Dynasty (sports)

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Exhibits on various Stanley Cup dynasties at the Hockey Hall of Fame

In sports, a dynasty is a team or individual that dominates their sport or league for an extended length of time. Some leagues usually maintain official lists of dynasties, often as part of a hall of fame, but in many cases, whether a team or individual has achieved a dynasty is subjective. This can result in frequent topic of debate among sports fans due to lack of consensus and agreement in the many different variables and criteria that fans may use to define a sports dynasty.[1][2][3] Merriam-Webster describes a dynasty as a "sports franchise which has a prolonged run of successful seasons".[4] Within the same sport, or even the same league, dynasties may be concurrent with each other.

Association football[edit]

Club[edit]

American Major League Soccer[edit]

  • D.C. United, 1996 to 1999 (three MLS championships in four years and two Supporters' Shields). In addition to the MLS Championships D.C. United won other American and regional titles during this time. In 1996 D.C. United won the Lamar Hunt US Open Cup and in 1998 D.C. United won the CONCACAF Champions Cup as the best team in North America and later in the same year won the InterAmerican Cup against the champions of South America.[5]
  • LA Galaxy, 2009 to 2015 (three MLS championships in four years and two Supporters Shields as first place team in the regular season. Additionally, the team has four Western Conference titles and has had great players such as David Beckham, Landon Donovan and Robbie Keane.

Argentine Primera División[edit]

Belarus Highest League[edit]

Brazilian Campeonato Brasileiro[edit]

Colombian Categoría Primera A[edit]

English First Division and Premier League[edit]

  • Liverpool between 1972 and 1990. During those eighteen years, the club became English champions on eleven occasions, under the successive guidance of Bill Shankly, Bob Paisley, Joe Fagan and Kenny Dalglish. Other domestic honours won during the period were the FA Cup in 1974, 1986 and 1989 and the Football League Cup, won on four consecutive occasions from 1981 to 1984. This dominance was extended to the European continent starting in 1972–73 when the club won the UEFA Cup. Further success in this competition arrived in 1975–76, before Liverpool embarked on a run of four European Cup wins between 1976 and 1977 and 1983–84. No other English club has since then achieved such success in the premier club competition of European football. The Reds reached their finest hour in 1983–84 when, with Joe Fagan at the helm, they became English champions while also winning the Football League Cup and the European Cup against Roma.
  • Manchester United from the start of the Premier League (1992–93) to 2012–13. After six seasons of Sir Alex Ferguson rebuilding the club, the team won the first-ever Premier League title, which was also their eighth top-tier league title. This victory was only the beginning of dominance as the club won the league title 12 more times, setting a new English record of 20 top-tier titles for one club. Manchester United also lifted the FA Cup during this period with victories in 1993–94, 1995–96, 1998–99 and 2003–04. They have also won the UEFA Champions League in 1998–99 (completing a "treble" of league title, FA Cup and European Cup), and another in 2007–08. During this time, the club finished no lower than third in the Premier League.[7]

French Ligue 1[edit]

  • Olympique Lyonnais from 2001 to 2002 to the 2007–08 seasons in Ligue 1. Lyon became the first French club to win a national record-breaking streak of seven successive titles, including six consecutive Trophée des Champions. It also managed to win a Coupe de France in 2008.[citation needed]
  • Paris Saint-Germain from 2012 to present in Ligue 1. PSG won seven Ligue 1 championships in eight seasons (2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2019, 2020). They also won four straight Coupe de France titles from 2015 to 2018 with another in 2020, as well as 5 straight Coupe de la Ligue titles from 2014 to 2018.[citation needed]

German Bundesliga[edit]

  • Bayern Munich from 1971 to present. Bayern have won the Bundesliga a record 30 times, more than twice its closest Bundesliga contender. Bayern also won the European Cup three times in a row from 1974 to 1976, and won the Champions League subsequently in 2001, 2013, and 2020. Bayern became the first German club to win the quadruple in the 2012–13 season, winning the Bundesliga, DFB-Pokal, Champions League and DFL-Supercup. They have won the last nine Bundesliga titles, from 2013 to 2021.
  • Borussia Mönchengladbach from 1969–70 to 1976–77. Borussia Mönchengladbach became Bundesliga champions in 5 of 8 seasons. This has been achieved against strong opposition from Bayern Munich and notably in all three seasons in which Bayern won the European Cup in a row (1974 to 1976).

