Egyptian involvement in the Syrian Civil War

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Egyptian involvement in the Syrian civil war has been substantial since it began in 2011. Egypt has supported the Ba'athist Government in Syria since Abdel Fattah el-Sisi took power in 2013.

Under Morsi[edit]

Under President Mohamed Morsi, Egypt was a supporter of the Syrian opposition,[1][2] sending aid to the Free Syrian Army. Morsi, who announced at a rally that his government had expelled Syria's ambassador and closed the Syrian embassy in Cairo, called for international intervention on behalf of the opposition forces in the effect of an establishment of a no-fly zone.[3] Many Syrian refugees went to Egypt following Morsi's inauguration.[4]

Under el-Sisi[edit]

Following a series of protests that led to the overthrow of Morsi, Egypt began to support the Ba'athist government.[5][6] There was a claim in 2016 made a Pro-Assad source stating that Egypt had sent troops for logistical support for the Ba'athist Government,[7][8] days after Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi stated that he supported the Syrian military.[9][10][11] However, Egypt discussed in 2018 to send troops in support of Rojava following an invite by the United States,[12] but declined.[13] Also, Egypt has sometimes tried to make peace in Syria.[14][15][16]

Alleged 2020 military intervention[edit]

On June 30, 2020, the Andalou Agency, citing 'military sources', said that Egypt had deployed 150 troops to Idlib to support Assad.[17][18][19][20][21][22] The claim was never supported by evidence.


  1. ^ "FSA praises Morsi's 'historic' statements on Syrian regime - Region - World". Ahram Online. Retrieved 2021-03-17.
  2. ^ "Morsi role at Syria rally seen as a tipping point for Egypt army". The Irish Times. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  3. ^ Perry, Tom (15 June 2013). "Mursi cuts Egypt's Syria ties, backs no-fly zone". Reuters. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  4. ^ Qabbani, Abdulhamid (2 September 2013). "Smuggling Syrian refugees out of Egypt". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Egypt's Sisi expresses support for Syria's military". al-Jazeera. 23 November 2016.
  6. ^ Kynfield, Ben. "Egypt shifts to open support for Assad regime in Syrian civil war". Jerusalem Post.
  7. ^ طلائع عسكرية مصرية في سوريا
  8. ^ Analysis: The Consequences of Egypt’s Potential Military Engagement in Syria
  9. ^ Kynfield, Ben. "Egypt shifts to open support for Assad regime in Syrian civil war". Jerusalem Post.
  10. ^ "Egypt Picks Sides in the Syrian War". Foreign Policy.
  11. ^ Egypt's Growing Support for Bashar al-Assad
  12. ^ "Egypt says sending Arab troops to Syria a possibility: state newspaper".
  13. ^ Egypt to decline any request by US to send troops to Syria: former intelligence official
  14. ^ Analysis | In Blow to Iran, Egypt Becomes Surprise New Player in Syria
  15. ^ Egypt mobilizes Gulf, Arab support end Syrian crisis
  16. ^ Egypt's leadership emerges again in brokering Middle East stability
  17. ^ "Egypt sends 150 troops to Syria to 'fight for Assad'". TheNewArab.
  18. ^ "Egypt sends forces to Syria for Assad regime". AA. 30 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Have Egyptian Troops Joined Iran-Backed Forces in Syria?".
  20. ^ "Egypt sends soldiers to Syria to bolster embattled President Assad". North Africa Post.
  21. ^ Egypt sends forces to Syria for Assad regime
  22. ^ Egypt sends troops to Syria's Idlib in coordination with Iran