Big Machine Records
From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
|Big Machine Records|
|Parent company||Big Machine Label Group|
|Founded||September 1, 2005|
|Distributor(s)||Universal Music Group|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Location||Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.|
Big Machine Records is an American independent record label, which is distributed by Universal Music Group, specializing in country and pop artists. Big Machine is based on Music Row in Nashville, Tennessee. The label was founded in September 2005 by former DreamWorks Records executive Scott Borchetta and became a joint venture between Borchetta and country singer Toby Keith. The company concentrates on publishing, management, and merchandising and oversees imprints, such as Valory Music, that are part of the Big Machine Label Group.
Scott Borchetta is originally from Los Angeles, California's San Fernando Valley area ("The Valley"), and he played bass guitar in punk rock bands in his younger years. Borchetta's father, Mike Borchetta, worked in Nashville as a country promoter who courted radio stations with music he transported in the trunk of his car. Mike Borchetta was married to an aspiring country singer at the time, as he had divorced Scott's mother. Borchetta did not leave Nashville after a 1981 visit.
Borchetta worked in the mailroom of his father's music company and eventually became a promotions staff member in 1991 for Universal Music Group's MCA Records. According to Bloomberg Businessweek, Borchetta was an "involved manager" at MCA, "choosing singles and dispensing advice." After he was fired from MCA in 1997, Borchetta accepted a role at the Nashville division of DreamWorks Records, but later decided to start his own label after Universal acquired the division.
Before he left DreamWorks, Borchetta approached Taylor Swift and her family after the musician performed at the Bluebird Café in Nashville, Tennessee after first meeting her in 2004. At the time, Borchetta had no infrastructure or financing. He made an offer to Swift and her parents, whereby he would recruit her to the new label's roster after it was established. Swift eventually recontacted Borchetta around two weeks later, telling him: "I'm waiting for you."
He formed the label in 2005, naming it "Big Machine" after a 2004 song by the band Velvet Revolver. Soon after he released Swift's first ever recording, the single "Tim McGraw" and her debut album Taylor Swift. Keith dropped his affiliation with the label in 2006, but he was reported as an equity holder in November 2014, alongside the Swift family and Borchetta (the latter reportedly owned 60 percent of the business at the time). In October 2012, Borchetta told Rolling Stone magazine: "[Taylor Swift’s father] Scott Swift owns three percent of Big Machine."
In February 2010, Swift won 4 Grammys—including Album of the Year (Fearless), Best Country Album (Fearless), Best Country Song ("White Horse"), and Best Female Country Vocal Performance ("White Horse")—becoming the first Big Machine artist to win a Grammy Award.
Borchetta signed a deal with Clear Channel—which later changed its name to iHeartMedia—in 2012 that ensures payment for Big Machine artists from terrestrial and digital radio airplay. Three years after the deal was signed, Borchetta said that the revenue streams were "very meaningful."
On November 3, 2014, Swift removed all but one of her songs from Spotify after indications of her disapproval of the streaming service emerged in July of the same year. Swift, statistically one of the world's most popular music artists at the time, had previously delayed the streaming of her 2012 album, Red.
Big Machine country music artists Justin Moore and Brantley Gilbert removed their music from Spotify on November 12, 2014. Like Swift, both artists allowed a single song to remain on the streaming platform.
In response to a claim that Borchetta was seeking a sum of US$200 million for Big Machine since the release of Swift's fifth studio album 1989, the label head refuted the claim in November 2014: "Every time we have a Taylor [Swift] record, they're like, 'Oh, he's selling the company.'" However, Borchetta did not rule out a future change of ownership, stating that "the business is changing so quickly, and if I see a strategic opportunity that's going to be better for our artists and executives, it's going to be a serious conversation." Following the release of 1989, her Big Machine contract requires her to produce one more full-length album for the label.
The Zac Brown Band announced on January 12, 2015, that it had finalized a four-way strategic partnership involving the Southern Ground Artists record label, Big Machine Label Group, Republic Records and John Varvatos Records for the release of its fourth studio album. The terms of the deal state that Zac Brown Band will work with Big Machine Label Group for marketing and distribution, while Southern Ground Artists will work on radio promotion, Republic will provide support in the area of non-country radio formats and international promotion, and Varvatos will oversee branding and styling. Borchetta was quoted in the Big Machine press release as saying that there is "literally no ceiling" to what can be achieved by the new partnership, and also spoke of "moments when our best artists hit a global stride and a deeper sense of engagement that speaks a clearer musical language".
