Michael BloombergWikipedia open wikipedia design.
|108th Mayor of New York City|
January 1, 2002 – December 31, 2013
|Preceded by||Rudy Giuliani|
|Succeeded by||Bill de Blasio|
Michael Rubens Bloomberg
February 14, 1942
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic (before 2001, 2018–present)|
(m. 1975; div. 1993)
|Domestic partner||Diana Taylor (2000–present)|
|Children||2, including Georgina|
|Education||Johns Hopkins University (BS)|
Harvard University (MBA)
|Net worth||US$59.4 billion (February 2020)|
Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born February 14, 1942) is an American businessman, politician, philanthropist, and author. He is the majority owner and co-founder of Bloomberg L.P. He was the mayor of New York City from 2002 to 2013 and is currently a candidate in the 2020 Democratic presidential primaries.
Bloomberg grew up in Medford, Massachusetts, and attended Johns Hopkins University and Harvard Business School. He began his career at the securities brokerage Salomon Brothers, before forming his own company in 1981, Bloomberg L.P., a financial information services, software, and mass media company that is known for its Bloomberg Terminal. Bloomberg spent the next twenty years as its chairman and CEO. As of February 2020, he is the ninth-richest person in the world, with a net worth estimated at $59.4 billion. Since signing The Giving Pledge, Bloomberg has given away $8.2 billion.
Bloomberg was elected the 108th mayor of New York City, holding office for three consecutive terms, winning re-elections in 2005 and 2009. Pursuing generally progressive but fiscally conservative policies, he pioneered a technocratic managerial style.
As mayor of New York, Bloomberg adopted a data-drive, analytic approach, to devise policy solutions for social and governmental problems. Among the policies of his administration were education initiatives, including establishment of public charter schools, rebuilding urban infrastructure, support for gun control, public health initiatives, and environmental protections. He also led a rezoning of large areas of New York City, which facilitated massive and widespread new commercial and residential construction after the September 11 attacks. Bloomberg is considered to have had far-reaching influence on the politics, business sector, and culture of New York City during his three terms as mayor. He has also faced criticism for his expansion of the city's stop and frisk program.
Following weeks of speculation that he would join the race as a late entry, Bloomberg officially launched his campaign for the Democratic nomination in the 2020 presidential election on November 24, 2019. Bloomberg's total spending on his campaign has exceeded $500 million, the most in American history by a wide margin.
Early life and education
Bloomberg was born at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, in Brighton, a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, on February 14, 1942, to William Henry Bloomberg (1906–1963), a bookkeeper for a dairy company, and Charlotte (Rubens) Bloomberg (1909–2011). The Bloomberg Center at the Harvard Business School was named in William Henry's honor. His family is Jewish. He is a member of the Emanu-El Temple in Manhattan. Bloomberg's paternal grandfather, Alexander "Elick" Bloomberg, was an immigrant from Russia. Bloomberg's maternal grandfather, Max Rubens, was an immigrant from present-day Belarus.
The family lived in Allston until Bloomberg was two years old, when they moved to Brookline, Massachusetts, for the next two years, finally settling in the Boston suburb of Medford, Massachusetts, where he lived until after he graduated from college.
Bloomberg is an Eagle Scout. He graduated from Medford High School in 1960, and then attended Johns Hopkins University, where he joined the fraternity Phi Kappa Psi. In 1962, as a sophomore, he constructed the school mascot's (the blue jay's) costume. He graduated in 1964 with a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering. In 1966, he graduated from Harvard Business School with a Master of Business Administration.
In 1973, Bloomberg became a general partner at Salomon Brothers, a large Wall Street investment bank, where he headed equity trading and, later, systems development. In 1981, Salomon Brothers was bought by Phibro Corporation, and Bloomberg was laid off from the investment bank with a $10 million cash buyout of his partnership stake in the firm. 
Using this money, Bloomberg, having designed in-house computerized financial systems for Salomon, set up a data services company named Innovative Market Systems (IMS) based on his belief that Wall Street would pay a premium for high-quality business information, delivered instantaneously on computer terminals in a variety of usable formats. The company sold customized computer terminals that delivered real-time market data, financial calculations and other analytics to Wall Street firms. At first, the machines were called "Market Master Terminals" but later became known as "Bloomberg Terminals" or simply "Bloombergs". In 1983, Merrill Lynch became the company's first customer, investing $30 million in IMS to help finance the development of "the Bloomberg" terminal computer system. As of 1983, IMS was selling machines exclusively to Merrill Lynch's clients; in 1984, Merrill Lynch released IMS from this exclusive deal.
The company was renamed Bloomberg L.P. By 1990, it had installed 8,000 terminals. Over the years, ancillary products including Bloomberg News, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Message, and Bloomberg Tradebook were launched.
As of October 2015, the company had more than 325,000 terminal subscribers worldwide. Subscriptions cost $24,000 per year, discounted to $20,000 for two or more. As of 2019, Bloomberg employs 20,000 people in dozens of locations. The company earned approximately $10 billion in 2018, loosely $3 billion more than Thomson Reuters, now Refinitiv, its nearest competitor.
The culture of the company has been compared to a fraternity, with employees bragging in the company's office about their sexual exploits. The company was sued four times by female employees for sexual harassment, including one incident in which a victim claimed to have been raped. To celebrate Bloomberg's 48th birthday, colleagues published a pamphlet entitled Portable Bloomberg: The Wit and Wisdom of Michael Bloomberg. Among various sayings that were attributed to him, several have subsequently been criticized as sexist or misogynistic.
When he left the position of CEO to pursue a political career as the mayor of New York City, Bloomberg was replaced by Lex Fenwick and later by Daniel L. Doctoroff, after his initial service as deputy mayor under Bloomberg. After completing his final term as the mayor of New York City, Bloomberg spent his first eight months out of office as a full-time philanthropist. In fall 2014, he announced that he would return to Bloomberg L.P. as CEO at the end of 2014, succeeding Doctoroff, who had led the company since February 2008. Bloomberg resigned as CEO of Bloomberg L.P. to run for president in 2019.
In March 2009, Forbes reported Bloomberg's wealth at $16 billion, a gain of $4.5 billion over the previous year, the world's biggest increase in wealth in 2009. At that time, there were only four fortunes in the U.S. that were larger (although the Walton family, majority owners of Walmart, fortune is split among four people). He had moved from 142nd to 17th in the Forbes list of the world's billionaires in only two years. As of February 2020, Bloomberg was the ninth richest person in the world. According to Forbes, his net worth was estimated at $61.9 billion.
Mayor of New York City
Bloomberg assumed office as the 108th mayor of New York City on January 1, 2002. He won re-election in 2005 and again in 2009. As mayor, he initially struggled with approval ratings as low as 24 percent; however, he subsequently developed and maintained high approval ratings. Bloomberg joined Rudy Giuliani and Fiorello La Guardia as re-elected Republican mayors in the mostly Democratic city, and his re-election meant the Republicans had won four times in a row.
Bloomberg stated that he wanted public education reform to be the legacy of his first term and addressing poverty to be the legacy of his second. According to the National Assessment of Educational Performance, fourth-grade reading scores from 2002 to 2009 rose nationally by 11 points, but in May 2010, The New York Times reported that eighth-graders had shown no significant improvement in math or reading.
Bloomberg chose to apply a statistical, metrics-based management approach to city government, and granted departmental commissioners broad autonomy in their decision-making. Breaking with 190 years of tradition, he implemented what New York Times political reporter Adam Nagourney called a "bullpen" open office plan, similar to a Wall Street trading floor, in which dozens of aides and managerial staff are seated together in a large chamber. The design is intended to promote accountability and accessibility.
As mayor, Bloomberg greatly expanded the city's stop and frisk program, a policy which allowed the New York Police Department to stop and pat down civilians, with a sixfold increase in documented stops. New York City's policy was challenged in U.S. Federal Court, which ruled that the city's implementation of the policy violated citizens' rights under the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution and encouraged racial profiling. Bloomberg's adminstration appealed the ruling; however, his successor, Mayor Bill de Blasio, dropped the appeal and allowed the ruling to take effect. The long-term downward trend in NYC crime which began prior to Bloomberg's tenure continued after stop-and-frisk was restricted.
After the September 11 attacks, with assistance from the Central Intelligence Agency, Bloomberg’s administration oversaw a controversial "suspicionless domestic surveillance" program that surveilled Muslim communities on the basis of their religion, ethnicity, and language. An eight-person NYPD unit profiled and surveilled schools, bookstores, cafes, restaurants, nightclubs, and every single mosque within 100 miles (160 km) of New York City using undercover informants and officers. The program was exposed in 2011 by the Associated Press in a Pulitzer Prize-winning series of investigative reports. The program was discontinued in 2014.
