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Shutter Island (film)

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Shutter Island
Shutterislandposter.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMartin Scorsese
Produced by
Screenplay byLaeta Kalogridis
Based onShutter Island
by Dennis Lehane
Starring
CinematographyRobert Richardson
Edited byThelma Schoonmaker
Production
company
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • February 13, 2010 (2010-02-13) (Berlin)
  • February 19, 2010 (2010-02-19) (United States)
Running time
139 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$80 million[1]
Box office$294.8 million[2]

Shutter Island is a 2010 American neo-noir psychological thriller film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by Laeta Kalogridis, based on Dennis Lehane's 2003 novel of the same name. Leonardo DiCaprio stars as U.S. Marshal Edward "Teddy" Daniels, who is investigating a psychiatric facility on Shutter Island after one of the patients goes missing. Mark Ruffalo plays his partner officer; Ben Kingsley is the facility's lead psychiatrist; Max von Sydow is a German doctor; and Michelle Williams is Daniels's wife. Released on February 19, 2010, the film received mostly positive reviews from critics, was chosen by National Board of Review as one of the top ten films of 2010, and grossed over $294 million worldwide.

The film is also noteworthy for its soundtrack using classical (Gustav Mahler) and mainly modern classical music by composers such as Krzysztof Penderecki, György Ligeti, John Cage, Ingram Marshall, and Max Richter.

Plot[edit]

In 1954, U.S. Marshals Edward "Teddy" Daniels and his new partner Chuck Aule travel to the Ashecliffe Hospital for the criminally insane on Shutter Island in Boston Harbor. They are investigating the disappearance of patient Rachel Solando, incarcerated for drowning her three children. Their only clue is a cryptic note found hidden in Solando's room: "The law of 4; who is 67?". The two men arrive just before a massive storm, preventing their return to the mainland for a few days.

Teddy and Chuck find the staff confrontational. Lead psychiatrist John Cawley refuses to turn over records, and they learn that Solando's doctor Lester Sheehan left the island on vacation immediately after Solando disappeared. They are told that Ward C is off limits and the lighthouse has already been searched. While being interviewed, one patient writes the word "RUN" in Teddy's notepad. Teddy starts to have migraine headaches from the hospital's atmosphere and has waking visions of his experiences as a U.S. Army soldier during the liberation of Dachau including reprisals against the guards. He has disturbing dreams of his wife, Dolores Chanal, who was killed in a fire set by arsonist Andrew Laeddis. In one instance, she tells Teddy that Solando is still on the island—as is Laeddis, whom everyone claims was never there. Teddy later explains to Chuck that locating Laeddis was his ulterior motive for taking the case.

Teddy and Chuck find Solando has resurfaced with no explanation, prompting the former to break into the restricted Ward C. Teddy encounters George Noyce, a patient in solitary confinement, who claims that the doctors are experimenting on patients, some of whom are taken to the lighthouse to be lobotomized. Noyce warns that everyone else on the island, including Chuck, is playing an elaborate game designed for Teddy.

Teddy regroups with Chuck and climbs the cliffs toward the lighthouse. They become separated, and Teddy later sees what he believes to be Chuck's body on the rocks below. By the time he climbs down, the body has disappeared, but he finds a cave where he discovers a woman in hiding, who claims to be the real Rachel Solando. She states that she is a former psychiatrist at the hospital who discovered the experiments with psychotropic medication and trans-orbital lobotomy in an attempt to develop mind control techniques. Before she could report her findings to the authorities, she was forcibly committed to Ashecliffe as a patient. Teddy returns to the hospital, but finds no evidence of Chuck ever being there.

Convinced Chuck was taken to the lighthouse, Teddy breaks in, only to discover Cawley waiting for him. Cawley explains that Daniels is actually Andrew Laeddis, their "most dangerous patient", incarcerated in Ward C for murdering his manic depressive wife, Dolores, after she drowned their children. Edward Daniels and Rachel Solando are anagrams of Andrew Laeddis and Dolores Chanal, and the little girl from Laeddis's recurring dreams is his daughter Rachel. According to Cawley, the events of the past several days have been designed to break Andrew's conspiracy-laden insanity by allowing him to play out the role of Teddy Daniels. The hospital staff were part of the test, including Lester Sheehan posing as Chuck Aule and a nurse posing as Rachel Solando. Andrew’s migraines were withdrawal symptoms from his medication, as were his hallucinations of the "real Rachel Solando". Overwhelmed, Andrew faints.

