George Floyd protests in Minneapolis–Saint Paul
From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
|George Floyd protests in Minneapolis–Saint Paul|
|Part of Black Lives Matter movement|
and George Floyd protests
Protesters marching in Minneapolis on May 26, 2020, the day after Floyd's death. A protester's sign reads, "Justice for George Floyd" and "#I CANT BREATHE".
|Date||May 26, 2020 – present (1 month, 1 week and 2 days)|
|Methods||Protests, demonstrations, civil disobedience, civil resistance, public art|
|Arrested||604 by local law enforcement|
10 by federal law enforcement
The George Floyd protests in Minneapolis–Saint Paul are an ongoing series of civil unrest which began on May 26, 2020, a day after Floyd was killed by a Minneapolis police officer. The aftermath of Floyd's death has also been referred to as the Minneapolis riots and Minneapolis uprising, though notable events occurred throughout the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area and other locations in the U.S. state of Minnesota. The vast majority of protests in Minneapolis–Saint Paul were characterized as peaceful events. However, over a three-night period, from May 27 to May 30, Minneapolis sustained extraordinary damage, largely along a 5-mile (8.0 km) stretch of Lake Street in an area south of the city's downtown. Rioting and turmoil in Minneapolis–Saint Paul resulted in one death, 614 arrests, and upwards of $500 million in property damage, making local unrest the second-most destructive in United States history after the 1992 Los Angeles riots. Floyd's death in Minneapolis and local unrest inspired a global protest movement about racism and police brutality.
George Floyd, an unarmed black man, died while being detained by police in Minneapolis on May 25, 2020, shortly after 8:00 p.m. CDT, near the Cup Foods grocery store at the intersection of East 38th Street and Chicago Avenue. In a video recorded by a bystander, police officer Derek Chauvin, a white man, knelt on Floyd's neck for approximately eight minutes, while officers J. Alexander Kueng, Thomas Lane, and Tou Thao assisted with the arrest and held concerned onlookers back. In the city's Powderhorn Park neighborhood where Floyd was killed, some argued there was a persisting distrust between the police and black community. In 2015, the shooting of Jamar Clark, a black man, by a Minneapolis police officer led to controversy; it was later determined that the officers had acted in self defense and no charges were filed. In 2016, the shooting of Philando Castile, a black man, in nearby Falcon Heights ended with a jury acquittal for the involved officer. Some commentators blamed what they called a history of structural racism, lack of police accountability, state aggression against protest movements, and untenable social conditions in Minneapolis as contributing factors to the events that unfolded soon after Floyd's death.
The day after Floyd's death
Day 1: Tuesday, May 26
By Tuesday, May 26, the day after Floyd's death, video of his arrest and death the previous night had been widely circulated in the media. At a morning press conference, Minneapolis Mayor Jacob Frey and Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo expressed solidarity with the community's sense of anger over the incident. "The simple truth is that he should be with us this morning,” Frey said of Floyd. Arradondo added, “Being Black in America should not be a death sentence.”
The first organized protests emerged by midday. A makeshift memorial was created at East 38th Street and Chicago Avenue where the incident with Floyd and the Minneapolis police took place. Some protesters that gathered there chanted, "I can't breathe, I can't breathe", words repeated multiple times by Floyd in the video. As thousands of people flooded the same intersection, organizers emphasized keeping the protest peaceful.
By the middle of the afternoon, Arradondo had fired the city's four officers at the scene of Floyd's arrest and death, a moved supported by Frey. However, Floyd's family and protesters called for murder charges for all four officers involved and swift judicial consequences, as the FBI and Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension opened investigations of the incident. Bob Kroll, president of the Minneapolis police officer's union, said the firing of the officers came without due process and offered "full support of the officers" while investigations be completed in full.
Late that afternoon, the protest rally at the location of Floyd's death turned into a march to the Minneapolis Police Department's third precinct police station where the four officers involved were believed to work. At the station, protesters rallied peacefully with megaphones and signs on the steps at the building's entrance. By the evening, the main protest group disbanded, but a rowdier group broke away and began stray-painting graffiti on the precinct building and smashing windows of an empty police vehicle, as other protesters urged them to stop. Some demonstrators also breached the station’s parking lot. Newly elected city council member Jeremiah Ellison, who had participated in prior protests against the police after the killing of black men, advised the mayor to leave those vandalizing the police property alone with hopes of sparing the neighborhood. Frey and Arradondo, however, ordered the police to move in and the officers in riot gear fired tear gas and flash grenades at demonstrators. In response demonstrators threw rocks, water bottles, and anything they could get their hands on towards the officers. The unruly crowd clashing with the police was measured in the hundreds, and noted as a contrast from the peaceful group at the start of the protest.
The riots and uprising
Day 2: Wednesday, May 27
Protests in Minneapolis resumed on Wednesday, May 27 at several places throughout the city. At the location where Floyd died, protesters were led through prayer and a series of chants. By late morning, a group of protesters blocked the nearby intersection as they repeated, “Whose streets? Our streets.” Some protesters left memorials by the Cup Foods store, while some spray painted the words “Justice for Floyd” and “Black Lives Matter” on the street surface. No police were present and the scene was described as peaceful.
The tone of protests shifted that afternoon when a crowd gathered in Minneapolis at the third precinct station two miles (3.2 km) from the spot were Floyd died. The protests were peaceful initially, but police later fired rubber bullets and chemical irritants as some protesters began breaking the precinct's windows. Some activists tried to stop people from vandalizing it further. As police advanced with force and tear gas, protesters scattered throughout the area. Later in the evening, an AutoZone store on East Lake Street was set on fire just steps away from the third police precinct station. The situation worsened when a nearby Target store was extensively looted by a crowd of about 100 people. One mile (1.6 km) from the main protest site, Calvin Horton Jr., a 43-year old man from Minneapolis, was fatally shot by a pawnshop owner who believed he was burglarizing his business.
Violence continued overnight, as rioters ignited fires and looted stores across the city, which stood as a stark contrast to the mostly peaceful protests earlier that day. Dozens of buildings were looted or destroyed along the city's busy north and south side business corridors, with most incidents occurring in the vicinity of the third precinct station. Among the losses was Minnehaha Commons, an under-construction, $30 million redevelopment project for 189 units of affordable housing, which was destroyed by fire after being torched. The response from firefighters in the area was delayed as crews required police escorts for protection from rioters.
