Raoul SalanWikipedia open wikipedia design.
|Birth name||Raoul Albin Louis Salan|
|Born||10 June 1899|
|Died||3 July 1984 (aged 85)|
|Allegiance|| France, |
Organisation armée secrète
|Years of service||1917–1959|
|Commands held||6th Senegalese Tirailleur Regiment|
14th Infantry Division
French Far East Expeditionary Corps
French forces in Algeria
|Battles/wars||World War I|
World War II
First Indochina War
Algiers putsch of 1961
|Awards||Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor|
|Other work||Leader of the OAS|
Raoul Albin Louis Salan (French pronunciation: [ʁaul salɑ̃]; 10 June 1899 – 3 July 1984) was a French Army general. He served as the fourth French commanding general during the First Indochina War. He was one of four generals who organized the 1961 Algiers Putsch operation. He was the founder of the Organisation armée secrète. He was the most decorated soldier in the French Army.
Salan served as the commander of French forces in Vietnam from 1945 to 1947. By 1948, he was commander of all French land forces in East Asia; after the death of Jean de Lattre de Tassigny in 1952, Salan became the commander-in-chief in Indochina.
Salan served as commander-in-chief of French forces in French Algeria in 1956. In 1958, Salan called for the return to power of Charles De Gaulle, believing that the latter would protect French Algeria. He retired shortly after, first moving to Spain, then to mainland France. He was banned from entering Algeria in 1960.
Nevertheless, Salan returned to Algeria to organize the putsch on 21 April 1961 with André Zeller, Edmond Jouhaud and Maurice Challe. After the failure of the putsch, he became the chief of Organisation armée secrète (OAS), which attempted to disrupt the April 1962 Peace Evian Accords. He was arrested in April 1962.
Salan was charged with treason and condemned in absentia to death. Then, in April 1962, he was arrested in Algiers. The death sentence on him was commuted to life imprisonment. He was pardoned in 1968.
Salan was the most decorated soldier in the French Army.
Salan died on 3 July 1984. Every year, former members of the OAS bring flowers to his tomb on his death anniversary.
- Légion d'honneur
- Knight (5 April 1922)
- Officer (21 August 1940)
- Commander (10 February 1945)
- Grand Officer (27 October 1948)
- Grand Cross (28 August 1952)
- Médaille militaire (12 July 1958)
- Croix de guerre 1914-1918
- Croix de guerre 1939-1945
- Croix de guerre des Théatres d'Opérations Exterieures
- Croix de la Valeur Militaire
- Médaille Interalliée de la Victoire
- Médaille commémorative de la guerre 1914–1918
- Médaille de l'Aéronautique
- Distinguished Service Cross (US)
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) (UK)
- Mémoires Fin d’un empire (4 volumes), Editions Presses de la Cité, 1970–74
- Le sens d’ un engagement, 1970
- Le Viêt-minh mon adversaire, 1971
- Algérie française, 1972
- L'Algérie de Gaulle et moi, 1974
- Krebs, Albin (July 4, 1984). "RAOUL SALAN DIES; LED ALGERIA PLOT". The New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "Gen. Raoul Salan. France's most decorated soldier dies". Santa Cruz Sentinel. Santa Cruz, California. July 4, 1984. p. 10. Retrieved June 5, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. (Registration required (help)).
- Silence in the Dock TIME Magazine Friday, 25 May 1962
- To the guillotine TIME Magazine Friday, 27 Apr 1962
- Cros, Philippe (June 11, 2014). "Les « fidèles » du chef de l'OAS commémorent". La Montagne. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- Alexander, Martin S., and John FV Keiger, eds. France and the Algerian War, 1954-1962: Strategy, Operations and Diplomacy (Routledge, 2013)
- General Paul Aussaresses, The Battle of the Casbah: Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Algeria, 1955-1957. (New York: Enigma Books, 2010) ISBN 978-1-929631-30-8.
- (in French) Association of Friends of Raoul Salan
- (in French) Raoul Salan, a colonial General by Madeleine Rebérioux
- BBC article on Salan's 1962 sentencing
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