He awakens in the hospital under the watch of Cawley and Sheehan. When questioned, he tells the truth in a coherent manner, satisfying the doctors. Cawley notes that they had achieved this state nine months before, but Andrew quickly regressed. He warns this will be Andrew's last chance; otherwise, they will have to lobotomize him, as he previously attacked Noyce for calling him by his real name. Some time later, Andrew relaxes on the hospital grounds with Sheehan, but calls him "Chuck" again, saying they must leave the island because bad things are going on. Sheehan shakes his head to Cawley and Cawley gestures to the orderlies to take Andrew to be lobotomized. Before being led away, Andrew asks Sheehan if it would be better "to live as a monster, or to die as a good man?" A stunned Sheehan calls Andrew "Teddy" but the latter does not respond to the name.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The rights to Dennis Lehane's novel Shutter Island were first optioned to Columbia Pictures in 2003. Columbia did not act on the option, and it lapsed back to Lehane, who sold it to Phoenix Pictures. Phoenix hired Laeta Kalogridis, and together they developed the film for a year. Director Martin Scorsese and actor Leonardo DiCaprio were both attracted to the project.[3] Production began on March 6, 2008.[4]

Lehane's inspiration for the hospital and island setting was Long Island in Boston Harbor, which he had visited during the blizzard of 1978 as a child with his uncle and family.[5]

Shutter Island was mainly filmed in Massachusetts, with Taunton being the location for the World War II flashback scenes.[6] Old industrial buildings in Taunton's Whittenton Mills Complex replicated the Dachau concentration camp.[7] The old Medfield State Hospital in Medfield, Massachusetts, was another key location. Cawley's office scenes were the second floor of the chapel during the late evening. Lights were shone through the windows to make it look like it was daytime. The crew painted the hospital's brick walls to look like plywood. This served the dual purpose of acting as scenery and blocking the set from view of a local road. The crew wanted to film at the old Worcester State Hospital, but demolition of surrounding buildings made it impossible. Borderland State Park in Easton, Massachusetts, was used for the cabin scene. The film used Peddocks Island as a setting for the story's island. East Point, in Nahant, Massachusetts, was the location for the lighthouse scenes.[8] The scenes where Teddy and Chuck are caught in the hurricane were filmed at the Wilson Mountain Reservation in Dedham, Massachusetts.[9] Filming ended on July 2, 2008.[10]

Music[edit]

Shutter Island: Music from the Motion Picture
Soundtrack album by
Various Artists
ReleasedFebruary 2, 2010
GenreFilm soundtrack
Length116:41
LabelRhino Records
ProducerRobbie Robertson
John Powell

Shutter Island: Music from the Motion Picture was released on February 2, 2010, by Rhino Records. The film does not have an original score. Instead, Scorsese's longtime collaborator Robbie Robertson created an ensemble of previously recorded material to use in the film.

According to a statement on Paramount's website: "The collection of modern classical music [on the soundtrack album] was hand-selected by Robertson, who is proud of its scope and sound. 'This may be the most outrageous and beautiful soundtrack I've ever heard.' [Robertson stated]."[11]

A full track listing of the album is below. All the musical works are featured in the final film.

