Middleman minorityWikipedia Open wikipedia design.
A middleman minority is a minority population whose main occupations link producers and consumers: traders, money-lenders, etc. A middleman minority, while possibly suffering discrimination, does not hold an "extreme subordinate" status in society. The "middleman minority" concept was developed by sociologists like Blalock and Bonacich starting in the 1960s but is also used by political scientists and economists.
There are numerous examples of such groups gaining eventual prosperity in their adopted country despite discrimination. Often, they will take on roles between producer and consumer, such as trading and moneylending. Famous examples such as Jews throughout Europe even at times when discrimination against them was high, Chinese throughout Southeast Asia, Muslims and Parsis in India, Igbos in Nigeria, Indians in East Africa, Lebanese in West Africa, and many others.
Middleman minorities usually provide an economic benefit to communities and nations and often start new industries. However, their economic aptitude, financial success, clannishness, combined with social prejudices by other groups against businesses and moneylending, can cause resentment among the native population of a country. Middleman minorities can be victims of violence, genocide, racialist policy, or other forms of repression. Other ethnic groups often accuse them of plotting conspiracies against their nation or of stealing wealth from the native population.
- American Jews
- European Jews
- Ottoman Jews
- Ottoman Greeks
- Arab Christians in the Arab World
- Armenians in the Ottoman Empire
- Armenians in Baku during the Russian Empire
- Persian Armenians in Safavid dynasty
- Azerbaijanis during the Imperial era of Iran (16th–20th centuries)
- Azerbaijanis in the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire
- Azerbaijanis in contemporary Iran
- Azerbaijanis in contemporary Russia
- Radhanite Jews
- Bedouin
- Chinese Americans
- Japanese Americans
- Korean Americans
- Greek Americans
- Armenian Americans
- Lebanese Americans
- Asian Indians in East Africa
- Chinese in Southeast Asia
- Parsis in India, although having prospered, have done so under active patronisation of Indian rulers and have not been discriminated against because of their race.
- Japanese in South America
- Syrians in West Africa
- Marwaris in Nepal & India
- Lebanese in South America.
- Chinese and Vietnamese in Russia and Eastern Europe 
- Colonialism, particularly exploitation colonialism and plantation colonies
- Dominant minority
- Market-dominant minority
- Model minority
- Yuri Slezkine's book The Jewish Century (2004) discussed the concept of "Mercurian" people "specializ[ing] exclusively in providing services to the surrounding food-producing societies," which are characterized as "Apollonians"
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