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|Part of the War in Afghanistan (2001–present)|
| United Kingdom|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Gordon Messenger|
|Casualties and losses|
|None||20 confirmed killed|
Operation Diesel was a raid by 700 British troops from the Royal Marines 45 Commando, 42 Commando, and the 3 Commando Brigade's Reconnaissance Force, as well as armoured infantry and close reconnaissance from 1st Battalion Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (1 PWRR) on a Taliban drug factory and arms stronghold in the Upper Sangin Valley in Helmand province, Afghanistan on February 7, 2009. The raid captured four drug factories and heroin and opium worth £50 million.
In the early hours of February 7 the raid was launched. Within 20 minutes two waves of RAF Chinooks, Royal Navy Sea Kings, Lynx and American Sea Stallions delivered 500 troops from 45 Commando Royal Marines and both British and Afghan special forces into three landing zones half-a-mile from enemy positions. Large vats of opium were abandoned while still being boiled as the Taliban fled the assault. The Task Force Helmand commander, Brig Gordon Messenger called Operation Diesel a "clinical precision strike" that had "a powerful disruptive effect on known insurgent and narcotics networks in the area". Four drugs factories were captured along with gallons of chemicals used to process opium into heroin. Large numbers of machine guns were also recovered as well as a motor bike that had been primed as a suicide bomb.
Twenty Taliban fighters defending the drugs were killed. No UK personnel were killed in the assault.
- Correspondent, Thomas Harding, Defence (February 18, 2009). "British forces in Afghanistan seize £50m of heroin and kill 20 Taliban" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- Coghlan, Tom (20 February 2009). "Commandos Target Drugs Labs Where Taleban And Mafias Reap $100M Profits". The Times.
- Harding, Thomas (18 February 2009). "700 Troops Raid Taliban Drug HQ". London Daily Telegraph.
- Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (18 February 2009). "Airborne troops strike at Taliban's drug industry". Directgov. Retrieved 19 February 2009.
- Goldacre, Ben (21 February 2009). "Heroin Seizures: Name your own prices". Guardian.
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