Philippines and ISILWikipedia open wikipedia design.
|ISIL insurgency in the Philippines|
|Part of the Moro conflict and the|
Military intervention against ISIL
| Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters
Ansar Khalifa Philippines
|Commanders and leaders|
| Rodrigo Duterte|
(President of the Philippines)
Ronald dela Rosa
| Isnilon Hapilon †|
(Abu Sayyaf commander)
Omar Maute †
Abdullah Maute †
U.S. special operations forces (technical assistance)
|Casualties and losses|
|almost 240+ killed||almost 1,680+ killed|
|165+ civilians dead|
The Philippines is one of the state opponents of the militant group, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), more commonly referred to by the local media as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
ISIL maintains operations in the Philippines through local jihadist groups - Maute group, Abu Sayyaf group, Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters and Ansar Khalifa Philippines. The groups pledged allegiance to ISIS in 2014 or the following years.
Main events timeline
On November 16, When the APEC Summit was to be held in Manila, a video of men in masks with ISIL black flag behind them is posted on Facebook, claiming "ISIL in Mindanao" will attack the summit.
A video discovered on a cellphone seized by AFP during a raid on a safe house in Marawi shows militants including Hapilon and Maute brothers were planning attack on Marawi. The attack was the 4th step for them to gain the approval of the ISIL leadership,"requires the conduct of widespread atrocities and uprisings all across Mindanao."
- October 16
In March 2016, training manuals, bandanas with ISIL inscriptions and other documents for militants under the ISIL were recovered after the military captured a Maute group camp, indicating that the group may be trying to link up with ISIL.
On June 21, 2016, ISIL released a video entitled "The Solid Structure" recognized Abu Sayyaf leader Hapilon as the mujahid authorized to lead the jihadists in the Philippines, and designated him as the emir for Southeast Asia.The video also urged aspiring members who can't go to the Middle East to fight for ISIL in the Philippines instead.
Filipino members of ISIL
Involvement of Filipino citizens in ISIL has been reported as early as 2014. According to the Daily Mail citing undisclosed Kurdish sources that a Filipino national was among the ISIL members who appeared in a beheading video of American aid worker Peter Kassig and 18 Syrian soldiers uploaded in YouTube. The Philippine military said that the report could not be verified and said that there was no ISIL recruitment in the Philippines at that time. The Department of Foreign Affairs during this time has been receiving unverified reports of Filipinos training in Iran to fight for ISIL in Syria.
In June 2016, ISIL released a video where three of its members, a Filipino, an Indonesian and a Malaysian urged aspiring members who can't go to the Middle East to fight for ISIL in the Philippines instead. In January 2017, Rappler reports that the Filipino member was identified as Mohammad Reza Kiram, a 21-year old who was the first verified member in ISIL fighting in Syria.
Affiliate groups in the Philippines
The following Philippine-based militant groups has pledged allegiance to ISIL.
Non-state opponents of ISIL in the Philippines
Aside from the Philippine government, ISIL and its affiliate groups in the Philippines has received armed opposition from other local groups in the Philippines.
The following are the list of battle and clashes involving the jihadist groups since they respectively pledged allegiance to ISIS:
- January 2015 Mamasapano clash
- 2016 Butig clashes
- April 2016 Battle of Tipo-Tipo
- Summer 2016 Sulu and Basilan Clashes
- January 2017 Kidapawan jail siege (suspected involvement)
- May 2017 Bohol clashes
- May 2017 Battle of Marawi
Related terrorist incidents
- 2014 Bukidnon bus bombing(suspected involvement of BIFF)
- 2016 Davao City bombing(suspected involvement of Maute Group)
- 2018 Isulan bombings(suspected involvement of BIFF)
- 2018 Lamitan bombing(suspected involvement of Abu Sayyaf)
Public opinion on ISIL
In a poll conducted between February 16 to May 8, 2017, the Pew Research Center says that 70% among the Filipinos questioned view ISIL as a major threat to the Philippines ahead of global climate change (65%) and cyberattacks (64%).
The chart below gives the information of casualties since the jihadist groups respectively pledged allegiance to ISIS.
|Year||Government forces||Civilians||Abu Sayyaf||Maute Group||BIFF|
|2014||27 killed, in the whole year|
|2015||44 killed(Mamasapano clash)|| ||133 killed,(only in Sulu) in the whole year|
|2017||149 killed? (before May 17) 94 killed?(in the first half of the year)|
|Battle of Marawi||168 killed||87 dead||978 killed|
|Total||240+ killed||165+ dead||1681 - 1740+ killed|
Note:Some casualties from small-scale conflicts or terrorist incidents are not given.
