Recognition (sociology)

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Recognition in sociology is the public acknowledgment of a person's status or merits (achievements, virtues, service, etc.).[1]

In psychology, excessively seeking for recognition is regarded as one of the defining traits of a narcissistic personality disorder.[2]

Another example of recognition is when some person is accorded some special status, such as title or classification. [3]

According to Charles Taylor, recognition of one's identity is both a fundamental need and a right, and non- or misrecognition is a form of oppression.[4]

In the workplace, recognition has been suggested to increase employee engagement, continuous improvement behaviour, trust in the organization, intention to stay, and satisfaction with management.[5][6][7] Others, like Alfie Kohn in Punished by Rewards, point out the dangers of using praise to show recognition, since it may induce compliance in the short-term, but negatively impact quality in the workplace long-term.[8]

Recognition justice[edit]

Recognition justice is a theory of social justice that emphasizes the recognition of human dignity and of difference between subaltern groups and the dominant society.[9][10] Social philosophers Axel Honneth and Nancy Fraser point to a 21st-century shift in theories of justice away from distributive justice (which emphasises the elimination of economic inequalities) toward recognition justice and the eliminating of humiliation and disrespect.[9] The shift toward recognition justice is associated with the rise of identity politics.[11]

The political implications of recognition justice are more ambiguous than distributive justice, because recognition is not a resource than can be redistributed, but is rather a phenomenological experience of people and groups.[9][12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "recognition | Definition of recognition in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Archived from the original on September 25, 2016. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  2. ^ "Narcissistic personality disorder - Symptoms and causes". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  3. ^ "Definition of RECOGNITION". Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  4. ^ Taylor, Charles (1992). "The politics of recognition". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ "Forever Recognize Others' Greatness". Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  6. ^ "Recognition is Not Fluffy Stuff: Why Acknowledging Your People is Good for Business - CPHR Manitoba". Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  7. ^ "The Secret to Motivating Your Team". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  8. ^ Kohn, Alfie (1993). Punished by rewards. Houghton Mifflin Co. pp. 41, 96. ISBN 978-0-618-00181-1.
  9. ^ a b c Honneth, Axel (2004). "Recognition and Justice: Outline of a Plural Theory of Justice". Acta Sociologica. 47 (4): 351–364. doi:10.1177/0001699304048668. ISSN 0001-6993. JSTOR 4195049. S2CID 145353415.
  10. ^ Whyte, Kyle Powys (2011). "The Recognition Dimensions of Environmental Justice in Indian Country". Environmental Justice. 4 (4): 199–205. doi:10.1089/env.2011.0036. ISSN 1939-4071.
  11. ^ Fraser, Nancy (2014). Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the "Postsocialist" Condition. doi:10.4324/9781315822174. ISBN 9781317828082.
  12. ^ Schweiger, Gottfried (2019-11-29). "Recognition, misrecognition and justice". Ethics & Global Politics. 12 (4): 1693870. doi:10.1080/16544951.2019.1693870. ISSN 1654-4951. S2CID 214079331.