Liberal International

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Liberal International
Liberalinternationallogo.JPG
Liberal International logo
AbbreviationLI
FormationApril 1947, constituted with the Oxford Manifesto
TypeFederation
PurposeWorld federation of liberal political parties and organisations
HeadquartersNational Liberal Club
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
106 (as of December 2018)
President
Hakima El Haite
Main organ
Congress of Liberal International
Websiteliberal-international.org

Liberal International (LI) is the political international federation for liberal political parties.

Its headquarters is located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.

Aims[edit]

The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as

to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles.

The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.

The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.[1]

Bureau[edit]

The bureau[2] of Liberal International is elected every 18 months by the delegates of the congress.

The 14th president of Liberal International is Hakima el Haite of the Mouvement Populaire (Morocco), is former a Minister of Environment, UN climate champion, and climate scientist. Madam El Haite succeeded Dr Juli Minoves, formerly Andorra's foreign minister and representative to the United Nations.

Former Presidents include Hans Van Baalen MEP, Lord John Alderdice, Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein, German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff, and Spain's first democratically elected prime minister after Francoist Spain, Adolfo Suárez.

Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Prof. Karl-Heinz Paque, and Vice Presidents Cellou Dalein Diallo [Guinea]; Kitty Monterrey [Nicaragua]; Abir al-Sahlani [Sweden]; Kiat Sittheamorn [Thailand]; and Robert Woodthorpe Browne MBE [United Kingdom]. There are two elected treasurers, Judith Pallares MP [Andorra] and Minister Omar Youm [Senegal]. The secretary general is Gordon Mackay, a former Member of Parliament from South Africa.

Awards[edit]

Liberal International awards prizes to worthy individuals in the fields of human rights and liberalism.

Prize for Freedom:

The Liberal International Prize for Freedom is LI’s most prestigious human rights award. Conveyed annually since 1985 to an individual who of liberal conviction who has made outstanding efforts for the defence of freedom and human rights, recipients include Maria Corina Machado [Venezuela], Senator Leila de Lima [Philippines], Raif Badawi [Saudi Arabia], Waris Dirie [Somalia], and Vaclav Havel [Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic].

Medal of Liberalism:

The Liberal International Medal of Liberalism is awarded to individuals who have worked to advance liberal values on a local, national and international level. Recipients include President Alassane Ouattara [Cote d’Ivoire]; Prime Minister Xavier Bettel [Luxembourg]; President Tsai, Ing-wen [Taiwan]; Sir Graham Watson [United Kingdom].

Publications[edit]

The LI Human Rights Bulletin is published three times per year and consists of opinion articles, video interviews and digest of the work of the LI human rights committee.

Thematic publications are published online and in print on an ad-hoc basis. Recent texts have offered a liberal perspective on issues ranging from freedom of belief to the responsibility to protect.

Oxford Manifesto[edit]

The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 at Wadham College in Oxford by representatives from 19 liberal political parties, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document describing the basic political principles of the Liberal International.[3]

The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of William Beveridge[citation needed] and is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the 20 century.[citation needed]

Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.[4] In 2017, the global federation marked its 70th anniversary with the adoption of the Andorra Liberal Manifesto for the twenty-first century (ALM). A three-year project across numerous continents initiated by then president Juli Minoves, the ALM embodied the widest consultation of views undertaken by Liberal International in order to compile a policy document.[5]

Organisation[edit]