To increase access to grocery stores in underserved areas, the Bloomberg administration developed a program called FRESH that offers zoning and financial incentives to developers, grocery store operators and land owners. His administration also created a Healthy Bodega initiative, which provides healthful food samples and promotional support to grocers in lower-income areas to encourage them to carry one-percent milk and fruits and vegetables. Under Bloomberg's leadership, the city passed a Green Carts bill, which supports mobile produce vendors in lower-income areas; expanded farmers' markets using the city's Health Bucks program, which provides coupons to eligible individuals to buy produce at farmers' markets in lower-income areas; and committed $111 million in capital funding for playground improvements. New York also was one of the first cities in the nation to require fast-food and chain restaurants to label their menus with calorie information.
In 2001, New York's Republican mayor Rudy Giuliani, was ineligible for re-election due to the city's limit of two consecutive terms. Bloomberg, who had been a lifelong member of the Democratic Party, decided to run for mayor on the Republican ticket. Voting in the primary began on the morning of September 11, 2001. The primary was postponed later that day, due to the September 11 attacks. In the rescheduled primary, Bloomberg defeated Herman Badillo, a former Democratic congressman, to become the Republican nominee. After a runoff, the Democratic nomination went to New York City Public Advocate Mark J. Green.
Bloomberg received Giuliani's endorsement to succeed him in the 2001 election. He also had a huge campaign spending advantage. Although New York City's campaign finance law restricts the amount of contributions that a candidate can accept, Bloomberg chose not to use public funds and therefore his campaign was not subject to these restrictions. He spent $73 million of his own money on his campaign, outspending Green five to one. One of the major themes of his campaign was that, with the city's economy suffering from the effects of the World Trade Center attacks, it needed a mayor with business experience.
In addition to running on the Republican line, Bloomberg ran on the ticket of the controversial Independence Party, in which "Social Therapy" leaders Fred Newman and Lenora Fulani exerted strong influence. Bloomberg's votes on that line exceeded his margin of victory over Green. (Under New York's fusion rules, a candidate can run on more than one party's line and combine all the votes received.) Another factor was the vote in Staten Island, which has traditionally been friendlier to Republicans than the rest of the city. Bloomberg received 75 percent of the vote in Staten Island. Overall, he won 50 percent to 48 percent.
In the wake of the September 11 attacks, Bloomberg's administration made a successful bid to host the 2004 Republican National Convention. The convention drew thousands of protesters, among them New Yorkers who despised Bush and the Bush Administration's pursuit of the Iraq war.
Bloomberg was re-elected mayor in November 2005 by a margin of 20 percent, the widest margin ever for a Republican mayor of New York City. He spent almost $78 million on his campaign, exceeding the record of $74 million he spent on the previous election. In late 2004 or early 2005, Bloomberg gave the Independence Party of New York $250,000 to fund a phone bank seeking to recruit volunteers for his re-election campaign.
Former Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer won the Democratic nomination to oppose Bloomberg in the general election. Thomas Ognibene sought to run against Bloomberg in the Republican Party's primary election. The Bloomberg campaign successfully challenged the signatures Ognibene submitted to the Board of Elections to prevent Ognibene from appearing on ballots for the Republican primary. Instead, Ognibene ran on only the Conservative Party ticket. Ognibene accused Bloomberg of betraying Republican Party ideals, a feeling echoed by others.
Bloomberg opposed the confirmation of John Roberts as Chief Justice of the United States. Bloomberg is a staunch supporter of abortion rights and did not believe that Roberts was committed to maintaining Roe v. Wade. In addition to Republican support, Bloomberg obtained the endorsements of several prominent Democrats: former Democratic Mayor Ed Koch; former Democratic governor Hugh Carey; former Democratic City Council Speaker Peter Vallone, and his son, Councilman Peter Vallone Jr.; former Democratic Congressman Floyd Flake (who had previously endorsed Bloomberg in 2001), and Brooklyn Borough President Marty Markowitz.
On October 2, 2008, Bloomberg announced he would seek to extend the city's term limits law and run for a third mayoral term in 2009, arguing a leader of his field was needed following the financial crisis of 2007–08. "Handling this financial crisis while strengthening essential services ... is a challenge I want to take on," Bloomberg said at a news conference. "So should the City Council vote to amend term limits, I plan to ask New Yorkers to look at my record of independent leadership and then decide if I have earned another term."
Ronald Lauder, who campaigned for New York City's term limits in 1993 and spent over 4 million dollars of his own money to limit the maximum years a mayor could serve to eight years, sided with Bloomberg and agreed to stay out of future legality issues. In exchange, he was promised a seat on an influential city board by Bloomberg.
Some people and organizations objected and NYPIRG filed a complaint with the City Conflict of Interest Board. On October 23, 2008, the City Council voted 29–22 in favor of extending the term limit to three consecutive four-year terms. After two days of public hearings, Bloomberg signed the bill into law on November 3.
Bloomberg's bid for a third term generated some controversy. Civil libertarians such as former New York Civil Liberties Union Director Norman Siegel and New York Civil Rights Coalition Executive Director Michael Meyers joined with local politicians to protest the process as undermining the democratic process.
Bloomberg's opponent was Democratic and Working Families Party nominee Bill Thompson, who had been New York City Comptroller for the past eight years and before that, president of the New York City Board of Education. Bloomberg defeated Thompson by a vote of 51 percent to 46 percent.
After the release of Independence Party campaign filings in January 2010, it was reported that Bloomberg had made two $600,000 contributions from his personal account to the Independence Party on October 30 and November 2, 2009. The Independence Party then paid $750,000 of that money to Republican Party political operative John Haggerty Jr.
This prompted an investigation beginning in February 2010 by the office of New York County District Attorney Cyrus Vance Jr. into possible improprieties. The Independence Party later questioned how Haggerty spent the money, which was to go to poll-watchers. Former New York State Senator Martin Connor contended that because the Bloomberg donations were made to an Independence Party housekeeping account rather than to an account meant for current campaigns, this was a violation of campaign finance laws. Haggerty also spent money from a separate $200,000 donation from Bloomberg on office space.
On September 13, 2013, Bloomberg announced that he would not endorse any of the candidates to succeed him. On his radio show, he stated, "I don't want to do anything that complicates it for the next mayor. And that's one of the reasons I've decided I'm just not going to make an endorsement in the race." He added, "I want to make sure that person is ready to succeed, to take what we've done and build on that."
Bloomberg praised The New York Times for its endorsement of Christine Quinn and Joe Lhota as their favorite candidates in the Democratic and Republican primaries, respectively. Quinn came in third in the Democratic primary and Lhota won the Republican primary. Bloomberg criticized Democratic mayoral candidate Bill de Blasio's campaign methods, which he initially called "racist;" Bloomberg later downplayed and partially retracted those remarks.
On January 1, 2014, de Blasio became New York City's new mayor, succeeding Bloomberg.
Post-mayoral political involvement through 2019
Bloomberg was frequently mentioned as a possible centrist candidate for the presidential elections in 2008 and 2012, as well as for governor of New York in 2010 or vice-president in 2008. He eventually declined to seek all of these offices.
2016 presidential campaign speculation and role
On January 23, 2016, it was reported that Bloomberg was again considering a presidential run, as an independent candidate in the 2016 election. This was the first time he had officially confirmed he was considering a run. Bloomberg supporters believed that Bloomberg could run as a centrist and capture many voters who were dissatisfied with the likely Democratic and Republican nominees. However, on March 7, Bloomberg announced he would not be running for president.
In July 2016, Bloomberg delivered a speech at the 2016 Democratic National Convention in which he called Hillary Clinton "the right choice". Bloomberg warned of the dangers a Donald Trump presidency would pose. He said Trump "wants you to believe that we can solve our biggest problems by deporting Mexicans and shutting out Muslims. He wants you to believe that erecting trade barriers will bring back good jobs. He's wrong on both counts." Bloomberg also said Trump's economic plans "would make it harder for small businesses to compete" and would "erode our influence in the world". Trump responded to the speech by condemning Bloomberg in a series of tweets.
2018 elections and re-registration as Democrat
In June 2018, Bloomberg made pledged $80 million to support Democratic congressional candidates in the 2018 election, with the goal of flipping control of the Republican-controlled House to Democrats. In a statement, Bloomberg said that Republican House leadership were "absolutely feckless" and had failed to govern responsibly. Bloomberg advisor Howard Wolfson was chosen to lead the effort, which was to target mainly suburban districts. By early October, Bloomberg had committed more than $100 million to returning the House and Senate to Democratic power, fueling speculation about a presidential run in 2020. On October 10, 2018, Bloomberg announced that he had returned to the Democratic party.
2020 presidential campaign
On March 5, 2019, Bloomberg had announced that he would not run for president in 2020. Instead, he encouraged the Democratic Party to "nominate a Democrat who will be in the strongest position to defeat Donald Trump". However, due to his dissatisfaction with the Democratic field, Bloomberg reconsidered. He officially launched his campaign for the 2020 Democratic nomination on November 24, 2019.
When Bloomberg participated in his first presidential debate, the other candidates accused him of a history of misogyny and supporting racist policies. Specifically, Elizabeth Warren and Joe Biden challenged him to release women who had signed non-disclosure agreements with Bloomberg and his company from the requirement to not discuss their allegations in public. Two days later, Bloomberg publicly released the three women from their non-disclosure agreements. It is reported that there are at least 64 women named in at least 40 lawsuits alleging sexual harassment or gender discrimination against his company.
