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V-pop (Nhạc Pop Việt Nam), an abbreviation for Vietnamese pop, is a musical genre covering Vietnamese music from the 1990s to modern-day. In Vietnam, it is also known as "youth music" (Nhạc trẻ), but this broad Vietnamese term is decreased in use for more specific genres like EDM, indie/underground, R&B/soul, pop/ballad, etc.


V-pop has undergone many different names such as in the years 1960s–1970s, when young music has not spread all over the country, V-pop used to be called Nhạc trẻ Sài Gòn (Saigon Young Music) or Kích động nhạc (Exciting music)(according to the people call it with the music at the time) because pop music mainly focused on developing in Saigon. After 1975, the name Nhạc trẻ (Young Music) continued to be used, but that name is just a term used in red music, vibrant and fun folk songs, and other types of young music are banned by the circumstances of the country at that time. Since the 1990s, when the country was opening its doors to the world, the phrase Nhạc nhẹ (Light music) gradually appeared and then Nhạc trẻ Việt Nam (Vietnam Young Music) appeared in the early 2000s until the name V-pop (full name is Vietnamese pop) mentioned in early 2005 so far following the trend of Vietnam is integrating deeply, especially Hallyu wave with the name K-pop introduced into Vietnam. making this name more internationalized than it used to be.


Early history[edit]

One of the foundations of establishing V-pop also has conditions for development, the strong introduction of American liberal culture in the direction of capitalism created a peak in the Vietnam New Music movement in the years. 60 plus some American singers, bands and idols among the young people in Saigon, in the capital of Saigon (Republic of Vietnam), the birthplace of a new wave of young music in the country that people often call Nhạc trẻ Sài Gòn (Saigon Youth Music)

The pinnacle of "Youth Saigon Music" always achieved great achievements in arts, including famous singers such as the band Phuong Hoang, Elvis Phuong, Truong Ky, Nam Loc, Tung Giang, Thanh Lan, Carol Kim, or popular youth music, also known as "inciting music" of Mai Le Huyen, Hung Cuong, ... along with the climax of pop and rock, ballads in three main languages are Vietnamese, French and English.

While the Vietnam War escalated to the peak with the economic crisis, especially after the event of April 30, 1975 when Saigon fell and the number of Vietnamese evacuated to other capitalist countries to avoid the main Communist rights have made the music of young children free of activities in the country, only continue to operate overseas to serve the Vietnamese refugees community there.

Vietnamese pop music was heavily influenced early on by the large United States military presence in South Vietnam. Much of the music remained with its traditional instruments, with the exception for war songs and war anthems. V-pop was considerably absent during the war, as most music would consist of music from the United States and also would mainly be for the purpose of war. Some of the most successful acts of the era include Elvis Phuong and Thanh Lan.

Renovation period, U.S. embargoes[edit]


After the end of the Vietnam War, with the Communist repression, popular music released up to April 30, 1975 ("yellow music") was prohibited for its sentimental nature. Music that had "patriotism" and followed a traditional revolutionary theme ("red music"), as well as folk songs, had "good values," and so were encouraged by the state.

In the early 1980s, after renovation, V-pop made gradual recovery. The music at that time, mainly produced by Trinh Cong Son, continued the traditional "love and war" theme. This historical genre gradually lost favor by the early 1990s.

Open market 1990s and burst with period Làn Sóng Xanh[edit]

Tùng performing on stage, with blonde hair and a white suit
Lam Truong is the singer representative of Làn Sóng Xanh

Due to multiple restrictions being lifted as well as increased diplomatic relations with the United States, in 1995, V-pop has returned to a more steady path as it had prior to the war. However, due to the lengthy period of cultural exchange restrictions, the music industry is just now beginning to be discovered. There was infrastructure to support the local music market. In 1997, the annual Làn Sóng Xanh (literally translated "Green Wave") Awards were founded for the development of music, first with singer Lam Truong "Tình Thôi Xót Xa," who was extremely popular amongst the young people of Ho Chi Minh City. This marked a strong beginning for the domestic music market during the development of modern Vietnamese music.

