University of Latvia

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University of Latvia
Latvijas Universitāte
University of Latvia emblem.png
Latin: Universitas Latviensis
Motto Scientiae et patriae (For science and fatherland)
Type Public
Established 1919
Rector Indriķis Muižnieks
Students 14,020 (2014)
Undergraduates 9,680 (2014)
Postgraduates 3,536 (2014)
804 (2014)
Address Raiņa bulvāris 19, Riga, Latvia Latvia
Affiliations Campus Europae, Utrecht Network, EUA, UNICA, IAU, AUF, Talloires, Educause
Website www.lu.lv
University of Latvia logo.png
Main entrance on Rainis Boulevard.

The University of Latvia (LU) (Latvian: Latvijas Universitāte) is a state-run university located in Riga, Latvia. It was established in 1919.

The university is ranked 701st–750th in the world,[1] as well as 4th in the Baltic states after the University of Tartu, Tallinn University of Technology, and Vilnius University.[2]

History[edit]

Central building, originally constructed for the Riga Polytechnic.

The University of Latvia, initially named as the Higher School of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Augstskola) was founded on September 28, 1919 on the basis of the former Riga Polytechnic (founded in 1862). The first rector of the university was chemist Paul Walden. In 1923, the school received its current name with the approval of its constitution, the University of Latvia (Universitas Latviensis).

In the period between 1919 and 1940, the University of Latvia was the main center of higher education, science and culture in the Republic of Latvia. The former building of the Riga Polytechnic on Raiņa bulvāris 19 serves as the university's main building. In the pre-WWII years, it was possible to gain higher academic education not only at the University of Latvia, but also at the Latvian State Conservatory and Academy of Arts.

With the beginning of the Soviet occupation, the university was renamed as the Latvian State University (LVU, Latvian: Latvijas Valsts Universitāte) from 1940 to 1941 and from 1944/1945 to 1958. Under the Nazi occupation, from 1942 to 1944/1945 its name was the University of Riga (Latvian: Rīgas Universitāte). After World War II, over time the Latvian University of Agriculture, Riga Stradiņš University, and Riga Technical University separated from the University of Latvia and became well-known centers of education and research in their own right. In 1958, the university was renamed as the Pēteris Stučka Latvian State University (Latvian: Pētera Stučkas Latvijas Valsts Universitāte), which was its official name until 1990.

With Latvia regaining independence, the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia reconfirmed the Constitution of the University of Latvia on September 18, 1991. It stated that the institution is "a state establishment of academic education, science and culture which serves the needs of Latvia and its people".[3] Alongside the Constitution, the flag, the hymn, the University's emblem, the Rector's chain, and the official garments for the Rector, Vice-Rector and deans were re-adopted as attributes of the University of Latvia.

The EuroFaculty, created by the CBSS to support reforms at the universities in Tartu, Riga, and Vilnius, was organized with its headquarters at the University of Latvia from 1993 to 2005.[4]

Enrollment[edit]

The University of Latvia offers undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral levels of study and in October 2014 more than 14,000 students, including PhD and exchange students, had enrolled in various study programs.[5] Almost one third of them studied in business and economics related programs.

Organisation[edit]

Faculty of Business, Economics and Management

The university consists of 13 faculties:

  • Department of Plant Physiology
  • Department of Botany and Ecology
  • Department of Human and Animal Physiology
  • Department of Hydrobiology
  • Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Department of Molecular Biology
  • Department of Zoology and Animal Ecology
  • Department of Inorganic Chemistry
  • Department of Analytical Chemistry
  • Department of Organic Chemistry
  • Department of Physical Chemistry
  • Centre of Food Chemistry
  • Centre of Chemistry Didactics
  • Department of Optometry and Vision Science
  • Department of Mathematics
  • Department of Physics
  • Laser Centre of the University of Latvia
  • Extramural Mathematics School of A. Liepa
  • Faculty of Business, Economics and Management
  • Department of Global Economics Interdisciplinary Studies
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Finance and Accounting
  • Department of Management Sciences
  • Department of Education sciences
  • Department of Pedagogy
  • Department of Psychology
  • Department of Teacher Training
  • Sports Centre
  • Centre of Adult Pedagogical Education
  • Department of Geography
  • Department of Geology
  • Department of Environmental science
  • Faculty of History and Philosophy
  • Department of History and Archaeology
  • Department of Philosophy and Ethics
  • Faculty of Law
  • Center of continuing legal education and professional development
  • Student government
  • Chair of Civil Law
  • Chair of Constitutional Law
  • Chair of Criminal Law
  • Chair of International and European Law
  • Chair of Legal Theory and History
  • Legal Clinic of the Faculty of Law
  • Centre of Health Management and Informatics
  • Department of Anatomy and Histology
  • Centre of Experimental Surgery
  • Department of Pharmacology
  • Department of Internal Medicine
  • Department of Medical Biochemistry
  • Department of Medical Pedagogy, Ethics and History
  • Department of Oncology
  • Department of Surgery
  • Department of Pathology
  • Department of Pediatrics
  • Centre of Social Pediatrics
  • Department of Asian Studies
  • Department of Contrastive Linguistics, Translation and Interpreting
  • Department of Classical Philology and Anthropology Studies
  • Department of English Studies
  • Department of Germanic Studies
  • Department of Latvian and Baltic Studies
  • Department of Romance Studies
  • Department of Russian and Slavonic Studies
  • Department of Information and Library Studies
  • Department of Communications Studies
  • Department of Political Science
  • Department of Sociology
  • Center for the Cognitive Sciences and Semantics
  • Faculty of Theology
  • Department of Systematic and Practical Theology
  • Department of Church History and History of Religions
  • Department of Biblical Theology
  • Chair of Computer Science
  • Chair of Programming
  • Chair of Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science
  • Chair of Informatics Lifelong Learning
  • Methodological Laboratory of Computer Science Studies
  • Methodological Laboratory of Computing Studies – The Linux Centre

In addition to the university's various faculties and its medical wing, the Riga Medical College (Rīgas Medicīnas koledža), the University of Latvia offers most of the resources traditionally associated with accredited universities, including several libraries, research facilities, study centers, a language school, and a career center.[6]

Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science[edit]

The Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science of the University of Latvia (Latvian: Matemātikas un informātikas institūts, IMCS) was founded in 1959 as a computer research centre, now consisting of about 200 researchers, assistants, engineers, and software developers.

Amateur Art Activities[edit]

The university has a number of amateur choirs, orchestras and dance groups, as well as a student theater.

People[edit]

Notable professors and lecturers[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ QS World University Rankings 2013
  2. ^ University comparison in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania QS World University Rankings
  3. ^ LU.lv Archived June 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Kristensen, Gustav N. 2010. Born into a Dream. EuroFaculty and the Council of the Baltic Sea States. Berliner Wissentshafts-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-8305-1769-6.
  5. ^ LU.lv Archived March 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ LU.lv Archived February 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 56°57′00″N 24°07′00″E / 56.95°N 24.1167°E / 56.95; 24.1167



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