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COVID-19 pandemic

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COVID-19 pandemic
Coronavirus patients at the Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran -- بخش ویژه بیماران کرونا در بیمارستان امام خمینی تهران -- March 1, 2020.jpg
2020 coronavirus task force.jpg蔡總統視導33化學兵群 02.jpg
Emergenza coronavirus (49501382461).jpgDried pasta shelves empty in an Australian supermarket.jpg
(clockwise from top)
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map.svg
Map of the pandemic

     10,000+ confirmed cases      1,000–9,999 confirmed cases      100–999 confirmed cases      10–99 confirmed cases

     1–9 confirmed cases
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map per Capita.svg
Map of the pandemic by cases per-capita

     > 1 case per 1,000 inhabitants      > 2 cases per 2,000 inhabitants      > 1 case per 10,000 inhabitants      > 1 case per 100,000 inhabitants      > 1 cases per million inhabitants

     > 1 cases per 10 million inhabitants
DiseaseCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Virus strainSevere acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2
(SARS-CoV-2)
LocationWorldwide (List of locations)
First case1 December 2019
OriginWuhan, Hubei, China
30°35′14″N 114°17′17″E / 30.58722°N 114.28806°E / 30.58722; 114.28806
Confirmed cases4,584,124[1]
Recovered1,736,028[2]
Deaths
305,790[3]
Territories
215[4]

The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).[5][a] The outbreak originated in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019, and was called a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020.[6][7][8][9][10] The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses gave the virus its name. As of 14 May, more than 4.4 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 210 countries and territories, resulting in nearly 300,000 deaths, but almost 1,660,000 recoveries.[11][12]

The virus is usually spread from one person to another using small drops made when coughing[13][14] or sneezing.[15] It mostly spreads when people are close to each other, but can also spread when people touch a surface with the virus, and then their face.[14][15] Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath.[16] Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome.[17] There is currently no vaccine or specific antiviral medicine for COVID-19.[18] Right now, doctors usually give patients supportive therapy.[19] Ways people can avoid spreading the virus include hand washing, covering the mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who think they are infected.[18]

The disease has since evolved into a pandemic.

The outbreak may have came from a coronavirus that usually lives in bats that infected pangolins and then changed inside the pangolins until it could infect humans.[20][21]

Symptoms[change | change source]

According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, COVID-19 makes people feel sick in different ways, but it usually affects the lungs. People usually cough and have difficulty breathing. They often also have a fever, chills, headache, pain in their muscles, or trouble tasting or smelling things.[23]

According to an April 2020 study by the American Gastroenterological Association, COVID-19 can make sick people vomit or have diarrhea but this is rare. They said about 7.7% of COVID-19 patients vomited, about 7.8% had diarrhea and about 3.6% had pain in their stomachs.[24]

Data[change | change source]

Name[change | change source]

In February 2020, the WHO announced they had chosen a name for the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2: COVID-19, replacing the temporary name "2019-nCoV."[25] "Covi" is for "coronavirus," "D" for "disease," and "19" for the year 2019. They said they did not want the name to have any person, place, or animal in it, like "Wuhan," because then people might blame the disease on that place, person, or animal. They also wanted the name to be easy to say out loud.[26]

Mortality rate of COVID-19[change | change source]

The current death rate of COVID-19

According to an article in Market Watch dated on February 27, 2020, the overall case mortality rate in China was 2.3%. However, there were large differences between different age groups and between men and women. People over the age of seventy experienced a rate of mortality 4-5 times that of the average. Men were more likely to die than women (2.8% versus 1.7% for women). These numbers were the conclusion of a study by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention using 72,314 COVID-19 cases in mainland China as of Feb. 11. At that point this was the largest sample of cases for such a study.[27]

On March 5, 2020, the WHO released the case fatality rate.[28]

Race and racism[change | change source]

COVID-19 did not affect everyone in each country the same way.[29] As of mid-April 2020, black Americans made up 33% of the population of Louisiana but 70% of the people who died from COVID-19 in Louisiana were black. Black Americans made up 26% of the population of Alabama, but 44% of the people who died were black.[30] In Chicago, black Americans made up a third of the population, but half of the people who tested positive were black and 72% of the people who died were black.[31] As of May 2020, APM Research Lab said the death rate among black Americans was 2.4 times as high as for whites and 2.2 times as high as for Latino and Asian Americans.[32]

