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* 中華 (Hangul중화; RRJunghwa; MRChunghwa); Sinocentrism
** 大中華 (Hangul대중화; RRDaejunghwa; MRTaechunghwa); large Sinocentrism
** 小中華 (Hangul소중화; RRSojunghwa; MRSochunghwa); little Sinocentrism
* 夷狄 (Hangul이적; RRIjeok; MRIchŏk); barbarians
* 禽獸 (Hangul금수; RRGeumsu; MRKŭmsu); beasts

Sojunghwa (Hangul소중화; Hanja小中華) means "Little Sinocentrism" in Korean.

Like Sinocentrism, the belief that China was the center of the civilization of the world, many Chinese believed that Korea, then a tributary state, was a "Small China" and thus a highly civilized state.

Some Koreans considered Japan and the Jurchen people to be barbarians (Chinese: 夷狄; pinyin: yídí) or beasts (Hangul금수; Hanja禽獸; RRgeumsu), under the Hua–Yi distinction.

After the Qing dynasty conquered the Ming dynasty, many Koreans thought that barbarians ruined the center of civilization of the world and so Korea had become the center of the world.[1][2][3]


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