Bloomberg was a lifelong Democrat until 2001, when he switched to the Republican Party before running for Mayor. He switched to an independent in 2007, and registered again as a Democrat in October 2018. In 2004, he endorsed the re-election of George W. Bush and spoke at the 2004 Republican National Convention. He endorsed Barack Obama's re-election in 2012, endorsed Hillary Clinton in the 2016 election, and spoke at the 2016 Democratic National Convention.
He has been described as a supporter of nanny state policies for his public health initiatives in New York City, including issuing a ban on large sugary sodas and efforts in tobacco control including supporting the raise of the smoking age and bans on all flavored tobacco and e-cigarette products including menthol flavors.
Over his career, Bloomberg has "mingled support for progressive causes with more conservative positions on law enforcement, business regulation and school choice." Bloomberg supports gun-control measures, abortion rights, same-sex marriage, and a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants. He advocates for a public health insurance option that he has called "Medicare for all for people that are uncovered" rather than a universal single-payer healthcare system. He is concerned about climate change and has touted his mayoral efforts to reduce greenhouse gases. Bloomberg supported the Iraq War and opposed creating a timeline for withdrawing troops but later called the war "a mistake." Bloomberg has sometimes embraced the use of surveillance in efforts to deter crime and protect against terrorism.
As Mayor of New York, Bloomberg supported government initiatives in public health and welfare. During and after his tenure, he was a staunch supporter of stop-and-frisk. In November 2019, Bloomberg apologized for supporting it. He advocates reversing many of the Trump tax cuts. His own tax plan includes implementing a 5 percent surtax on incomes above $5 million a year and would raise federal revenue by $5 trillion over a decade. He opposes a wealth tax, saying that it would likely be found unconstitutional. He has also proposed more stringent financial regulations that include tougher oversight for big banks, a financial transactions tax, and stronger consumer protections.
Bloomberg has stated that running as a Democrat – not an independent – is the only path he sees to defeating Donald Trump, saying: "In 2020, the great likelihood is that an independent would just split the anti-Trump vote and end up re-electing the President. That's a risk I refused to run in 2016 and we can't afford to run it now."
According to a profile in Fast Company, his Bloomberg Philanthropies foundation has five areas of focus: public health, the arts, government innovation, the environment, and education. According to the Chronicle of Philanthropy, Bloomberg was the third-largest philanthropic donor in America in 2015. Through his Bloomberg Philanthropies Foundation, he has donated and/or pledged $240 million in 2005, $60 million in 2006, $47 million in 2007, $150 million in 2009, $332 million in 2010, $311 million in 2011, and $510 million in 2015.
2011 recipients included the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; World Lung Foundation and the World Health Organization. According to The New York Times, Bloomberg was an "anonymous donor" to the Carnegie Corporation from 2001 to 2010, with gifts ranging from $5 million to $20 million each year. The Carnegie Corporation distributed these contributions to hundreds of New York City organizations ranging from the Dance Theatre of Harlem to Gilda's Club, a non-profit organization that provides support to people and families living with cancer. He continues to support the arts through his foundation.
Bloomberg gave $254 million in 2009 to almost 1,400 nonprofit organizations, saying, "I am a big believer in giving it all away and have always said that the best financial planning ends with bouncing the check to the undertaker."
Bloomberg is an environmentalist and has advocated policy to fight climate change at least since he became the mayor of New York City. At the national level, Bloomberg has consistently pushed for transitioning the United States' energy mix from fossil fuels to clean energy. In July 2011, Bloomberg Philanthropies donated $50 million to Sierra Club's Beyond Coal campaign, allowing the campaign to expand its efforts to shut down coal-fired power plants from 15 states to 45 states. In 2015, Bloomberg announced an additional $30 million contribution to the Beyond Coal initiative, matched with another $30 million by other donors, to help secure the retirement of half of America's fleet of coal plants by 2017. In early June 2019, Bloomberg pledged $500 million to reduce climate impacts and shut remaining coal-fired power plants by 2030 via the new Beyond Carbon initiative.
In 2013, Bloomberg and Bloomberg Philanthropies launched the Risky Business initiative with former Treasury Secretary Hank Paulson and hedge-fund billionaire Tom Steyer. The joint effort worked to convince the business community of the need for more sustainable energy and development policies, by quantifying and publicizing the economic risks the United States faces from the impact of climate change. In January 2015, Bloomberg led Bloomberg Philanthropies in a $48-million partnership with the Heising-Simons family to launch the Clean Energy Initiative. The initiative supports state-based solutions aimed at ensuring America has a clean, reliable, and affordable energy system.
Since 2010, Bloomberg has taken an increasingly global role on environmental issues. From 2010 to 2013, he served as the chairman of the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, a network of the world's biggest cities working together to reduce carbon emissions. During his tenure, Bloomberg worked with President Bill Clinton to merge C40 with the Clinton Climate Initiative, with the goal of amplifying their efforts in the global fight against climate change worldwide. He serves as the president of the board of C40 Cities. In January 2014, Bloomberg began a five-year commitment totaling $53 million through Bloomberg Philanthropies to the Vibrant Oceans Initiative. The initiative partners Bloomberg Philanthropies with Oceana, Rare, and Encourage Capital to help reform fisheries and increase sustainable populations worldwide. In 2018, Bloomberg joined Ray Dalio in announcing a commitment of $185 million towards protecting the oceans.
In 2014, United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon appointed Bloomberg as his first Special Envoy for Cities and Climate Change to help the United Nations work with cities to prevent climate change. In September 2014, Bloomberg convened with Ban and global leaders at the UN Climate Summit to announce definite action to fight climate change in 2015. In 2018, Ban's successor António Guterres appointed Bloomberg as UN envoy for climate action. He resigned in November 2019, in the run-up to his presidential campaign.
In late 2014, Bloomberg, Ban Ki-moon, and global city networks ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI), C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) and United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG), with support from UN-Habitat, launched the Compact of Mayors, a global coalition of mayors and city officials pledging to reduce local greenhouse gas emissions, enhance climate resilience, and track their progress transparently. To date, over 250 cities representing more than 300 million people worldwide and 4.1 percent of the total global population, have committed to the Compact of Mayors, which was merged with the Covenant of Mayors in June 2016.
In 2015, Bloomberg and Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo created the Climate Summit for Local Leaders. which convened assembled hundreds of city leaders from around the world at Paris City Hall to discuss fighting climate change. The Summit concluded with the presentation of the Paris Declaration, a pledge by leaders from assembled global cities to cut carbon emissions by 3.7 gigatons annually by 2030.
During the 2015 UN Climate Change Conference in Paris, Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England and chair of the Financial Stability Board, announced that Bloomberg would lead a new global task force designed to help industry and financial markets understand the growing risks of climate change.
Following President Donald Trump's announcement that the U.S. government would withdraw from the Paris climate accord, Bloomberg outlined a coalition of cities, states, universities and businesses that had come together to honor America's commitment under the agreement through 'America's Pledge.' Bloomberg offered up to $15 million to the UNFCCC, the UN body that assists countries with climate change efforts. About a month later, Bloomberg and California Governor Jerry Brown announced that the America's Pledge coalition would work to "quantify the actions taken by U.S. states, cities and business to drive down greenhouse gas emissions consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement." In announcing the initiative, Bloomberg said "the American government may have pulled out of the Paris agreement, but American society remains committed to it." Two think tanks, World Resource Institute and the Rocky Mountain Institute, will work with America's Pledge to analyze the work cities, states and businesses do to meet the U.S. commitment to the Paris agreement.
In May 2019, Bloomberg announced a 2020 Midwestern Collegiate Climate Summit in Washington University in St. Louis with the aim to bring together leaders from Midwestern universities, local government and the private sector to reduce climate impacts in the region.
Johns Hopkins University philanthropy
As of 2019, Bloomberg has given more than $3.3 billion to Johns Hopkins University, his alma mater, making him "the most generous living donor to any education institution in the United States." His first contribution, in 1965, had been $5. He made his first $1 million commitment to JHU in 1984, and subsequently became the first individual to exceed $1 billion in lifetime donations to a single U.S. institution of higher education.
Bloomberg's contributions to Johns Hopkins "fueled major improvements in the university's reputation and rankings, its competitiveness for faculty and students, and the appearance of its campus," and included construction of a children's hospital (the Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center Building, named after Bloomberg's mother); a physics building, a school of public health (the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health), libraries, and biomedical research facilities, including the Institute for Cell Engineering, a stem-cell research institute within the School of Medicine, and the Malaria Research Institute within the School of Public Health. In 2013, Bloomberg committed $350 million to Johns Hopkins, five-sevenths of which were allocated to the Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships, endowing 50 Bloomberg Distinguished Professors (BDPs) whose interdisciplinary expertise crosses traditional academic disciplines. In 2016, on the School of Public Health's centennial, Bloomberg Philanthropies contributed $300 million to establish the Bloomberg American Health Initiative. Bloomberg also funded the launch of the Bloomberg–Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy within the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in East Baltimore, with a $50 million gift; an additional $50 million was given by philanthropist Sidney Kimmel, and $25 million by other donors. It will support cancer therapy research, technology and infrastructure development, and private sector partnerships. in 2016, Bloomberg joined Vice President Joe Biden for the institute's formal launch, embracing Biden's "cancer moonshot" initiative, which seeks to find a cure for cancer through national coordination of government and private sector resources. In 2018, Bloomberg contributed a further gift of $1.8 billion to Johns Hopkins, allowing the university to practice need-blind admission and meet the full financial need of admitted students.