Camara Jones, an epidemiologist who once worked for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said this was socioeconomic and not because of any natural difference in black and white people's bodies.[33] In the United States, black citizens are more likely to work jobs where they serve the public and to ride on buses and trains rather than take their own cars to work, which makes them more likely to be infected than people who work in private offices or from home. Sharrelle Barber, an epidemiologist and biostatistician from Drexel University, also said black Americans can live in crowded neighborhoods where social distancing is harder to do and healthy food harder to find.[31] Both Barber and Jones blamed the long history of racism in the United States for these things. Three senators, Kamala Harris, Cory Booker and Elizabeth Warren said the federal government should start recording the race of COVID-19 patients so scientists could study this problem.[31]

In the United Kingdom, twice as many black COVID-19 patients died as white COVID-19 patients. Other non-white people, like people from India and Bangledesh, were also more likely to die of COVID-19 than whites. Britain's Office of National Statistics said that the differences in money and education explained some of this difference but not all of it. They also said they did not know whether non-white patients caught COVID-19 more often or whether they caught more severe cases. Only female Chinese Britons were less likely to die of COVID-19 than white Britons.[34]

Indigenous peoples[change | change source]

Native Americans in the United States have shown more deaths from COVID-19 than the rest of the U.S.[35] As of May, the Navajo Nation had many 88 deaths and 2,757 cases, and the money they had been promised by the government arrived several weeks late. Only 30% of the people in the Navajo Nation have pipes with running water, which made it difficult for people to wash their hands.[36]

Scientists from Chapman University made a plan to protect the Tsimane people in Bolivia from COVID-19 and said this plan would also work for other indigenous peoples living on their own land. The scientists said that many indigenous peoples have problems that make COVID-19 more dangerous for them, like poverty, less clean water, and other lung diseases. Hospitals may be a long distance away, and racism can affect the way doctors and nurses react. But they also sometimes have things that help, like traditions of making decisions together and the ability to grow food nearby.[35] The scientists found people who spoke the Tsimane language as a first language and made teams to go to Tsimane towns to warn them about COVID-19. They also used radio stations. They said the best strategy was for whole communities to decide to isolate. They found this worked well because the Tsimane already usually made their big decisions together as a community in special meetings and already had a tradition of quarantining new mothers. The Chapman scientists said their plan would also work for other indigenous peoples who also make decisions together, like the Tsimane. [37][35] The Waswanipi Cree in Canada, the Mapoon people in Australia, and many groups in South America already tried plans like these on their own.[35]

Conspiracy theories[change | change source]

In early 2020, some people began to think that the SARS-CoV-2 may have been made on purpose in a laboratory and either released by accident or on purpose like a weapon. Some Iranians thought the Americans might have made it.[38] Chinese state media said COVID-19 came from the United States to China and not the other way around.[39] Some Americans thought the Chinese might have made it.[40] Some Britons thought it might have been created by accident by 5G celll phone networks.[41]

On March 17, 2020, scientists from Columbia University and other places published a paper in Nature Medicine showing that SARS-CoV-2 was almost surely not made by humans in a laboratory. They did this by comparing the genomes of different viruses to each other.[21] The scientists saw that SARS-CoV-2 did not match any of the viral backbones that already exist for virologists to use.[42] Within a few weeks, it became one of the most cited scientific papers in history, meaning that other scientists were reading and using it.

Global data[change | change source]

