Operation Claw (2019)

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Operation Claw
Part of the Kurdish–Turkish conflict
Date28 May 2019 - Ongoing
Location
Status Ongoing
Territorial
changes
Turkish Armed Forces seized strategic hills, mountains, crossing points, highland villages in Hakurk, Metina and Zap regions. New bases established at crossing roads.[citation needed]
Belligerents
 Turkey Kurdistan Workers' Party
Commanders and leaders
Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Turkey Hulusi Akar
Turkey Yaşar Güler
Unknown
Units involved

Turkish Armed Forces

Gendarmerie General Command

KCK

HBDH TAK

BÖG
Casualties and losses
10 killed (Per Turkey)[1][2][3] 417 killed or captured (Per Turkey)[4]

Operation Claw (Turkish: Pençe Harekatı) is an ongoing cross-border military operation by the Turkish Armed Forces into northern Iraq against the Kurdistan Workers' Party.[5] Turkish troops fired artillery shells and launched air attacks in the morning of 28 May 2019, followed by a border crossing by the Turkish Army and Gendarmerie Special Public Security Command.[6] On May 30 2019, the first Turkish losses were recorded: one specialist sergeant and one second lieutenant were killed in action.[7]On 31 May 2019, F16 jets of the 181st Squadron "Leopard" hit PKK targets in northern Iraq.[8] In late June, press sources reported that the Turkish military combat-tested the Bora ballistic missile during Operation Claw in Northern Iraq.[9] In July, the ground operation slowed down and only airstrikes were carried out in the Avasin-Basyan, Zap, Metina, Haftanin and Hakurk regions. 182nd Squadron "Accipiter", 181st Squadron "Leopard" and 14th UAV Systems Base Command participated in the operation.[10] On 13 July, Turkey launched counter-terror Operation Claw-2 in N.Iraq[11] On 24 August, Operation Claw 3 was launched in northern Iraq.[12] On 3 September 2019, a senior PKK leader was killed in N.Iraq. Nedim Karakulak codenamed Kawa Garzan was in charge of the PKK's logistical support around the Qandil and Hakurk regions.[13]

Operation timeline[edit]

May 2019[edit]

  • 12 May: A failed PKK ambush resulted in the deaths of two militants bringing the PKK death toll to 45. Weapons and head cameras were seized.[14]
  • 28 May: Turkey launches counter-terror operation in northern Iraq.[15]
  • 29 May: Turkish Defense Ministry states that 15 militants killed or captured in northern Iraq's Hakurk area since operation.[16]
  • 30 May: The PKK suffers four more casualties in northern Iraq.[17] The first Turkish losses were recorded: one specialist sergeant and one second lieutenant killed in action.[7]
  • 31 May: Turkish jets hit PKK targets in northern Iraq.[18]

June 2019[edit]

  • 1 June: Three PKK militants killed or captured in northern Iraq.[19]
  • 2 June: PKK suffers another five casualties in northern Iraq.[20]
  • 3 June: At least six PKK militants killed or captured in the Zap region of northern Iraq.[21]
  • 4 June – 9 June: Turkish defense ministry states a total of 43 militants have been killed or captured in 'Operation Claw' since 28 May. underwater defence explosive ordnance disposal unit of TAF operates in the area.[22]
  • 6 June: Minister of Defense Hulusi Akar states: "We will not leave the region until the last terrorist is neutralized."[23]
  • 10 June: A total of 74 shelters caves and 53 mines used by PKK militants in the Hakurk region were destroyed, according to the ministry.[24]
  • 26 June: The Bayraktar Tactical UAS and TAI Anka operates in northern Iraq, constantly launching airstrikes on PKK militants.[25]
  • 28 June: The ministry states a total of 112 militants have been killed or captured in northern Iraq during the last month.[26]
  • Late June 2019: Press sources report that the Turkish military combat-tested the Bora ballistic missile during Operation Claw in Northern Iraq.[9]

July 2019[edit]

