Virginia B. Evans
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Virginia B. Evans
|Born||June 5, 1894|
Moundsville, West Virginia, U.S.
|Died||March 23, 1983 (aged 88)|
Moundsville, West Virginia, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||Artist, painter, and teacher|
Virginia B. Evans (June 5, 1894 – March 23, 1983) was a West Virginia visual artist and teacher. In the Ohio Valley region she became famous for her impressionist painting and art deco glass work. Considered one of West Virginia's foremost artists of the 20th century, Evans was deemed “one of the best trained and most gifted painters” in the region by a renowned national art columnist.
Life and education
Evans was born in Moundsville, West Virginia, the daughter of D. Barger Evans (1859-1945) and Mary Estelle Myers Evans (1869-1956). Her extensive education made Evans one of the best trained artists of her generation. In 1914, Evans graduated from Wheeling's Mount de Chantal Visitation Academy, before attending Pittsburgh's Carnegie Institute of Technology School of Fine Arts, and then the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. In 1924, she received a fellowship to the Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation, which included a brief residency at Tiffany's Mansion, Laurelton Hall, on Oyster Bay, Long Island, where Evans worked with leading painters such as Childe Hassam, Charles Webster Hawthorne, and Gari Melchers. From 1926 to 1931, Evans made four trips to Europe, including studying at the Fontainebleau School of Fine Arts in France during the summer of 1926.
Evans was deeply involved in advocating for female artists. She was active in the West Virginia Federation of Women's Clubs and the Wheeling Art Club.
In 1957, Evans moved to Orlando, Florida before relocating to Naples, Florida two years later. In Naples, she became a leading member and teacher at the Naples Art Association. but she returned to West Virginia in 1974 to spend the rest of her life with her family. She died in 1983 in Moundsville, West Virginia.
Evans debuted her paintings in the Associated Artists of Pittsburgh's juried exhibits in 1923. During the late 1920s and early 1930s, paintings from her various European trips were exhibited in Wheeling, Pittsburgh, and New York City. Her paintings were widely displayed through the eastern U.S. during the 1930s.
In a time when women rarely traveled alone, Evans traveled through the eastern U.S. and northern Europe. After her 1926 trip to study in France, Evans visited Europe again in 1928, 1929, and 1931, visiting Portugal, Spain, France, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Belgium, and Germany. In 1931, for her fourth voyage across the Atlantic ocean, Evans traveled as the sole passenger on a merchant freighter with thirty-four sailors. She chose the slower merchant vessel rather than a passenger liner in order to "study the ocean." Evans also showed little regard for the social conventions of her era, focusing instead on professional accomplishments and artistic success. For these reasons, many regarded her with suspicion or scorn.
Evans showed work in the 1933 exhibit "The American Scene" at the John Herron Institute (now the Indianapolis Museum of Art) alongside artists Charles Davis, William Forsyth, Grant Wood, John Steuart Curry, Clifton Wheeler, and Zoltan Sepeshy. She also exhibited work in annual shows by the Tiffany Foundation Fellows in New York, and Society of Women Painters and Sculptors. She was elected to the Society of Women Painters and Sculptors in 1931. Also during the early 1930s, Evans' paintings were featured in solo exhibits at New York's Studio Guild and the New York Public Library.
After a shift to glass work during throughout the 1940s and early 1950s, Evans returned to painting in the late 1950s when she moved to Florida. The work she created during this time included abstract and traditional works, as well as experimental landscapes.
Imperial Glass Corporation and Glass Arts
Evans' career shifted in 1942 when the Imperial Glass Corporation of Bellaire, Ohio hired her to design glass products for a new line. Her Asian inspired designs included dragon and butterfly motifs, used on a line of more than thirty Imperial Cathay Crystal items ranging from candle holders to ashtrays. One piece of Evans' Cathay Crystal glasswork was displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art during its April 1950 special display Twentieth Century Glass, American and European.
- Maxwell, Monte (28 April 2014). "WVU curator preserves legacy of West Virginia artist in exhibit". Retrieved 24 October 2016.
- "Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist, Summary". WVU Press. West Virginia University. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- Hamilton, Judy (March 22, 2014). "Forgotten West Virginian Featured in New Book". wvgazettemail.com. WV Gazette. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Cuthbert, John A. (2013). Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist. West Virginia University Libraries. pp. 19–20. ISBN 9780975292525.
- Cuthbert, John A. (2014). "Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist". American Art Review. XXVI (2): 70–71.
- Cuthbert, John A. (2014). "Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist". American Art Review. XXVI (2): 71.
- Cuthbert, John A. (2014). "Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist". American Art Review. XXVI (2): 74.
- Persinger, Cynthia (Fall 2014). "Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist by John A. Cuthbert (review)". West Virginia History: A Journal of Regional Studies. 8 (2). doi:10.1353/wvh.2014.0023. S2CID 162827213. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- "Virginia Evans: The Johnson Collection". The Johnson Collection. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
- Cuthbert, John A. (2014). "Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist". American Art Review. XXVI (2): 72.
- Cuthbert, John A. (2014). "Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist". American Art Review. XXVI (2): 75.
- Cuthbert, John (Fall 2013). "An All Around Artist" (PDF). West Virginia and Regional History Center. West Virginia and Regional History Center Newsletter. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- "Contemporary American Artists: The American Scene". Indianapolis Museum of Art. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- Cuthbert, John A. (2014). "Virginia B. Evans: An All-Around Artist". American Art Review. XXVI (2): 76.
- "Rakow Research Library: Ask a Glass Questions". Corning Museum of Glass. Retrieved 15 March 2017.