Washington (state)

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State of Washington
Green flag with the circular Seal of Washington centered on it. A circular seal with the words "The Seal of the State of Washington, 1889" centered around it from top to bottom. In the center, a man with gray hair poses.
Flag Seal
"The Evergreen State" (unofficial)[1]
Motto(s): Al-ki or Alki, "bye and bye" in Chinook Jargon
State song(s): "Washington, My Home"
Washington is located on the West Coast along the line that divides the United States from neighboring Canada. It runs entirely from west to east. It includes a small peninsula across a bay which is discontinuous with the rest of the state, along with a geographical oddity under British Columbia, Canada.
Official languageNone (de jure)
English (de facto)
Largest citySeattle
Largest metroGreater Seattle
AreaRanked 18th
 • Total71,362 sq mi
(184,827 km2)
 • Width360 miles (580 km)
 • Length240 miles (400 km)
 • % water6.6
 • Latitude45°  33′ N to 49° N
 • Longitude116°  55′ W to 124°  46′ W
PopulationRanked 13th
 • Total7,405,743 (2017 est.)[2]
 • Density103/sq mi  (39.6/km2)
Ranked 25th
 • Median household income$67,243 (2015)[3] (9th[3])
 • Highest pointMount Rainier
14,411 ft (4,392 m)
 • Mean1,700 ft  (520 m)
 • Lowest pointPacific Ocean
Sea level
Before statehoodWashington Territory
Admission to UnionNovember 11, 1889 (42nd)
GovernorJay Inslee (D)
Lieutenant GovernorCyrus Habib (D)
LegislatureWashington State Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsPatty Murray (D)
Maria Cantwell (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats
3 Republicans (list)
Time zonePacific: UTC −8/−7
AbbreviationsWA, Wash.
Washington state symbols
Flag of Washington.svg
Seal of Washington.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianPacific chorus frog
BirdAmerican goldfinch
FishSteelhead trout
GrassBluebunch wheatgrass
InsectGreen Darner
MammalOlympic marmot/Orca
TreeWestern Hemlock
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
GemstonePetrified wood
ShipLady Washington
TartanWashington state tartan
OtherVegetable: Sweet onion
State route marker
Washington state route marker
State quarter
Washington quarter dollar coin
Released in 2007
Lists of United States state symbols

Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is north of Oregon, west of Idaho, east of the Pacific Ocean, and south of British Columbia. (British Columbia is part of Canada.) There are more than 6,000,000 people in Washington. Most live in the western part of Washington, which gets more rain. About a quarter of the people live in the east part, where it gets less rain, and some parts have a desert climate. The largest city on the east part is Spokane, and it is also the second biggest city in the state. The Cascade Mountains go down the middle of the state and break it into two sides. The state's nickname is the "Evergreen State" because it has a lot of pine trees. Washington was the 42nd state to join the United States, on November 11, 1889. It is often called "Washington State" so that it does not get confused with the nation's capital, Washington, D.C. The name "Washington" comes from President George Washington.

The capital of Washington is Olympia. Olympia is a small city on the west side of Washington, at the south end of Puget Sound. Washington's biggest city is Seattle, Seattle is also on Puget Sound.

Washington has many beautiful forests, rivers, gorges (gorges are small canyons), and mountains. Because it's next to the ocean, it has a long beach. However, because Washington is north of Oregon and California (the other two states on the West Coast of the United States), the ocean is cold, and usually not good to swim in.

The biggest universities in Washington are the University of Washington and Washington State University. The University of Washington is in Seattle.[4] Washington State University is in a small town called Pullman. Pullman is on the east side of the state.

Geography and climate[change | change source]

The state of Washington has an extremely varied geography, and therefore an extremely varied climate. The map shows western cities have shipping access. These are the low-lying parts on the next to the Pacific Ocean. The western side of the mountains is wet and forested with conifers. Some areas are temperate rain forests (in the Olympic Mountains).

The central area is mountainous, including five volcanos: Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helens, and Mount Adams. To the east of the mountains the land is dry and mostly dry grassland (high plains). Only one feature links the west to the east: the important Snake River, a tributary of the even larger Columbia River.

Köppen climate types of Washington state

Lists of Federal land and reservations[change | change source]

National parks and monuments

There are three National Parks and two National Monuments in Washington:

National forests

Nine national forests are located (at least partly) in Washington:

Federally protected wildernesses 31 wildernesses are located (at least partly) in Washington, like:

National wildlife refuges 23 National Wildlife Refuges are located (at least partly) in Washington like:

Other federally protected lands

Other protected lands of note like:

Military and related reservations

There are many large military-related reservations, like:

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "State Symbols". Washington State Legislature. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  2. "Idaho is Nation's Fastest-Growing State, Census Bureau Reports". US Census Bureau. December 20, 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Table H-8. Median Household Income by State: 1984 to 2015 (Microsoft Excel), United States Census Bureau, September 13, 2016
  4. "About the University". University of Washington. 2008. Retrieved September 28, 2009.

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