Other educational and research philanthropy
In 2016, the Museum of Science, Boston announced a $50 million gift from Bloomberg. The donation marks Bloomberg's fourth gift to the museum, which he credits with sparking his intellectual curiosity as a patron and student during his youth in Medford, Massachusetts. The endowment supported the museum's education division, named the William and Charlotte Bloomberg Science Education Center in honor of Bloomberg's parents. It is the largest donation in the museum's 186-year history.
In 2015, Bloomberg donated $100 million to Cornell Tech, the applied sciences graduate school of Cornell University, to construct the first academic building, "The Bloomberg Center", on the school's Roosevelt Island campus.
In 1996, Bloomberg endowed the William Henry Bloomberg Professorship at Harvard University with a $3 million gift in honor of his father, who died in 1963, saying, "throughout his life, he recognized the importance of reaching out to the nonprofit sector to help better the welfare of the entire community."
Urban innovation philanthropy
In July 2011, Bloomberg launched a $24 million initiative to fund "Innovation Delivery Teams" in five cities. The teams are one of Bloomberg Philanthropies' key goals: advancing government innovation. In December 2011, Bloomberg Philanthropies launched a partnership with online ticket search engine SeatGeek to connect artists with new audiences. Called the Discover New York Arts Project, the project includes organizations HERE, New York Theatre Workshop, and the Kaufman Center.
In 2016, Bloomberg gave Harvard $32 million to create the Bloomberg Harvard City Leadership Initiative within Harvard Kennedy School's Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation; the initiative provides training to mayors and their aides on innovative municipal leadership and challenges facing cities.
Public health, tobacco control, and gun control philanthropy
Bloomberg has been a longtime donor to global tobacco control efforts. Bloomberg has donated close to $1 billion to the World Health Organization (WHO) to promote anti-smoking efforts, including $125 million in 2006, $250 million in 2008, and $360 million, making Bloomberg Philanthropies the developing world's biggest funder of tobacco-control initiatives. In 2013, it was reported that Bloomberg had donated $109.24 million in 556 grants and 61 countries to campaigns against tobacco. Bloomberg's contributions are aimed at "getting countries to monitor tobacco use, introduce strong tobacco-control laws, and create mass media campaigns to educate the public about the dangers of tobacco use."
In August 2016, the World Health Organization appointed Bloomberg as its Global Ambassador for Noncommunicable Diseases. In this role, Bloomberg will mobilize private sector and political leaders to help the WHO reduce deaths from preventable diseases, traffic accidents, tobacco, obesity, and alcohol. WHO Director-General Margaret Chan cited Bloomberg's ongoing support for WHO anti-smoking, drowning prevention, and road safety programs in her announcement of his new role.
In 2017, Bloomberg donated $75 million for The Shed, a new arts and cultural center in Hudson Yards, Manhattan. He continued his support for The Shed after his time as mayor with a philanthropic donation of $75 million.
Bloomberg also endowed his hometown synagogue, Temple Shalom, which was renamed for his parents as the William and Charlotte Bloomberg Jewish Community Center of Medford.
Bloomberg hosted the Global Business Forum on September 2017, during the annual meeting of the United Nations General Assembly; the gathering featured international CEOs, heads of state, and other prominent speakers.
Family and relationships
In 1975, Bloomberg married Susan Elizabeth Barbara Brown, a British national from Yorkshire, United Kingdom. They had two daughters: Emma (born c. 1979) and Georgina (born 1983), who were featured on Born Rich, a 2003 documentary film about the children of the extremely wealthy. Bloomberg divorced Brown in 1993, but he has said she remains his "best friend." Since 2000, Bloomberg has lived with former New York state banking superintendent Diana Taylor.
Bloomberg's younger sister, Marjorie Tiven, has been Commissioner of the New York City Commission for the United Nations, Consular Corps and Protocol, since February 2002. His daughter Emma is married to Christopher Frissora, son of multimillionaire businessman Mark Frissora.
Although he attended Hebrew school, had a bar mitzvah, and his family kept a kosher kitchen, Bloomberg today is relatively secular, attending synagogue mainly during the High Holidays and a Passover Seder with his sister, Marjorie Tiven. Neither of his daughters had bat mitzvahs.
Public image and lifestyle
Throughout his business career, Bloomberg has made numerous statements which have been considered insulting, derogatory, sexist or misogynistic. When working on Wall Street in the 1960s and 1970s, Bloomberg claimed in his 1997 autobiography, he had "a girlfriend in every city". On various occasions, Bloomberg commented "I'd do her", regarding certain women, some of whom were coworkers or employees. Bloomberg later said that by "do", he meant that he would have a personal relationship with the woman. Bloomberg's staff told the New York Times that he now regrets having made "disrespectful" remarks concerning women.
During his term as mayor, he lived at his own home on the Upper East Side of Manhattan instead of Gracie Mansion, the official mayoral residence. In 2013, he owned 13 properties in various countries around the world, including a $20 million Georgian mansion in Southampton, New York. In 2015, he acquired 4 Cheyne Walk, a historical property in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London, which once belonged to writer George Eliot. Bloomberg and his daughters own houses in Bermuda and stay there frequently.
Bloomberg stated that during his mayoralty, he rode the New York City Subway on a daily basis, particularly in the commute from his 79th Street home to his office at City Hall. An August 2007 story in The New York Times stated that he was often seen chauffeured by two New York Police Department-owned SUVs to an express train station to avoid having to change from the local to the express trains on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. He supported the construction of the 7 Subway Extension and the Second Avenue Subway; in December 2013, Bloomberg took a ceremonial ride on a train to the new 34th Street station to celebrate a part of his legacy as mayor.
During his tenure as mayor, Bloomberg made cameos playing himself in the films The Adjustment Bureau and New Year's Eve, as well as in episodes of 30 Rock, Curb Your Enthusiasm, The Good Wife, and two episodes of Law & Order.
Bloomberg is a private pilot. He owns six airplanes: three Dassault Falcon 900s, a Beechcraft B300, a Pilatus PC-24, and a Cessna 182 Skylane. Bloomberg also owns two helicopters: an AW109 and an Airbus helicopter and as of 2012 was near the top of the waiting list for an AW609 tiltrotor aircraft. In his youth he was a licensed amateur radio operator, was proficient in Morse code, and built ham radios.
Awards and honors
Bloomberg has received honorary degrees from Tufts University (2007), Bard College (2007), Rockefeller University (2007), the University of Pennsylvania (2008), Fordham University (2009), Williams College (2014), Harvard University (2014), the University of Michigan (2016), and Washington University in St. Louis (2019). Bloomberg was the speaker for Princeton University's 2011 baccalaureate service.
Bloomberg has received the Yale School of Management's Award for Distinguished Leadership in Global Capital Markets (2003); Barnard College's Barnard Medal of Distinction (2008); the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Leadership for Healthy Communities' Healthy Communities Leadership Award (2009); and the Jefferson Awards Foundation's U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official (2010). He was the inaugural laureate of the annual Genesis Prize for Jewish values in 2013, and donated the $1 million prize money to a global competition, the Genesis Generation Challenge, to identify young adults' big ideas to better the world.
In 2014, Queen Elizabeth II awarded Bloomberg as Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire for his "prodigious entrepreneurial and philanthropic endeavors, and the many ways in which they have benefited the United Kingdom and the U.K.-U.S. special relationship."
Books and other works
Bloomberg, with Matthew Winkler, wrote an autobiography, Bloomberg by Bloomberg, published in 1997 by Wiley. A second edition was released in 2019, ahead of Bloomberg's presidential run. Bloomberg and former Sierra Club Executive Director Carl Pope co-authored Climate of Hope: How Cities, Businesses, and Citizens Can Save the Planet (2017), published by St. Martin's Press; the book appeared on the New York Times hardcover nonfiction best-seller list. Bloomberg has written a number of op-eds in the New York Times about various issues, including an op-ed supporting state and local efforts to fight climate change (2017), a op-ed about his donation of $1.8 billion in financial aid for college students and support for need-blind admission policies (2018); an op-ed supporting a ban on flavored e-cigarettes (2019); an an op-ed supporting policies to reduce economic inequality (2020).