Disc 1
  1. "Fog Tropes" (Ingram Marshall) – Orchestra of St. Lukes & John Adams
  2. "Symphony No. 3: Passacaglia – Allegro Moderato" (Krzysztof Penderecki) – National Polish Radio Symphony & Antoni Wit
  3. "Music for Marcel Duchamp" (John Cage) – Philipp Vandré
  4. "Hommage à John Cage" – Nam June Paik
  5. "Lontano" (György Ligeti) – Wiener Philharmoniker & Claudio Abbado
  6. "Rothko Chapel 2" (Morton Feldman) – UC Berkeley Chamber Chorus
  7. "Cry" – Johnnie Ray
  8. "On the Nature of Daylight" – Max Richter
  9. "Uaxuctum: The Legend of the Mayan City Which They Themselves Destroyed for Religious Reasons – 3rd Movement" (Giacinto Scelsi) – Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra
  10. "Quartet for Strings and Piano in A Minor" (Gustav Mahler) – Prazak Quartet
Disc 2
  1. "Christian Zeal and Activity" (John Adams) – The San Francisco Symphony & Edo de Waart
  2. "Suite for Symphonic Strings: Nocturne" (Lou Harrison) – The New Professionals Orchestra & Rebecca Miller
  3. "Lizard Point" – Brian Eno
  4. "Four Hymns: II for Cello and Double Bass" (Alfred Schnittke) – Torleif Thedéen & Entcho Radoukanov
  5. "Root of an Unfocus" (John Cage) – Boris Berman
  6. "Prelude – The Bay" – Ingram Marshall
  7. "Wheel of Fortune" – Kay Starr
  8. "Tomorrow Night" – Lonnie Johnson
  9. "This Bitter Earth"/"On the Nature of Daylight" – Dinah Washington & Max Richter; arrangement by Robbie Robertson

Genre[edit]

Shutter Island is a period piece with nods to different films in the film noir and horror genres, paying particular homage to Alfred Hitchcock's works.[12] Scorsese stated in an interview that the main reference to Teddy Daniels was Dana Andrews's character in Laura, and that he was also influenced by several very low-budget 1940s zombie movies made by Val Lewton.[13] The main frame of the plot resembles that of William Peter Blatty's The Ninth Configuration,[14][15][16] as well as The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.[16][17][18] La Croix noted that Shutter Island was a "complex and puzzling" work that borrowed from genres as diverse as detective, fantasy, and the psychological thriller.[19]

There have been differing opinions over the ending of the film, in which Laeddis asks Dr. Sheehan, "[W]hich would be worse – to live as a monster, or to die as a good man?", a line that does not appear in the book. Professor James Gilligan of New York University was Scorsese's psychiatric adviser, and he said that Laeddis's last words mean: "I feel too guilty to go on living. I'm not going to actually commit suicide, but I'm going to vicariously commit suicide by handing myself over to these people who're going to lobotomize me."[20] Dennis Lehane, however, said, "Personally, I think he has a momentary flash.… It's just one moment of sanity mixed in the midst of all the other delusions."[20]

Release[edit]

Martin Scorsese at the premiere of Shutter Island at the 60th Berlin International Film Festival

The film was scheduled to be released by Paramount Pictures in the United States and Canada on October 2, 2009.[21] Paramount later announced it was going to push back the release date to February 19, 2010.[22] Reports attribute the pushback to Paramount not having "the financing in 2009 to spend the $50 to $60 million necessary to market a big awards pic like this", to DiCaprio's unavailability to promote the film internationally, and to Paramount's hope that the economy might rebound enough by February 2010 that a film geared toward adult audiences would be more viable financially.[23]

The film premiered at the 60th Berlin International Film Festival as part of the competition screening on February 13, 2010.[24][25] Spanish distributor Manga Films distributed the film in Spain after winning a bidding war that reportedly reached the $6 million to $8 million range.[26]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 68% based on 255 reviews, with an average rating of 6.64/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "It may not rank with Scorsese's best work, but Shutter Island's gleefully unapologetic genre thrills represent the director at his most unrestrained."[27] On Metacritic, the film received a weighted average score of 63 out of 100, based on 37 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[28] Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film an average "C+" grade, on an F to A+ scale.[29]

Lawrence Toppman of The Charlotte Observer gave the film 4/4 stars, claiming, "After four decades, Martin Scorsese has earned the right to deliver a simple treatment of a simple theme with flair."[30] Writing for The Wall Street Journal, John Anderson highly praised the film, suggesting it "requires multiple viewings to be fully realized as a work of art. Its process is more important than its story, its structure more important than the almost perfunctory plot twists it perpetrates. It's a thriller, a crime story and a tortured psychological parable about collective guilt."[31] Awarding the film ​3 12 stars out of 4, Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote, "the movie is about: atmosphere, ominous portents, the erosion of Teddy's confidence and even his identity. It's all done with flawless directorial command. Scorsese has fear to evoke, and he does it with many notes."[32]

