National conservatism

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National conservatism is a variant of conservatism that concentrates more on national interests and upholding cultural or ethnic identity than most other conservatives.[1] In Europe, national conservatives are usually Eurosceptics.[2][3] National conservatism shares characteristics with traditionalist conservatism and social conservatism given how the 3 variations focus on preservation and tradition. As national conservatism seeks to preserve national interests, traditional conservatism emphasizes ancestral institutions and social conservatism.[4][5][6] National-conservative parties often have roots in environments with a rural, traditionalist or peripheral basis, contrasting with the more urban support base of liberal-conservative parties.[7]

Most conservative parties in post-communist Central and Southeastern Europe since 1989 have been national conservative.[8]

Ideology[edit]

Social policies[edit]

National conservative parties are "socially traditional"[2] and support the traditional family and social stability.[9] According to the Austrian political scientist Sieglinde Rosenberger, "national conservatism praises the family as a home and a center of identity, solidarity and emotion."[9] Many national conservatives are thus social conservatives, as well as in favor of limiting immigration and enacting law-and-order policies.[2]

Economic policies[edit]

National conservative parties in different countries do not necessarily share a common position on economic policy: their views may range from support of a planned economy to a centrist mixed economy to a laissez-faire approach.[1] In the first, more common, case, national conservatives can be distinguished from liberal conservatives,[10] for whom free market economic policies, deregulation and tight spending are the main priorities. Some commentators have indeed identified a growing gap between national and economic liberal conservatism: "most parties of the Right [today] are run by economically liberal conservatives who, in varying degrees, have marginalized social, cultural, and national conservatives."[10]

List of national conservative political parties[edit]

Current national conservative parties or parties with national conservative factions[edit]

The following political parties have been characterised as national conservative, at least as one of their ideological influences.

Former national conservative parties or parties with national conservative factions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mandal 2007, p. 306.
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  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, Cambridge University Press, p. 79
  9. ^ a b Rosenberger, Sieglinde, Europe is swinging towards the right - What are the effects on women?, University of Vienna, 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  10. ^ a b National Questions, National Review, Vol. 49, Issue 12, 30 June 1997, pp. 16-17
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Books[edit]

Mandal, U.C. (2007). Dictionary Of Public Administration. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 978-8-1762-5784-8.



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