Welfare in France
(also known as social protection
, from French
: Protection sociale
) includes all systems whose purpose is to protect people against the financial consequences of social risks (illness, maternity, old age, unemployment).Social welfare
refers to all the mechanisms of collective foresight, enabling individuals to cope with the financial consequences of "social risks". These are situations that could jeopardize the economic security of the individual or his family (defined as a group of people bound by ties of lineage and alliance), causing a decline in its resources or increase its expenditure (old age, sickness, disability, unemployment, maternity, family responsibilities, etc.). In France, the welfare system
make up for about 500 billion euros annually, or more than 30% of GDP.
The origin of social protection in France dates back to medieval times, with fraternal benefit societies
. In the second half of the nineteenth century, systems of social assistance
developed gradually, often launched by employers marked by social Catholicism
, then relayed by the first laws. In 1930, modern social insurance
was created, offering employees protection against certain risks: accidents, sickness, disability, maternity, old age, death ... During the Second World War, the National Council of Resistance designed the system of social security
, now at the heart of social protection. It was created just after the Liberation, by an order of 4 October 1945, followed by other texts. Gradually, protection has covered the entire population, while the benefits extend. Read more...