In a February 2015 interview, Borchetta refused to comment on the status of the label's distribution deal with Universal Music Group (UMG), which was up for renegotiation at the time. He confirmed that the label would release the next American Idol album, in partnership with 19 Entertainment and UMG—Borchetta would be one of the mentors on the reality program's next series. Borchetta also disclosed that Swift agreed to the withdrawal of her catalog from Spotify after he first suggested the idea to her, and that he would remove the music of all Big Machine artists if it was within his power.
In May 2017, the label branched out into the alcoholic beverage industry by launching Big Machine Vodka, a premium brand distilled in Lynnville, Tennessee. Borchetta described the new venture as "perfectly [complimenting] the music we take such great pride in".
In November 2017, Swift released her sixth studio album Reputation, her last album released under Big Machine. After this album, Swift refused to renew her contract with the label. She eventually stayed in Universal Music Group, Big Machine's distributor, and on November 19, 2018, after her contract with Big Machine expired, Swift signed with Republic Records, under a deal in which she would maintain ownership of her masters going forward.
On June 30, 2019, Ithaca Holdings acquired Big Machine Records, with Scott Borchetta remaining as CEO, and music manager Scooter Braun. The deal included the masters for Swift's first six albums. Swift voiced her displeasure in a Tumblr post, saying she had been trying to buy the masters for years and describing Braun as an "incessant, manipulative bully". The copyright dispute escalated during the year, with Swift accusing Borchetta and Braun of leveraging their ownership of her back catalog to keep her from performing her older songs in a performance as the American Music Awards Artist of the Decade or a Netflix documentary, Miss Americana. Both sides accused the other of owing them millions of dollars. Swift announced plans to rerecord her older songs in November 2020, to be released on Republic Records and not on Big Machine. As of 2020, her Big Machine releases are still available in digital distribution platforms and are repressed on physical media.
Even after Ithaca's acquisition of Big Machine Records, it continues to be distributed by Universal Music Group.
After Swift and Big Machine withdrew her catalog from Spotify in November 2014, the streaming service launched a social media campaign to persuade Swift to return and, in a statement on its website, claimed that 16 million of over 40 million users had played her music in the preceding 30-day period.
In mid-November, Borchetta disputed figures released by Spotify that claimed that Swift would receive US$6 million annually from the streaming site—Borchetta said in a TIME magazine interview that Swift was paid a total of US$500,000 over the previous 12 months. Spotify responded to Borchetta, by clarifying that Swift had been paid US$2 million for global streaming over the year-long time frame. Spotify further explained: "We [Spotify] paid Taylor [Swift]'s label and publisher roughly half a million dollars in the month before she took her catalog down". According to Borchetta, the amount Swift earned from streaming her music videos on the Vevo site was greater than the payout she received from Spotify.
Borchetta then clarified in a February 2015 interview that Swift's catalog would be permitted on a streaming service "that understands the different needs that we [Swift and Big Machine] have," whereby "the choice to be [on the free, ad-supported tier] or not" is provided. Borchetta argued that Swift's musical oeuvre is "arguably the most important current catalog there is" and stated that the streaming issue is "about each individual artist, and the real mission here is to bring ... attention to it."
Taylor Swift's catalog returned to Spotify in June 2017.
Limited Liability Company
|Industry||Music & entertainment|
|Founded||September 1, 2005|
|Scott Borchetta, (CEO)|
Sandi Spika Borchetta, (VP Creative Services)
Andrew Kautz, General Manager
Taylor Swift, the first signed artist
|Divisions||Big Machine Records|
Valory Music Co.
In November 2007, Big Machine Records founded a subsidiary imprint called Valory Music Co. Acts signed to this roster include Jimmy Wayne (who was formerly signed to Big Machine), Jewel, The Mavericks, Thomas Rhett, and Justin Moore.
By the end of November 2008, the Valory imprint entered into a partnership with Midas Records—promotion, sales, marketing, production, publicity and distribution—for Canadian acts Adam Gregory and Emerson Drive. The announcement that Reba McEntire would join Valory was also publicized in November 2008. McEntire's debut single on Valory was scheduled for 2009, with her new studio album scheduled for the northern summer of the same year.
Big Machine joined with Universal Republic Records in June 2009 to found a new label, Republic Nashville. In August 2016, Republic Nashville was rebranded as BMLG Records after Big Machine took back full ownership of the label.
