List of ISIL members

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

This is a list of current and former members of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), or also known as Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and its previous incarnations, including operating as a branch of al-Qaeda known as al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), from 2004–2006.[1] Little is known about the leadership or members, as most use assumed names and many fight or appear in video with covered faces.[2] Most of its members are former officers and soldiers of Saddam Hussein's regime after its collapse in 2003.

Former ISIL leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi; mugshot by US armed forces while in detention at Camp Bucca in 2004

Leadership and branches[edit]

Current known personnel (in descending order by approximate rank)[edit]

  • Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurayshi, caliph since 31 October 2019.[3]
  • Abu Hamza al-Qurayshi, spokesman since 31 October 2019.
  • Gulmurod Khalimov (born 1975), commander and recruiter since 2015. Tajikistani who has operated primarily in Syria.[4]. Allegedly killed by a Russian airstrike in 2017, but such reports have been unconfirmed by the U.S. intelligence community.
  • Tarad Mohammad al-Jarba (a.k.a. Abu Muhammad al-Shimali, born 1979), key facilitator for foreign fighters. Iraqi.[5] Allegedly killed by a Russian airstrike in 2017, but such reports have been unconfirmed by the U.S. intelligence community.
  • Muhammad Khadir Musa Ramadan, senior leader and propagandist.
  • Faysal Ahmad Ali al-Zahrani (born 1986), top Saudi oil official.
  • Abu Yusaf, senior security official, European.[6][7]
  • Waleed al-Alwani – "Abu Ahmad al-Alwani", member of Military Shura, Iraqi.[8][9]
  • Abu Muhammad al-Jazrawi, head of Hisbah. (Islamic religious police)[10]
  • Abu Jandal al-Masri, Chief of Information in Raqqa.[10]
  • Anas Sharkas – "Abu Ali al-Shishani", battalion commander, Syrian.[11]
  • Fatiha Mejjati (born 1961), senior female commander, Moroccan.
  • Abu Ahmed (senior official interviewed by The Guardian)[12]
  • Bajro Ikanović (born 1976), senior leader and trainer, active in Syria and Iraq (since 2013), Bosnian.[13]
  • Zulfi Hoxha – "Abu Hamza al-Amriki" (born 1992), senior commander and recruiter, active in Syria and Iraq (since 2015), Albanian-American.[14]
  • Ahlam al-Nasr, propagandist (poet by profession), Syrian.
  • Abdullah Al-Belgian, preacher and propagandist.[15]
  • Mawlavi Habib Ur Rahman – successor to Qari Hekmat in the north of Afghanistan.[16]
  • Abu Nuh – (ISIS figure)[17]
  • Muhammad Yasin Ahram Pérez, known as Abu Lais Al Qurtubí, propagandist after the 2017 Barcelona attacks.[18]
  • Abu Salman al-Andalusí, propagandist after the 2017 Barcelona attacks.[19]
  • Abu Adam al-Australi, fighter,[20] who is thought to be Mounir Raad.[21]
  • Anas el-Abboubi, Italian Commander.
  • Muhammad Amin, Uyghur Commander.
  • Abu Laith al-Jazerwe, fighter.[22]

Foreign ISIL branches and governors of ISIL territories[edit]

Former leaders and senior personnel[edit]

Former leaders (in ascending order by date of capture or death)[edit]

