011.
- FR-Online, Eintracht Frankfurt ist zurück in der 1. Liga. Retrieved 2 May 2012
- "Chelsea 1–1 Eintracht Frankfurt (2–2 agg, 4–3 pens): Europa League semi-final – as it happened". The Guardian. 9 May 2019.
- "Eintracht Frankfurt beat Rangers on penalties to win Europa League". France24. 19 May 2022.
- "The Heraldic Council of the Holy Roman Empire". Holy Roman Empire Association. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Wappen". Eintracht Archive. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Attila grüßt vom Videowürfel". SPIEGEL Sport. 26 July 2005. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Attila". Eintracht Frankfurt. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Rot – Schwarz – Weiß". Eintracht Archiv. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Die launische Diva vom Main". FIFA. 9 May 2012. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Wie die Eintracht zur launischen Diva wurde". SPIEGEL Sport. 17 February 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Die 'launische Diva' ist Geschichte". Extra Tipp. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "STIMMT DAS? "Judebuwwe"". Frankfurter Rundschau. 9 May 2005. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
- "Vorstand". Eintracht Frankfurt (in German). 4 September 2021. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
- "Germany – Eintracht Frankfurt – Results, fixtures, squad, statistics, photos, videos and news". Soccerway. Perform Group. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
- eintracht.de Erfolge / Rekorde (http://www.eintracht.de/verein/historie/erfolge-rekorde/.
- "Squad" [Player squad]. eintracht.de (in German). Eintracht Frankfurt Fußball AG. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
- Germany, SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg. "Hessenderby: Darmstädter Polizei errichtet Sperrzone für Eintracht-Fans – SPIEGEL ONLINE – Sport". Der Spiegel.
- Germany, 11 Freunde. "Wann ist ein Derby ein Derby?". 11 Freunde.
- Das Frankfurter Derby elektrisiert (in German) www.kicker.de, published: 21 August 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011
- "Two Teams – One Spirit". eintracht.de. 12 December 2012.
- Hall, Richard (7 January 2014). "Atalanta: Serie A alternative club guide". The Guardian.
- Prentice, David (23 November 2017). "Who are the German 'football hooligans' linked with Concert Square carnage?". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
- Die Deutschen Meister der Männer Archived 25 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine DRV website – German rugby union finals. Retrieved 29 December 2008
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eintracht Frankfurt.|