Murad V

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Murad V
مراد خامس
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Kayser-i Rûm
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Portrait of Murad V.jpg
33rd Ottoman Sultan (Emperor)
Reign 30 May 1876 – 31 August 1876
Predecessor Abdülaziz
Successor Abdul Hamid II
Born (1840-09-21)21 September 1840
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died 29 August 1904(1904-08-29) (aged 63)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial 30 August 1904
New Mosque, Istanbul
Consorts Elaru Kadın
Reftarıdil Kadın
Şayan Kadın
Meyliservet Kadın
Resan Hanım
Issue Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin
Hatice Sultan
Fehime Sultan
Fatma Sultan
Aliye Sultan
Full name
Murad bin Abdul Mecid
Dynasty Ottoman
Father Abdulmejid I
Mother Şevkefza Sultan
Religion Sunni Islam
Tughra Murad V مراد خامس's signature

Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس‎) (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.

He was born at the Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul.[1] His father was Abdulmejid I. His mother, whom his father married in Constantinople on 1 August 1839, was Şevkefza Valide Sultan, an ethnic Circassian[2][3][4] from the Ubykh tribe, daughter of Mehmed Bey Zaurum and his wife Cemile Hanım.[5]

Reign[edit]

Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture and was a liberal.[6][7][8][9] He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was mentally ill.[9] As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then ruled by Alexander II.

Murad V was the first and only sultan member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.[10][11]

An important primary source about his life comes from the memoirs of one of his consorts, Filizten Kalfa, written in the 1930s.[12]

He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul, and was buried in Istanbul on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended the throne on 31 August 1876.

Family[edit]

Murad married five times and had five children. His marriages were:

Picture gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Britannica, Istanbul: Until the Turkish Post Office officially changed the name in 1930, however, the city continued to bear the millenary name of Constantinople.
  2. ^ Açba, Harun (2007). "Bölüm 2: Sultan I. Abdülhamid Han Ailesi". Kadınefendiler: Son Dönem Osmanlı Padişah Eşleri (in Turkish) (1 ed.). Istanbul: Prolil Yayıncılık. p. 28. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. ^ Turkish Historical Society XXXI. Türk Tarih Kurumu Osmanlı Tarihi Interaktif CD-ROM
  4. ^ http://www.osmanli700.gen.tr/kesitler/anneleri.html
  5. ^ İbrahim Pazan (2007). Padişah anneleri. Babıali Kültür Yayıncılığı. ISBN 978-9944-118-31-6.
  6. ^ Howard, Douglas Arthur (2001). The History of Turkey. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 66. ISBN 0313307083. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  7. ^ Smith, Jean Reeder; Smith, Lacey Baldwin (1980). Essentials of World History. Barron's Educational Series. ISBN 0812006372. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  8. ^ Yapp, Malcolm (9 January 2014). The Making of the Modern Near East 1792-1923. Routledge. p. 118. ISBN 1317871073. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  9. ^ a b Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, 1992. Page 141–143.
  10. ^ http://162.243.49.51/web/03_turkiye.html#5 Archived 13 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/templars/knights_templars04.htm
  12. ^ Brookes, Douglas Scott. The concubine, the princess, and the teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press, 2010. p13-14
  13. ^ a b c d e Harun Açba (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839 – 1924. Profil. ISBN 978-975-996-109-1.

External links[edit]

Murad V
Born: 21 September 1840 Died: 29 August 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdülaziz
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Abdülaziz
Caliph of Islam
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II


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