Order of battle for the 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria

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This is the order of battle for the 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria, codenamed "Operation Peace Spring" by Turkey. The pro-Turkish forces, including the Syrian National Army, are opposed by the armed forces of the NES, including the Syrian Democratic Forces.

Turkey and allied forces[edit]

 Turkey
Syrian Interim Government

SDF and allied forces[edit]

Rojava
Syria Syria

Allied armed groups:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Suriye'ye ilk adımı atan birliğin komutanı tanıdık çıktı". odatv.com.
  2. ^ "Suriye sınırına askeri sevkiyat". Timeturk.com.
  3. ^ "SBarış Pınarı Harekatı". Timeturk.com.
  4. ^ "Barış Pınarı Harekatı bölgesine özel harekat desteği". www.aa.com.tr.
  5. ^ "Turkish-backed militants amass near Syrian border town for new offensive". Al-Masdar News. 8 October 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d "Which Syrian Groups Are Involved in Turkey's Syria Offensive?". Voice of America.
  7. ^ a b c d Tastekin, Fehim (13 October 2019). "Who are the Turkish-backed forces in latest Syria incursion?". al-Monitor. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "تعرّف إلى توزّع الجيش الوطني على محاور العملية العسكرية شرق الفرات" [Learn about the distribution of the national army on the axis of the military operation east of the Euphrates]. Qasioun News (in Arabic). 8 October 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  9. ^ a b Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi (5 November 2019). "Division 20: Interview". Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Fırat'ın doğusuna operasyonda YPG'ye Kürt Şahinleri Tugayı darbesi". Internet Haber. 9 October 2019.
  11. ^ Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi (8 November 2019). "The Men of War Brigade: Interview". Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  12. ^ a b "تل أبيض: مراسل جسر يرصد انتهاكات بحق المدنيين من قبل فصائل "الوطني"" [Tel Abyad: Jisr reporter monitors abuses against civilians by SNA factions]. Jesr Press (in Arabic). 18 October 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  13. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Turkish Operations East of the Euphrates: A Rebel Perspective". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.
  14. ^ a b Sami Moubayed (11 October 2019). "Kurds face uphill battle against Turkish and Syrian armies". Gulf News. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  15. ^ Walid Al Nofal (15 October 2019). "The Syrian National Army: For the Syrian revolution or against the Kurds?". Syria:Direct. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  16. ^ "#اشتراك ابناء راس العين يشكلون لواء احرار راس العين لتحريرها من pyd#نبع السلام" – via www.youtube.com.
  17. ^ NUR ÖZKAN ERBAY; MUSTAFA KIRIKÇIOĞLU (13 October 2019). "Syrian Kurds look to end YPG-rule in Syria". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  18. ^ "Militäroffensive der Türkei: Deutsche Waffenexporte auf höchstem Stand seit 14 Jahren" [Turkey's military offensive: German weapons exports at the highest level since 14 years]. Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). 17 October 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  19. ^ Ammar Hamou (27 October 2019). "Civilians the only innocent party in 'Operation Peace Spring'". Syria:Direct. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  20. ^ a b Szuba, Jared (10 October 2019). "'The border is on fire': Turkey's ground forces battle Syria's Kurds near Tal Abyad". The Defense Post. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  21. ^ "لواء الشمال الديمقراطي يؤكد مواصلة النضال للدفاع عن مكتسبات المنطقة ضد أي تهديد" [The Northern Democratic Brigade affirms the continued struggle to defend the gains of the region against any threat]. ANF News (in Arabic). 11 October 2019. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  22. ^ "The Armenian Battalion taking part in defense of Serêkaniyê". ANF News. 12 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  23. ^ "The tal abyad defenders coalition". pbs.twimg.com.
  24. ^ "Syrian Rebellion Obs on Twitter: "ADD.: forces involved in the defense of the town is the mainly arab composed local council, formed on remnants of the Kataeb al-Farouk (that reforged themselves in new forces inside #SDF) as Liwa Ahrar #Raqqa (also part of #SDF), former Liwa al-Jihad (#FSA too)."". web.archive.org. 10 October 2019.
  25. ^ "من هي "قوات سوريا الديمقراطية".. ومِما تتألف؟". Lebanon24.
  26. ^ Bali, Mustafa (10 October 2019). "Al-Hawl military council declared that they will deploy their forces on the border to fight against Turkish invasion.pic.twitter.com/icMHnQse1l".
  27. ^ Manbij Military Council (14 October 2019). "قوات مجلس منبج العسكري تحبط هجوماً لمرتزقة درع الفرات". المجلس العسكري لمدينة منبج وريفها (in Arabic). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  28. ^ ""Jarabulus Military Council" targets a vehicle south of Jarabulus by a guided missile leaving 2 persons dead in conjunction with an assassination targeted members of Turkey-loyal factions south of Azaz". SOHR. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  29. ^ "SDF: 118 invading forces members killed". ANF News. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  30. ^ "HAT Commander Tolhildan Zagros fell martyr in Girê Spî". ANF News. 23 October 2019.
  31. ^ "Syrian Army to enter strategic city in Raqqa for first time since 2014". 14 October 2019.
  32. ^ Perper, Rosie (14 October 2019). "Kurdish forces strike a deal with Assad's army as they battle an intensifying Turkish assault in northern Syria".
  33. ^ "Why is Turkey invading northeast Syria?". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "The Communist volunteers fighting the Turkish invasion of Syria". Morning Star. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  35. ^ "MLKP: Kerem Pehlivan yoldaşımız şehit düştü". ANF News.


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