That night Frey reached out to Minnesota Governor Tim Walz and request the help of the Minnesota National Guard, but the city seemed unaware of the timeline and logistics of troop deployment, and left it up to the police force to determine how best to coordinate tactics.
Day 3: Thursday, May 28
By the morning, more than 30 businesses in Minneapolis had been damaged or destroyed by rioters. Arradondo remarked that in his view the majority of protests the previous day were peaceful, but that public displays were “hijacked” by some who were looting and vandalizing businesses. Minneapolis city officials hoped that the worst had already passed.
To quell rioting behavior, Frey declared a state of emergency to have more flexibility in the city's response, while Walz formally activated 500 National Guard troops at the request of leaders in Minneapolis and Saint Paul and deployed them to the Twin Cities area. Said Walz about the context of the troop deployment, "George Floyd's death should lead to justice and systemic change, not more death and destruction." Added Lieutenant Governor Peggy Flanagan, "While many Minnesotans are taking extensive safety precautions while exercising their right to protest, the demonstration last night became incredibly unsafe for all involved. The purpose of the National Guard is to protect people, to protect people safely demonstrating, and to protect small business owners."
Businesses across the Twin Cities spent the day boarding up windows and doors to prevent looting. Among them, the Target Corporation announced closures for all of its area stores. Saint Paul police officers armed with batons and gas masks kept an eye the city's busiest commercial corridor and kept looters out of a Target store while other business windows were smashed. Minneapolis preemptively shut down its light-rail system and bus service through Sunday out of safety concerns. Officials pleaded with metro area residents to stay home that night to prevent further property destruction. Saint Paul Mayor Melvin Carter, who is black, said, “Please stay home. Please do not come here to protest. Please keep the focus on George Floyd, on advancing our movement and on preventing this from ever happening again.”
That afternoon, state and federal prosecutors held a press conference at regional FBI office in Brooklyn Center, a Minneapolis suburb, in what was anticipated to be a major development to the case against the officers who were at the scene of Floyd's death. However, Hennepin County Attorney Michael O. Freeman, the local official with jurisdiction to bring forth criminal charges for police misconduct, said his office needed more time to investigate. In explaining the anticipation of the media briefing and its two-hour delayed start, U.S. Attorney Erica MacDonald said, “I thought we would have another development to talk to you about, but we don’t”. Weeks later, on June 9, it was revealed that state and federal prosecutors were negotiating a plea deal with former officer Derek Chauvin that would have included state murder charges and federal civil rights charges, but the plea deal fell apart for reasons that were not fully explained.
Thousands of peaceful protesters again marched the streets and called for justice for George Floyd during the day. However, that evening, hundreds of demonstrators in Minneapolis returned to the area near city's the third precinct police station, where looting of a nearby Target store resumed and a vehicle and building were set on fire. The focus of demonstrators shifted to the third precinct police station. Looters broke into a liquor store across the street from the police station and passed out bottles to the crowd. By night fall, more buildings had been set on fire. Protesters tore down fencing surrounding the precinct and police responded with tear gas. As tensions and fires in the area mounted, Frey gave the order to evacuate the third precinct station, a tactic he later said was to deescalate the situation and prevent further loss of life. The third precinct station was then overrun by protesters and the police station building itself set on fire. There were no police, fire, or emergency medical services presence in the area where the riots occurred after 10:00 p.m. CDT on May 28 as live television news broadcast scenes of escalating destruction.
As the events unfolded late that night, Walz, who was surprised that the city had not given state officials details on what the National Guard should do, mobilized a few hundred soldiers and state patrols to Minneapolis, but the troops ended up largely escorted fire trucks and protected a Federal Reserve building and areas of downtown Minneapolis, as things spun out of control around the precinct. State officials later remarked that abandoning the precinct station was a misjudgment, allowing demonstrators to create a situation of “absolute chaos”, in the words of Walz.
In neighboring Saint Paul, which had been spared from widespread property destruction on Wednesday night, 170 businesses were damaged or looted and dozens of fires had been started, with the largest ones near Snelling and University avenues, but no major injuries were reported.
Day 4: Friday, May 29
|Press conference with Minnesota Governor Tim Walz, May 29, 2020, at 10:30 a.m. CDT, C-SPAN|
Frey address the media at 1:30 a.m. CDT as the city was battling multiple fires and violence. Frey acknowledged the pain of the community over Floyd's death, but condemned the actions of rioters and looters. In defense of his decision Thursday night to have police withdraw from the third precinct station, he said, "Brick and mortar is not as important as life".
That afternoon, Walz imposed a curfew for the cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul that would run from 8:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. on Friday, May 29 and Saturday, May 30. The order prohibited travel in streets or gathering at public places. Frey also issued a similar curfew in Minneapolis. The Target Corporation expanded its closure of stores to 73 in Minnesota due to the rioting.
In the late afternoon, Hennepin County Attorney Michael O. Freeman charged Derek Chauvin, the officer who knelt on Floyd's neck as he died, with third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter, but he left the matter ongoing about chargers for officers Lane, Kueng, and Thao who were at the scene of Floyd's death. Protesters, who had demanded immediate murder charges against all four officers, were disappointed after waiting four days since Floyd's death and made the criminal charges a big part of their message that day.
Despite the announcement of the charges and the new curfew, riots broke out again on Friday night and continued into early Saturday morning, with much of the action taking place adjacent to the Minneapolis police fifth precinct station near Lake Street and Nicollet Avenue. Law enforcement presence was reportedly "undetectable", as violence in Minneapolis quickly grew until just before midnight, when police officers, state troopers, and members of the National Guard began confronting rioters with tear gas and mass force. Officials later said that the 350 police officers at the site of rioting near the Minneapolis fifth precinct station were vastly outnumbered by the crowds.
As the events unfolded that night, the Pentagon placed members of the Military Police Corps from Fort Bragg and Fort Drum on stand-by, preparing for possible deployment to the Twin Cities if requested by Walz. Walz later declined the offer and activated all of the state's National Guard, up to 13,200 troops.