In March 2014, Big Machine announced the revival of Dot Records and, as of February 2015, the imprint was run in partnership with Republic Records. Dot was shuttered in March 2017 and a number of its artists moved to other Big Machine imprints.
Nash Icon Records
In 2014, Big Machine announced a partnership with Cumulus Media to create Nash Icon Music, a Big Machine imprint serving as an offshoot of Cumulus's Nash FM brand, focusing on active country acts who achieved mainstream fame in the 1990s and early 2000s. Cumulus also operates Nash Icon-branded radio stations with a similar focus.
On October 21, 2014, it was announced that McEntire would be the first artist signed to Nash Icon Music. Nash Icon Records folded into Big Machine Records in 2018.
Big Machine Records roster
Current country artists
- The Cadillac Three
- Ray Wylie Hubbard
- Tim McGraw
- Jennifer Nettles
- Carly Pearce
- Rascal Flatts
- Noah Schnacky
- Payton Smith
Current rock and pop artists
- Badflower (Big Machine/John Varvatos Records)
- Friday Pilots Club (Big Machine/John Varvatos Records)
- Gunnar Gehl
- Pretty Vicious (Big Machine/John Varvatos Records)
Former country artists
- Tucker Beathard
- Danielle Bradbery (moved to BMLG)
- Garth Brooks (Big Machine/Pearl)
- Dusty Drake
- Ronnie Dunn
- Edens Edge
- Adam Gregory (Big Machine/Midas/Open Road)
- Trent Harmon
- Jack Ingram
- Lauren Jenkins 
- Kate & Kacey
- Reba McEntire
- Danielle Peck
- Melissa Peterman (Comedy Artist)
- Steel Magnolia
- Dan Smalley
- Sunny Sweeney (moved to Republic)
- Waterloo Revival
- Jimmy Wayne (moved to Valory)
- Trisha Yearwood
Former Nash Icon Records artists
Former pop artists
- Ivory Blue (Big Machine/John Varvatos Records)
- MacKenzie Bourg
- Cheap Trick
- Nick Fradiani
- Laura Marano
- La'Porsha Renae (Big Machine/Motown Records)
- The Static Shift (Big Machine/John Varvatos Records)
- Taylor Swift (originally a country artist, later refocused to pop)
- Who Is Fancy
Valory Music Co. roster
- Abbey Cone
- Avenue Beat
- Sheryl Crow
- Eli Young Band
- Brantley Gilbert
- Aaron Lewis
- Justin Moore
- Thomas Rhett
- Tyler Rich
- Heath Sanders
BMLG Records roster
- Laci Kaye Booth (19 Recordings/BMLG Records)
- Danielle Bradbery
- Florida Georgia Line
- Riley Green
- Lady A
- Brett Young
Former Dot Records artists
- Caulfiend, Keith; Tucker, Ken (November 10, 2007). "Valory Unveiled". Billboard. 119 (45): 8.
- Stark, Phyllis (March 11, 2006). "The Honeymoon's Hardly Over, but Show Dog and Big Machine split". Billboard.