Greek Superleague[edit]

Italian Football Championship and Serie A league[edit]

A second successful period was in the late 1950s and early 1960s, having won three national league titles and two Coppa Italia in four years (1957–1961) with a squad led by Giampiero Boniperti, John Charles and the 1961 European Footballer of the Year Omar Sívori.[13]
From the 1971–72 to the 1985–86, during Giampiero Boniperti presidency and under the successive management of former footballers Čestmír Vycpálek, Carlo Parola and Giovanni Trapattoni, became Italian champions nine times and won the Italian Cup twice, establishing the most enduring dynasty in Italian association football history. Such success allowed i Bianconeri to form the backbone of the Italian national team during Enzo Bearzot's era, including the 1978 FIFA World Cup semifinalist and 1982 world champion squads.[14][15][16] This dominance was extended to the international spotlight starting in 1977 when the club won the UEFA Cup without foreign footballers, an unprecedented achievement for any country's team.[17] Subsequently, the club lifted the Cup Winners' Cup and the European Champions Cup becoming the first club in the history of European football to have won all three seasonal confederation competitions.[18][19] Finally, after their triumph in the 1984 UEFA Super Cup and the 1985 Intercontinental Cup, the first title for a European side since the restructuring of the tournament occurred five years beforehand; the club also became the first in football history—and remained the world's only one until 2022—to have won all possible official continental tournaments and the world title,[20][21][22] leading the UEFA rankings for the first time in the decade's ending.
A further triumphs era for the club was established in the late 1990s and early 2000s when Juventus, under the coaching of Marcello Lippi, won five titles in nine years from 1995 to 2003. In that period, the Torinese club also won one Coppa Italia, four Supercoppa Italiana, one Intercontinental Cup, one Champions League, one UEFA Super Cup and one UEFA Intertoto Cup, leading also the confederation classify in the ending 1990s.[23]
A renewed successful period begins from 2011–12 to 2019–20 seasons, during Andrea Agnelli presidency and with the successive coaching of former player Antonio Conte, Massimiliano Allegri and Maurizio Sarri; where the club won nine straight Serie A titles and four Italian Cups in a row (2015–2018), establishing new all-time record of successive triumphs in both competitions. Also, in the league championship, the club was the first in 20 years and the first in a championship with 20 teams contestants to have won a title unbeaten (2011–12) and has established the historic record of points made in the competition (102 in 2013–14) as well as the records of most wins in a single season (33 in 2013–14) and most consecutive wins during a single season (25 in 2015–16).[24] During this time, Juventus won also four national super cups and also appeared in two Champions League finals.[25]
  • Torino during the 1940s in Italian football due of their success in the league championships in 1942–43 and from 1945–46[c] to 1948–49.[26] This team notably won a historic five consecutive league titles and were given the moniker Grande Torino by the press.
  • A.C. Milan in the second mid of the 1950s, having won three league titles in five years,[13] and from the 1987–88 to the 1993–94 seasons in the Italian league Milan were able to win four Serie A titles. Also they were able to secure four Supercoppa Italiana in 1988, 1992, 1993 and 1994. In the international spotlight Milan added three UEFA Champions Leagues in 1988–89, 1989–90 and 1993–94 seasons, three UEFA Super Cup titles (1989, 1990 and 1994) and two Intercontinental Cups (1989 and 1990).[13]
  • Inter Milan During the Grande Inter era of the mid-1960s, Inter, managed by Helenio Herrera, won three Serie A titles, 1962–63, 1964–65 and 1965–66, as well as back-to-back European Cups (1963–64 and 1964–65) and Intercontinental Cups (1964 & 1965).
A second golden era was from 2004–05 to 2010–11 getting a record of five consecutive national championships titles won, four Coppa Italia (2004–05, 2005–06, 2009–10, 2010–11), four Supercoppa Italiana (2005, 2006, 2008 and 2010) and one UEFA Champions League (2009–2010) and one FIFA Club World Cup (2010). Inter was managed by Roberto Mancini (2004–08), José Mourinho (2008–10), Rafael Benítez (2010) and Leonardo Araújo (2010–2011) with a squad led by Javier Zanetti, Diego Milito, Samuel Eto'o, Maicon, and Zlatan Ibrahimović.