The unrest subsides
Day 5: Saturday, May 30
The sound of helicopters and smoke were present in Minneapolis through the night as multiple fires burned near the fifth police precinct. A United States Post Office on Nicollet, a Wells Fargo Bank branch, and several gas stations, among other business, blazed. Fire officials were unable to immediately attend to major fires, citing security concerns at the sites, but later reached them when the area was cleared of protesters.
For the second time in as many nights, officials held a press conference at 1:30 a.m. CDT, but this time in Saint Paul and led by the governor and state officials. Some officials speculated that much of the destruction was being caused by people from outside the state, a claim that was later contradicted by arrest records of protesters and that officials walked back. It was reported that Frey and Walz appeared visibly exhausted as they made emotional pleas to the public about Floyd's death and the escalation of violence. “The absolute chaos — this is not grieving, and this is not making a statement [about an injustice] that we fully acknowledge needs to be fixed — this is dangerous,” Walz said. “You need to go home.” Walz also took responsibility for under estimating the size of the crowd causing deconstruction earlier in the night.
By the day, 2,500 officers were deployed and 50 people had been arrested in relation to the protests. Major General Jon Jensen of the Minnesota National Guard said that by May 31, over 1,700 National Guard soldiers could be deployed, the largest deployment in the state's history. Jensen confirmed that 2,500 Guards would be deployed by noon.
Crowds of people continued to gather at the makeshift memorial at the site of Floyd's arrest and subsequent death. Minneapolis police reported that another group of protesters near Hiawatha Avenue and Lake Street were attacking police by throwing nondescript objects, and deployed more units to the area. That night after curfew, police fired tear gas at a group of protesters who were attempting to march from Minneapolis to Saint Paul via the Lake Street bridge.
By Saturday night, the National Guard had reached full development levels. The unrest began to subside and protests returned to being largely peaceful events.
Day 6: Sunday, May 31
Crowds of people once again gathered at the site of Floyd's arrest and subsequent death.
Shortly after 6:00 p.m. CDT, 5,000 to 6,000 people gathered on the I-35W bridge in Minneapolis while the interstate was supposed to be closed and began taking a knee. A semi-truck tanker, unaware the road was closed, drove through the crowd as they parted ways to avoid being run down. After the driver came to a halt, he was pulled from his cab and beaten by the surrounding crowd. He suffered minor injuries, with some of the protesters attempting to protect him. The people delivered the driver to the police, who then pepper-sprayed the crowd. The truck driver, later identified as Bogdan Vechirko, was taken to Hennepin County Medical Center then released into the custody of the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, who charged him with assault. No serious injuries to the people on the bridge were reported. Minnesota Public Safety Commissioner John Harrington denied that Vechirko did the act intentionally.
Day 7: Monday, June 1
Thousands gathered peacefully at the state capitol building in Saint Paul and marched to the governor's mansion, calling for police reforms and the prosecution of all four officers who were involved in Floyd's death. Nearly 30 Saint Paul police officers on the outskirts of the rally took a knee, which drew criticism from rally organizers who felt the gesture was hollow and asked them to leave. Activist Nekima Levy Armstrong, citing distrust of Ellison, demanded that Floyd's case be handled outside the state. Walz attended part of the rally but did not speak.
Day 8: Tuesday, June 2
Somber protests continued at the Minneapolis intersection were Floyd was killed and a group remained after the curfew time came and went.
Day 9: Wednesday, June 3
On June 3, Ellison, who four days earlier took over the case against the officers involved in Floyd's death, upgraded the murder charges against former officer Chauvin and charged former officers Kueng, Lane, and Thao with aiding and abetting second-degree murder. Floyd's family called the charges “a significant step forward on the road to justice". Walz, who visited the Floyd memorial in Minneapolis where crowds continued to gather, said he recognized "that the anguish driving protests around the world is about more than one tragic incident".
Day 11: Friday, June 5
As nights grew calmer, curfews that had been in place since the previous Friday ended in the Twin Cities.
Police reform movement
Day 12: Saturday, June 6
Protests on Saturday in Minneapolis were mostly peaceful. A march to the home of the mayor resulted in a confrontation where Frey was called to come out and asked if he supported abolishing the city's police force. After Frey responded that he did not, the crowd booed him away. In a speech that resonated with the gathered crowd, United States Representative Ilhan Omar denounced the city's police force as “inherently beyond reform”.
Day 13: Sunday, June 7
In Minneapolis, a large crowd gathered for a rally at the city's Powderhorn Park calling for more changes to the city's police force. Nine of the thirteen members on the Minneapolis City Council in attendance vowed on stage to "dismantle" the police department, but concrete details about it were less defined. Activists at the rally wanted to replace the police department with unarmed public safety responders.
Day 16: Wednesday, June 10
An American Indian Movement group tore down a statue of Christopher Columbus outside the state capitol building in Saint Paul as the global protest movement turned towards removing monuments and memorials with controversial legacies.
Day 18: Friday, June 12
Protesters gathered at the Police Officers Federation building in Minneapolis to demand the resignation of Bob Kroll, head of the city's police union, who had characterized the protests and Black Lives Matter as a “terrorist movement”. Thousands of people stretched in every direction from the federation building and listened to speeches by community leaders.
Day 25: Friday, June 19
At dozens of Juneteenth commemorations that were held in the metropolitan area, including in Minneapolis near the former third precinct station and at the location where Floyd died, participants connected police brutality to the historic legacy of slavery in the United States. The Minnesota's Black Lives Matter chapter that rallied at the state capitol building in Saint Paul called on state lawmakers who were meeting in a special legislative session to agree on police reform measures.
Day 31: Wednesday, June 24
Protesters gathered outside the governor's mansion in Saint Paul and called on the governor to reconvene the legislature in a special session for the purpose of passing police reform measures. Lawmakers had recently adjourned a special session without agreeing to legislation on the topic.
Day 32: Thursday, June 25
Hundreds of protesters again gathered outside of the Minneapolis Police Federation to call for the removal of Bob Kroll as the organization's leader. Kroll had earlier said he would not step down from the post. The protesters said they would continue protesting until its demands were met.
Day 35: Sunday, June 28
Despite cancellation of official Twin Cities Pride festivities, protesters gathered in downtown Minneapolis and called for justice for Floyd, greater protections for black transgender people, community control of policing, and the freeing of "political prisoners".