- List of Harvard University people
- List of Johns Hopkins University people
- List of people from Boston
- List of philanthropists
- List of richest American politicians
- Timeline of New York City, 2000s–2010s
- Climate of Hope: How Cities, Businesses, and Citizens can Save the Planet
- "Michael Bloomberg". Forbes. Archived from the original on February 26, 2020. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
- Cooper, Michael (October 1, 2003). "Political Memo; Bloomberg, the Technocrat, Seeks His Inner La Guardia". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
- Allsion, Bill; Niquette, Mark (February 24, 2020). "Bloomberg Tops Half a Billion Dollars in Campaign Advertising". Bloomberg. Retrieved February 24, 2020.
- "About Mike". Mike Bloomberg for President. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- Harris, Elizabeth A. (June 20, 2011). "Charlotte R. Bloomberg, Mayor's Mother, Dies at 102". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Harris, Elizabeth A. (June 20, 2011). "Charlotte R. Bloomberg, Mayor's Mother, Is Dead at 102". The New York Times. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
- "Baker Library/Bloomberg Center". Harvard Business School. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- "'Focus' on Bloomberg's Jewishness". September 1, 2010.
- "Michael Bloomberg". Encyclopædia Britannica.
- Purnick, Joyce (October 9, 2009). "'Mike Bloomberg'". The New York Times.
- Ford, Beverly; Lovett, Kenneth; Blau, Reuven; Einhorn, Erin; Lucadamo, Kathleen (June 19, 2011). "Charlotte Bloomberg, Mayor Bloomberg's Mother, Dies at 102". New York Daily News. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- Grynbaum, Michael M. (March 19, 2012). "Mayor's Ties to Hometown Fade, but for a few, They Are Still Felt". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- Legacy of Honor: The Values and Influence of America's Eagle Scouts. New York: St. Martin's Press. 2007. p. 111–18. ISBN 9780312366537. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- Auletta, Ken (March 10, 1997). "The Bloomberg Threat". The New Yorker. 73 (3). p. 38. Archived from the original on November 20, 2001.
- "Bloomberg's Medford". The New York Times.
- "10 Fun Facts about Johns Hopkins University". www.admitsee.com. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- Daniels, Meghan (April 15, 2011). "Life After B-School: 5 Very Different HBS Grads". Knewton blog. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- Bloomberg, Michael (1997). Bloomberg by Bloomberg. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-471-15545-4.
- Bloomberg, Michael (1997). "The Last Supper". Bloomberg by Bloomberg. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-15545-4.
- McGeehan, Patrick (February 18, 2009). "City Will Help Retrain Laid-Off Wall Streeters". The New York Times.
- Roberts, Interview by Sam (February 1, 2017). "Michael Bloomberg on How to Succeed in Business". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
- Goldberg, Richard (January 23, 2009). The Battle for Wall Street: Behind the Lines in the Struggle that Pushed an Industry into Turmoil. p. 26. ISBN 9780470446812.
- Make It New. iUniverse. 2004. p. 182. ISBN 9780595309214. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- Bloomberg by Bloomberg. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. April 7, 1997. ISBN 0-471-15545-4.
- "Bloomberg Tradebook website". Bloomberg Professional Services. Bloombergtradebook.com. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- McCracken, Harry (October 6, 2015). "How the Bloomberg Terminal Made History--And Stays Ever Relevant". FastCompany.com. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- Stewart, Emily (December 11, 2019). "How Mike Bloomberg made his billions: a computer system you've probably never seen". Vox (Vox Media). Retrieved December 11, 2019.
- Grynbaum, Michael M. (November 14, 2019). "Bloomberg's Team Calls His Crude Remarks on Women 'Wrong'". New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
- Barrett, Wayne (October 30, 2001). "Bloomberg's Sexual Blind Spot". Village Voice. New York. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Garber, Megan (September 19, 2018). "'I'd Do Her': Mike Bloomberg and the Underbelly of #MeToo". Atlantic. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Among the contents of the 1990 publication are a suggestion that if women wanted to be known for their intelligence, they would spend less time at Bloomingdale's and more at the library; as well as a joke that if Bloomberg terminals could provide oral sex, it would put female employees out of work.
- Pezenik, Sasha (December 16, 2019). "Booklet of Mike Bloomberg's 'Wit and Wisdom' could haunt him during presidential bid: Critics". ABC News. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
- "Lex Fenwick's biography". dowjones.com. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013.
- "Bloomberg L.P.: CEO and Executives". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- Sorkin, Andrew Ross (September 3, 2014). "Michael Bloomberg to Return to Lead Bloomberg L.P.". The New York Times.
- "Bloomberg's website". Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "The 400 Richest Americans: #8 Michael Bloomberg". Forbes. September 17, 2008. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
- Roose, Kevin (2014). Young Money: Inside the Hidden World of Wall Street's Post-Crash Recruits. London, UK: John Murray (Publishers), An Hachette UK Company. p. 151. ISBN 9781455572328.
- Barbaro, Michael (October 27, 2008). "The Fate of Bloomberg's Memoir". The New York Times. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- Farrell, Andrew. "Billionaires Who Made Billions More". Forbes. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- "The World's Billionaires". Forbes. March 8, 2007.
- "The World's Billionaires". Forbes. March 1, 2009.
- Purnick, Joyce (September 22, 2009). Mike Bloomberg: Money, Power, Politics. p. 102. ISBN 9780786746217.
- Purnick, Joyce (September 22, 2009). Mike Bloomberg: Money, Power, Politics. p. 119. ISBN 9780786746217.
- Pasanen, Glenn (August 13, 2007). "The Mayor's Legacy: Educational Improvements and Poverty Reduction, Or Bold Budgeting and Economic Development?". Gotham Gazette. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- Nagourney, Adam (December 25, 2001). "Bloomberg Vows to Work at Center of Things". The New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
- Wood, Robert W. (April 5, 2014). "Tax-Smart Billionaires Who Work For $1". Forbes. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- "Stop-and-Frisk Data". New York Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- Devereaux, Ryan (August 12, 2013). "New York's stop-and-frisk trial comes to a close with landmark ruling". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- Williams, Matt; Devereaux, Ryan (August 12, 2013). "New York's stop-and-frisk policy is unconstitutional, judge rules". The Guardian. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Weiser, Benjamin (May 2, 2016). "Departing Judge Offers Blunt Defense of Ruling in Stop-and-Frisk Case". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- Sexton, Joe (January 16, 2018). "In New York, Crime Falls Along With Police Stops". ProPublica. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Ariosto, David (August 22, 2012). "Surveillance unit produced no terrorism leads, NYPD says". CNN. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- "Factsheet: The NYPD Muslim Surveillance Program". ACLU. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Khalid, Kiran (February 22, 2012). "New York's Bloomberg defends city surveillance of Muslims". CNN. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- "The 2012 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Investigative Reporting: Matt Apuzzo, Adam Goldman, Eileen Sullivan and Chris Hawley of the Associated Press". Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Abdelaziz, Rowaida (December 16, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg's Surveillance Of Muslims Sets Dangerous Precedent For His Presidential Run". HuffPost. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- "Mayor Bloomberg, Governor Paterson and Speaker Quinn announce comprehensive strategies to increase and retain grocery stores in New York City". NYC.gov. May 16, 2009. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012.
- "New York City Healthy Bodegas Initiative 2010 Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 24, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Green Carts bill". NYC.gov. Archived from the original on January 20, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- "Mayor Bloomberg and Speaker Quinn announce that, for the first time ever, all of city's farmers markets will make fresh fruits and vegetables more affordable for low-income New Yorkers". NYC.gov (Press release). July 2, 2012. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "Playground improvements planned for NYC children". Activeliving.org. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- "New York's calorie counting". The Economist. July 28, 2011.
- Nagourney, Adam (November 8, 2001). "The 2001 Elections: Strategy; As Democrats Bicker, Bloomberg Era Begins". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Russianoff, Gene (December 9, 2003). "Mike's Wrong, Campaign Fixes Make Sense". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 5, 2006.
- "Bloomberg Walks a Fine Line as Host". Los Angeles Times. August 30, 2004.
- Hernandez, Raymond (June 18, 2002). "Bloomberg Makes City's Bid For 2004 G.O.P. Convention". New York Times.
- Colangelo, Lisa L.; Saltonstall, David (November 9, 2005). "Bloomberg wins by a KO: Crushes Ferrer by nearly 20-point margin". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on November 26, 2005. Retrieved November 12, 2008.
- Haberman, Maggie; Saltonstall, David (January 5, 2005). "Mayor Hires Indys To Hunt volunteers". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 5, 2005. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- Schulman, Robin (August 4, 2005). "Ognibene Loses Bid for Line on Ballot Against Bloomberg". The New York Times.
- Clyne, Meghan (April 27, 2005). "Ognibene Will Fight Bloomberg All the Way to November Election". The New York Sun.
- Levy, Julia (September 19, 2005). "Bloomberg's 'Republican' Problem". The New York Sun.
- Lagorio, Christine (October 22, 2005). "GOP Mayors Reign Over Liberal NYC". CBS News.
- Baker, Gerald (November 10, 2005). "Democrats Celebrate as Voters Pile Woe Upon Woe for Bush". The Times.
- Rudin, Ken (June 20, 2007). "Bloomberg News: A 'Subway Series' for President?". NPR.