Tùng performing on stage, with blonde hair and a white suit
My Tam is the female singer representative of music V-pop years 2000s

Numerous artists such as My Tam, Ho Quynh Huong, My Linh, Thanh Lam, Hong Nhung, Phuong Thanh, Dan Truong, Thanh Thao, Ho Bich Ngoc have emerged form Vietnam and are producing EDM, pop music, R&B, rap, ballad, and other genres. A large majority of V-pop is influenced by K-pop and U.S music. During this period of cultural expansion, a number of foreign artists also work with Vietnam's emerging industry (4Men, Super Junior, Lee Young Ah) as to help develop a strong and resilient entertainment industry. A large amount of modern music acts emerged such as Bao Thy, Dong Nhi, Noo Phước Thịnh, Quang Vinh, which all usually contain a heavy influence from R&B.

At the beginning of the 21st century, a series of famous singers such as Hong Nhung, Thu Phuong, Ho Quynh Huong, My Tam, My Linh, Thanh Lam, Phuong Thanh, Dan Truong, Thanh Thao,... all created release hits that bring light music or vibrant, youthful. In the period of integration and integration, a number of foreign artists also cooperate with the Vietnamese market to help thrive in the V-pop village, in the country, new and emerging singers such as Bao Thy, Khoi My, Toc Tien, Huong Tram, Soobin Hoang Son, Son Tung M-TP, Noo Phuoc Thinh,... all have newer hits, even composing and performing, bringing strong R&B tunes all over country.

As of 2015, The Asia Song Festival (Festival of Asian music), has created many opportunities for cultural exchange between participating countries. Artists representing Vietnam at this festival include My Tam (2003), My Linh (2004), Ho Quynh Huong (2006 & 2008), Lam Truong (2007) and Ho Ngoc Ha (2009). Many of these Vietnamese artists hope to grow the entertainment industry by engaging in festivals, shows, etc., in other countries.


After the fall of Saigon, many artists fled Vietnam for the U.S. A growing demand for music performed up to April 30, 1975 lead to a re-emergence of the popularity of these songs, which were no longer widely available. This music helped bring back memories of the time before the war.

In the early 1980s, the number of foreign record companies specializing in Vietnamese music began to grow. Thuy Nga Centre, Van Son Entertainment, and Asia Entertainment are all companies that have produced many popular Vietnamese songs, and entertainment concert series such as Paris By Night, the Van Son Show, Asia, and multiple others.

Around the 1990s, more and more young artists began to appear overseas in the international market. Artists who have been in international relations pertaining to the music industry include Lam Nhat Tien, Trish Thuy Trang, Tuan Ngoc, Bang Kieu, Minh Tuyet, Nguyen Hung, Nguyen Thang, Andy Quach, Duong Trieu Vu, Don Ho, and many more. During the 2000s and 2010s, C-pop, K-pop and J-pop had already started to spread to the Western world. K-pop had already spread to South East Asia and it was a big influence for the Vietnamese entertainment industry. Vietnamese bands began to include many of the K-pop, C-pop traits that made it popular including its fashion, choreography, instruments, etc. However, overseas sales have not rapidly increased as hoped.

Currently, YouTube is the main platform for international exchange. V-pop has spread to the nations South East Asian and surname have already received the ecstatic and modernized genre of music this. East Asian nations such as South Korea, Japan, Taiwan and China have also begun to notice V-pop. It is rare for the Western world to hear any modern V-pop, however in the United States, historical war songs, war movie soundtracks, pre-1975 South Vietnamese pop songs, or musical shows such as Paris By Night are popular.

V-pop in 2010s to 2020s[edit]

Tùng performing on stage, with blonde hair and a white suit
Son Tung M-TP singer representative of music V-pop currently

V-pop has many influences deriving from primarily Asian music and global tastes, creating new colors within the Vietnamese music industry. Vietnamese music competitions played a huge role in shaping a new wave of Vietnamese artists such as Vietnam Idol, The Voice (Vietnam), Vietnamese Stars, Star Academy (Vietnam), etc, all of which many stars were born from e.g. Soobin Hoang Son, Son Tung M-TP, Uyen Linh, Huong Tram, Van Mai Huong, Truc Nhan, Trung Quan, Pham Hong Phuoc, etc.

