Impulse (psychology)

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Impulse is a biological force in the human unconscious in the case of continuous activity and excitement. And follow the type of sphere and space in the psychological system. And its source is the body. In the sense of a state of excitement or the need for satisfaction, such as hunger, thirst and sexual desire and orientation of the psychological system towards the subject of saturation and thanks to this approach the individual to a state of rest and reduction of energy. And the impulse gives the mental energy task in the activity carried out by the psychological system, so it is a charge of energy directed the individual towards a certain Goal. The impulse is also an intermediate concept between what is somatic, which is physical, and what is psychological. According to Freud the impulse consists of three components: the source or the source: the inner excitement is generated in the body.

Objective: In the sense of eliminating the pressure or reduce the pressure and this in order to return to the initial situation and the former of complete calm, such as the principle of nirvana, which we will address later. 

Subject: And it is the thing that thanks to it we reach the goal. And impulse types of fragmented or other term pre-genital and is present in childish nationality and follow the stages of sexual or muscular development, so we talk about the impulse of mouth and anus and other penis. Afterward, impulse become grouped in the form of sexual fantasies in adulthood.The effect and represent the impulse: In the impulse must distinguish the impact and representation Representation is defined as the representative, which constitutes the abstract content of the act of perception in the sense of restructuring of the internal perception, for example, go on a tourist trip.

And the effect is the expression of the quantity of energy impulse, for example good feeling and happiness of the act of travel if we return to the previous example. Freud: Freud has studied the impulse called instincts and the impact of the mechanism of suppression. This is a return to moral control and focuses on the distinction of three stages in the Freudian thought of the concept of impulse: Stage 1: characterized by particular mixing of sexual impulse on the one hand and impulse of the ego and whims Self-preservation. On the other hand, this mixture is a contradiction between impulse, which helps to create a kind of psychological balance.And sexual impulse can guarantee a kind of security for the individual on the one hand and on the other a kind of inner calm compared to the external environment and this is what Freud called the term or concept of attribution and in fact the sexism and ego impulse do not contradict them in the early stages of life, In the scope of self-preservation functions in the sense of sharing the concept of upstream and subject matter.

The second stage: We record Freud's introduction to the concept of narcissism in the theory of impulse. In the past, Freud distinguished between saturation self-satisfaction and objective satisfaction, but at this stage invented a kind of comprehensive investment of the ego by the libido. Narcissism prompts us to consider three aspects. Narcissism prompts us to consider three aspects. The first manifestation is completely different: the ego, the subject, the external world, and the formation of the image of the self, in the sequence of the erotica, or the image of the other, the external world, and the recoil of the ego to those who seem to invest in external subjects. The third stage here Freud developed the concept of impulse because of its distinction or separation between the impulse of life and the impulse of death:

The death impulse are formed after colliding with the principle of reality and give us the concept of oppression and repetition. This explains the existence of a tendency in the psychological life of repetition, which confirms the principle of pleasure and the tendency of repetition gives an incentive for psychological organization to reproduce the primitive state of the psychological apparatus And stability, which Freud sometimes calls the state of inorganicism, but this impulse remains incomplete in the context of the interpretation of many of our wishes for life and hence it was necessary to invent another concept is the impulse of life aros and thanks to the latter seeks to regulate the structure and the complex Somewhat... And keeps us talking about why Freud called for the theory of impulse in the first and second theories.[1]


  1. ^ Freud, Sigmund (1923). The Ego and The Eid. Austria: Internationaler Psycho- analytischer Verlag (Vienna), W. W. Norton & Company. 

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