Presidents[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Country Presidency Membership
1 Salvador de Madariaga.JPG Salvador de Madariaga
(1886–1978)
 United Kingdom
 Spain (exiled)
20 April 1948 18 April 1952 Association
Mont Pelerin Society
2 Belgium politic personality icon.svg Roger Motz
(1904–1964)
 Belgium 18 April 1952 20 April 1958 Liberal Party
3 Giovanni Malagodi.jpg Giovanni Malagodi
(1904–1991)
 Italy 20 April 1958 15 April 1966 Italian Liberal Party
4 Toxopeus, Edzo Henrik - SFA001008917.jpg Edzo Toxopeus
(1918–2009)
 Netherlands 15 April 1966 25 April 1970 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
5 Gaston Thorn (1984).jpg Gaston Thorn
(1928–2007)
 Luxembourg 25 April 1970 18 April 1982 Democratic Party
(3) Giovanni Malagodi.jpg Giovanni Malagodi
(1904–1991)
 Italy 18 April 1982 26 April 1989 Italian Liberal Party
6 Adolfo Suárez 1979 (cropped).jpg Adolfo Suárez
(1932–2014)
 Spain 26 April 1989 22 April 1992 Democratic and Social Centre
7 Otto Graf Lambsdorff (1990).jpg Otto Graf Lambsdorff
(1926–2009)
 Germany 22 April 1992 25 April 1994 Free Democratic Party
8 DavidSteel1987 cropped.jpg David Steel
(1938–)
 United Kingdom 25 April 1994 15 April 1996 Liberal Democrats
9 Debat olieboycot Zuid Afrika, VVD-er Bolkenstein - NL-HaNA Anefo 930-8990 WM365.jpg Frits Bolkestein
(1933–)
 Netherlands 15 April 1996 18 April 2000 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
10 Annemie Neyts bij het VVD seminar democratisering (5212184305).jpg Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck
(1944–)
 Belgium 18 April 2000 25 April 2005 Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten
11 Lord Alderdice.jpg John Alderdice
(1955–)
 United Kingdom 25 April 2005 20 April 2009 Liberal Democrats
and
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
12 Johannes Cornelis van Baalen MEP 1 - Diliff.jpg Hans van Baalen
(1960–)
 Netherlands 20 April 2009 26 April 2014 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
13 HA33.jpg Juli Minoves
(1969–)
 Andorra 26 April 2014 30 November 2018 Liberal Party of Andorra
14 Hakima El Haite (cropped).jpg Hakima El Haite
(1963–)
 Morocco 30 November 2018 Incumbent Popular Movement

Members[edit]


Full members[edit]

Country Name Government
 Andorra Liberal Party of Andorra[6] in opposition
 Argentina [:es:Unión_por_la_Libertad]Unión por la Libertad [es] in government coalition
 Belgium Reform Movement[6] in government coalition
 Belgium Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats[6] junior party in government coalition
 Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms in opposition
 Burkina Faso Alliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rally in opposition
 Burundi Alliance démocratique pour le renouveau [fr] in opposition
 Cambodia Cambodia National Rescue Party in opposition
 Canada Liberal Party of Canada[7][8] in government
 Canada Canadian Group of Liberal International N/A
 Chile Liberal Party of Chile in opposition
 Republic of China (Taiwan) Democratic Progressive Party in government
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Alliance pour le renouveau au Congo [fr] in opposition
 Côte d'Ivoire Rally of the Republicans in government
 Croatia Istrian Democratic Assembly in opposition
 Cuba Cuban Liberal Union in exile
 Cuba Democratic Solidarity Party in exile
 Cuba National Liberal Party in exile
 Denmark Danish Social Liberal Party in opposition
 Denmark Liberal Party senior party in government coalition
 Estonia Estonian Reform Party senior party in opposition
 EU ALDE Group N/A
 EU ALDE Party N/A
 Finland Centre Party senior party in government coalition
 Finland Swedish People's Party in opposition
 Georgia Republican Party of Georgia junior party in government coalition
 Germany German Group of the LI N/A
 Germany Free Democratic Party in opposition
 Gibraltar Liberal Party[6] junior party in government coalition
 Guinea Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea in opposition
 Guinea Union of Republican Forces in opposition
 Honduras Liberal Party in opposition
 Iceland Progressive Party in government
 Ireland Fianna Fáil[6] in opposition
 Israel Israeli Liberal Group N/A
 Kenya Orange Democratic Movement in opposition
 Kosovo Independent Liberal Party in opposition
 Lebanon Future Movement senior party in government coalition
 Luxembourg Democratic Party senior party in government coalition
 Macedonia Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
 Madagascar Movement for the Progress of Madagascar in opposition
 Mexico New Alliance Party in opposition
 Mongolia Civil Will-Green Party extraparliamentary opposition
 Montenegro Liberal Party of Montenegro junior party in government coalition
 Morocco Constitutional Union in opposition
 Morocco Popular Movement junior party in government coalition
 Netherlands Democrats 66 junior party in government coalition
 Netherlands Dutch Group of LI N/A
 Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy[9] senior party in government coalition
 Nicaragua Ciudadanos por la Libertad in opposition
 Norway Liberal Party junior party in government coalition
 Paraguay Authentic Radical Liberal Party in opposition
 Philippines Liberal Party in opposition
 Russia Yabloko extraparliamentary opposition
 Senegal Alliance pour la République in government
 Senegal Rewmi [fr] in opposition
 Senegal Senegalese Democratic Party in opposition
 Slovenia Modern Centre Party junior party in government coalition
 Somalia CAHDI Party in opposition
 South Africa Democratic Alliance in opposition
 Spain Fundació Llibertat i Democràcia N/A
 Sweden The Liberals in opposition
 Sweden Centre Party in opposition
  Switzerland FDP.The Liberals junior party in government coalition
 Tanzania Civic United Front in opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar
 Thailand Democrat Party in opposition
 United Kingdom Alliance Party of Northern Ireland in opposition
 United Kingdom Liberal International British Group N/A
 United Kingdom Liberal Democrats in opposition
Worldwide International Federation of Liberal Youth N/A
Worldwide International Network of Liberal Women N/A