Speculation about outsiders
Officials had trouble identifying the people responsible for causing destruction as the peaceful protests transitioned to riots. By May 30, Minnesota state law enforcement had recovered incendiaries, weapons, and stolen vehicles left in the areas of heated protests. Early in the events, state and local officials claimed that "white supremacists" and "outside agitators" might be responsible. Walz initially speculated that as much as 80% of people causing destruction and lighting fires could be from outside the state; several analysis of arrest records later contradicted the statement, finding that under 20% were. Carter said that all of the people arrested in Saint Paul by May 30 were from outside Minnesota, a claim he later rescinded.
Attacks on bystanders
Several incidents in Minneapolis between bystanders and law enforcement were captured on video. On May 29 5:11 a.m. CDT, an encounter between CNN reporter Omar Jimenez and a camera crew led to their arrest by Minnesota State Patrol officers as Jimenez reported live on television. After intervention from Walz, the crew was released an hour later. Tom Aviles, a photojournalist with WCCO-TV, was shot at with rubber bullets and arrested at 8:45 p.m. CDT, on May 30, on live television. He was later released. A video circulated online showing police officers enforcing curfew ordering residents on their porches to go inside, and after a few demands, firing paint rounds at the residents. Video of a parking lot at Lake Street and Nicollet Avenue, captured uniformed officers on May 30 slashing tires of unoccupied vehicles parked near protests, including those of several journalists. A Minnesota Department of Public Safety spokesperson later confirmed that the state patrol slashed tires in "a few locations", "in order to stop behaviors such as vehicles driving dangerously".
The state imposed nightly curfews in the cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul beginning on Friday, May 29 to keep people off the streets. Several metro area cities also put into place curfews of their own. The curfew in Minneapolis prohibited all forms and modes of travels with exceptions for those that need to travel for work. Those breaking curfew could face fines up to $1,000 or 90 days in jail. Officials hoped that the curfew would "isolate those who have criminal intent from those who do not". Curfews that started on Friday, May 29, were in effect from from 8 p.m. to 6 a.m. By Monday, June 1, as nights grew calmer, curfews were shortened to 10 p.m. to 4 a.m. and extended through the night of Thursday, June 4. Curfews fully ended one week after being put in place, on June 5.
Walz made several Minnesota statewide declarations during the course of events. He issued a proclamation declaring eight minutes 46 seconds of silence at 11:00 a.m. CDT on June 9, 2020, in memory of Floyd, which coincided with the beginning of Floyd's funeral in Houston, Texas He also proclaimed June 19 as "Juneteenth Freedom Day" and called on the legislature to make it an annual state holiday.
National Guard deployment
After the protests turned violent, more than 7,000 members of the Minnesota National Guard were activated and deployed to the Twin Cities. Their mission was to support local law enforcement, safeguard the state capitol building, and protect the right of people to protest. The deployment was the largest in the state's history. It was not until Saturday night, May 30, 2020, that the National Guard was fully mobilized, after which the unrest subsided and the protests returned to being largely peaceful events.
Each morning, hundreds of residents, some with snow shovels and brooms, went to areas affected by overnight rioting to clean up trash, graffiti, broken glass, and the remnants of damaged buildings. Some residents participating in the clean up told local media they were devastated by the damage, but shared the sense of anger and solidarity over Floyd's death.
Residents took action to support the needs of people for food and goods who were affected by the riots. In the areas of heavy rioting, many local stores were closed after being looted and burned, and food pantries were overwhelmed. A small food drive at a middle school in Minneapolis aimed to fill 85 bags of food to help families, but organizers ended up with a line of vehicles stretching 14 city blocks and 20,000 bags of bread, fruit, and other items. A food drive in the Little Earth community resulted in enough packages of food and diapers to serve 1,000 residents and 7,500 people from the nearby neighborhoods. Many organizations, overwhelmed by the volume of donations, had to turn them away.
A makeshift memorial emerged at the East 38th Street and Chicago Avenue intersection in Minneapolis near where Floyd died. Thousands of visitors protested and grieved at the site, which was described as like a "shrine". State and local elected officials that met with community members indicated their support for a more permanent memorial at the intersection. Many visitors left behind flowers by the murals and sculptures created by activists to symbolize the Black Lives Matter movement. The Minneapolis police announced that they would not alter or decommission the memorial site or remove artifacts.
Vibrant works of arts appeared all over the Twin Cities that sought to honor George Floyd's memory and show community solidarity. Boarded-up buildings were described as canvasses for artists, and so were walls, sidewalks, and public property. A mural of George Floyd on the side of the Cup Foods grocery store became one of the most recognizable images of the global protest movement that was sparked by his death, and a digital rendering of it served as a backdrop to his casket at his funeral in Houston, Texas. In a grassy field near the location where Floyd died, artists erected a symbolic cemetery with 100 gravestone markers of African-Americans, including of Floyd, who were killed by police. A group of local artists who were predominately Black, Indigenous, and People of Color painted murals on boarded-up business through the Twin Cities after raising money for paint supplies through several campaigns, and their works featured messages showing solidarity, calling for justice, and expressing pride for minority-owned businesses.
Residents awoke many mornings during the heaviest rioting to find nearby restaurants, liquor stores, and other businesses had been set on fire. In Minneapolis, the Longfellow, Powderhorn, and Phillips communities were heavily affected by the events. Reports and videos of residents confronting the people causing damage circulated, as did rumors about who might be responsible for the violence. Some residents felt the city and law enforcement had abandoned them, so they carried bats and sticks to protect their homes and businesses. On Saturday, May 30, Minneapolis city counselors hosted community meetings in public parks and helped residents initiate block-by-block plans to monitor disruptive activity. The American Indian community in Minneapolis organized group patrols of 50 to 100 volunteers each night of the larger protests, which was credited with saving more than 20 businesses along the Franklin Avenue corridor. The effort was organized by leaders of the American Indian Movement and a community development organization, as well as a coffee shop owner.
Many small business owners and organization leaders stood guard at their buildings overnight during the heaviest rioting. Some intervened to dissuade rioters from destroying property while others carried fire arms. Several establishments near Lake Street posted signs that the business or organization was minority or black owned, or that it served American Indian youth. Some businesses were spared from destruction, such as a Nepalese restaurant on East Lake Street in Minneapolis that posted such signs, but others were destroyed by fire despite similar notices, such as a nearby Indian restaurant and barbershop. One business owner of a distillery near the Minneapolis third precinct station credited "black owned" signs for preventing fires at part of his business complex.
