Institut national de la recherche agronomique

Wikipedia open wikipedia design.

Institut national de la recherche agronomique
Logo of INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research) - version of 2013.jpg
Motto Science & Impact
Formation 1946
Type Governmental organisation
Purpose targeted research
Location
President
Philippe Mauguin (July 2016[1])
Budget
€877.6 million[2]
Staff
8,290[2]
Website www.international.inra.fr

The Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA, pronounced [inʁa]; English: National Institute of Agricultural Research) is a French public research institute dedicated to agricultural science. It was founded in 1946 and is a Public Scientific and Technical Research Establishment under the joint authority of the Ministries of Research and Agriculture.

INRA leads projects of targeted research for a sustainable agriculture, a safeguarded environment and a healthy and high quality food. Based on the number of publications in agricultural sciences/crops and animal sciences, INRA is the first institute for agricultural research in Europe, and the second in the world.[2] It belongs to the top 1% most cited research institutes.[2]

Missions[edit]

INRA main tasks are:

  • to gather and disseminate knowledge;
  • to build know-how and innovation for the society;
  • to provide expertise to public institutions and private companies;
  • to participate in science-society debates;
  • to train in research.

Staff and Organization[edit]

INRA is a research institute with 1,840 researchers, 1,756 research engineers and 4,694 lab workers/field workers/administrative staff. In addition, 510 PhD students are trained, and 2,552 interns are employed every year.[2]

INRA is composed of 13 scientific departments:

  • Environment and Agronomy
  • Biology and crop breeding
  • Plant health and environment
  • Ecology of forests, meadows and aquatic environments
  • Animal genetics
  • Animal physiology and animal production systems
  • Animal health
  • Characterization and processing of agricultural products
  • Microbiology and food processing
  • Human nutrition
  • Sciences for action and development
  • Social sciences, agriculture and food, territories and environment
  • Applied mathematics and computer sciences

Moreover, INRA provides tools and support to the scientific community: databases, environmental research observatories, genetic resources centers, experimental platforms, etc.

Centers and Partnerships[edit]

In 2014, INRA has 17 regional centres in France, including in the French overseas territories. Most laboratories and facilities located in Paris region are to be moved to the Paris-Saclay research-intensive cluster.[3]

INRA develops partnerships with:

Research on wine and grapes[edit]

INRA maintains a collection of vines at Domaine de Vassal, in Marseillan near Sète, a site where phylloxera cannot survive.[6]Gouais blanc can be found there.

Researches on vine cultivation are conducted in Pech Rouge estate, in Gruissan.[7] INRA also owns the Château Couhins wine-producing estate near Bordeaux. Many wine grapes have been created at INRA stations including Ederena.[8]

INRA was a member of the consortium for the genome sequencing of Vitis vinifera in 2007.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://institut.inra.fr/en/Overview/Highlights/Philippe-Mauguin-President-of-INRA
  2. ^ a b c d e f https://inra-dam-front-resources-cdn.brainsonic.com/ressources/afile/251625-fb52e-resource-inra-plaquette-de-presentation-de-l-institut-en.html
  3. ^ http://www.epps.fr/en/a-global-cluster/a-world-class-university/
  4. ^ http://www.natureindex.com/institution-outputs/France/French%20National%20Institute%20for%20Agricultural%20Research%20(INRA)/Life%20Sciences/Science
  5. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/institution/French_National_Institute_for_Agricultural_Research
  6. ^ Domaine de Vassal at www1.montpellier.inra.fr
  7. ^ Pech Rouge at www1.montpellier.inra.fr
  8. ^ J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pg 322, Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2

External links[edit]



This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.

Destek