Other former personnel[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Al-Qa'ida in Iraq (AQI)". nctc.gov. National Counterterrorism Center. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  2. ^ Reuter, Christoph (18 December 2013). "Masked Army: Jihadist Group Expands Rapidly in Syria". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  3. ^ ISIL confirms death of leader al-Baghdadi, names new chief, Al Jazeera, October 31, 2019
  4. ^ "Rewards for Justice - Wanted for Terrorism - Gulmurod Khalimov". Rewards for Justice.
  5. ^ "Wanted". Rewards for Justice. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  6. ^ "In Turkey, a late crackdown on Islamist fighters". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  7. ^ "The terrorists fighting us now? We just finished training them". The Washington Post. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Abu Ahmad al-Alwani". Counter Extremism Project. 13 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Most of Islamic State's leaders were officers in Saddam Hussein's Iraq". The Washington Post. 2015-04-04. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  10. ^ a b Haytham Mustafa (31 December 2016). "Islamic State replaces Syrian officials by foreign jihadists in Raqqa". ARA News. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Interview with a Terrorist: Abu Ali al-Shishani". MTV Lebanon. Retrieved 18 February 2015.; "Sharkas Threatens to Retaliate Arrest of Family, Suspends Negotiations over Arsal Captives". Naharnet. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  12. ^ Chulov, Martin. "One of the Islamic State's senior commanders reveals exclusive details of the terror group's origins inside an Iraqi prison – right under the noses of their American jailers". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  13. ^ Treasury 29 September 2015.
  14. ^ "A New American Leader Rises in ISIS". The Atlantic.
  15. ^ Fraser, Kelmeny (10 August 2014). "The photo that will shock the world: jihadist Khaled Sharrouf's son, 7, holds severed head". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Afghan air strike kills Islamic State commander". 7 April 2018 – via www.reuters.com.
  17. ^ a b hermesauto (24 April 2018). "Indonesia investigates reports of top ISIS commander being killed". The Straits Times.
  18. ^ "Abu Lais "el Cordobés", el joven yihadista andaluz que amenaza en video a España en nombre del autodenominado Estado Islámico". BBC Mundo (in Spanish). BBC. 24 August 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  19. ^ R. C. (24 August 2017). "El vídeo del andaluz de Daesh amenazando con recuperar Al-Andalus". Ideal (in Spanish). Vocento. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  20. ^ Seidel, Jamie (8 August 2017). "Australian ISIS fighter Abu Adam urges Muslims to join jihad in The Philippines". Herald Sun. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  21. ^ Wroe, David (8 August 2017). "'Abu Adam' uses chilling video to urge terror attacks against Australia, Philippines". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  22. ^ Marlowe, Lara (19 August 2014). "Inside Islamic State: crucifixions, severed heads, indoctrination". Irish Times. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  23. ^ Michael, Maggie (9 November 2014). "How a Libyan city joined the Islamic State group". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  24. ^ "Islamic State Senior Leadership: Who's Who" (PDF). 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-05. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  25. ^ Warrick, joby (14 June 2014). "ISIS, with gains in Iraq, closes in on founder Zarqawi's violent vision". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  26. ^ "ISIS Fast Facts". CNN. 16 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  27. ^ Manyuan, Dong. "The Rise of ISIS: Impacts and Future". China Institute of International Studies. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  28. ^ "Iraqi forces kill al-Qaida 'war minister' in raid". The Washington Post. 2011-02-25. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  29. ^ a b Masi, Alessandria (10 November 2014). "If ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is killed, who is caliph of the Islamic State group?". International Business Times. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  30. ^ Mroue, Bassem (27 January 2014). "Key al-Qaida militant reportedly killed in Syria". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  31. ^ Taylor, Adam (3 July 2014). "Why being Chechen is a badge of honor for Islamist militants". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  32. ^ Salam Faraj (2015-05-15). "IS seizes government HQ in Iraq's Ramadi". Yahoo.com. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  33. ^ Heras, Nicholas A. (31 March 2014). "Abu Ayman al-Iraqi Directs ISIS Operations in Eastern Syria". March 2014 Briefs. 5 (3).