Arrests and investigations
The multi-agency, law enforcement command center for the Twin Cities announced that 604 protesters had been arrested as of June 2 during the course of events. Several hundred of those arrested were described as participating in peaceful protests, but were taken into custody at night for violating curfew. Former NFL star and civil rights activist Colin Kaepernick donated what was described as a “substantial” sum of money to a legal fund to defend protesters in Minnesota and elsewhere. Many people charged with violating curfew faced potential fines of up to $1,000 or 90 days in jail.
In the weeks following the initial protests, federal law enforcement opened investigations of people who instigated looting and arson. By June 17, 2020, federal charges had been filed against 10 people, 9 of whom had ties to the U.S. state of Minnesota, for rioting or arson during the unrest. Among the arrests announced by U.S. Attorney Erica MacDonald's office were two Minnesota residents for their role in the burning of the Minneapolis police third precinct. A 23-year-old man from Saint Paul, who was identified on video inside the precinct and later found in possession of police riot gear, was charged with aiding and abetting the looting and arson. Another man, a 22-year-old from Brainerd, Minnesota who authorities arrested in the U.S. state of Colorado, was captured on video lighting and throwing Molotov cocktails. Authorities identified many suspects via videos they posted of themselves at protests on social media websites. By July 4, 2020, a total of three men had been arrested and charged with abetting arson.
The investigation into the death of Calvin Horton Jr., the only fatality in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul area during the unrest, did not result in charges for the owner of the Cadillac Pawn shop in Minneapolis who shot him. Horton Jr., a 43-year old man from Minneapolis, was fatally shot by a 59-year-old man from Galesville, Wisconsin who owned the pawn shop and believed that Horton Jr. was attempting to break in at night on May 27, 2020. The pawn shop owner was initially arrested on possible murder charges. However, he was later released without charges and the case remained under investigation as of late June 2020.
Civic unrest after Floyd's death came in the middle of the global COVID-19 pandemic caused by the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 respiratory infection. People wearing protective masks became a common sight at protests. Health officials in Minnesota warned that mass protests could exacerbate the spread of the virus in Minnesota and trigger a surge in the outbreak that has a disproportionate impact on minority communities. In early June, the state's health department stood up free testing clinics with the help of community organizations and encouraged people who participated in protests to get tested. By June 18, of the 3,200 people tested at four popup sites in the metropolitan region, 1.8 percent tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, while testing by private health care provider HealthPartners had a 0.99 percent positive rate among the 8,500 people it tested who said they attended a mass gathering. Kristen Ehresmann, infectious disease director for the state health department, remarked about the data, "it appears there was very little transmission at protest events”.
The riots worsened economic conditions for people and business in Minneapolis and Saint Paul. An analysis of property damage caused by the riots determined that through June 19, nearly 1,500 businesses in the Twin Cities were damaged by vandalism, fire, or looting, with some reduced to rubble and dozens completely destroyed by fire. The heaviest damage occurred in Minneapolis along a 5-mile (8.0 km) stretch on Lake Street between the city's third and fifth police precincts and in Saint Paul along a 3.5-mile (5.6 km) stretch of University Avenue in the Midway area. Estimates of property damage were upwards of $500 million, making the unrest in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul area the second most destructive in United States history after the 1992 Los Angeles riots. During the riots, National Guard forces and law enforcement focused on protecting large institutions such as the Federal Reserve, power plants, and state capitol building. Officials acknowledged the emphasis came at the expense of family- and minority-owned business, many of which were burned or plundered by looters.
Soon after the riots subsided, officials vowed to mitigate the losses and help the affected businesses rebuild, and created new financing initiatives to accelerate repair and recovery efforts. At least one Minneapolis business that suffered heavy losses from the fires, 7-Sigma, said they would leave the city for good after losing trust in public officials during the riots. Some businesses announced plans to rebuild. Among them, the Target Corporation made a commitment to rebuild the store on East Lake Street that had been heavily damaged. The developer of the six-story, under-construction affordable housing building that burned down near the third precinct station announced plans in June to start the project over, a process the developer said would take two years.
The unrest in Minneapolis impacted people experiencing homelessness. People displaced by the unrest sought refuge in a vacant Sheraton hotel in the city's Midtown neighborhood. Volunteers helped turn it into a what was described as functioning hotel and sanctuary for nearly 200 people. However, residents at the hotel were later evicted, and some set up a sprawling camp at the city's Powderhorn Park. When the city's park board gave notice for people to clear the camp, resident's of the nearby Powderhorn Park neighborhood negotiated a longer stay with the park board and organized volunteers and aid for the people living in tents.
The widespread protests and a significant public scrutiny of its law enforcement policies led to reforms of policing in Minneapolis and the U.S. state of Minnesota. On June 5, 2020, the Minneapolis City Council and the Minnesota Department of Human Rights agreed to a temporary restraining order requiring Minneapolis to update its procedures to ban chokeholds and other neck restraints by police, such as the one an officer used in the incident when George Floyd was killed. Many organizations quickly distanced themselves from the Minneapolis police force by ending formal policing relationships, led by city's school district and park board and the University of Minnesota. The park board also announced changes to the park police uniforms and vehicles to distinguish them from Minneapolis police.
Bob Kroll, head of the Minneapolis police officers union, was the subject of protests. After offering support for the officers at Floyd's death and a full investigative process, he made few substantial statements during the initial course of events. But after several days of clashes with the police and protesters, he sent an email to Minneapolis rank-and-file police officers that became widely circulated. Kroll criticized Frey and Walz for not containing the riots and commending the work of responding officers, and he went on to characterize the protests as a "terrorist movement", a claim he also made about the Black Lives Matter movement in 2016. Frey and other officials were quick to condemn Kroll's email statement. Among them, Council President Lisa Bender described Kroll as "a barrier to change" of the Minneapolis police force. Several labor union leaders called for Kroll’s removal, with one saying he perpetuated "a culture of violence" against the black community. On June 10, 2020, Police Chief Medaria Arradondo announced the police department would withdrawing from union contract negotiations as a first step towards police reforms.