Observer parties[edit]

Country Name Government
 Austria NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum in opposition
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
 Brazil Brazilian Group of Liberal International N/A
 Burkina Faso Union pour le Progrès et le Changement in opposition
 Comoros Alliance Nationale pour les Comores extraparliamentary opposition
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Union pour la reconstruction du Congo [fr] in opposition
 Republic of the Congo Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development in oppositions
 Croatia Istrian Democratic Assembly[10] in opposition
 Cyprus United Democrats extraparliamentary opposition
 Ghana Progressive People’s Party in opposition
 Italy Italian Group of Liberal International N/A
 Madagascar Arche de la Nation in opposition
 Malaysia Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia in opposition
 Malaysia People's Justice Party in government coalition
 Mali Citizens' Party for the Renewal of Mali extraparliamentary opposition
 Mauritania Rally for Mauritania in opposition
 Moldova Liberal Reformist Party extraparliamentary opposition
 Mozambique Party for Peace, Democracy, and Development extraparliamentary opposition
 Romania Alianta Liberalilor si Democratilor din Romania in opposition
 Singapore Singapore Democratic Party extraparliamentary opposition


Individual Member[edit]

Country Name Government
 Hong Kong Mr Martin Lee - founding chairman of Democratic Party in opposition


Cooperating organizations[edit]

Cooperating and regional organisations are groups with a recognised status in the constitution of Liberal International as bodies that share the values and objectives of LI but do not operate as a political party. Co-operating organisations have the right of representation but in no case the right to vote at statutory events.

Organization Region
Africa Liberal Network Africa
Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats Asia
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (ALDE-PACE) Europe
Friedrich Naumann Stiftung Europe
Fondazione Libro Aperto Europe
Fondazione Luigi Einaudi Europe
Neue Zürcher Zeitung Europe
Swedish International Liberal Centre Europe
Red Liberal de América Latina Latin America
Arab Liberal Federation MENA
National Democratic Institute North America

Liberal think tanks and foundations[edit]

The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:

Organization Country
Centre Jean Gol Belgium
Friedrich Naumann Foundation Germany
Fondazione Critica Liberale Italy
Friedrich Naumann Stiftung Germany
Teldersstichting Netherlands
The Bertil Ohlin Institute Sweden
CentreForum United Kingdom
European Liberal Forum Europe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Bureau Members". Liberal International. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  3. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  4. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  5. ^ "Andorra Liberal Manifesto - 2017". Liberal International. Retrieved 2019-01-25.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Europe - Liberal International". Liberal International. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  7. ^ "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
  8. ^ "North America - Liberal International". Liberal International. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  9. ^ (in Dutch) VVD is a member of LI Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Observer Members". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-22.

External links[edit]



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