- Skyler, Edward; Barowitz, Jordan (September 16, 2005). "Statement By Mayor Bloomberg On Supreme Court Chief Justice Nominee John Roberts". The City of New York. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
- Katz, Celeste (October 9, 2005). "Mike Soaks Up 2 Big Nods: Vallones Cross Party Line for Mayor". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 4, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2008.
- Honan, Edith (October 2, 2008). "NYC's Bloomberg Says To Seek Third Term as Mayor". Reuters.
- Steven Lee Myers (October 24, 1993). "Ronald Lauder, Leader Of Term-Limit Band". The New York Times.
- Hicks, Jonathan P. (September 30, 2008). "Lauder Favors a Third Term for Bloomberg". The New York Times.
- Einhorn, Erin (October 6, 2008). "Term limit deal: Ronald Lauder agrees to stay out of legal battle in return for city board seat". Daily News. New York.
- "Citizens Union/NYPIRG Forum on Term Limits Tonight". mas.org. Archived from the original on January 6, 2012.
- Kramer, Marcia (October 23, 2008). "'Aye' And Mighty: Bloomberg's Wish Is Granted". WCBS-TV. Archived from the original on October 25, 2008.
- Chan, Sewell; Chen, David W. (November 3, 2008). "City Room: After an Earful, Mayor Signs Term Limits Bill". The New York Times.
- Panisch, Jo (October 6, 2008). "New Yorkers Protest Against Bloomberg Plan to Override Term Limits". Archive.sohojournal.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- "Office of the New York City Controller". Comptroller.nyc.gov. April 14, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "2009 Election Results". The New York Times. November 5, 2009. Archived from the original on November 7, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- Benjamin, Elizabeth (January 25, 2010). "Bloomberg's Independence (Pay)Day". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 30, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Eligon, John (February 9, 2010). "How G.O.P. Worker Got Bloomberg Money Is Investigated". The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Benjamin, Elizabeth (February 9, 2010). "Vance Investigating Indy/Bloomberg/Haggerty Connection". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on February 15, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Benjamin, Elizabeth (February 12, 2010). "Independence Party to Haggerty: Where's Our Money?". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on February 17, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Barrett, Wayne (March 2, 2010). "Mike Bloomberg's $1.2 Million Indy Party Donation Gets Murkier and Murkier". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on July 9, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Calder, Rich; Seifman, David (February 16, 2010). "Mike Poll Watcher Also Rented Office". New York Post. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
- Barbaro, Michael; Taylor, Kate (September 13, 2013). "Bloomberg Decides Not to Endorse a Successor". The New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Bailey, Holly (November 5, 2013). "Mayor Bloomberg focused on his legacy as he prepares to leave office". Yahoo! News. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Barbaro, Michael; Taylor, Kate (September 13, 2013). "Bloomberg Decides Not to Endorse a Successor". The New York Times.
- Smith, Chris (September 7, 2013). "In Conversation: Michael Bloomberg". New York. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Mathias, Christopher (September 13, 2013). "Michael Bloomberg: I Won't Endorse Candidate In New York City Mayor Race". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Louis, Errol (September 9, 2013). "Bloomberg's 'racist' remark reveals much". CNN. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Simpson, Connor (September 7, 2013). "New York Alters Bloomberg 'Racist' Accusation". The Atlantic. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Deprez, Esmé E. (September 23, 2013). "Obama Endorses Fellow Democrat De Blasio for New York Mayor". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Roberts, Sam (December 31, 2007). "Bloomberg Moves Closer to Running for President". The New York Times. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
- Broder, David S. (December 30, 2007). "Bipartisan Group Eyes Independent Bid". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- Dicker, Frederic U.; Seifman, David (November 6, 2007). "Mike's Secret Bid To Run vs. Spitzer". New York Post.
- Smith, Ben (June 21, 2007). "Mike for Veep?". Politico.
- Bloomberg, Michael R. (November 1, 2012). "A Vote for a President to Lead on Climate Change". Bloomberg. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- Hernadez, Raymond (November 1, 2012). "Bloomberg Backs Obama, Citing Fallout From Storm". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
he had decided over the past several days that Mr. Obama was the better candidate to tackle the global climate change that he believes might have contributed to the violent storm
- Mara Gay (January 24, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg Mulling Run for President as Independent". Wall Street Journal.
- Helmore, Edward (January 23, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg mulls presidential run on heels of Trump surge". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
- Byers, Dylan (February 8, 2016). "Bloomberg: I'm considering 2016 bid". CNN. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- "Michael Bloomberg's Moment". The Economist. February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Bloomberg, Michael R. (March 7, 2016). "The Risk I Will Not Take". Bloomberg View. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Haberman, Maggie; Burns, Alexander (March 7, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg Will Not Enter Presidential Race". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 7, 2016.
- Bloomberg, Michael R. (July 27, 2016). "The Independent's Case for Clinton". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
- Burns, Alexander (July 24, 2016). "Dismayed by Donald Trump, Michael Bloomberg Will Endorse Hillary Clinton". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Prokop, Andrew (July 27, 2016). "How to watch the Democratic convention 2016: DNC live stream, TV channel, and schedule of events". Vox. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Prokop, Andrew (July 29, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg's DNC speech really got under Trump's skin". Vox. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- Burns, Alexander (June 20, 2018). "Michael Bloomberg Will Spend $80 Million on the Midterms. His Goal: Flip the House for the Democrats". The New York Times. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Allen, Mike (September 27, 2018). "Scoop: Michael Bloomberg becomes House Dems' $100 million man". Axios. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- Cole, Devan (October 10, 2018). "Bloomberg re-registers as a Democrat, saying the party must provide 'checks and balances'". CNN. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- Peoples, Steve (March 5, 2019). "Ex-NYC Mayor Bloomberg won't run for president in 2020". Associated Press. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
- Burns, Alexander (November 24, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg Joins 2020 Democratic Field for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "Michael Bloomberg vows to refuse donations as presidential bid looms". Associated Press. The Guardian. November 23, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
- "The Democrats gave Mike Bloomberg what he deserved". theweek.com. February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
- Corasaniti, Nick; Grynbaum, Michael M. (February 21, 2020). "Bloomberg, in Reversal, Says He'll Release 3 Women From Nondisclosure Agreements". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Bassett, Laura. "Why Is Bloomberg's Long History of Egregious Sexism Getting a Pass?". GQ. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
- Stewart, Emily (November 25, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg's 2020 presidential campaign and policy positions, explained". Vox. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Stewart, Emily (October 10, 2018). "Michael Bloomberg is a Democrat again, fueling speculation about 2020 aspirations". Vox. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Otterbein, Holly (November 26, 2019). "Mike Bloomberg to donate $10 million to House Democrats targeted by GOP". Politico. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Burns, Alexander; Kulish, Nicholas (February 15, 2020). "Bloomberg's Billions: How the Candidate Built an Empire of Influence". New York Times.
- Relman, Eliza (February 11, 2020). "Michael Bloomberg is running for president in 2020. Here's everything we know about the candidate and how he stacks up against the competition". Business Insider. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Fermino, Jennifer (January 27, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg talks climate change with UN". NY Daily News.
- Miller, Judith (November 11, 2019). "The Mayor and the World". City Journal. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Manchester, Julia (January 7, 2020). "Bloomberg on backing 2003 invasion of Iraq: 'I don't live in a regret world'". The Hill. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Honan, Edith (October 2, 2007). "Bloomberg defends city surveillance camera plan". Reuters. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Colvin, Jill (April 22, 2013). "Bloomberg Says Interpretation of Constitution Will 'Have to Change' After Boston Bombing". Observer. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- Bloomberg, Michael (September 30, 2007). "Mayor Bloomberg Delivers Remarks at 2007 Conservative Party Conference". nyc.gov. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- McHarris, Philip V. (February 16, 2020). "Should Mike Bloomberg's stop-and-frisk record disqualify him?". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Goldmacher, Shane (November 17, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg Pushed 'Stop-and-Frisk' Policing. Now He's Apologizing". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Goodman, Amy (February 12, 2020). "Meet the Journalist Who Exposed Bloomberg's Racist Defense of Targeting Black & Brown Youth". Democracy Now!.
- Tankersley, Jim; Burns, Alexander (February 1, 2020). "Bloomberg Proposes $5 Trillion in Taxes on the Rich and Corporations". The New York Times. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- Hirsch, Lauren (February 1, 2020). "'I will pay more': Bloomberg unveils $5 trillion tax plan targeting the wealthy and corporations". CNBC. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- Merle, Renae (February 18, 2020). "Bloomberg's new plan to crack down on Wall Street includes financial transactions tax". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Banjo, Shelly (August 5, 2010). "Mayor Pledges Wealth". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
- Pappu, Sridhar (August 8, 2011). "What's Next For Michael Bloomberg". Fast Company. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Di Mento, Maria; Lindsay, Drew (February 9, 2016). "Conservative Billionaire Richard Scaife Tops List of 50 Biggest Donors". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- Di Mento, Maria (February 6, 2012). "No. 5: Michael R. Bloomberg". The Chronicle of Philanthropy.