At a Powderhorn Park rally organized by black-led social justice organizations on June 7, 2020, nine of the 13 members of the Minneapolis city council vowed to dismantle the city's police department, despite opposition from Frey. The pledge did not actually disband the police force and details about the next steps in the process were not defined by the council members at the time. Some activists wanted to consider the idea of unarmed crisis response personnel and re-purposing the police department's $193 million annual budget for education, food, housing, and health care. The city council voted unanimously on June 26, 2020, to revise the city's charter to permit dismantling of the police department, a step towards possibly replacing the police department with a civilian-led Department of Community Safety and Violence Prevention, and with goal of putting the issue before voters on the ballot in November. The council's move drew opposition from some black leaders and activists who felt that the council was "pandering", in the words of a local pastor. Others felt that the council had not adequately included voices from the black community in the process and expressed the need to address public safety concerns as black residents were disproportionately victims of crime and witnesses of crime in the city, just as they were disproportionately victims of excessive police force.
Street medics tending to a protestor sprayed with chemical irritants in Minneapolis on May 27, 2020
A looted Walgreens in Minneapolis on May 27, 2020
Volunteers clean graffiti off a public school in Minneapolis on May 30, 2020
- Robertson, Nicky (May 30, 2020). "US surgeon general says "there is no easy prescription to heal our nation"". CNN. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- Goldberg, Michelle (May 29, 2020). "Opinion - America Is a Tinderbox". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- "Man shot dead outside Lake Street pawnshop during unrest is identified". Star Tribune.
- Pham, Scott (June 2, 2020). "Police Arrested More Than 11,000 People At Protests Across The US". BuzzFeed News.
- Montemayor, Stephen (June 17, 2020). "Semi-pro basketball player, 'TikTok influencer' latest to be arrested for Third Precinct blaze". Star Tribune.
- "For riot-damaged Twin Cities businesses, rebuilding begins with donations, pressure on government". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
- Stockman, Farah (4 July 2020). "‘They have lost control’: How Minneapolis leaders failed to stop their city from burning" New York Times.
- Hill, Evan; Tiefenthäler, Ainara; Triebert, Christiaan; Jordan, Drew; Willis, Haley; Stein, Robin (May 31, 2020). "8 Minutes and 46 Seconds: How George Floyd Was Killed in Police Custody". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020. (video @ YouTube Archived June 1, 2020, at the Wayback Machine)
- Davis, Tyler; Miller, Ryan W. (May 27, 2020). "George Floyd's death another wound for Minneapolis' black community: 'Why can't I just be black in the state of Minnesota?'". USA Today. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- Hinton, Elizabeth (May 29, 2020). "The Minneapolis Uprising in Context". Boston Review.
- Holder, Sarah (June 5, 2020). "Why This Started in Minneapolis". CityLab. 12 June2020.
- Cheney-Rice, Zak (May 29, 2020). "There's Nothing Confusing Here". New York Magazine. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- "In pictures: Protesting the death of George Floyd". CNN. May 27, 2020. Archived from the original on May 28, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Demonstrators gather around Minneapolis to protest death of George Floyd". KSTP. May 26, 2020. Archived from the original on May 28, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- Wagner, Jeff (June 18, 2020). "'It's Real Ugly': Protesters Clash With Minneapolis Police After George Floyd's Death". WCCO.
- "Family and Friends Mourn Minneapolis Police Killing Victim George Floyd". Time. Archived from the original on May 28, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- KTSP staff (May 27, 2020). "'This is the right call': Officers involved in fatal Minneapolis incident fired, mayor says". KTSP. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
- Simon, Alexandra (June 1, 2020). "Former Minneapolis chief shares letter from police union president on George Floyd, calls for his badge". KARE11. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- Wagner, Jeff (May 27, 2020). "'I'm Not Gonna Stand With Nonsense': 2nd Night Of Minneapolis George Floyd Protests Marked By Looting, Tear Gas, Fires". WCCO. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
- "Protestors Gather Where George Floyd Was Killed, As well as MPD 3rd Precinct". minnesota.cbslocal.com. May 27, 2020. Archived from the original on May 28, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
Starting at about 6 p.m., police began firing chemical irritant and firing rubber bullets at the precinct, located near the intersection of Lake Street and Hiawatha Avenue, as video on social media shows some protesters once again began breaking the precinct's windows.
- "Looting and fires break out after protests in Minneapolis". fox9.com. May 27, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "As Mayor Frey calls for officer's arrest, violence intensifies in Minneapolis". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on May 29, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- "As Mayor Frey calls for officer's arrest, violence intensifies in Minneapolis". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
- Jim Buchta, Minneapolis vandalism targets include 189-unit affordable housing development, Star Tribune (May 28, 2020).
- Faircloth, Ryan; Navratil, Liz; Sawyer, Liz; McKinney, Matt (May 28, 2020). "Looting and flames erupt in Minneapolis amid growing protests over George Floyd's death". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on May 28, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- Bailey, Holly; Shammas, Brittany; Bellware, Kim (May 28, 2020). "Chaotic scene in Minneapolis after second night of protests over death of George Floyd". Washington Post. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
- "Minnesota Calls National Guard to Quell Violent Protests in Minneapolis". VOA. May 29, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- KTSP staff (May 28, 2020). "Over 500 National Guard soldiers activated to amid protests regarding George Floyd's death; Frey declares state of emergency in Minneapolis". KTSP.
- Sullivan, Tim; Forliti, Amy (May 28, 2020). "Minneapolis police precinct on fire as protests grow". KCRA 3. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- "Ex-Minneapolis police officer Chauvin was in talks to plead guilty before arrest" FOX 9. Retrieved on 4 July 2020.
- "Tensions reignite near Minneapolis' 3rd Precinct". Fox 9 KMSP. May 28, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- Sidner, Sarah; Campbell, Josh (May 28, 2020). "CNN's Sara Sidner: 'Zero' police presence as precinct burns". CNN. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- "Search Results Web results 'Absolute Chaos' in Minneapolis as Protests Grow Across U.S." The New York Times. May 29, 2020.