In 2012, singer My Tam, known for her powerful voice, also known as the Queen of Vpop, set a new record on YouTube with the song, Story, but due to technical oversight, her YouTube page was deleted and she has since created a new YouTube account. Nevertheless her works indicated the beginnings of Vpop's domestic and global reach.

Vy Oanh is also a famous artist for her gentle songs which include Fly, Đồng Xanh, Hồ Ngọc Hà and Please Forgive Me. She also promotes her image at China Central Television (CCTV).

Hồ Quỳnh Hương, regarded as one of the top female Vietnamese singers, has also been honored at the Mnet Asian Music Award. In 2016, after 7 years of absence, Vietnam also had a representative attending the Asia Song Festival with Noo Phước Thịnh.

In 2018, SGO48, a Vietnamese sister group of Japanese AKB48, was released with much acclaim.

A few Vietnamese singers who have wide reaching international acclaim include My Tam, Thu Minh, Ho Quynh Huong, and also Sơn Tùng M-TP.

Of the V-pop female singers, My Tam, Thu Minh, Ho Ngoc Ha, Duong Hoang Yen, Bich Phuong, Dong Nhi, Min are highly regarded. With male singers, Dan Truong, Tuan Hung, Erik, Sơn Tùng M-TP, Soobin Hoang Son, Ngo Kien Huy, Noo Phuoc Thinh are all currently notable. Thanh Bui, an Australian-born Vietnamese singer, is known for participating in Australian Idol and influencing many Vpop artist's direction in music production. Some of his famous discography include: "Where did we go wrong", "And I fell in love", and "Quietly in Love". His songs have been popular in Australia, Germany, Korea, Japan, and Singapore. His international collaborations include: Danger (BTS), Picture of you (DBSK), Something 'about you (2AM), Hello (KAT-TUN).

Currently, the new wave of V-pop artists include Sơn Tùng M-TP, Soobin Hoàng Sơn, Bích Phương, Erik, etc, with music videos attracting millions of views on YouTube.

International Markets[edit]

At the end of 2005, singer My Tam released the album Void. In mid-September 2007, My Linh re-released her three old albums for domestic and international markets, including Made in Vietnam (2003), Chat with Mozart (2005) and Let Love Sing (2006) with the help of Pony Canyon Records (Japan). Made in Vietnam was renamed Radio-I in Japan and was awarded the best album of the month in Nagoya, Aichi City. At the end of 2006, My Tam made her fifth album "Soaring" in Korea and released her album in collaboration with Nurimaru Pictures.

In recent years, V-pop has started to attract more attention from the international community from young singers with innovative new music styles such as Son Tung M-TP, Min, Amee, Hoang Thuy Linh, and MOMSTAR. Many songs and albums have entered numerous prestigious international music charts. V-pop has gradually become a leader in the Southeast Asian music industry. Son Tung M-TP is widely regarded to be at the forefront of breaking into the international market, reaching high rankings on the international music charts and top trending of many countries and territories on YouTube.

Currently the most viewed music video that can arguably be classified as V-pop is a children's song called "Bong Bong Bang Bang" (365daband), reaching more than 450 million views.

In 2019, Son Tung M-TP has collaborated with the world famous rapper Snoop Dogg to release the song "Give It to Me", which not only resonates loudly in Vietnam but also reached the top trending YouTube page of many countries around the world including the United States, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Singapore, Taiwan and others. In addition, he was also praised by the famous newspapers in the world. The Source, an acclaimed American hip-hop magazine, called him "Asia's Phenomena". World Music Awards dubbed him aPrince of Music. Korea's Star News also posted the article and called him one of the stars leading the voice of V-pop.

In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, Min and Erik released a music song called "Ghen Cô Vy" (Jealous Coronavirus) to encourage Vietnamese citizens to listen to government and health organisations' guidelines regarding on how to handle the Covid-19 pandemic. The song has consequently become popular internationally for raising awareness in combatting the spread of infectious diseases.


