Félix Tshisekedi

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Félix Tshisekedi
Félix Tshisekedi (september 2018) 2.jpg
President-elect of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Assuming office
22 January 2019
Prime MinisterVital Kamerhe (designate)
SucceedingJoseph Kabila
Leader of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress
Assumed office
31 March 2018
Preceded byÉtienne Tshisekedi
Personal details
Born
Félix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo

(1963-06-13) 13 June 1963 (age 55)
Léopoldville, Congo-Léopoldville (now Kinshasa, DR Congo)
Political partyUnion for Democracy and Social Progress
ParentsÉtienne Tshisekedi
(father)
Marthe Kasalu Jibikila
(mother)

Félix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo[1] (French: [feligz ɑ̃twan tʃizək(ə)di tʃilɔ̃bo]; born 13 June 1963)[2] is the leader of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), the oldest and largest opposition party of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[3] As of 10 January 2019, he is the President-elect of the DRC.[4] He is the son of late Étienne Tshisekedi, a three-time Prime Minister of Zaire and opposition leader, and would therefore become the first Congolese president to be related to a Prime Minister.

Early life and education

Tshisekedi was born in Léopoldville on 13 June 1963 to mother Marthe and father Étienne Tshisekedi, who served as Prime Minister of Zaire in the 1990s. His father is of Luba ethnicity.[5] Félix had a comfortable life as a youth in the capital. When his father created the UDPS in the early 1980's, publicly opposing Mobutu, Félix was forced to accompany his dissident father into house arrest in his native village in central Kasaï. This led to him ending his studies. In 1985, Mobutu authorised him, his mother, and his brothers to leave Kasaï. He went on to live in Brussels, Belgium, where he worked at odd jobs, enjoyed the night life, and became an active UDPS militant.[2]

Political career

In late 2008, Tshisekedi was named as the UDPS National Secretary for external relations.[6] In November 2011, he obtained a seat in the National Assembly, representing the city of Mbuji Mayi in Kasai-Oriental province. He did not take his seat citing a fraudulent election[citation needed] and his mandate was invalidated for "absenteeism".[6]

In May 2013, he refused a position of rapporteur at the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI), saying that he did not want to put his political career on hold[7] as CENI's article 17 excludes membership for those who are members of a political formation.[6]

In October 2016, Tshisekedi became vice secretary general of the UDPS.[6] On 31 March 2018, he was elected to lead the UDPS, after his father's death on 1 February 2017.[8] The very same day, he was chosen by his party to be the UDPS presidential candidate in the general election that took place on 30 December 2018.[1]

On 10 January 2019, it was announced Tshisekedi had been elected President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the elections held on 30 December 2018.[4] He defeated another opposition leader, Martin Fayulu, and Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, who was supported by term-limited outgoing president Joseph Kabila who has been president for eighteen years. Fayulu, the runner-up, alleged rigging and challenged the election results.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b "Félix Tshisekedi investi candidat du parti historique d'opposition UDPS en RDC" (in French). Voice of America. 31 March 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  2. ^ a b Boisselet, Pierre (15 June 2017). "RDC : Félix Tshisekedi, au nom du père". Jeune Afrique (in French). Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  3. ^ Clowes, William (25 May 2018). "Congo Opposition Leaders Mull Unity Candidate for Delayed Vote". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Opposition named winner in DR Congo poll". BBC News. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  5. ^ Williame, Jean-Claude; et al. (1997). Zaire: Predicament and Prospects. DIANE Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 0-7881-7042-2.
  6. ^ a b c d "Félix Tshisekedi Premier ministre à la place de Samy Badibanga?". Politico.cd (in French). 23 December 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  7. ^ " Je ne tiens pas à mettre ma carrière politique entre parenthèses "
  8. ^ "Tshisekedi's son leads DRC's main opposition party". The Herald. 2 April 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Surprise Winner of Congolese Election Is An Opposition Leader". NPR. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph Kabila
President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
(Elect)

2019–present
Incumbent




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