- Pia Gutierrez (31 May 2017). "Duterte, MILF create 'peace corridor' in Marawi". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
- Philippine army and armed groups join forces in Marawi
- "U.S. provides 'technical assistance' to troops in Marawi - AFP". Rappler. 6 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- Reuters. "US Special Forces Helping Philippines Fight Militants in Marawi". Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "Australia to send spy planes to help Philippines fight militants". Reuters. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
- Duterte thanks China for firearms, ammo vs Mautes
- Banaloi, Rommel C. (15 June 2017). "The Maute Group and rise of family terrorism". Rappler.
- Caleb Weiss (5 June 2017). "Islamic State video shows destruction of church in Marawi". Long War Journal. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- News, ABS-CBN. "READ: Proclamation of martial law in Mindanao". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
- "Congress extends martial law to December 31". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-07-22.
- News, ABS-CBN. "Military confirming reports Maute brothers killed in firefight". Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "Philippine military confirms US forces providing support against militants allied to Islamic State". CNBC. Reuters. 10 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "Senior Abu Sayyaf leader swears oath to ISIS". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
- "Maute Group / Islamic State of Lanao / Daulat Ul Islamiya / Daulah Islamiyah | Terrorist Groups | TRAC". www.trackingterrorism.org. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
- "ISIS' global ambitions and plans for Southeast Asia". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
- "PH military believes Abdullah Maute is dead". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
- "Calida: Military knew Marawi terror plot as early as April". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
- hermesauto (2017-06-01). "Foreigners from at least 5 countries fighting with rebels in southern Philippines' Marawi: Minister". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
- "Top Marawi siege leaders killed in clashes". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
- "DNA test confirms Hapilon's death". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
- "FAST FACTS: Who is Mahmud Ahmad?". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
- "Mahmud Ahmad dead – Duterte". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
- Pareño, Roel. "IS training manuals found at militants' camp". philstar.com. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
- "Calida: Military knew Marawi terror plot as early as April". Rappler. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
- "A new ISIS video recruits fighters for the Philippines, not Syria". NBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
- "Filipino man suspected to be first Asian involved in ISIS beheadings: report". The Star, Asia News Network. 20 November 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- Ressa, Maria (27 January 2017). "Filipino millennial joins ISIS in Syria". Rappler. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- "10 MILF fighters dead in clashes with ISIS-linked groups". Rappler. Agence France-Presse. 23 August 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- Viray, Patricia Lourdes (7 August 2017). "Poll: 7 in 10 Filipinos see ISIS as leading security threat". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- Pareño, Roel. "Abu Sayyaf bandits massacre 21 civilians in Sulu". philstar.com. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
- News, ABS-CBN. "Abu Sayyaf killed in 2015 surpasses 2014 total - AFP". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2017-07-21.
- "Philippine Muslim guerrillas murder seven in Christmas eve raids". ABC News. 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- Mangosing, Frances. "133 Abu Sayyaf killed, 164 wounded in Sulu in 2015, says AFP". Retrieved 2017-07-21.
- Sputnik. "Government Troops Kill 139 BIFF Militants in Southern Philippines". sputniknews.com. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
- AP (2015-03-31). "Philippine troops claim killing 139 rebels". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
- Pike, John. "Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters [BIFF]". Retrieved 2017-09-26.
- "Abu Sayyaf rebels kill 15 Philippine troops - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
- "Basilan clash: What we know so far". cnn. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- Pareño, Roel. "157 Sayyaf men killed, 159 hurt in Sulu, Basilan". philstar.com. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
- "Philippines: 22 dead in 3 days of clashes with military". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- "China Post". www.chinapost.com.tw. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- Unson, John. "8 BIFF members killed in Maguindanao clash". philstar.com. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- "Suspected pirates kill 8 fisherman in Philippines south". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- "Bodies of 7 loggers killed by Abu Sayyaf found in S. Philippines - Xinhua | English.news.cn". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- Inquirer, Philippine Daily. "9 dead in Abu Sayyaf raid in Basilan village". Retrieved 2017-09-27.
- "Philippine troops kill 149 ASG militants | Maritime Security Review". www.marsecreview.com. Retrieved 2017-07-22.
- Alipala, Julie. "94 Abu Sayyaf rebels killed in first 6 months of 2017—military". Retrieved 2017-09-27.
- "15 terrorists killed, 7 others wounded in renewed AFP anti-terror campaign in Lanao Del Sur | Philippine Canadian Inquirer". Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- "Philippine forces kill 36 members of IS affiliate in Mindanao - Dubai Eye". Dubai Eye. 2017-04-24. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- Mangosing, Frances. "36 members of Maute killed, 3 soldiers hurt in Lanao clashes". Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- "36 Maute men killed; Lanao camp overrun". www.malaya.com.ph. Retrieved 2017-08-05.