Locations[b] Cases[c] Deaths[d] Recov.[e] Ref.
229 Confirmed Deaths Recovered References
United States[f] 1,550,632 90,068 280,542 [50]
Russia[g] 290,678 2,722 70,209 [51]
United Kingdom[h] 243,695 34,636 No data [53][54]
Brazil 241,080 16,118 94,122 [55][56]
Spain[i] 231,350 27,650 149,576 [57]
Italy 225,435 31,908 125,176 [58][59]
Germany[j] 176,651 8,049 153,400 [61][60]
Turkey 149,435 4,140 109,962 [62]
France[k] 142,411 28,108 61,213 [63]
Iran 120,198 6,988 94,464 [64]
India 96,169 3,029 36,824 [65]
Peru 92,273 2,648 28,621 [66][67]
China[l] 82,954 4,634 78,238 [68]
Canada 77,002 5,782 38,550 [69]
Belgium[m] 55,559 9,080 14,657 [71]
Saudi Arabia 54,752 312 25,722 [72]
Mexico 49,219 5,177 33,329 [73][74]
Chile[n] 46,059 478 20,165 [81]
Netherlands[o] 44,141 5,694 No data [83]
Pakistan 43,158 923 11,922 [84]
Ecuador 33,182 2,736 3,433 [85]
Qatar 32,604 15 4,370 [86]
Switzerland 30,587 1,603 27,400 [87][88]
Belarus 30,572 171 10,130 [89]
Sweden 30,143 3,679 4,971 [90][91]
Portugal 29,036 1,218 4,636 [92]
Singapore 28,343 22 9,835 [93][94]
Ireland 24,112 1,543 19,470 [95][96]
Bangladesh 23,870 349 4,585 [97]
United Arab Emirates 23,358 220 8,512 [98]
Poland 18,746 929 7,628 [90][99]
Ukraine[p] 18,616 535 5,276 [100]
Indonesia 18,010 1,191 4,324 [101]
Romania 17,036 1,107 9,930 [102]
Israel[q] 16,621 272 13,014 [103]
Japan[r] 16,340 756 11,415 [104][105]
Austria 16,176 629 14,563 [106][107]
Colombia 15,574 574 3,751 [108]
South Africa 15,515 264 7,006 [109]
Kuwait 14,850 112 4,093 [110][111]
Philippines 12,718 831 2,729 [112][113]
Dominican Republic 12,314 428 5,847 [114]
Egypt[s] 12,229 630 3,742 [115]
South Korea 11,065 263 9,904 [116]
Denmark[t] 10,968 548 9,301 [117]
Serbia[u] 10,610 230 4,713 [118]
Panama 9,606 275 6,081 [119]
Czech Republic 8,475 298 5,462 [120]
Norway[v] 8,249 232 7,114 [123]
Argentina[w] 8,055 373 2,556 [125]
Algeria 7,201 555 3,625 [126][127]
Afghanistan 7,072 173 801 [128]
Australia[x] Template:Sum Template:Sum Template:Sum [129]
Bahrain 6,956 12 2,910 [130]
Malaysia 6,941 113 5,615 [131]
Morocco[y] 6,870 192 3,660 [133]
Finland[z] 6,347 298 5,000 [134]
Kazakhstan 6,157 34 3,256 [136]
Moldova[aa] 6,060 211 2,408 [137]
Nigeria 5,959 182 1,594 [138]
Ghana 5,735 29 1,754 [139]
Oman 5,186 22 1,465 [140]
Armenia 4,472 60 1,925 [141]
Luxembourg 3,945 107 3,702 [142]
Bolivia 3,826 165 473 [143]
Hungary 3,535 462 1,400 [144]
Iraq 3,404 123 2,218
[145]
Azerbaijan[ab] 3,274 39 2,015 [146]
Cameroon 3,105 140 1,567 [147]
Thailand 3,031 56 2,857 [148]
Greece 2,834 163 1,374 [149][150]
Uzbekistan 2,753 12 2,247 [151]
Guinea 2,658 16 1,133 [152]
Puerto Rico 2,646 123 850 [153][50]
Honduras 2,565 138 278 [154]
Senegal 2,480 25 973 [155]
Bosnia & Herzegovina 2,290 133 1,436 [156]
Sudan 2,289 97 222 [157]
Croatia 2,226 95 1,936 [158]
Bulgaria 2,211 108 598 [159]
Ivory Coast 2,109 27 1,004 [160]
Cuba[ac] 1,872 79 1,495 [161]
Iceland 1,802 10 1,786 [162]
North Macedonia 1,792 101 1,293 [163]
Estonia 1,774 63 938 [164]
Guatemala 1,763 33 138 [165]
Lithuania 1,547 59 997 [166]
Tajikistan 1,524 39 0 [167]
Slovakia 1,494 28 1,163 [168]
Slovenia 1,466 104 273 [169][170]
DR Congo[ad] 1,454 61 270 [171]
Somalia[ae] 1,421 56 152 [172]
Djibouti 1,401 4 972 [173]
El Salvador 1,338 27 462 [174]
Gabon 1,320 11 244 [175]
New Zealand[af] 1,149 21 1,433 [176]
Kyrgyzstan 1,138 14 804 [177]
USS Theodore Roosevelt[ag] 1,102 1 53 [178]
Maldives 1,090 4 58 [179]
Charles de Gaulle[ah] 1,081 0 0 [180]
Hong Kong 1,056 4 1,024 [184]
Tunisia 1,037 45 807 [185]