Japanese J.League[edit]

  • Kashima Antlers from 1996 to 2002, won the J.League title four times, the J.League Cup three times and the Emperor's Cup two times. In 2000, Kashima became the first J.League team to achieve the "treble", by winning all three major titles: J.League, J.League Cup, and Emperor's Cup in the same year.
  • Kashima Antlers from 2007 to 2012, won the 2007 J.League title they became the first and only team in Japan to have won ten domestic titles in the professional era. In 2008 they became the first and only club to successfully defend the J.League title on two separate occasions. In 2009 they became the first and only club to win three consecutive J.League titles. With victories in back to back J.League Cups in 2011, 2012 and most recently followed by their 2015 victory, Kashima extended their unmatched record of major domestic titles in the professional era to seventeen.

Korean K League 1[edit]

Scottish Football League[edit]

  • Celtic — ten Scottish Football League title from 1904–05 to 1916–17 including six-in-a-row and three Scottish Cup doubles. Later eleven titles from 1965–66 to 1978–79 including a new record of nine-in-a-row and becoming the first British European champions in 1967 as part of a quadruple of trophies with the Scottish Cup and Scottish League Cup. Celtic won six further Scottish Cups and five more League Cups in the wider period, besides losing the 1970 European Cup Final. A further Celtic dynasty emerged from 2011–12 to 2019–20; in that time frame the club won another nine consecutive league titles, as well as four consecutive domestic trebles from 2016–17 to 2019–20.
  • Rangers — sixteen titles from 1917–18 to 1938–39 including five-in-a-row and four Scottish Cup doubles; arguably continued until 1949–50 as intervening years during World War II featured seven consecutive unofficial titles, followed by three in the first four official post-war seasons (a treble and two doubles). Later eighteen titles from 1986–87 to 2010–11, including nine in a row from 1988–89 to 1996–97, which also included three Scottish Cups and five League Cups (six doubles and one treble); they won six further Scottish Cups and ten more League Cups in the wider period.

Spanish La Liga[edit]

  • Real Madrid from the 1953–54 to the 1971–72 seasons in La Liga and the European Cup. Real Madrid won 14 European Cups, including five in a row from 1956 to 1960, and 35 La Liga titles, including five in a row from 1961 to 1965.[27]
The second golden era is from the 2013–14 season to present in La Liga and the UEFA Champions League. Real Madrid won five Champions League titles in nine years, including three in a row from 2016 to 2018, as well as three La Liga titles (2016–17, 2019–20, 2021-22) and four FIFA Club World Cups.
  • Barcelona from the 2004–05 season to 2019-20. Barcelona won ten La Liga championships, four Champions League titles, six Copa del Rey titles, eight Spanish Super Cups, three UEFA Super Cups and three FIFA Club World Cups. Barcelona won an unprecedented six major trophies in 2009, and became the first Spanish team to win the treble and the first European treble-winning team to also capture the UEFA Super Cup and Club World Cup.[28][29][30][31][32] They also became the first team to win the treble twice in European football in the 2014–15 season.

Collegiate[edit]

  • North Carolina Tar Heels women's soccer, 1979–2012 (22 national championships in 34 years, 21 of those are NCAA Tournament Championships). This also includes 9 consecutive NCAA Tournament Championships from 1986 to 1994, and 15 consecutive ACC Tournament Championships from 1989 to 2003. Also, they boast a 90% win rate, having won 704 games and lost or tied only 78 games.[33]

Motorsports[edit]

24 Hours of Le Mans[edit]

Baja 1000[edit]

  • Honda motorcycles won seventeen consecutive Baja 1000 races from 1997 to 2013.[35]

Dakar Rally[edit]

Formula 1[edit]

Drivers[edit]

Teams[edit]

  • Ferrari won four Formula One constructors' championships in five seasons between 1975 and 1979, including three consecutive from 1975 to 1977.[43]
  • McLaren won six Formula One constructors' championships in eight seasons between 1984 and 1991, including four consecutive from 1988 to 1991.[43]
  • Williams won five Formula One constructors' championships in six seasons between 1992 and 1997, including three consecutive from 1992 to 1994.[43]
  • Ferrari won eight Formula One constructors' championships in ten seasons between 1999 and 2008, including six consecutive from 1999 to 2004.[43]
  • Red Bull won four consecutive Formula One constructors' championships from 2010 to 2013.[43]
  • Mercedes has won eight consecutive Formula One constructors' championships from 2014 to 2021.[43]

