Italian Football Confederation
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Just after World War I, football became the national sport in Italy, with growing economic revenues. However, the Italian Football Championship was still based on an amatorial and pletoric structure of 88 clubs divided in regional groups that the democratic organization of the FIGC could not change.
Richest and greatest clubs of Northern Italy asked famous coach Vittorio Pozzo for a reform plan in summer 1921, but minor clubs rejected it. Consequently, the 24 strongest clubs resigned from the FIGC and founded the Northern League, the first association football league of the country. The richness of the new league attracted some minor clubs and all Southern clubs, which were grouped into a Second Division and a Southern League respectively. Together, they formed the CCI, headquarters in Turin.
As the lexical difference, copied from the American Civil War, showed, the Confederation opposed the Federation with a lighter structure, where the real power was vested in the leagues, which organized their own championships.
Despite its economic success, the CCI suffered the lack of international recognition by the FIFA, while the FIGC remained with a poor championship with bankruptcy risks. The director of La Gazzetta dello Sport, Mr Colombo, was asked for a gentleman agreement which became very similar to a surrender of the FIGC. The championship was expanded to 36 clubs for the 1922–23 season solely, while the 24 clubs format would be accepted from 1923–24 onward. The Northern League victory then allowed the CCI disbandment.
- Luigi Saverio Bertazzoni, “Annuario Italiano del Giuoco del Calcio”, in “I volumi dello sport”, F.I.G.C., 1929 (it.)