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Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani

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Abū Kamāl al-Dīn Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrāhim bin Mustafā bin Ismā'īl bin Yūsuf al-Nab'hāni
محمد تقي الدين بن إبراهيم بن مصطفى بن إسماعيل بن يوسف النبهاني
Taqiuddin Al Nabhani.jpg
al-Imām al-Shaykh Abū Kamāl al-Dīn Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrāhīm bin Mustafā bin Ismā'īl bin Yūsuf al-Nab'hāni
Founder and 1st Leader of Hizb ut-Tahrir
In office
1953 – December 11, 1977
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded byShaykh Abdul Qadeem Zallum
Qadi of Haifa
In office
Titleal-Imam, al-Shaykh, al-Nabhani, Abu Kamal al-Din
Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrahim bin Mustafa bin Ismail bin Yusuf al-Nabhani

1914 [1] (Some sources quote it to be 1909)
DiedDecember 11, 1977 (aged 63)
Resting placeal-Auza’i Cemetery
EraModern era
RegionMiddle East
DenominationSunni Islam
Political party
  • Hizb ut-Tahrir (1953-1977/his death)
  • Muslim Brotherhood (1928-1953/left after he became disillusioned of Muslim Brotherhood leadership)
Main interest(s)
Notable idea(s)
Notable work(s)
Alma mater
Muslim leader
Disciple ofImam Yusuf al-Nabhani
Arabic name
ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Mustafā
بن إبراهيم بن مصطفى
Abu Kamāl al-Dīn
Arabic-script kunya
Taqī al-Dīn
تقي الدين
Birth nameTaqī al-Dīn
Other namesOther name/left empty/none
ChildrenShaykh Kamal al-Din al-Nabhani
Parent(s)Shaykh Ibrahim bin Mustafa al-Nabhani
RelativesImam Yusuf al-Nabhani (maternal grandfather)

Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrahim bin Mustafah bin Ismail bin Yusuf al-Nabhani (1909 – December 11, 1977) was an Islamic scholar from Jerusalem[2] who founded the Islamist political party Hizb ut-Tahrir.


Al-Nabhani was born in 1909 in a village by the name of Ijzim near Haifa in the Ottoman Empire and belonged to Bani Nabhan tribe. His father was a lecturer in Sharia law and his mother was also an Islamic scholar.[3] al-Nabhani studied Sharia law at Al-Azhar University and the Dar-ul-Ulum college of Cairo. He graduated in 1931 and returned to Palestine. There he was first a teacher and then as a jurist, rising to Sharia judge in the court of appeal.[3] Disturbed by the creation of the state of Israel and the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and occupation of Palestine, he founded the Hizb ut-Tahrir party in 1953. The party was immediately banned in Jordan. Al-Nabhani was banned from returning to Jordan and settled in Beirut. He died on December 20, 1977.[3]

Political philosophy[edit]

Al-Nabhani proclaimed that the depressed political condition of Muslims in the contemporary world stemmed from the abolition of the Caliphate in 1924. al-Nabhani was critical of the way the Middle East had been carved up into nation states allied with various imperial powers.[4] Other causes of stagnation included the Ottoman Empire's closing of the doors of ijtihad, its failure to understand "the intellectual and legislative side of Islam", and neglect of the Arabic language.[5] In his most famous works, written in the early 1950s, al-Nabhani expressed a radical disillusionment with the secular powers that had failed to protect Palestinian nationalism.[4] He argued for a new caliphate that would be brought about by "peaceful politics and ideological subversion"[6] and eventually cover the world replacing all nation states. Its political and economic order would be founded on Islamic principles, not materialism that, in his view, was the outcome of capitalist economies.[4]


Hizb ut-Tahrir did not attract a large following in the countries where it was established. Despite this, al-Nabhani's works have become an important part of contemporary Islamist literature.[7]


  1. ^ a b Name *. "Sheikh Muhammad Taqiuddin al-Nabhani | Hizb ut-Tahrir Australia". Retrieved 2020-05-29.
  2. ^ Umm Mustafa (28 February 2008). "Why I left Hizb ut-Tahrir". New Statesman. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Marshall Cavendish Reference (2011). Illustrated Dictionary of the Muslim World. Marshall Cavendish. p. 124. ISBN 9780761479291. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Tripp (2010), p. 348.
  5. ^ Flood, Christopher; Miazhevich, Galina; Hutchings, Stephen; et al., eds. (2012). Political and Cultural Representations of Muslims: Islam in the Plural. BRILL. p. 29. ISBN 9789004231030.
  6. ^ Ayoob, Mohammed (2008). The Many Faces of Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Muslim World. University of Michigan Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-0472025381. Retrieved 15 April 2015. Taqiuddin al-Nabhani.
  7. ^ Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P.; Lecomte, G.; Bearman, P.J.; Bianquis, Th. (2000). Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume X (T-U). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 133. ISBN 9004112111.


  • Tripp, Charles (2010). "West Asia from the First World War". In Robinson, Francis (ed.). The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 5: The Islamic World in the Age of Western Dominance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-83826-9.
Further reading
  • al-Nabhani, Taqi al-Din (2002), The System of Islam Nidham al-Islam, London: al-Khilafah Publications
  • al-Nabhani, Taqi al-Din (2004), Thought al-Tafkeer, London: al-Khilafah Publications
  • al-Nabhani, Taqi al-Din (2005), Islamic Personality al-Shaksiyyah al-Islamiyyah, London: al-Khilafah Publications
  • Hizb ut Tahrir Website, archived from the original on 2007-07-07

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