Latvia 1,008 19 662 [90][186]
Guinea-Bissau 990 4 26 [187]
Sri Lanka 981 9 538 [188]
Kosovo 955 29 691 [189]
Albania 946 31 715 [190]
Cyprus[ai] 916 17 515 [191]
Lebanon 911 26 247 [192]
Niger 904 54 698 [193]
Kenya 912 50 336 [194]
Costa Rica 863 10 565 [195]
Mali 860 452 494 [196]
Burkina Faso 796 51 644 [197]
Paraguay 786 11 1202 [198]
Andorra 761 51 617 [199]
Zambia 753 7 188 [200]
Uruguay[aj] 734 20 564 [201]
Diamond Princess[r] 712 14 653 [104][202]
Georgia[ak] 701 12 432 [203]
San Marino 654 41 201 [204]
Jordan 613 9 408 [205]
Equatorial Guinea 594 7 22 [206]
Malta 553 6 454 [207]
Venezuela 541 10 241 [208][209]
Jamaica 520 9 127 [210]
Sierra Leone 519 33 148 [211]
Tanzania 509 21 183 [212][213]
Chad 503 53 117 [214]
Haiti 456 20 21 [215]
Taiwan[al] 440 7 389 [217]
Congo[am] 412 15 110 [218][219]
Palestine 381 2 335 [220]
Benin 339 2 83 [221]
Isle of Man[an] 335 24 285 [222]
Mauritius 332 10 322 [223]
Cape Verde 328 2 67 [224]
Central African Republic 327 0 13 [225][226]
Montenegro 324 9 311 [227]
Vietnam 320 0 260 [228]
Ethiopia 317 5 113 [229]
Luhansk PR[ao] 312 2 104 [230]
Madagascar 304 1 114 [231]
Nepal 304 2 36 [232][233]
Jersey 302 27 226 [234]
Togo 301 11 104 [235]
Rwanda 292 0 197 [236][237]
South Sudan 290 4 4 [238]
Guernsey 252 13 233 [239]
Donetsk PR[ao] 248 5 36 [240]
São Tomé & Príncipe 235 7 4 [241][242]
Uganda 227 0 63 [243][244]
Liberia 226 21 120 [245]
Eswatini 203 2 73 [246]
Faroe Islands 187 0 187 [247]
Myanmar 184 6 97 [248]
Guam[ag] 154 5 128 [50][249]
Costa Atlantica 148 0 0 [250]
Gibraltar 147 0 145 [251]
Brunei 141 1 136 [252][253]
Mozambique 137 0 44 [254]
Mongolia 136 0 21 [255]
Greg Mortimer[aj] 128 0 No data [256]
Yemen 128 20 1 [257]
Bermuda 123 9 73 [258]
Cambodia 122 0 122 [259]
Guyana 117 10 44 [260]
Trinidad & Tobago 116 8 107 [261]
Northern Cyprus[ap] 108 4 104 [262]
Somaliland[aq] 103 8 16 [263]
Aruba 101 3 93 [264]
Bahamas 96 11 42 [265]
Monaco 96 4 87 [266]
Cayman Islands 94 1 55 [267]
Barbados 88 7 68 [268]
Liechtenstein 82 1 55 [269][270]
Sint Maarten 77 15 54 [271]
Malawi 70 3 27 [272]
U.S. Virgin Islands 69 6 61 [273]
Libya 65 3 28 [274]
Mauritania 62 4 6 [275]
French Polynesia 60 0 59 [276]
Syria[ar] 58 3 36 [277]
Angola 48 2 14 [278]
Macau 45 0 44 [279]
Zimbabwe 44 4 17 [280][281]
Eritrea 39 0 38 [282]
South Ossetia[as] 30 0 0 [283]
Botswana 25 1 17 [284]
Nicaragua 25 8 7 [90][285]
Antigua & Barbuda 24 3 11 [286]
East Timor 24 0 21 [287]
Burundi 23 1 11 [288]
The Gambia 23 1 12 [289]
Grenada 22 0 14 [290]
Bhutan 21 0 5 [291]
Northern Mariana Islands 21 2 12 [292]
Artsakh[at] 20 0 8 [283]
Laos 19 0 14 [293]
Belize 18 2 16 [294]
Fiji 18 0 15 [295]
New Caledonia 18 0 18 [296]
Saint Lucia 18 0 18 [297][298]
Abkhazia[au] 17 1 2 [283]
Saint Vincent[av] 17 0 14 [299][300]
Curaçao 16 1 14 [301]
Dominica 16 0 15 [302]
Namibia 16 0 13 [303]
Saint Kitts & Nevis 15 0 14 [304]
Falkland Islands 13 0 13 [305]
MS Zaandam[aw] 13 4 No data [308][309]
Coral Princess[ax] 12 2 No data [311]
Turks & Caicos Islands 12 1 10 [312]
Vatican City 12 0 2 [313]
Comoros 11 1 3 [314]
Greenland 11 0 11 [315]
Montserrat 11 1 10 [316]
Seychelles 11 0 7 [317]
Suriname 11 1 9 [318]
British Virgin Islands 8 1 6 [319]
HNLMS Dolfijn[ay] 8 0 No data [320]
Papua New Guinea 8 0 8 [323]
Anguilla 3 0 3 [324]
Bonaire 2 0 2 [325]
Saba 2 0 2 [326]
Sint Eustatius 2 0 2 [327]
Lesotho 1 0 0 [328]
Saint Pierre & Miquelon 1 0 1 [329]
As of Template:Format date (UTC) · History of cases: China, international
For notes, see the Notes section.