- Barbaro, Michael (March 18, 2010). "Bloomberg Is Quietly Ending a Charitable Program". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Taylor, Kate (February 15, 2011). "Bloomberg Family Foundation to Support Arts". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Campbell, Dakin (June 17, 2010). "Broad, Bloomberg Back Buffett Call for Billionaire Donations". Bloomberg.
- Torres, Christian; Eilperin, Juliet (July 20, 2011). "N.Y. Mayor Bloomberg gives $50 million to fight coal-fired power plants". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Shogren, Elizabeth (July 21, 2011). "Mayor Bloomberg Donates $50 Million To Sierra Club". NPR. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Restuccia, Andrew (April 8, 2015). "Michael Bloomberg's war on coal". Politico. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "Bloomberg to put $500M into closing all remaining coal plants by 2030". CBS News. June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- Bach, Natasha (June 7, 2019). "Bloomberg Pledges $500 Million to Coordinated Campaign to Combat Climate Change". Fortune. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- Navarro, Mireya (August 24, 2012). "Bloomberg Backs Fracking, With Rules to Protect the Environment". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Mundy, Alicia (June 23, 2014). "'Risky Business' Report Aims to Frame Climate Change as Economic Issue". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "States Get $48M Boost From Bloomberg Charity To Help Meet Obama Climate Change Agenda". International Business Times. January 21, 2015. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "History of the C40". C40 Cities. c40.org. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Barbaro, Michael (April 13, 2011). "Bloomberg and Bill Clinton to Merge Climate Groups". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Andrews, Jonathan (February 18, 2014). "Interview: Michael Bloomberg, Outgoing Chair and Current President C40 Cities". Cities Today. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "Bloomberg Philanthropies Commits $53 Million to Save the Oceans". The Hollywood Reporter. January 29, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Chaykowski, Kathleen (October 29, 2018). "Ray Dalio and Michael Bloomberg Commit $185 Million To Protect The Oceans". Forbes. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
- Nichols, Michelle (January 31, 2014). "U.N. appoints former NYC Mayor Bloomberg cities, climate change envoy". Reuters. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Taylor, Adam (September 22, 2014). "U.N. climate summit is high-profile, but some of world's most important leaders will skip it". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "Secretary-General Appoints Michael R. Bloomberg of United States Special Envoy for Climate Action". www.un.org (Press release). Retrieved May 10, 2018.
- "Mike Bloomberg to lead UN's climate change initiative". New York Post. March 6, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
- Lederer, Edith M. (November 25, 2019). "Bloomberg, now Democratic candidate, resigns UN climate post". Associated Press.
- "C40: About the Compact of Mayors". c40.org. Archived from the original on November 2, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "News Archives – Compact of Mayors". Compact of Mayors. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "Compact of Mayors and EU Covenant of Mayors launch largest global coalition of cities committed to fighting climate change". National Geographic Society (blogs). nationalgeographic.com. June 22, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- "7,100 Cities From 119 Countries Join Together in Historic Collaboration to Accelerate Climate Action". EcoWatch. June 23, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- Scruggs, Greg. "Local-governments day announced for Paris climate summit". citiscope.org. Archived from the original on December 11, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Stothard, Michael (December 4, 2015). "Mayors call for more powers to fight climate change". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- Section, United Nations News Service (December 4, 2015). "COP21 in Paris, mayors and celebrities join UN launch of report on boosting investment towards climate smart cities". UN News Service Section. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- "Extending local-level climate action beyond '30-ring circus' of COP 21". citiscope.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- Scruggs, Greg (December 5, 2015). "With Paris City Hall Declaration, world mayors throw down gauntlet on climate". citiscope.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- Elliott, Larry (December 4, 2015). "Michael Bloomberg to head global taskforce on climate change". The Guardian.
- "Bloomberg delivers U.S. pledge to continue Paris climate goals to U.N." Reuters. June 5, 2017. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- Chappell, Bill. "Bloomberg Promises $15 Million To Help Make Up For U.S. Withdrawal From Climate Deal". NPR. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- Tabuchi, Hiroko; Fountain, Henry (June 1, 2017). "Bucking Trump, These Cities, States and Companies Commit to Paris Accord". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- "America's Pledge on Climate Change". Americas Pledge On Climate. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- Cam, Deniz. "Michael Bloomberg and California Governor Jerry Brown Pledge To Fight Climate Change". Forbes. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- Perkins, Madeleine Sheehan (July 12, 2017). "The governor of California and Michael Bloomberg launched a new plan to fight climate change — with or without Trump". Business Insider. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- Tabuchi, Hiroko; Friedman, Lisa (July 11, 2017). "U.S. Cities, States and Businesses Pledge to Measure Emissions". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- Cochran, Lee; Ebsworth-Goold, Erika (May 16, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg Announces Midwestern Collegiate Climate Summit". Bloomberg Philanthropies (Press release). Retrieved August 12, 2019.
- Chen, Eli (May 16, 2019). "Wash U Becomes Hub Of Midwest Summit To Fight Climate Change". KWMU. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
- "Michael Bloomberg announces St. Louis climate conference". Associated Press. May 17, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- Anderson, Nick (November 18, 2018). "Bloomberg gives Johns Hopkins a record $1.8 billion for student financial aid". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
- Barbaro, Michael (January 27, 2013). "$1.1 Billion in Thanks From Bloomberg to Johns Hopkins". The New York Times.
- O'Shea, Dennis; Reeves, Tracey (January 26, 2013). "Michael R. Bloomberg Commits $350 Million to Johns Hopkins for Transformational Academic Initiative 2013" (Press release).
- Winslow, Ron (September 15, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg Gives $300 Million to Johns Hopkins for Public-Health Effort". The Wall Street Journal.
- Lorenzetti, Laura (March 29, 2016). "Bloomberg and Kimmel Help Launch Johns Hopkins Cancer Center With Major Donations". Fortune.
- Baram, Marcus (March 29, 2016). "Mike Bloomberg and others donate $125 million for breakthrough cancer research". FastCo News. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
- Simpson, Ian (March 29, 2016). "Bloomberg, others give $125 million for immunotherapy cancer research". Reuters. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
- "Johns Hopkins launches cancer research center with $125 million from Bloomberg, Kimmel, others". The Hub. March 29, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
- Barone, Joshua (October 18, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg Gives $50 Million to Museum of Science, Boston". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- Schwartz, Penny (October 19, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg Donates $50M to Boston Museum of Science". The Forward. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- Leung, Shirley (October 18, 2016). "Museum of Science changed Michael Bloomberg's life. He gives back with a $50 million gift". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
- "Thank you, Michael Bloomberg". Museum of Science, Boston.
- Harris, Elizabeth A. (June 16, 2015). "Bloomberg Philanthropies Gives $100 Million to Cornell Tech". The New York Times.
- "Bloomberg Endows Professorship for Five Faculties". The Harvard University Gazette. September 19, 1996. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- "Mayor's Innovation Delivery Team to funnel grant for inner-city revival". The Commercial Appeal. Memphis, TN. January 6, 2012.
- Weber, Harrison (December 8, 2011). "SeatGeek and Bloomberg to support 30 treasured arts groups in NYC". The Next Web. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Nick Anderson (August 25, 2016). "Bloomberg gives Harvard $32 million to teach mayors and aides". Washington Post.
- "About the Initiative: Harvard + Bloomberg + 240 Cities". Bloomberg Harvard City Leadership Initiative, Harvard University.
- "Bloomberg Philanthropies and Harvard University Launch Bloomberg Harvard City Leadership Initiative". Harvard Business School (Press release). Retrieved September 27, 2016.
- Beck, Christina (August 25, 2016). "$32 million Bloomberg-Harvard 'mayor school' supports leaders' changing role". Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
- Begley, Sharon (March 22, 2012). "Bloomberg charity adds $220 million to anti-smoking effort". Reuters. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Ariana Eunjung Cha (December 5, 2016). "Michael Bloomberg may be Big Tobacco's biggest enemy". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- "Michael Bloomberg". Forbes. September 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Scherer, Michael (January 27, 2020). "Gun-control group co-founded by Bloomberg announces $60 million spending plan for 2020 elections". The Washington Post.
- Lindmeier, Christian (August 17, 2016). "Michael R. Bloomberg Becomes WHO Global Ambassador for Noncommunicable Diseases". World Health Organization (Press release). Retrieved September 27, 2016.
- "Michael Bloomberg Joins U.N. Agency as Health Ambassador". Chronicle of Philanthropy. August 18, 2016.
- Kelland, Kate (August 17, 2016). "WHO appoints former NY mayor Bloomberg as global health ambassador". Reuters. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
- Kim, Jeanhee (May 25, 2017). "The Shed at Hudson Yards event is like a Bloomberg-era reunion". Crain's New York Business. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
- "Michael R. Bloomberg Donates $75 Million to New NYC Arts Center, The Shed". Playbill. May 24, 2017. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
- Pogrebin, Robin (May 24, 2017). "Michael Bloomberg Gives $75 Million to Shed Arts Center". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
- "Bloomberg — America's first Jewish president?". Associated Press. July 6, 2007. Retrieved February 18, 2020 – via NBC News.