- Devin Leonard (November 12, 2014). "Taylor Swift Is the Music Industry". Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Willman, Chris (October 26, 2015). "Big Machine's Scott Borchetta on Taylor Swift, the Fight Against Free and Remaining 'Bold and Disruptive' on 10-Year Anniversary". Billboard. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- Brian Hiatt (October 25, 2012). "Taylor Swift in Wonderland". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Edward Morris (March 3, 2009). "Country Rosters Remain Stable Despite Sales Downturn". CMT News. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Melinda Newman (February 5, 2015). "Taylor Swift's Label Boss on Her Future, His Spotify Showdown and 'American Idol'". The Hollywood Reporter. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
- Jack Linshi (November 3, 2014). "Here's Why Taylor Swift Pulled Her Music From Spotify". TIME. TIME, Inc. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
- "Justin Moore, Brantley Gilbert pull music from Spotify". Toronto Sun. November 12, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
- Nate Rau (January 12, 2015). "Zac Brown Band aligns with Big Machine". The Tennessean. The Tennessean. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
- "Scott Borchetta's Big Machine Launches Vodka Brand". Billboard. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
- Wang, Amy X. (November 19, 2018). "Taylor Swift's New Record Deal Affects Thousands of Other Musicians". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
- Willman, Chris (August 27, 2018). "Taylor Swift Stands to Make Music Business History as a Free Agent". Variety. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- Aswad, Jem; Willman, Chris (November 19, 2018). "Taylor Swift Signs New Deal With Universal Music Group". Variety. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- "Universal Is Only Major Label Left in Running to Buy Taylor Swift's Big Machine Label Group, as Bids Top $300M". Billboard. October 30, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
- Steele, Anne. "Scooter Braun Makes $300 Million Deal for Big Machine Records". WSJ. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- "Scooter Braun's Ithaca Holdings Acquires Big Machine Label Group". Variety. June 30, 2019. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
- Grady, Constance (September 1, 2019). "The Taylor Swift/Scooter Braun controversy, explained". Vox. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
- Aniftos, Rania (November 14, 2019). "Taylor Swift Says Scooter Braun & Scott Borchetta Won't Let Her Perform Her Old Songs at 2019 AMAs". Billboard. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- Bruney, Gabrielle (December 13, 2019). "Taylor Swift Slammed Scooter Braun While Accepting Billboard's Woman of the Decade Award". Esquire. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Blistein, Jon (November 15, 2019). "Big Machine, Taylor Swift Camp Spar Over American Music Awards, Netflix Controversy". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- "Taylor Swift wants to re-record her old hits". BBC News. August 22, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Brian Mansfield (November 4, 2014). "Taylor Swift says goodbye to Spotify". USA Today. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
- "Spotify says it paid Taylor Swift millions. Her label disagrees. Here's the truth". The Verge. November 13, 2014.
- "Taylor Swift returning her music to Spotify". USA TODAY.
- "Big Machine starts new label, signs Jewel, Jimmy Wayne, Justin Moore". Country Standard Time.com. November 2, 2007. Archived from the original on November 11, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007.
- "On Music Row: Valory takes Emerson Drive in tow". The City Paper. September 15, 2008. Archived from the original on January 10, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Ken Tucker (November 11, 2008). "Reba McEntire Signs With Valory Music". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- "New Nashville label starts with Sunny Sweeney aboard". Country Standard Time. June 5, 2009. Retrieved June 5, 2009.
- Rau, Nate (March 24, 2014). "Big Machine resurrects Dot Records name". The Tennessean. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
- "Oldies 98.9 becomes older-skewing country NASH Icon 98.9". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Cox Media Group. August 15, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
- "Nash Icons launches across the country". Radio Insight. August 15, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
- "Reba McEntire Becomes Nash Icon Music Label's Inaugural Signing". Billboard.com. October 21, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- "Big Machine Records – Artists". Big Machine Records. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "10 New Country Artists You Need To Know". Rolling Stone. July 1, 2016.
- "Melissa Peterman Signs to Big Machine Records". CMT.com. February 23, 2010.
- "Laura Signed To Big Machine Records". Laura Marano Official Website. March 28, 2015. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "Who Is Fancy Talks Shedding The Mystery". Billboard. April 10, 2015.
- "Eli Young Band Make Move to the Valory Music Co". Valory Music Co. July 8, 2015. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "Valory Music Co. – Artists". Valory Music Co.
- "Taylor Swift fans unite to support Delta Rae after band leaves Big Machine". Taste Of Country. July 2, 2019.
- "Tara Thompson Joins BMLG's Valory Music Co. Roster". MusicRow. October 26, 2015.
- "Republic Nashville – Artists". Republic Nashville. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "Lady Antebellum Signs with Big Machine". September 4, 2018.
- "BREAKING: Lady Antebellum Changes Band Name". June 11, 2020. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
- "Big Machine Label Group Signs Brett Young". Big Machine Records. August 21, 2015. Archived from the original on June 3, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- "The Band Perry Part Ways With Big Machine". Billboard. March 1, 2016.
- "Republic Nashville Signs Greg Bates". Big Machine Records. December 7, 2011. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "Big Machine Publicity Adds Burr". MusicRow. November 4, 2010.
- "Big Machine Records Creates New Label With Universal Republic". CMT.com. June 5, 2009.
- "Jackie Lee Inks Deal with Republic Nashville". Big Machine Records. February 16, 2012. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "Martina McBride Signs to Republic Nashville". CMT.com. November 8, 2010.
- "Dot Records – Artists". Dot Records. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "'Voice' Bummers: Kimberly Nichole Leaves Show, Craig Wayne Boyd Leaves Label". Yahoo!. June 13, 2015.