The Orlando Sentinel's Roger Moore, who gave the film ​2 12 stars out of 4, wrote, "It's not bad, but as Scorsese, America's greatest living filmmaker and film history buff should know, even Hitchcock came up short on occasion. See for yourself."[33] Dana Stevens of Slate described the film "an aesthetically and at times intellectually exciting puzzle, but it's never emotionally involving".[34] The Washington Post film critic Ann Hornaday negatively described the film as being "weird".[35] A. O. Scott of The New York Times wrote in his review that "Something TERRIBLE is afoot. Sadly, that something turns out to be the movie itself."[36]

Box office[edit]

The film opened at #1 at the US box office, with $41 million, according to studio estimates. The movie gave Scorsese his best box office opening yet.[37] The film remained at #1 in its second weekend, with $22.2 million.[38] Eventually, it grossed worldwide $294,803,014[2] and became Scorsese's second highest-grossing film worldwide.[39]

Home media[edit]

Shutter Island was released on DVD and Blu-ray on June 8, 2010, in the US[40] and on August 2, 2010, in the UK.[41] The UK release featured two editions—a standard edition and a limited steel-case edition.[42] For the 10th anniversary, Paramount Pictures released on February 11, 2020 a 4K steelbook + Blu-ray.[citation needed]

Other Media[edit]

TV series[edit]

In August 2014, Paramount Television and HBO were reported to be brainstorming a TV series called Ashecliffe, which will serve as an origin story for the film.[43]

Video Game[edit]