  34. ^ "German Islamic State 'education minister' confirmed dead". Alarabiya. July 28, 2018. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
  35. ^ Starr, Barbara (May 16, 2015). "Abu Sayyaf, key ISIS figure in Syria, killed in U.S. raid". CNN. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  36. ^ "Islamic State 'deputy' killed near Mosul in air strike, US says". BBC News. August 21, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
  37. ^ "ISIS Confirms That US Killed Its Number Two Leader". Arutz Sheva.
  38. ^ "ISIS confirms killing of number two in U.S. air strike". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
  39. ^ Eugene Scott (14 November 2015). "U.S. airstrike in Libya kills ISIS leader". CNN.
  40. ^ "Taliban Captures ISIS Afghanistan Chief Mullah Abdul Rauf, 45 Others". International Business Times. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  41. ^ "Afghanistan drone strike 'kills IS commander Abdul Rauf'". BBC News. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  42. ^ "ISIS Targets Afghanistan Just as the U.S. Quits". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  43. ^ "Local support for dreaded Islamic State growing in Pakistan: Report". Times of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  44. ^ Umberto Bacchi. "Isis: Islamic State kidnapper-in-chief Amr al-Absi 'killed in Aleppo'". International Business Times UK.
  45. ^ "Islamic State's governor for Aleppo reportedly killed in airstrike". Long War Journal. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  46. ^ "Ex-Gitmo 'poet' and committed jihadist denounces Islamic State for attacks on civilians - FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org.
  47. ^ "Report: A former physics teacher is now leading ISIS". Business Insider. 23 April 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  48. ^ "A Top ISIS Leader Is Killed in an Airstrike, Pentagon Says". New York Times. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  49. ^ "Who Is Shaker Wahib Al-Fahdawi, aka Abu Waheeb, aka Nusayri Hunter aka Teacher of the Nausayris?". Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  50. ^ "IS Governor of Anbar killed in Airstrike".
  51. ^ "Islamic State leader in Iraq's Anbar killed, Pentagon says". BBC News.
  52. ^ "Thomas Joscelyn on Twitter".
  53. ^ Barbara Starr. "U.S. tries to confirm it killed top ISIS leader". CNN.
  54. ^ "Officials: Top Islamic State leader killed in Afghanistan strike". The Washington Post. 11 July 2015.
  55. ^ "Islamic State audio tape raises doubt whether Afghan leader dead". Retrieved 2015-07-13.
  56. ^ Pentagon Confirms U.S. Strike in Syria Killed ISIL Leader 12 September 2016
  57. ^ "Russian security service says killed North Caucasus Islamic State 'emir'". AFP. 4 December 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
  58. ^ "Death of Abu Jandal al-Kuwaiti". CJTF–OIR. 29 December 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  59. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-09-23. Retrieved 2017-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  60. ^ Laila Majdalawi (16 January 2017). "Three Malaysian ISIS jihadists killed in Raqqa airstrike". ARA News. Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  61. ^ Amy Chew (15 January 2017). "Three Malaysian ISIS jihadists killed in Raqqa airstrike". Channel NewsAsia.
  62. ^ Villamor, Felipe (16 October 2017). "Philippines Says It Killed ISIS-Linked Leader in Push to Reclaim City" – via NYTimes.com.
  63. ^ "Province of Sinai video claims former police and military personnel among its ranks, confirms death of Islamic State Sinai leader". Mada Masr. 17 November 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  64. ^ "Abu Usama al-Gharib - Counter Extremism Project". Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  65. ^ "US State Department wants IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, offering $10 million reward". news.com.au. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  66. ^ https://www.yahoo.com/gma/trump-announcement-following-tweet-big-news-123910292--abc-news-topstories.html
  67. ^ "Islamic State identifies Abi al-Hassan al-Muhajer as new spokesman". Reuters. 5 December 2016.
