Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus

Wikipedia open wikipedia design.

Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Phylum: incertae sedis
Order: Nidovirales
Family: Coronaviridae
Genus: Alphacoronavirus
Subgenus: Rhinacovirus
Virus:
Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus

Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) is a coronavirus related to Rhinolophus bat coronavirus HKU2. It is transmitted through the feces of horseshoe bats to pigs. Piglets less than 5 days old die with a probability of 90%. SADS-CoV was identified during the Severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak caused by Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus in Guangdong 2018 onwards, where it caused the death of more than 24,000 piglets on 4 farms. Current research says that it cannot infect humans. The fear remains that such a virus can mutate and then become dangerous for humans. Researches as well made clear, while bats carry zoonotic viruses, they are very important for a well balanced ecosystem. Some for example eat mosquitos which carry dangerous diseases like malaria, yellow fever, chikungunya, zika fever and others. [1][2][3][4]

Detection[edit]

The SADS-CoV in the pigs was found to be 98.48% genetically identical to one collected in anal swabs of the Chinese rufous horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus sinicus), Least horseshoe bat (Rhinolopus pusillus), king horseshoe bat (Rhinolopus rex), intermediate horseshoe bat (Rhinolopus affinus). This is called metagenomics analysis. second-generation sequencing, also called NGS, was used. It was demonstrated that NGS, luciferase immunoprecipitation system serology and phylogenetic analysis can be used even before the virus is isolated. [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chinese Scientists Identify SARS-Like Illness in Pigs". 2018-04-05.
  2. ^ "SADS: Neues Schweinevirus hält Forscher in Atem". 2018-04-15.
  3. ^ "A Novel Virus Killed 24,000 Piglets in China. Where Did It Come From?". 2018-04-04.
  4. ^ a b Zhou, Peng; Fan, Hang; Lan, Tian; Yang, Xing-Lou; Shi, Wei-Feng; Zhang, Wei; Zhu, Yan; Zhang, Ya-Wei; Xie, Qing-Mei; Mani, Shailendra; Zheng, Xiao-Shuang; Li, Bei; Li, Jin-Man; Guo, Hua; Pei, Guang-Qian; An, Xiao-Ping; Chen, Jun-Wei; Zhou, Ling; Mai, Kai-Jie; Wu, Zi-Xian; Li, Di; Anderson, Danielle E.; Zhang, Li-Biao; Li, Shi-Yue; Mi, Zhi-Qiang; He, Tong-Tong; Cong, Feng; Guo, Peng-Ju; Huang, Ren; et al. (2018). "Fatal swine acute diarrhoea syndrome caused by an HKU2-related coronavirus of bat origin". Nature. 556 (7700): 255–258. Bibcode:2018Natur.556..255Z. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0010-9. PMID 29618817.


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.

Destek