Graphs[change | change source]

Timelines of COVID-19 [change | change source]

Map of national and subnational lockdowns as of 30 March 2020 (table; more details)      National lockdown     Subnational lockdown     No lockdown

On December 31, 2019, China alerted WHO to several cases of unusual pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei province. [332]

On January 20, 2020, Chinese premier Li Keqiang called for efforts to stop and control the pneumonia epidemic caused by a novel coronavirus.[333] As of February 5, 2020, 24,588 cases have been confirmed,[334][335] including in every province-level division of China.[334] A larger number of people may have been infected, but not detected (especially mild cases).[336][337] The first local transmission of the virus outside China occurred in Vietnam between family members,[338] while the first local transmission not involving family occurred in Germany, on January 22, when a German man contracted the disease from a Chinese business visitor at a meeting.[339] As of 5 February 2020, 493 deaths have been attributed to the virus since the first confirmed death on January 9, with 990 recoveries.[340][334] The first death outside China was reported in the Philippines, in a 44-year-old Chinese male on February 1.[341], but another source reported: "The first cases of COVID-19 outside of China were identified on January 13 in Thailand and on January 16 in Japan".[342]

There has been testing which have showed over 6000 confirmed cases in China,[343] some of whom are healthcare workers.[344][345]

Confirmed cases have also been reported in Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Macau, Hong Kong, the United States (Everett, Washington and Chicago),[345] Singapore,[346] Vietnam,[347] France[348] and Nepal.[349]

The World Health Organization declared that this is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern since January 30, 2020.

Bloomberg News and other business publications have reported several plant closures, travel restrictions, and imposed quarantines as a result of this outbreak.[350]

As of February 10, 2020 there have been 40,235 confirmed cases reported of people infected by the virus in China. Also reported were 909 deaths, and 319 cases in 24 other countries, including one death, according to WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.[351]

China[change | change source]

  • The first cases of COVID-19 were detected in Wuhan, Hubei, Mainland China in December of 2019.[352]
  • On Feb. 4, 2020, the Seattle Times reported that Around 2020 Chinese new year authorities closed down travel from China to Macau. As a result visits fell eighty percent.[353]
  • Feb 6, 2020, the COVID-19 whistleblower, Li Wenliang, dies of the disease.
  • On February 6, 2020, according to Chinese authorities, a man from the United States who tested positive for the virus died[354]
  • On February  25, 2020 Asian Scientist Magazine reported  Chinese Scientists Sequence Genome Of COVID-19 [355]
  • According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention China had the largest number of confirmed cases  and deaths on March 1, 2020 [356]
  • On March 3, 2020 Science Magazine reported:
    • China built two new hospitals in one week just for patients of COVID-19
    • The article praised the way China has handled this crisis, but said "draconian" measures were used to achieve success.[357]
  • On March 6, 2020, CNN reported that a hotel used as a COVID-19 quarantine center collapsed. Seventy people were trapped in a collapsed Quanzhou hotel.[358]
  • Cases going down[source?]
  • Economy affected many factories shut down[source?]