- "George Floyd Riots: Violence Spans Twin Cities: 3rd Precinct Overtaken & Burned, Looting Continues, Businesses Torched". Minnesota CBS Local. May 29, 2020. Archived from the original on May 29, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- "Minneapolis Mayor Jacob Frey Addresses City In The Middle Of Night Of Violence". CBS Minnesota. May 29, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- "Curfew to go into effect for Minneapolis-St. Paul starting at 8 p.m. on Friday". KTTC. May 29, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- Uren, Adam (May 30, 2020). "Target now closing 73 stores across Minnesota until further notice". Bring Me The News. Archived from the original on May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- "What charges is former officer Derek Chauvin facing in the death of George Floyd?". FOX 9 Minneapolis-St. Paul. May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- "'You need to go home,' Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz says as new fires, looting hit Minneapolis". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- "'This Is Not About George's Death': Protesters Defy Minneapolis Curfew Order, Fires Rage During 4th Night Of Unrest". May 30, 2020. Archived from the original on May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- "Pentagon puts military police on alert to go to Minneapolis". AP NEWS. May 30, 2020. Archived from the original on May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- "George Floyd Live Updates: Officials Brace for Fifth Night of Protest". The New York Times. May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- Faircloth, Ryan (May 30, 2020). "Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz: 'This is about chaos' as new fires, looting hit Minneapolis". Star Tribune.
- Collins, Jon; Shockman, Elizabeth (May 30, 2020). "Outsiders, extremists are among those fomenting violence in Twin Cities". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
- Ravindran, Manori (May 30, 2020). "Mass riots erupt in at least 20 US cities". News.com.au. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- "Minnesota will have 2,500 National Guard personnel deployed by noon today, official says". CNN. May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- Marquez, Miguel (May 30, 2020). "Live updates: George Floyd protests spread nationwide". CNN. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- "Objects and vehicles used to attack police officers in Minneapolis, authorities say". CNN. May 31, 2020. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
- Caputo, Angela, Craft, Will and Gilbert, Curtis (30 June 30). "‘The precinct is on fire’: What happened at Minneapolis’ 3rd Precinct — and what it means". MPR News. Retrieved on 1 July 2020.
- Marquez, Miguel (May 31, 2020). "Protesters gather where George Floyd was arrested for march". CNN. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
- Nelson, Joe (May 31, 2020). "Watch: Tanker truck speeds towards protesters on I-35W bridge". Bring Me The News.
- McBride, Jessica (May 31, 2020). "Bogdan Vechirko Accused of Driving Tanker Truck Through Minneapolis Crowd". Heavy.com. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
- "BREAKING: Semi-Truck Speeds Into Minneapolis George Floyd Protest Marchers On I-35W Bridge". WCCO. May 31, 2020.
- Rose, Emily (June 2, 2020). "Minnesota officials now say no evidence the trucker intentionally drove into protesters Sunday". CNN. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
- "Walz: Minnesota attorney general to take lead in Floyd case". Star Tribune.
- Walsh, James (June 1, 2020). "Thousands gather at governor's mansion to protest Floyd's death". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
- Silva, Daniella (June 2, 2020). "A somber protest at the Minneapolis intersection where Floyd died". NBC News. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- Montemayor, Stephen; Xiong, Chao (June 3, 2020). "Attorney General Keith Ellison to elevate charges against officer who knelt on George Floyd's neck; also charging other 3 involved". Minnesota Star-Tribune. Archived from the original on June 3, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
- "George Floyd Death: Derek Chauvin's Now Faces 2nd-Degree Unintentional Murder; 3 Other Officers Charged". CBS Minnesota. June 3, 2020. Archived from the original on June 3, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
- Pross, Katrina (June 5, 2020). "Nightly curfews in Minneapolis, St. Paul to end". Pioneer Press. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
- Amir Vera; Hollie Silverman. "Minneapolis mayor booed by protesters after refusing to defund and abolish police". CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
- Schuman, David (June 6, 2020). "'I'm Not For Abolishing The Entire Police Department': Mayor Frey Speaks Out At Mpls. Protest". WCCO 4CBS Minnesota. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
- "Veto-proof majority of Minneapolis council members supports dismantling police department". MPR News. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
- "Minneapolis City Council members announces intent to radically change their city's police department". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
- Condon, Patrick (June 11, 2020). "Gov. Tim Walz says he understands why Christopher Columbus statue was toppled, but there will be consequences". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- Gray, Callan (June 12, 2020). "Protesters call for resignation of Minneapolis Police Union boss Bob Kroll". KSTP.
- "Juneteenth brings dancing, speeches, reflection, as Gov. Tim Walz calls for state holiday". Star Tribune. June 19, 2020.
- "Minnesota Activists Hold Juneteenth Rally for Reparations". U.S. News. June 19, 2020.
- "Protesters gather at Governor's Residence demanding another special session". KSTP. June 24, 2020.
- Palladino, Christina (June 26, 2020). "After addressing Floyd's death, protesters again call for Minneapolis police union leader to resign". FOX9.
- "Protesters gather in Minneapolis to demand justice for George Floyd, defend black trans lives". FOX 9. June 28, 2020. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- Silverman, Holie (May 31, 2020). "Minnesota law enforcement find incendiaries, weapons and stolen vehicles while responding to protests". CNN. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
- McFall, Caitlin (May 30, 2020). "Minneapolis mayor says 'white supremacists,' 'out of state instigators' behind protests, but arrests show different story". Fox News. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- Rowland, Geoffrey (May 29, 2020). "Minnesota governor 'deeply apologizes' to CNN president after network crew arrested". TheHill. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- Yglesias, Matthew (May 29, 2020). "CNN reporter Omar Jimenez arrested live on the air in Minneapolis". Vox. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- "WCCO photographer arrested covering protests" – via www.youtube.com.
- "'Light 'Em Up!': Video Appears To Show Law Enforcement Shooting Paint Rounds At Mpls. Residents On Their Porch". CBS Minnesota. May 30, 2020.
- Bote, Joshua. "'Light 'em up': Minneapolis officers seen firing paint rounds at people on their porch". USA TODAY. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
- Kasprak, Alex (June 8, 2020). "Did Police Slash Tires at Minneapolis Protests?". Snopes. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- Walsh, Paul (June 8, 2020). "Officers slashed tires on vehicles parked amid Minneapolis protests, unrest". The Star Tribune. Archived from the original on June 11, 2020. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- @TheoKeith (May 29, 2020). "BREAKING: Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz imposes an 8 p.m.-6 a.m. curfew in Minneapolis and St. Paul for both Friday and Saturday nights as Minnesota tries to restore order in the state's two biggest cities" (Tweet). Retrieved May 29, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Bosley, Lindsay (30 May 2020). "Frequently asked questions about the curfew in Minneapolis". City of Minneapolis: News. Retrieved on July 2, 2020.
