Suluk, Syria

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Suluk

سلوك[1]
Town and subdistrict
Suluk nahiya within Raqqa Governorate
Suluk nahiya within Raqqa Governorate
Suluk is located in Syria
Suluk
Suluk
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 36°35′57″N 39°07′43″E / 36.5992°N 39.1286°E / 36.5992; 39.1286Coordinates: 36°35′57″N 39°07′43″E / 36.5992°N 39.1286°E / 36.5992; 39.1286
Country Syria
GovernorateRaqqa
DistrictTell Abyad
SubdistrictSuluk Subdistrict
Control Turkey
Syrian opposition Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army
Population
 (2004)
 • Town7,825[2]
 • Subdistrict
44,131[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
P-Code
C5843
GeocodeSY110201
City Qrya PcodeC5843

Suluk[1] or Saluq (Arabic: سلوك‎) is a town and nahiyah within the Tell Abyad District of Raqqa Governorate in Syria. Suluk is close to the border with Turkey. The population of town is predominantly Arab.[3] Turkish authorities claim the population of the town is predominantly Turkmen,[1] while the nahiyah consists mostly of Turkmen and Arabs.

In June 2015, Suluk was taken over by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) in the course of their Tell Abyad offensive.[4] Istanbul-based journalist Roy Gutman claimed the YPG has been accused of barring the return of its residents,[3] "razing" nearby villages,[5] and "ethnic cleansing" of Arabs.[6] They have denied these allegations, calling them "biased, unprofessional and politicized".[7]

On February 27, 2016, fighters of the terrorist group Islamic State attacked Suluk, the village Hammam at‑Turkuman and Tall Abyad.[8] At this point, the towns were not directly at the front to ISIL-held territory anymore and the jihadists were able to expel the Kurdish People's Protection Units in this surprise attack from Suluk and Hammam at-Turkuman. Kurdish security forces soon were able to encircle the attackers[9] and recaptured the villages on March 3, 2016. The liberation came too late for 15 civilians in Hammam at-Turkuman, which were executed by the jihadists in the charge of "Refusing to corporate with IS and helping the YPG earlier".[10]

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, 70 fighters from the Islamic State and 20 Kurdish fighters were killed during the clashes.[11]

A spokesman of the YPG, Redur Xelil, accused Turkey of supporting the terrorists because some of them infiltrated from the Turkish border to the north. Turkey denied the accusations.[9]

In the early 13th century, during Ayyubid rule, the medieval geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi noted that Suluk was "a town of Syria".[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Günümüzde Suriye Türkmenleri (in Turkish)Suriye’de Değişimin Ortaya Çıkardığı Toplum: Suriye Türkmenleri, p. 20 ORSAM Rapor № 83. ORSAM – Ortadoğu Türkmenleri Programı Rapor № 14. Ankara — November 2011, 33 pages.
  2. ^ a b "2004 Census Data for Suluk nahiyah" (in Arabic). Syrian Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015. Also available in English: "2004 Census Data". UN OCHA. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b Gutmanrgutman, Roy (2015-11-01). "Kurds setting up to rule in Syrian town Islamic State held". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2017-03-02.
  4. ^ Lefteris Pitarakis; Bassem Mrque (June 14, 2015). "Thousands of Syrians flee into Turkey amid intense fighting". AP The Big Story. Associated Press. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  5. ^ "Syria: US ally's razing of villages amounts to war crimes". Amnesty International. 2015-10-13. Retrieved 2017-03-02.
  6. ^ "Arab tribes in Raqqa vow to fight Kurdish forces if they enter the ISIS de facto capital". ARA News. 2015-12-16. Retrieved 2017-03-02.
  7. ^ Saeed, Yerevan (19 October 2015). "YPG dismisses Amnesty report accusing Kurds of ethnic cleansing". Rudaw Media Network.
  8. ^ "Tall Abyad: IS captures Suluk and Hammam at Turkuman". Kurdwatch.org. March 3, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Maryam Karouny; Seyhmus Cakan (February 27, 2016). "Islamic State attacks Kurdish-held town on Turkish border". Reuters. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  10. ^ "IS executes 19 at least, in the town of Hamam al-Turkman south of Tal Abiad". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. March 2, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  11. ^ "By "Caliphate Cubs and the costume of Self-Defense", "Islamic State" carry out Tal Abyad military operations". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. February 29, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  12. ^ Strange, le, Guy (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. p. 530.


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