Liberalism and radicalism in Bulgaria

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This article gives an overview of liberalism and radicalism in Bulgaria. It is limited to liberal and radical parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary that parties label themselves as a liberal party.

Background[edit]

Liberalism was a dominant political force at the end of the nineteenth century. The current got strongly divided.

History[edit]

After the restoration of democracy in 1990, some parties got a liberal character. Liberalism is now represented by the mainly Turkish minority party Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Dviženie za prava i svobodi, observer LI, member ELDR) and the National Movement for Simeon II (Nacionalno Dviženie Simeon Vtori, member LI, ELDR), both taking a more or less liberal position.

From Liberal Party to Democratic Party[edit]

  • 1879: Liberal forces united in the Liberal Party (Liberalna Partija)
  • 1884: A right-wing faction formed the ⇒ Progressive Liberal Party
  • 1886: Another right-wing faction formed the ⇒ People's Liberal Party
  • 1887: A third faction formed the ⇒ Radoslav Liberal Party
  • 1896: The party is renamed into Democratic Party (Demokratičeska Partija)
  • 1905: A radical faction seceded as the ⇒ Radical Democratic Party
  • 1923: A faction joined the Democratic Alliance (Demokratičeski Sgovor)
  • 1934: The party is banned by the dictatorship
  • 1945: The party is revived
  • 1947: The party is banned by the communist dictatorship
  • 1989: The party is revived as a Christian conservative party

Progressive Liberal Party[edit]

  • 1884: A right-wing faction of the ⇒ Liberal Party formed the Progressive Liberal Party (Progresivnoliberalna Partija)
  • 1920: The party merged into the United National Progressive Party (Obedinena Narodnoprogresivna Partija)

People's Liberal Party[edit]

  • 1886: A right-wing faction of the ⇒ Liberal Party formed the People's Liberal Party (Narodnoliberalna Partija)
  • 1920: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party

Radoslavist Liberal Party / National Liberal Party[edit]

  • 1887: A right-wing faction of the ⇒ Liberal Party formed the Radoslav Liberal Party (Liberalna-Radoslavistka Partija)
  • 1904: A right-wing faction seceded as the ⇒ Tonchevist Young Liberal Party
  • 1920: The party merged with the ⇒ Tonchevist Young Liberal Party and the ⇒ People's Liberal Party into the National Liberal Party (Nacionalliberalna Partija)
  • 1934: The party is banned by the dictatorship

Tonchevist Young Liberal Party[edit]

  • 1904: A right-wing faction of the ⇒ Radoslav Liberal Party seceded as the Tonchevist Young Liberal Party (Mladoliberalna Partija-Tončevisti)
  • 1920: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party

Radical (Democratic) Party[edit]

  • 1905: A radical faction of the ⇒ Democratic Party seceded as the Radical Democratic Party (Radikaldemokratičeska Partija)
  • 1922: The party is renamed Radical Party (Radikalna Partija)
  • 1923: A faction joined the Democratic Alliance (Demokratičeski Sgovor)
  • 1934: The party is banned by the dictatorship
  • 1945: The party is revived
  • 1949: The party is banned by the communist dictatorship
  • 1989: The party is refounded as the Radical Democratic Party (Radikaldemokratičeska Partija)
  • 1990s: The party took part in various electoral alliances with decreasing success

Movement for Rights and Freedoms[edit]

  • 1990: Representatives of the Turkish minority formed the Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Dviženie za Prava i Svobodi), that develops in a more or less liberal direction

National Movement for Simeon II[edit]

  • 2001: Followers of the ex-king formed the personalist National Movement for Simeon II (Nacionalno Dviženie Simeon Vtori), that takes a more or less liberal position in the spectrum

Liberal leaders[edit]

See also[edit]



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