Liberalism in Brazil

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This article gives an overview of liberal parties in Brazil. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ means a reference to another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.


Liberalism was organized in Brazil since 1831 in a traditional way as the opposition to conservatism. With the republican revolution of 1889 organized liberalism disappeared. Some liberal parties were founded in twentieth century. Since 1966 liberalism was best represented by the Democratic Movement. After multi-partism became a fact, more parties labeled themselves as liberal, but the word was also used by moderate conservative forces. At the moment three parties name themselves liberal, but the Liberal Front Party (Partido da Frente Liberal) is a conservative party, member of the International Democrat Union. The Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) can be considered a liberal partiy. The centrist Brazilian Democratic Movement (Movimento Democrático Brasileiro) takes a liberal position the spectrum.

The timeline[edit]

Liberal Party (1831)[edit]

  • 1831: In resistance to the imperial regime liberals formed in 1831 the Liberal Party (Partido Liberal), loosely connected to the urban petty bourgeoisie. It became the leading progressive party during the monarchy.
  • 1863: A left wing faction forms the ⇒ Progressive Party.
  • 1868: The Progressive Party reunited with the party.
  • 1869: A left wing faction formed the ⇒ New Liberal Party.
  • 1882: A new Progressive Party is formed.
  • 1889: After the fall of the monarchy the party vanished.

Progressive Party (1863)[edit]

  • 1863: A left wing faction of the ⇒ Liberal Party forms the Progressive Party (Partido Progresista) .
  • 1868: The party reunited with the ⇒ Liberal Party

New Liberal Party[edit]

Progressive Party (1882)[edit]

  • 1882: A left wing faction of the ⇒ Liberal Party forms the Progressive Party (Partido Progresista).
  • 1889: After the fall of the monarchy the party disappeared.

Republican Party[edit]

  • 1870: The Republican Party (Partido Republicano), a party of the urban middle class, is formed.
  • 1889: After the fall of the monarchy the party disappeared.

Liberal Alliance[edit]

  • 1930: The liberal bourgeoisie formed the Liberal Alliance (Aliança Liberal), led by Getúlio Vargas. After he lost the fixed elections of 1930 the party came to power in a revolution.
  • 1934: When Vargas establishes in 1934 an authoritarian regime, the party fell apart.

Brazilian Democratic Movement[edit]

Popular Party[edit]

  • 1980: A liberal faction of the National Renewal Alliance established the liberal Popular Party (Partido Popular), led by Tancredo de Almeida Neves.
  • 1981: The PP merged into the ⇒ Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement.

Liberal Front Party[edit]

Liberal Party (1985)[edit]

  • 1985: The centre-right Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) is formed.


It is a libertarian party with some classic liberal members. Libertarians has no electoral register, still can not participate in elections.

New Party[edit]

  • 2011: The New Party (Partido Novo) is formed.

Liberal leaders[edit]



See also[edit]

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