NASCAR[edit]

  • Chevrolet since 1958 won 35 of 54 (64.8%) NASCAR manufacturer championships.[44]
  • Hendrick Motorsports has had two streaks of four or more consecutive championships and has 15 NASCAR championships overall. The combined operations of the works and satellite teams have won six consecutive championships, since 2006.[45]
  • Lee Petty won three championships in 1954, 1958, and 1959.
  • Richard Petty won seven championships in 1964, 1967, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1975, and 1979. He also won a record of 200 races.
  • David Pearson won three championships in 1966, 1968, and 1969.
  • Cale Yarborough won three consecutive championships in 1976, 1977, and 1978.
  • Dale Earnhardt Sr. won seven championships in 1980, 1986, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1993, and 1994.
  • Darrell Waltrip won three championships in 1981, 1982, and 1985.
  • Jeff Gordon won four championships in 1995, 1997, 1998, and 2001.
  • Jimmie Johnson won seven championships, including five consecutive in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013, and 2016.

World Rally Championship[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Major League Baseball[edit]

The Boston Red Sox's championship banners at Fenway Park, with banners from the team's dynastic years at the foreground

Negro leagues[edit]

The following are dynasties from Negro league baseball leagues in the United States.

Nippon Professional Baseball[edit]

  • Yomiuri Giants: From 1961 to 1973. The Giants won 9 consecutive Japan Series titles between 1965 and 1973.
  • Saitama Seibu Lions: From 1982 to 1992. The Lions won 8 Japan Series titles over 11 seasons (1982, 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992).
  • Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks: From 2011 to the present. The Hawks won 7 Japan Series titles over 10 seasons (2011, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020).

Basketball[edit]

Professional[edit]

American Basketball Association[edit]

  • Indiana Pacers from 1969 to 1975 led by star players such as Freddie Lewis, Roger Brown, Mel Daniels, and George McGinnis. The Pacers won 5 ABA Conference Championships in 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, and 1975 and won the ABA Championship in 1970, 1972, and 1973. Other noteworthy accomplishments include 3 consecutive ABA division titles in 1969, 1970, and 1971, their playoff berths in every year of the ABA's existence, as well as their place as the winningest franchise in ABA history.[57]

National Basketball Association[edit]

Magic Johnson's trophy room, featuring several Larry O'Brien Championship trophies in the background

Women's National Basketball Association[edit]

Collegiate[edit]

NCAA Division I Men[edit]

  • UCLA Bruins men's basketball from 1964 to 1975 under John Wooden (10 national championships in 12 seasons; 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975. They would also win 7 consecutive championships from 1967 to 1973, four undefeated seasons, and an NCAA record 88 consecutive wins).[33][70]

NCAA Division I Women[edit]

  • University of Tennessee Lady Volunteers basketball under Pat Summitt from 1987 to 1998 (six national championships in 12 seasons), including three consecutive championships from 1996 to 1998 (the first women's team to do so), one undefeated season setting the most wins ever with 39, and an overall record of 314–38 (.877).[71]
  • University of Connecticut under Geno Auriemma from 1995 thru present (11 championships in 17 seasons, including three consecutive championships from 2002 to 2004 and four consecutive from 2013 to 2016; five undefeated seasons in 2002, 2009, 2010, 2014 and 2016.[72] The Huskies set a record with a 90-game winning streak from November 2008 to December 2010, and would later break that record with a 111-game winning streak from November 2014 to March 2017.[73]

Canadian university basketball[edit]

Cross country and track[edit]

  • United States Men's Olympic 4 × 100 meter team, 1916–1992[33]
  • Kenyan runners, 1968–1999[33]
  • University High School Normal Illinois 2010–2017 Men's and Women's Intercity Cross Country Championships[77]

Cricket[edit]

Club[edit]

  • The Mumbai cricket team from the 1950s to the 1970s enjoyed an unparalleled run in the Ranji Trophy, India's domestic first-class cricket championship. From the 1955–56 season to the 1972–73 season, Bombay (as it was known back then) won 17 of the 18 tournaments played, including a 15-year cup-winning streak from 1958–59 to 1972–73. As of 2020, the team has 41 tournament wins from 46 finals appearances (of 83 times the tournament has been held), with the next-best team (Karnataka) having won 8.

