Liberalism in Croatia

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This article gives an overview of liberalism in Croatia. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.

Background[edit]

Liberals became active since 1860 in Dalmatia and since 1904 in the rest of Croatia. It never became a major political party.

History[edit]

After the restoration of democracy in 1989 liberalism became very divided. At the moment (August, 2017) one could distinguish five parties: the right of center Croatian Social Liberal Party (Hrvatska socijalno-liberalna stranka, member LI, ELDR), two center liberal parties: Croatian People's Party-Liberal Democrats (Hrvatska narodna stranka - liberalni demokrati, observer LI, member ELDR) and People's Party - Reformists (Narodna stranka – reformisti, member EDP), while left of center is Civic Liberal Alliance (Građansko-liberalni savez, GLAS). Reformists and GLAS are formed from dissidents of the Croatian People's Party-Liberal Democrats. Istrian Democratic Assembly (Istarski demokratski sabor - Dieta Democratica Istriana, member EDP) is considered as Istrian regionalist, but also as a liberal party. Main media exponents of Croatian liberalism or liberal ideas include or included newspapers Novi list and Glas Istre, culture magazine Zarez and the defunct weekly Feral Tribune.

1860–1945[edit]

National Party (People's Party)
From Progressive Party to Progressive Democratic Party
Democratic Party (Dalmatia)
  • 1906: Dalmatian liberals formed the Democratic Party (Demokratska stranka)
  • 1908: The DS merged into the ⇒ Croatian People's Progressive Party
From Democratic Community to Democratic Party (Yugoslavia)
Independent Democratic Party

1989–present[edit]

Croatian Social Liberal Union / Croatian Social Liberal Party
  • 1989: Liberals formed the Croatian Social Liberal Union (Hrvatski socijalno-liberalni savez), renamed in 1990 into the Croatian Social Liberal Party (Hrvatska socijalno-liberalna stranka)
  • 1998: A left-wing faction formed the ⇒ Liberal Party
  • 2002: A faction secedes to form the ⇒ Party of Liberal Democrats
Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
  • 1990: Dissident communists formed the liberal Croatian People's Party (Hrvatska narodna stranka)
  • 2005: The ⇒ Party of Liberal Democrats merges into the party, which is renamed into Croatian People's Party-Liberal Democrats (Hrvatska narodna stranka - liberalni demokrati)
  • 2014: A faction secedes to form the ⇒ People's Party - Reformists
  • 2017: A left-wing faction formed the ⇒ Civic Liberal Alliance
Liberal Party
Party of Liberal Democrats
People's Party - Reformists
Civic Liberal Alliance

Liberal leaders[edit]

Liberal thinkers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Postoji li liberalna Hrvatska?". Zarez (in Croatian) (149). 25 February 2005. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 

Sources[edit]



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