United States[change | change source]

Economic effects of COVID-19 in the United States[change | change source]

Italy[change | change source]

  • On February 27, 2020, according to the EU Observer, a dozen towns in the northern regions of Lombardy and Veneto were under lockdown, with around 50,000 citizens not allowed to leave, and over 200 reported cases of COVID n Italy.[366]
  • On March 4, 2020, according to the Guardian,the Italian government has ordered the closure of all of Italy's schools and universities until 15 March, 2020[367]
  • On March 5, 2020 the Guardian reported: "Italian educational institutions close as Covid-19 deaths pass 100"[368]
  • On March 8,2020, Al Jazeeera reported that after a daily increase of 1,247 cases, Lombardy together with ten other areas were sealed off in an effort to quarantine 16 million people[369] Milan and Venice are in the quarantined area. [370]
  • March 10, 2020, Italy under quarantine. [371][372]

Iran[change | change source]

  • On 28 February 2020 the BBC reported COVID-19 deaths in Iran were at least 210[373]
  • March 3, 2020 multiple Iranian government officials including deputy health minister Iraj Harirchi and vice president of women and family affairs Masoumeh Ebtekar, who served as a spokesperson during the Iran hostage crisis, had contracted COVID-19.[374][375]

Canada[change | change source]

South Africa[change | change source]

CoViD-19 outbreak cases in South Africa.png

Australia[change | change source]

Other countries[change | change source]


Cruise ships[change | change source]

  • 17 February 2020 the BBC reported: "Coronavirus: Japan cruise ship's US passengers home for further quarantine"[379]
  • Nineteen crew members of the cruise ship off the coast of California tested positive [380]
  • Another Crew Member Suspected of Contracting Coronavirus[381]

Food and hunger[change | change source]

The pandemic made it more difficult for millions of people all over the world to get enough food. People lost their jobs, so they did not have money to buy food. Farms were shut down, so there was less food made. Processing plants and food factories were shut down, so less food was made ready for people to eat.[382]

In April, Arif Husain of the United Nations' World Food Program said that 130 million more people could go hungry, in addition to the 135 million who were already hungry before the pandemic began. He said that poorer countries would be more affected than rich countries because the way they move raw food from farms to cities and other places where people live is less organized and relies more on human beings than on automatic systems.[382]

This hunger crisis is different from crises in other years because it happened to the whole world at the same time. That meant that people working in other countries could not help by sending money home.[382][383]

All over the world, children who ate meals at school had less access to food when the schools were shut down.[382]

Scientists from the University of Michigan said the pandemic was making it harder for people to find food. In a study published in May, they said out of of seven Americans over age 50 said they had trouble getting enough food before the pandemic, and it got worse when senior centers that provided meals were closed.[384] Federal and state governments started programs to bring food to older people and children. There were also more food donation drives in towns.[383]

Environment[change | change source]

Because so many governments told people to stay at home, there was less air pollution than usual for that time of year. Pollution in New York fell by 50% and the use of coal in China fell by 40%.[385] The European Space Agency showed pictures taken from a satellite of China's pollution disappearing during quarantine and coming back when everyone went back to work.[386]

The pandemic and shudowns made people use less electricity. In the United States, people got more of their electricity from renewable power like wind and solar power than from coal power. This was because coal plants, which tend to be older, are more expensive to run than solar or wind or natural gas, so power companies used them less.[387]

Pollution from before the pandemic also affected what happened after people became sick. Scientists saw that more people died from COVID-19 in places with large amounts of air pollution. One team of scientists from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg looked at air pollution information from satellites and statistics on COVID-19 deaths in Italy, France, Germany and Spain and saw that places with large amounts of nitrogen dioxide pollution had more people die from COVID-19. Nitrogen dioxide can damage the lungs.[388][389]

The shutdowns and social distancing also affected animals. Human beings started staying at home about the same time in the spring when sea turtles like to come on land to lay their eggs. Turtle scientists in the United States and Thailand both reported more nests than usual on seashores in Florida and Phuket. They say it is because people are not coming to the beach or bringing their dogs to the beach and because there are fewer boats in the water nearby. Scientists also say they see more dugong and dolphins and fewer manatees killed by boats.[390][391][392] The pandemic meant there were fewer cars driving down roads, so salamanders, frogs, and other amphibians were able to cross them for their spring migration. According to citizen scientists from Big Night Maine, a group that watches amphibians, four amphibians made it across the roads alive for every one amphibian killed by cars. Most years, it is only two to one.[393]

List of terminology associated with COVID-19[change | change source]

  • SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19
  • 2019-nCoV is the old name for SARS-CoV-2
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 is another name for COVID-19
  • community spread is the spread of the disease without a known travel connection
  • clusters are groups of COVID-19 cases in which many people in the same area became infected with COVID-19
  • lockdown
  • presumptive confirmed positive
  • quarantine
  • sealed off

List of deaths[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
  2. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
  3. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
  4. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
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