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Lyon (UK: /ˈlɒ̃/, US: /ˈljn, liˈn/, also spelled Lyons and in this case alternatively pronounced /ˈlənz/; French: Lyon [ljɔ̃] (About this sound listen); Arpitan: Liyon [ʎjɔ̃]) is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. It is located in the country's east-central part at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône, about 470 km (292 mi) south from Paris, 320 km (199 mi) north from Marseille and 56 km (35 mi) northeast from Saint-Étienne. Inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais.

Lyon had a population of 513,275 in 2015. It is the capital of the Metropolis of Lyon and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The Lyon metropolitan area had a population of 2,265,375 in 2014, the second-largest urban area in France. The city is known for its cuisine and gastronomy, and historical and architectural landmarks; part of it is a registered as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk. Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematograph. It is also known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights.

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Quarters and arrondissements of Lyon

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A lithograph of Claude MArtin
Major General Claude Martin
B. 4 January 1735 – d. 13 September 1800

Major General Claude Martin was an officer in the French, and later the British, army in India. He rose to the position of Major General in the British East India Company. Martin was born in Lyon, France, into a humble background, and was a self-made man who has left a substantial lasting legacy in the form of his writings, buildings and the educational institutions he founded posthumously. There are seven schools named after him, two in Lucknow, two in Calcutta and three in Lyon.

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The Rib vaults of the church of Saint Nizier

The Rib vaults of the church of Saint Nizier

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