In July, the ground operation slowed down and only airstrikes were carried out in northern Iraq. 182nd Squadron "Accipiter", 181st Squadron "Leopard" and 14th UAV Systems Base Command participate in operations.[10]

Operation Claw 2[edit]

  • 13 July: Turkey launches counter-terror Operation Claw-2 in northern Iraq.[27]
  • 18 July: Two TAF personal killed in operation, and five critically wounded.[28]
  • 19 July: The Defense Minstry states that militants suffered 34 casualties in airstrikes conducted between 17-19 July.[29]
  • 23 July: Halifan Hill and Zilok Hill captured in Hakurk region North Iraq.[30]
  • 30 July: National Intelligence Organization announces Hacı Kurhan and his assistant were shot down in the Amedi/Pirozana region in organized operation. He was one of the leaders of Kurdistan Freedom Hawks TAK.[31]

August 2019[edit]

In the beginning of August, airstrikes were carried out in northern Iraq.[32]

  • 3 August: Senior PKK member, Nedim Karakulak codenamed Kawa Garzan, who was in charge of the PKK's logistical support around Qandil and Hakurk region killed in northern Iraq.[33]
  • 4 August: Shiwah Valley, including the Misloke and Malla İbrahim villages captured.[34]
  • 5 August: Gorasher Mountain captured, a large part of the Olmuş Valley under the control of Turkish Armed Forces.[35]
  • 10 August: A total of 80 militants killed or captured since the launch of the Claw-2 offensive.[36]
  • 14 August: TAF ATAK helicopters hit PKK targets in the village of Birkim.[37]
  • 15 August: Turkish fighter jets kill a total of 13 PKK targets in northern Iraq according to the Defense Ministry said.[38]
  • 19 August: TAF ATAK helicopters hit PKK targets in the Hakurk region.[39]

Operation Claw 3[edit]

  • 25 August: Three Turkish soldiers killed in PKK ambush; seven soldiers also heavily injured.[40]
  • 26 August: Total of 15 PKK militants killed in Operation Claw 3.[41]
  • 27 August: Operation of Claw-3 aim to destroy six camps in northern Iraq.[42]
  • 28 August: The Peshmerga forces forbade access to the villages of Kasrok, Mergashish, Darashish and Behnuna in the Haftanin region due to the Paw-3 operation.[43]

September 2019[edit]

  • 11 September: During an air operation against a building in the Kandil/Bawlah region, KCK Executive Member "Pelşin Tolhildan" (code-named Gülüzar Tural) and women's structuring KJK's Executive Council Member "Jiyan Garzan" (code-named Saliha Kaytar) were killed.[44]
  • 12 September: TAF troops were deployed to the top of Karachal mountain to establish a new base via helicopters.[45]
  • 13 September: TAF units take Hales Mountain in Haftanin.[46]
  • 14 September: Operation Claw-3 continues in northern Iraq.[47]
  • 17 September: New bases established in the "Dayla (lelikan) region".[48]
  • 18 September: A total of 417 PKK militants killed or captured in northern Iraq over past four months according to the Defense Ministry.[49]
  • 23 September: Two TAF personnel killed in a roadside bomb explosion in northern Iraq.[50]

October 2019[edit]

  • 6 October: TAF fighter jets organized an air operation in Gara / Hezanke region.[51]
  • 7 October: Air operations carried out by Turkish Armed Forces fighters in Iraq/Fishabur region (border crossing Syria-Iraq area).[52]
  • 12 October: Organized air operations against PKK targets in the Haftanin region.[53]
  • 15 October: TAF fighter planes hit PKK targets in Kandil/Barawa region.[54]
  • 16 October: TAF warplanes organized air operations in Gara region of northern Iraq.[55]
  • 18 October: Two HPG militants were killed after an operation carried out by Bayraktar Tactical UAS.[56]
  • 28 October: One TAF soldier killed in Helicopter transportation[vague].[57]

November 2019[edit]