A video game based on the film was released for Nintendo DS and PC.[44][45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Films | Shutter Island". DarkHorizons.com. Archived from the original on November 29, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Shutter Island (2010)". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
  3. ^ Fleming, Michael (October 22, 2007). "Scorsese, DiCaprio team for 'Island'". Variety. Retrieved January 8, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Mayberry, Carly (February 26, 2008). "Trio of stars in for 'Shutter'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 9, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2008.
  5. ^ Symkus, Ed, "Real local flavor on display in 'Shutter Island'" Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Patriot Ledger, February 19, 2010
  6. ^ Alspach, Kyle (March 8, 2008). "Raynham native plays Nazi soldier executed in Nolan film". The Patriot Ledger. Archived from the original on May 29, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  7. ^ Downing, Vicki-Ann (March 8, 2008). "Film adaptation of Lehane's novel a boon to the region". EnterpriseNews.com. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  8. ^ Riglian, Adam (April 14, 2008). "DiCaprio, Nolan filming on Peddocks Island". The Patriot Ledger. Archived from the original on October 27, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  9. ^ "Shutter Island 2010". The Worldwide Guide To Movie Locations. Archived from the original on November 11, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  10. ^ Fee, Gayle; Laura Raposa (July 3, 2008). "DiCaprio, crew cap 'Ashecliffe' shoot". Boston Herald. Archived from the original on July 6, 2010. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
  11. ^ "The Music of Menace From Shutter Island". Paramount.com. January 13, 2010. Archived from the original on January 30, 2010. Retrieved February 18, 2010.
  12. ^ Saba, Michael (February 19, 2010). "Shutter Island Review". Paste Magazine. Archived from the original on June 14, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2010. Scorsese gets his Hitchcock on.
  13. ^ Brown, Mick (March 7, 2010). "Martin Scorsese interview for Shutter Island". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved October 13, 2010. 'The key film I showed Leo and Mark,’ Scorsese says, 'was Laura—Dana Andrews, the way he wears his tie, and the way he walks through a room, and he doesn’t even look at anybody; he’s always playing that little game. He’s just trying to get the facts.’ But the films, he adds, that he had 'really tied up tight’ in mood and tone were the lower-than-low-budget schlockers made in the 1940s by Val Lewton when he was the head of the 'horror department’ at RKO PicturesCat People, Isle of the Dead, The Seventh Victim and I Walked with a Zombie.
  14. ^ Daniels, Derek (December 1, 2010). "The Ninth Configuration (Twinkle, Twinkle, Killer Kane)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixter. Archived from the original on December 6, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 30 years before the disappointing Shutter Island took viewers to a remote mental asylum with a world-turned-upside-down storyline, William Peter Blatty gave us this...
  15. ^ "'Shutter Island' shows the power of isolation". Los Angeles Times. February 21, 2010. Archived from the original on April 9, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2011. A better version of this basic story was done 30 years ago by William Peter Blatty: The Ninth Configuration.
  16. ^ a b Packer, Sharon (September 5, 2012). Cinema's Sinister Psychiatrists: from Caligari to Hannibal. New York, NY: McFarland. p. 197. ISBN 9780786463909. Archived from the original on November 17, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2014. The Ninth Configuration is far less polished than Martin Scorsese's Shutter Island, but the principle is the same.
  17. ^ Raw, Kaurence & Ersin Tutan, Defne (2012). The Adaptation of History: Essays on Ways of Telling the Past. McFarland and Company. p. 51. ISBN 9780786472543. Archived from the original on November 17, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  18. ^ Gregoriou, Christiana (2012). Constructing Crime: Discourse and Cultural Representations of Crime and 'Deviance'. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 79. ISBN 9780230392083. Archived from the original on November 17, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  19. ^ Schwartz, Arnaud "'Shutter Island' : Martin Scorsese face au dérèglement de l'esprit" Archived April 10, 2018, at the Wayback Machine. La Croix, February 23, 2010. Retrieved January 3, 2012 (in French).
  20. ^ a b Cox, David (July 29, 2010). "Shutter Island's ending explained". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 25, 2020. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
  21. ^ McClintock, Pamela (February 13, 2008). "'Star Trek' pushed back to 2009". Variety. Archived from the original on February 15, 2008. Retrieved February 13, 2008.
  22. ^ "Shutter Island Pushed Back to February" Archived December 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ComingSoon.com. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  23. ^ Finke, Nikki (August 21, 2009). "SHOCKER! Paramount Moves Scorsese's 'Shutter Island' To February 19, 2010". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  24. ^ "Shutter Island" Archived February 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Berlinale 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  25. ^ "Awards for Shutter Island (2010)". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  26. ^ De Pablos, Emiliano (May 17, 2008). "Manga nabs 'Shutter Island'". Variety. Retrieved July 29, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "Shutter Island (2010)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  28. ^ "Shutter Island". Metacritic. Archived from the original on February 20, 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  29. ^ Busch, Anita (August 9, 2014). "B Grade For 'Turtles': What CinemaScores Mean And Why Exit Polling Matters". Deadline. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  30. ^ Toppman, Lawrence. "'Shutter' yields shudders – and ideas". The Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 4/4 stars
  31. ^ Anderson, John (February 19, 2010). "Film Reviews: Scorsese's 'Shutter Island', Polanski's 'The Ghost Writer'". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 30, 2017. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  32. ^ Ebert, Roger (February 17, 2010). "Shutter Island Review". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 3.5/4 stars
  33. ^ Moore, Roger (February 17, 2010). "Movie Review: Shutter Island". Orlando Sentinel. 2.5/4 stars
  34. ^ Stevens, Dana (February 18, 2010). "I'm Surrounded by Crazy People – Leo DiCaprio scrunches his face in Martin Scorsese's Shutter Island". Slate. Archived from the original on January 22, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  35. ^ Hornaday, Ann (February 19, 2010). "Critic Review for Shutter Island". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 12, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  36. ^ Scott, A. O. (February 19, 2010). "Movie Review: Shutter Island". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  37. ^ Brandon Gray (February 21, 2010). "`Shutter Island' Lights Up". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
  38. ^ Brandon Gray (March 1, 2010). "'Shutter Island' Hangs On, 'Cop Out,' 'Crazies' Debut Decently". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on August 17, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
  39. ^ Grey, Brandon (May 20, 2010). "'Shutter Island' Is Scorsese's Top Movie Worldwide". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on May 23, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  40. ^ Shutter Island Archived October 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Amazon. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
  41. ^ Shutter Island (2010) Archived August 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Amazon. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
  42. ^ Watch Shutter Island | DVD/Blu-ray or Streaming | Paramount Movies, archived from the original on February 25, 2020, retrieved February 25, 2020
  43. ^ Goldstein, Meredith; Shanahan, Mark (August 26, 2014). "'Shutter Island' might be a TV show". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  44. ^ https://www.digitalspy.com/videogames/a203355/shutter-island-game-released-for-pc/
  45. ^ https://gamefaqs.gamespot.com/ds/605117-shutter-island/images/1177800

External links[edit]



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