The United States of America
is a federal republic
of 50 states
, a capital district
, and a number of other territories. It is located mostly in central North America
. The U.S. has three land borders, two with Canada
and one with Mexico
, and is otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean
, the Bering Sea
, the Arctic Ocean
and the Atlantic Ocean
. Of the 50 states, only Alaska
are not contiguous with any other state. The U.S. also has a collection of districts, territories, and possessions
around the world. Each state has a high level of local autonomy according to the system of federalism. The U.S. traces its national origin to the declaration
by 13 British
colonies in 1776
that they were free and independent states. They were recognized as such by the Treaty of Paris
in 1783. Since then, the nation has grown to become a global superpower
and exerts a high level of economic, political, military, and cultural influence.
7 World Trade Center
) refers to two buildings that have existed at the same location within the World Trade Center site
in Lower Manhattan
, New York City
. The original structure, part of the original World Trade Center
, was completed in 1987 and was destroyed in the September 11 attacks
in 2001. The current structure opened in May 2006. Both buildings were developed by Larry Silverstein
, who holds a ground lease
for the site from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
The original 7 World Trade Center was 47 stories tall, clad in red masonry, and occupied a trapezoidal footprint. An elevated walkway connected the building to the World Trade Center plaza. The building was situated above a Consolidated Edison power substation, which imposed unique structural design constraints. When the building opened in 1987, Silverstein had difficulties attracting tenants. Salomon Brothers signed a long-term lease in 1988 and became the main tenant of 7 WTC.
On September 11, 2001, the structure was damaged by debris when the nearby North Tower of the World Trade Center collapsed. The debris also ignited fires, which continued to burn throughout the afternoon on lower floors of the building. The building's internal fire suppression system lacked water pressure to fight the fires, and the building collapsed completely at 5:21:10 pm, according to FEMA, while the 2008 NIST study placed the final collapse time at 5:20:52 pm. The collapse began when a critical internal column buckled and triggered structural failure throughout, which was first visible from the exterior with the crumbling of a rooftop penthouse structure at 5:20:33 pm. The collapse made the old 7 World Trade Center the first tall building known to have collapsed primarily due to uncontrolled fires, and at the time, the only steel skyscraper in the world to have collapsed due to fire.
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Selected society biography
Sylvanus Griswold Morley
(June 7, 1883 – September 2, 1948) was an American archaeologist
, and Mayanist
scholar who made significant contributions toward the study of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization
in the early 20th century.
Morley made extensive excavations of the Maya site of Chichen Itza that he directed on behalf of the Carnegie Institution. He also published several large compilations and treatises on Maya hieroglyphic writing, and wrote popular accounts on the Maya for a general audience.
To his contemporaries, "Vay" Morley was one of the leading Mesoamerican archaeologists of his day. Although more recent developments in the field have resulted in a re-evaluation of his theories and works, his publications, particularly on calendric inscriptions, are still cited. In his role as director of various projects sponsored by the Carnegie Institution, he oversaw and encouraged many others who later established notable careers in their own right. His commitment and enthusiasm for Maya studies helped inspire the necessary sponsorship for projects that would ultimately reveal much about ancient Maya civilization.
Morley also conducted espionage in Mexico on behalf of the United States during World War I, but the scope of those activities only came to light well after his death. His archaeological field work in Mexico and Central America provided suitable cover for investigating German activities and anti-American activity at the behest of the United States' Office of Naval Intelligence.
Anniversaries for June 2
is the second largest city
in the U.S. state
and the 33rd largest city in the nation. It was founded in 1796 near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River
, and became a manufacturing
center owing to its location at the head of numerous canals
lines. With the decline of heavy manufacturing
, Cleveland's businesses have diversified into the service economy
, including the financial services, insurance
, and healthcare
sectors. Cleveland is also noted for its association with rock music
; the city is home to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
As of the 2000 Census, the city proper had a total population of 478,403 and is the center of Greater Cleveland, the largest metropolitan area in Ohio.
In studies conducted by The Economist in 2005, Cleveland and Pittsburgh were ranked as the most livable cities in the United States, and the city was ranked as the best city for business meetings in the continental U.S. The city faces continuing challenges, in particular from concentrated poverty in some neighborhoods and difficulties in the funding and delivery of high-quality public education.
Selected culture biography
Laura Jeanne Reese Witherspoon
(born March 22, 1976) better known as Reese Witherspoon
, is an American actress and film producer. Witherspoon landed her first feature role as the female lead in the film The Man in the Moon
in 1991; later that year she made her television acting debut, in the cable movie Wildflower
. In 1996, Witherspoon appeared in Freeway
and followed that appearance with roles in three major 1998 films: Overnight Delivery
, and Twilight
. The following year, Witherspoon appeared in the critically acclaimed Election
, which earned her a Golden Globe
Witherspoon married actor and Cruel Intentions co-star Ryan Phillippe in 1999; they have two children, Ava and Deacon. The couple separated at the end of 2006 and divorced in October 2007. Witherspoon owns a production company, Type A Films, and she is actively involved in children's and women's advocacy organizations. She serves on the board of the Children's Defense Fund (CDF), and was named Global Ambassador of Avon Products in 2007, serving as honorary chair of the charitable Avon Foundation.
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