  • 20 November: Ten PKK militants were killed or wounded during an air attack in Haftanin area.[58]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "PKK attacks kill 2 Turkish soldiers in northern Iraq, eastern Turkey". Dailysabah.com.
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  4. ^ {{Cite web|url=https://www.aa.com.tr/en/turkey/new-phase-begins-in-turkeys-northern-iraq-operation/1587143}
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  6. ^ "Turkey launches 'Operation Claw' against PKK in Iraq's Kurdish region". Middle East Eye.
  7. ^ a b "'Pençe Harekatı' şehitlerine veda". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
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  9. ^ a b "Turkey's Bora missile saw combat debut: What next?". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  10. ^ a b "Search". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
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  13. ^ "Senior PKK terrorist among killed in N.Iraq op". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  14. ^ Bakanlığı, T. C. Millî Savunma (12 June 2019). "Pençe Harekâtı'na devam eden Komandolarımız, saldırı girişiminde bulunan PKK'lı teröristlere anında karşılık vererek 2 teröristi etkisiz hale getirdi. Etkisiz hale getirilen teröristlerle birlikte 2 adet AK-47 ve kafa kamerası ele geçirildi. #MSB #TSK #PençeHarekatıpic.twitter.com/ceofeFirUK". Twitter.com.
  15. ^ "Turkey launches counter-terror operation in north Iraq". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
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  17. ^ "Turkey 'neutralizes' 4 more PKK terrorists in N Iraq". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  18. ^ "Turkish jets hit PKK terror targets in northern Iraq". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  19. ^ "3 PKK terrorists neutralized in northern Iraq". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
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  26. ^ "Turkey neutralizes 60 PKK terrorists in N. Iraq". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  27. ^ "Turkey launches counter-terror Operation Claw-2 in N.Iraq". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  28. ^ "Pençe-2 Harekatında bir asker şehit düştü". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  29. ^ "Turkey: 255 terrorists 'neutralized' in N Iraq in 3 months". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  30. ^ QuarkPlayer, player-inline {display: inline-block;padding-bottom: 56 25%;position: relative;width: 100%;z-index: 5;} player-box {height: 100%;left: 0;position: absolute;top: 0;width: 100%;}$ ready{quarkPlayer = new; false, autoPlay:; false, subTitles:; true, showAds:; false, showNotification:; showB; true, widthSelector:; false, customMenu:; Preload: 'None'. "Kandil yolunda büyük kara harekâtı - Son Dakika Haberler". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-11-19.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
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  35. ^ TSKMap.net (4 August 2019). "#KuzeyIrak #Hakurk // TSK'ya ait birliklerin Gorasher dağını kontrol etmesi ile birlikte Armuş Vadisinin büyük bir kısmı TSK'nın kontrolü altına geçti". @TSKMap (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-11-09.
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  40. ^ "3 Turkish soldiers martyred in PKK attack". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  41. ^ "Total 15 terrorists neutralized in Operation Claw 3". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
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  43. ^ TSKMap.net (2019-08-28). "#KuzeyIrak // Peşmerge güçleri Pençe-3 harekatından dolayı Haftanin bölgesinde bulunan Kasrok, Mergaşiş, Daraşiş ve Behnuna köylerine girişleri yasakladı". @TSKMap (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-11-09.
  44. ^ TSKMap.net (11 September 2019). "Kandil/Bawlah bölgesinde bir binaya düzenlenen hava harekatında örgütün PKK/KCK Yürütme Konseyi Üyesi "Pelşin Tolhildan" kod adlı Gülüzar Tural ile kadın yapılanması KJK'nın Yürütme Konseyi Üyesi " Jiyan Garzan" kod adlı Saliha Kaytar'ın etkisiz hale getirildi tespit". @TSKMap (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-11-09.
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  52. ^ TSKMap.net (7 October 2019). "#KuzeyIrak // TSK'ya ait savaş uçaklarının Irak/Fişabur bölgesine düzenlediği hava harekatında PKK'lı teröristlere ait 1 aracın imha edildiği aktarılıyor". @TSKMap (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-11-09.
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