Solo singers[edit]

Male singers :[edit]

  • Bằng Kiều
  • Bằng Cường
  • Bạch Công Khanh
  • Bùi Anh Tuấn
  • Cao Thái Sơn
  • Châu Gia Kiệt
  • Chi Dân
  • Chí Thiện
  • Châu Đăng Khoa
  • Đàm Vĩnh Hưng
  • Đăng Khôi
  • Đan Trường
  • Đen Vâu
  • Đinh Mạnh Ninh
  • Đức Phúc
  • Dương Triệu Vũ
  • Duy Mạnh
  • Erik
  • Hà Anh Tuấn
  • Hoàng Hải
  • Hoài Lâm
  • Hồ Quang Hiếu
  • Isaac
  • Jimmii Nguyễn
  • Khắc Việt
  • Khánh Phương
  • Lâm Chấn Huy
  • Lam Trường
  • Lê Hiếu
  • Lê Thiện Hiếu
  • Lý Hải
  • Minh Đinh
  • Minh Thuận
  • Minh Vương
  • Mr. Siro
  • Nam Cường
  • Ngô Kiến Huy
  • Nguyên Vũ
  • Nguyễn Trần Trung Quân
  • Nguyễn Phi Hùng
  • Nhật Tinh Anh
  • Noo Phước Thịnh
  • Only C
  • Phạm Toàn Thắng
  • Phạm Trưởng
  • Phan Mạnh Quỳnh
  • Phùng Ngọc Huy
  • Pixel Neko
  • Quách Tuấn Du
  • Quang Hà
  • Quang Huy
  • Quang Vinh
  • Quốc Thiên
  • Sơn Tùng M-TP
  • Soobin Hoàng Sơn
  • Stupiz Kiz
  • Tạ Quang Thắng
  • Tăng Nhật Tuệ
  • Thanh Bùi
  • Thanh Duy
  • Thịnh Suy
  • Trí Hải
  • Trịnh Thăng Bình
  • Trọng Hiếu
  • Trúc Nhân
  • Trương Thế Vinh
  • Trung Quân
  • Tuấn Hưng
  • Tuấn Ngọc
  • Ưng Hoàng Phúc
  • Việt Quang
  • Wanbi Tuấn Anh

Female singers :[edit]


Boy bands :[edit]

  • 1088 (2000 - 2002)
  • 365daband (2010 - 2016)
  • AC&M (2001 - 2009)
  • AXN (2004 - 2006)
  • Quả dưa hấu (1998 - 2000)
  • Bức Tường (1995–present)
  • La Thăng (2002 - 2009; 2010 - 2015)
  • D1Verse (2019–present)
  • DaLAB (2007–present)
  • Double Wish (2017–present)
  • GMC (2003 - 2005)
  • HKT (2005 - 2018)
  • Mario Band (2019–present)
  • MBK (2005 - 2007)
  • Monstar (2016–present)
  • M4U (2007–present)
  • MTV (2000 - 2007; 2011–present)
  • N9 (2004 - 2009)
  • The Men (2009–present)
  • Huyền Thoại (2006–present)
  • Tam Hổ (2012 - 2017)
  • Saigon Boys (1990 - 2000)
  • Super 9 (2018–present)
  • UNI5 (2016–present)
  • Vboys (2006 - 2008)
  • V.MUSIC (2009 - 2014; 2016–present)
  • X2X (2018–present)
  • Weboys (2005 - 2007)
  • Zero 9 (2018–present)

Girl bands :[edit]

  • H.A.T (2004 - 2005)
  • HER (2017–present)
  • LIME (2015 - 2019)
  • Lip B (2016–present)
  • Mắt Ngọc (1998–present)
  • Mây Trắng (2000 - 2013; 2015–present)
  • Niji Universe Inc. (2012–present)
  • O2O (2019–present)
  • Polaris (2016–present)
  • Sắc Màu (1998 - 2004)
  • SGirls (2017–present)
  • SGO48 (2018–present)
  • Tam ca Áo Trắng (1992 - 2013)
  • Tik Tik Tak (1998 - 2003)
  • USAGI (2018–present)

Unisex bands :[edit]

  • Á Đông (2008–present)
  • Ba Con Mèo (1988 - 2001)
  • P336 (2017–present)
  • The Bell (1999 - 2008)

See also[edit]