  68. ^ "With Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi gone, what next for ISIL?". Al Jazeera English. October 29, 2019. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  69. ^ "Abdul Hadi Daghlas". History Commons. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  70. ^ "Falluja raid 'hits wedding party'". BBC News. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  71. ^ Roggio, Bill. "The Demise of Abu Azzam". Long War Journal. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  72. ^ Fairweather, Jack; La Guardia, Anton (25 January 2005). "We have caught bomb mastermind, say Iraqis". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  73. ^ Rabasa, Angel; Benard, Cheryl (1 November 2014). Eurojihad: Patterns of Islamist Radicalization and Terrorism in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-1-107-07893-2. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  74. ^ "Zarqawi death a 'significant blow' to al-Qaida". The Guardian. 8 June 2006. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  75. ^ Oppel, Richard A. "Iraqi Official Reports Capture of Top Insurgent Leader Linked to Shrine Bombing". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  76. ^ Bill, Roggio. "Senior al Qaeda in Iraq leader killed in airstrike". Long War Journal. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  77. ^ Bairin, Pierre; Tawfeeq, Mohammed. "Military: Mastermind of Samarra mosque bombing killed". CNN. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  78. ^ Greenwell, Megan; DeYoung, Karen (19 July 2007). "Al-Qaeda in Iraq Figure Is in U.S. Custody". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  79. ^ "Al-Qaida in Iraq leader killed by U.S. soldiers in Baghdad". Star Tribune. Michael J. Klingensmith. 4 October 2008. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  80. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda in Iraq's second in command was a Swedish citizen". Long War Journal. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  81. ^ Mohammed, Muhanad (8 May 2011). "Al Qaeda leader and 17 others killed in Iraq jail clash". Reuters. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  82. ^ Chambers, Geoff (23 June 2014). "Australian jihadist Zakaryah Raad, 22, believed killed in Iraq violence". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  83. ^ Levy, Megan (23 June 2014). "Australian man Zakaryah Raad 'died fighting with ISIS militants'". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  84. ^ Vasco Press (4 September 2014). "Fundido a negro para Salahedin Ghaitun, el yihadista europeo más mediático que amenazó a España". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  85. ^ Mosendz, Polly (22 August 2014). "ISIS Fighter Who Boasted Of Raising 'Flag Of Allah In The White House' Killed In Syria". Business Insider. Insider Inc. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  86. ^ McCoy, Terrence (27 August 2014). "How Douglas McAuthur McCain became the first American to die fighting for the Islamic State". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  87. ^ Vasco Press (4 September 2014). "El yihadista que amenazó a España en un vídeo vivió más de diez años en Guipúzcoa y Navarra". El Mundo (in Spanish). Bilbao. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  88. ^ Capelouto, Susanna (25 December 2014). "ISIS governor of Mosul killed in coalition airstrikes". CNN. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  89. ^ Jim Sciutto (18 December 2014). "U.S. airstrikes kill 3 top ISIS leaders". CNN. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  90. ^ "Norwegian ISIS fighter 'murdered two-year-old stepson'". The Local. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  91. ^ Hillestad, Linn Kongsli; Hultgreen, Gunnar (12 October 2015). "Norsk IS-medlem skal ha blitt drept i krangel med sine egne". Dagbladet (in Norwegian). Labrador CMS. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  92. ^ "Senior Islamic State military commander, 'emir of suicide bombers' among Treasury's terrorism designations". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  93. ^ "IS commander 'killed in Libya'". Times of Malta. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  94. ^ "Egypt says militant leader killed in shootout: army statement". The Daily Star Newspaper – Lebanon. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  95. ^ Brian Ross (12 November 2015). "'Jihadi John' Believed Killed in US Drone Strike, US Officials Say". ABC News. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  96. ^ EFE (4 December 2015). "Muere en Siria el yihadista "Kokito Castillejos" y deja huérfano al primer español nacido en el califato". ABC (in Spanish). Vocento. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  97. ^ Muñoz, Pablo (28 October 2018). "La "gran mentira" de Daesh llega a Castillejos". ABC (in Spanish). Vocento. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  98. ^ "Islamic State: Australian fighter Neil Prakash alive, arrested in Middle East, counter-terrorism officials confirm". ABC News. 25 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  99. ^ "Prominent Sudanese ISIS leader killed in Sirte, Sudanese sources disclosed – Libyan Express". 10 July 2016.