- Pross, Katrina (5 June 2020). "Nightly curfews in Minneapolis, St. Paul to end". Pioneer Press.
- Walsh, Paul (June 9, 2020). "Gov. Tim Walz calls for 8 minutes, 46 seconds of silence today in honor of George Floyd". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
- Doran, Kevin (June 11, 2020). "How the Minnesota National Guard connected with protesters during the George Floyd demonstrations". KSTP. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- Severson, Gordon (May 29, 2020). "'You got to see us angry, now you get to see us peacefully trying to clean up'". KARE11.
- Formichella, Lucien (June 1, 2020). "Minneapolis volunteers clean up streets after Floyd protests". Al Jazeera.
- Hopfensperger, Jean; Smith, Kelly (June 2, 2020). "In Minneapolis, a quiet army of generosity gains strength". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- Walsh, James (June 12, 2020). "Shrine to George Floyd could be permanent at Minneapolis intersection". Star Tribune.
- Brown, Kyle (June 13, 2020). "Minneapolis Police Department says it will not change George Floyd memorial". KSTP.
- Martin, Liv (June 17, 2020). "Minnesota Artists Pay Tribute to George Floyd Through Public Art". Minnesota Monthly.
- Heyward, Giulia L. (June 15, 2020). "The Righteous Power of the George Floyd Mural". The New Republic. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
- Pellerin, Ananda (June 12, 2020). "'My emotions were so raw': The people creating art to remember George Floyd". CNN.
- Broaddus, Adrienne (June 9, 2020). "Symbolic Cemetery highlights blacks killed by police". KARE11. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- "George Floyd murals, graffiti on boarded-up Twin Cities businesses spread a message of pain — and hope". Star Tribune. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- Hopfensperger, Jean (June 11, 2020). "American Indian patrol in Minneapolis credited with saving buildings during protests". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- Rao, Maya (June 2, 2020). "Riots, arson leave Minnesota communities of color devastated". Star Tribune.
- Severson, Gordon (May 28, 2020). "Business owners witness break-ins, fires and car thefts during Wednesday night riots". KARE11.
- "Black Owned Du Nord Craft Spirits Set on Fire During Minneapolis Riot – Pls Consider GoFundMe Donation". Distillery Trail. June 1, 2020.
- Staff (1 June 2020). "More Than 480 Arrested Over The Weekend Amid Minnesota’s Aggressive Response To Protests, Unrest". WCCO.
- Montemayor, Stephen (22 June 2020). "Colin Kaepernick helping to cover legal costs for Minnesota protesters". Star Tribune.
- Klar, Rebecca (June 8, 2020). "Man arrested following burning of Minneapolis police precinct". The Hill. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
- Sandberg, Diane (June 16, 2020). "Brainerd man charged in MPD 3rd Precinct fire". KARE11. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- Mystery remains weeks after a pawnshop owner fatally shot a man during Minneapolis unrest Star Tribune.
- "Protests could trigger virus surge in Minnesota as deaths hit new high". Star Tribune. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
- Olsen, Jeremy (June 8, 2020). "COVID-19 tests for protesters see startup challenges in Minnesota". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- Megan, Molteni (June 18, 2020). "What Minnesota's Protests Are Revealing About Covid-19 Spread". Wired.
- Genovese, Daniella (June 10, 2020). "Economic pain worsens for Minneapolis as businesses exit after riots". Fox Business.
- Penrod, Josh; Sinner, C.J.; Webster, MaryJo (June 19, 2020). "Buildings damaged in Minneapolis, St. Paul after riots". Star Tribune.
- Buchta, Jim (June 28, 2020). "'We believe strongly in that area.' After six-story building burns in Minneapolis riot, developer vows to rebuild". Star Tribune..
- Otárola, Miguel (June 4, 2020). "Volunteers turned former Sheraton Hotel in Minneapolis into sanctuary for homeless". Star Tribune.
- Serres, Chris (June 13, 2020). "'Nowhere left to go': Minneapolis homeless forced out of a hotel face uncertain future". Star Tribune.
- Burns, Katelyn. "Cities and states are barring police from using chokeholds and tear gas". npr.org. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
- "Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board unanimously votes to sever ties with Minneapolis Police Department". KSTP. June 3, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- Perrett, Connor (June 1, 2020). "The head of the Minneapolis police union called protests a 'terrorist movement' and blamed politicians for unrest in a leaked email". Insider. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- "Kroll, Minneapolis police union head, blasts city's riot response in letter to officers". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
- Allassan, Fadel (June 10, 2020). "Minneapolis Police Department withdraws from union contract negotiations". Axios. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- Searcey, Dionne; Eligon, John (June 7, 2020). "Minneapolis Will Dismantle Its Police Force, Council Members Pledge". The New York Times. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
- Du, Susan; Cassel, Emily; Jones, Hannah (July 1, 2020). "Defund & dismantle: Minneapolis looks toward a police-free future". City Pages.
- Rao, Maya (2 July 2020). "Some Minneapolis Black leaders speak out against City Council's moves to defund police". Star Tribune
Arrangement is chronological.
- A. Aizuramay, "A Mask and A Target Cart: Minneapolis Riots", The New Inquiry, 30 May 2020.
- L. Diavolo, "The Minneapolis Rebellion So Far, According to the People Living It", Teen Vogue, 1 June 2020.
- N. Robinson, "In their own words: the protesters at the heart of America's uprising", The Guardian, 6 June 2020.
- J. Ellis, "Minneapolis Had This Coming: My hometown faces not just a rebuilding but a reckoning", The Atlantic, 9 June 2020.
- Staff, Aerial video of Minneapolis shows aftermath of rioting, looting, Star Tribune, 10 June 2020.
- Anonymous, The World Is Ours: The Minneapolis Uprising In Five Acts, Its Going Down, 12 June 2020.
- L. Mogelson, The Heart of the Uprising in Minneapolis, The New Yorker, 15 June 2020.