- Goldmacher, Shane (September 19, 2017). "As the Clintons Step Back From Global Stage, Bloomberg Steps Up". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Smith, Ben (September 19, 2017). "The US Government-In-Exile Has A New President". BuzzFeed. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Stewart, Emily (September 20, 2017). "Bloomberg Claps Back at Trump at Inaugural Business Forum". TheStreet. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Bloom, Nate (July 5, 2011). "Interfaith Celebrities: a Former Geek, the Equestrian Author, and an Aboriginal Jewish Doctor". Interfaith Family.
- Barbaro, Michael (June 3, 2010). "A Mayor by Her Side, but Politics Woos Her, Too". The New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- Evans, Heidi (December 1, 2007). "Mayor Bloomberg's girlfriend Diana Taylor says no need for police escort". Daily News. New York. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- Cardwell, Diane (February 12, 2006). "The Mayor's Lady, Her Own Woman, One and the Same". The New York Times.
- "Commissioner Marjorie B. Tiven, Office of the Mayor, Commission for the United Nations Consular Corps & Protocol". Nyc.gov. February 16, 2011. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Weddings/Celebrations; Emma Bloomberg, Christopher Frissora". New York Times. June 12, 2005.
- Eden, Ami (August 31, 2010). "'Focus' on Bloomberg's Jewishness". Jewish Telegraph Agency. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
The mayor had a bar mitzvah, a Jewish rite of passage, but neither of his two daughters had bat mitzvahs. The mayor's ex-wife, Susan Bloomberg, whose mother was Jewish, "kind of raised us to be Church of England", though the family celebrated the major Jewish holidays, the mayor's youngest daughter, Georgina, said in a 2009 biography of her father. The mayor's longtime companion, Diana Taylor, is not Jewish.
- Relman, Eliza (November 14, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg's past comments about women and rape will likely haunt him on the 2020 campaign trail". Business Insider. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
- In a 1996 interview with The Guardian about being a newly-divorced bachelor, Bloomberg said, "I like theater, dining and chasing women. Let me put it this way: I am a single, straight billionaire in Manhattan. What do you think? It's a wet dream."Kranish, Michael (February 15, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg for years has battled women's allegations of profane, sexist comments". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- Garber, Megan (September 19, 2018). "'I'd Do Her': Mike Bloomberg and the Underbelly of #MeToo". Atlantic. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Smith, Chris (September 26, 2005). "The Mayor and His Money". New York. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Rubinstein, Dana (May 23, 2013). "Bloomberg grows his Hamptons estate, reveals overseas bank accounts". Politico. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
- "Bloomberg Buys Southampton 'Ballyshear Estate' For $20 Million". The Huffington Post. July 20, 2011. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- "Michael Bloomberg buys £16m house in exclusive London street". The Guardian. July 28, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- Barbaro, Michael (April 25, 2010). "New York's Mayor, but Bermuda Shares Custody". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
- "Bloomberg's Bermuda". The New York Times. August 22, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
- Grynbaum, Michael M. (August 1, 2007). "Mayor Takes the Subway — by Way of S.U.V.". The New York Times.
- "Three cheers for the No. 7 extension". New York Post. December 20, 2013.
- "Mayor Bloomberg gets ride on No. 7 subway line extension he championed". Daily News. New York. October 21, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Michael Bloomberg". IMDb. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
- "Airspace Above Hudson a Highway With Few Signs". The New York Times. August 10, 2009.
- Sherman, Jake; Palmer, Anna; Ross, Garrett; Okun, Eli (February 19, 2020). "Politico Playbook PM: Exodus at the Pentagon". politico.com. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Haughney, Christine (April 12, 2012). "In His Helicopter, Bloomberg Can Rule Skies, and Even Get to Albany". The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Bloomberg, Michael (April 6, 2012). "New York City's Mayor is a Geek at Heart". Sciencefriday.com. Archived from the original on April 25, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Commencement Address: New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg". Tufts University. May 20, 2007. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012.
- "Bard Commencement Address". Bard College. May 26, 2007. Archived from the original on October 27, 2012.
- Talley Henning Brown (July 13, 2007). "Bloomberg, Wilson receive honorary degrees". Rockefeller University.
- Wang, Kathy (February 19, 2008). "Bloomberg to address graduates". The Daily Pennsylvanian.
- "Past Honorary Degree Recipients". Fordham University. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
- "Mayor Michael Bloomberg's Commencement Remarks". Fordham University. May 16, 2009. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013.
- "Michael R. Bloomberg, Commencement Speaker". williams.edu. June 9, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Lemoine, Noelle (March 19, 2014). "Williams College Announces its 2014 Honorary Degree Recipients". Williams College.
- Reuell, Peter (October 18, 2010). "Eight to receive honorary degrees". Harvard Gazette. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
- James Iseler (April 30, 2016). "Commencement speaker Bloomberg calls out intolerance, demagoguery". The University Record. University of Michigan.
- "Seven to receive honorary degrees at Washington University's 158th Commencement". The Source. Washington University in St. Louis. May 3, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- Cahir, Ian (May 29, 2011). "Bloomberg urges seniors to follow a path of service". princeton.edu. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- "Yale School of Management Honors Michael R. Bloomberg for Distinguished Leadership in Global Capital Markets". Yale University. February 10, 2003. Archived from the original on May 14, 2013.
- "Past Speakers and Medalists". Barnard College. Archived from the original on April 18, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Top Policy Groups Take Action to Create Healthy Communities, Prevent Childhood Obesity". redorbit.com (Press release). April 30, 2009. Archived from the original on May 25, 2013.
- "Past Award Recipients: Our National Winners". JeffersonAwards.org. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Fitzsimmons, Emma G. (October 20, 2013). "Bloomberg Is First to Receive a $1 Million Jewish Award". The New York Times.
- Cohen, Gabriel (May 22, 2014). "Bloomberg to give away $1m. Genesis Prize to fund big ideas based on Jewish values". The Times of Israel. JTA. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
- Kennedy, Robert F., Jr. (April 30, 2009). "The 2008 TIME 100". Time. Archived from the original on August 22, 2013.
- Deutschman, Alan; Newcomb, Peter; Siklos, Richard; McDonald, Duff; Flint, Jessica; Gaffney, Adrienne (September 1, 2010). "The Vanity Fair 100". vanityfair.com.
- Flegenheimer, Matt (October 7, 2014). "Bloomberg Is Honored (But Don't Call Him Sir)". The New York Times (56, 647). ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Michael R. Bloomberg, Bloomberg by Bloomberg (Wiley, 1997).
- Ben Fountain, Book Review: O Billionaires!, New Yorker (May 23, 2019).
- Aaron Timms, Michael Bloomberg Earned $48 Billion and Eternal Adoration From Wall Street. But Does Anyone Else Want Him to Be President?, Institutional Investor (February 1, 2019).
- "An Exclusive Look at Michael Bloomberg and Carl Pope's Book on Climate Change". Daily Intelligencer. December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- "Hardcover Nonfiction Books – Best Sellers". The New York Times. May 14, 2017. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
- Michael R. Bloomberg, Climate Progress, With or Without Trump, New York Times (March 31, 2017).
- Michael R. Bloomberg, Michael Bloomberg: Why I’m Giving $1.8 Billion for College Financial Aid, New York Times (November 18, 2018).
- Michael R. Bloomberg & Matt Myers, Ban Flavored E-Cigarettes to Protect Our Children, New York Times (September 10, 2019).
- Michael R. Bloomberg, Fixing Inequality Is My Priority, New York Times (February 6, 2020).
- Brash, Julian (2010). Bloomberg's New York: Class and Governance in the Luxury City. University of Georgia Press. JSTOR j.ctt46njt6. Uses anthropology and geography to examine the mayor's corporate-style governance, with particular attention to the Hudson Yards plan, which aims to transform the far West Side into a high-end district.
- Brash, Julian (2012). "The ghost in the machine: The neoliberal urban visions of Michael Bloomberg". Journal of Cultural Geography. 29 (2): 135–153. doi:10.1080/08873631.2012.687535.
- David, Greg (April 10, 2012). Modern New York: The Life and Economics of a City. ISBN 9781137000408.
- Klein, Richard (2014). "Nanny Bloomberg". Society. 51 (3): 253–257. doi:10.1007/s12115-014-9772-3.
- Mike Bloomberg President Campaign website
- Mike Blomberg bio | Bloomberg Philanthropies
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Office of the Mayor of New York City (Archived November 23, 2013)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Michael Bloomberg collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- "Michael Bloomberg collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
|New office|| Chief Executive Officer of Bloomberg L.P. |
|Preceded by |
Daniel L. Doctoroff
| Chief Executive Officer of Bloomberg L.P. |
|Party political offices|
|Preceded by |
| Republican nominee for Mayor of New York City |
2001, 2005, 2009 (Endorsed)
|Preceded by |
| Mayor of New York City |
Bill de Blasio