  100. ^ "Leading Sudanese Jihadist killed in Libya". Sudan Tribune. 2016-07-07. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  101. ^ "US says it killed IS information minister al-Fayad". BBC News. 2016-09-16. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  102. ^ "IS confirms death of propaganda chief Abu Mohammed al-Furqan". 11 October 2016.
  103. ^ "US Commandos Take Out ISIS Leader in Hunt for Top Terrorists as Obama Prepares to Leave Office". ABC News. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  104. ^ "Key Islamic State 'finance emir' killed in eastern Syria, US says". Long War Journal. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  105. ^ "Key British Isis member Sally Jones killed". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  106. ^ Welch, Dylan; Dredge, Suzanne (16 August 2017). "Australian terrorist Khaled Sharrouf believed to have been killed in air strike". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  107. ^ Patty, Anna (21 March 2016). "Khaled Sharrouf's daughter, Zaynab Sharrouf, tells of 'normal' life in Syria". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  108. ^ Olding, Rachel; Wroe, David; Koziol, Michael (16 August 2017). "Islamic State fighter Khaled Sharrouf and sons believed killed in Syria". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  109. ^ Mostafa, Nehal (25 November 2017). "Islamic State senior leader killed in Salahuddin". Iraqi News.
  110. ^ Burke, Jason (19 January 2018). "'Gangsta jihadi' Denis Cuspert killed fighting in Syria" – via www.theguardian.com.
  111. ^ Haynes, Deborah; Hamilton, Fiona (9 February 2018). "Two Isis 'Beatles' are stripped of British citizenship". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  112. ^ a b c d e Arab, The New. "Five IS commanders captured crossing into Iraq from Syria". alaraby.
  113. ^ a b c d e "Trump announces the 'five most wanted Isis leaders have been captured'". The Independent. 10 May 2018.
  114. ^ "Man linked to 9/11 attacks on U.S. captured in Syria: Pentagon". 20 April 2018 – via www.reuters.com.
  115. ^ Tribune.com.pk (7 April 2018). "Top Islamic State commander in Afghanistan killed in airstrike: officials". The Express Tribune.
  116. ^ "Egypt army says it killed Islamic State leader in Sinai". The Times of Israel.
  117. ^ Balkissoon, Denise (25 May 2018). "Canada's mysterious Islamic State returnee looks frighteningly familiar". The Globe and Mail.
  118. ^ Aboufadel, Leith (18 April 2018). "High ranking ISIS commander killed along Syrian-Iraqi border". Almasdar News.
  119. ^ Mostafa, Nehal (20 April 2018). "Iraqi jets bomb Islamic State rest house, kill Baghdadi's right-hand man in Diyala". Iraqi News.
  120. ^ "Security forces kill Islamic State commander in Afghanistan". India Blooms. 25 April 2018.
  121. ^ "Yemeni security forces kill senior Islamic State commander". Jerusalem Post. 28 April 2018.
  122. ^ "Key ISIS member Qari Zahid killed in US drone strike in East of Afghanistan". Khaama. 2 October 2017.
  123. ^ Ortega Dolz, Patricia (30 April 2018). "El 'casanova' del ISIS". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  124. ^ "Indonesia investigates reports senior IS commander has been killed". South China Morning Post. 24 April 2018.
  125. ^ Mostafa, Nehal (3 May 2018). "20 Islamic State members, planning to target parliamentary elections, arrested in Nineveh". Iraqi News.
  126. ^ a b c d Staff; agencies (10 May 2018). "Isis: Trump says five 'most wanted' leaders captured" – via www.theguardian.com.
  127. ^ "Deputy chief of ISIS-linked group in Somalia killed: Officials". News24. 23 October 2018.
  128. ^ "'You're the first infidel I've seen in four years': Isil women emerge defiant from last scrap of Syria territory". www.telegraph.co.uk. 24 February 2019.
  129. ^ https://anfenglishmobile.com/news/german-propaganda-chief-for-isis-killed-in-ypg-operation-33452
  130. ^ Garland, Chad (2020-01-21). "Joint Syria Raid Killed ISIS Oil Official who Financed Sleeper Cells". Military.com. Retrieved 2020-01-27.

Sources[edit]

"Treasury Sanctions Major Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Leaders, Financial Figures, Facilitators, and Supporters". 29 September 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2016.