International[edit]

  • Australian national cricket team from 1945 through 1953.[78]
  • England cricket team in the 1950s.[78]
  • The West Indian cricket team dominated test cricket through the 1980s and early 1990s. The West Indian team was not beaten in a test series between March 1980 and May 1995, a fifteen-year span including twenty series wins and nine drawn series.[78][79]
  • Pakistan National Cricket Team from 1989 to 1999 were the dominant force in Cricket winning the 1989 MRF World Series (Nehru Cup) in India,[80] winning Austral-Asia Cup in 1990 [81] and 1994,[82] 1992 World Cup in Australia and New Zealand,[83] 1996–97 Carlton & United Series in Australia,[84] winning the 1999 Asian Test Championship [85] as well as finishing up as Runners-up in 1999 World Cup in England.[86] From 1989 to 1999 Pakistan Cricket Team won 44 Series/Tournaments in Tests and ODIs, the most by any team.[87][88] Pakistan produced a host of extremely successful cricketers in this decade who flourished under iconic leadership of Imran Khan, Javed Miandad and Wasim Akram. The stars of the 1990s team included Waqar Younis, Mushtaq Ahmed, Saeed Anwar, Aamer Sohail, Inzamam ul Haq, Rashid Latif, Saqlain Mushtaq, Shoaib Akhtar, Shahid Afridi, Abdul Razzaq, Shoaib Malik and Younis Khan.
  • Australian national cricket team from 1996 through 2007. The Australian cricket team is the only team to win the World Cup three consecutive times (1999, 2003, 2007) and they remained undefeated since their last defeat in group stages in 1999 World Cup against Pakistan. Their first loss in World Cup came in the 2011 World Cup group stage against Pakistan.[78]

Handball[edit]

Club[edit]

  • The HC Spartak Kyiv, Kiev women's handball team, won thirteen out of 18 Champions' league titles from 1970 to 1988 (72% of titles) including two lines of four titles in a row.[89]
  • FC Barcelona Handbol, the men's Barcelona professional handball team, won an all-time best five consecutive Champions' League from 1995 to 2000.[90]

International[edit]

Women[edit]

  • The Soviet Union women's national handball team was the first to dominate handball, doing so for fourteen years between 1976 and 1990. They won 63% of the gold medals in the process (5/8), 71% of entered tournaments considering the 1984 Summer Olympics boycott, including three consecutive world championships and being the first-ever to win back to back Olympic gold in 1980.
  • The Denmark women's national handball team became the first team, in 1997, to hold all three major titles: world, Olympic and continental. Led by coach Jan Pytlick Denmark won its third Olympic gold medal in a row in 2004, for the first time in the history of handball.[91] From 1996 to 2004 the team had won 50% of all major titles (6/12) including 56% of major tournament wins (5/9) from 1996 to 2002.
  • Led by line player Else-Marthe Sørlie Lybekk and goalkeeper Katrine Lunde Haraldsen, the Norway women's national handball team became the only team in handball history, on the women's and men's side, to have won the Euro championship in handball four times in a row. They have won a total of six European championship gold medals, an all-time record.[92] In 2011 they became the third team in the world to have held all three titles at the same time.[93] In 2015 they are back to back Olympic and European champions. From 2004 to present they have won 53% (8/15) of major titles including 58% (7/12) between 2004 and 2012.

Men[edit]

  • In the 1950s/1960s, the Sweden men's national handball team was unbeaten for 10 years, becoming the first-ever team to win back to back world championships (8 year domination) and collecting consecutive medals for 24 years. At the time the world championship was the only major competition being played (continental championships first took place in the 1990s and handball was not an Olympic sport until 1972 except for the 1936 Olympics).[91][94]
  • For thirteen years the Romania men's national handball team was virtually unbeatable, led by Gheorghe Gruia they won four out of five world championships between 1961 and 1974, first ever team to land two back to back championships. Recorded an all-time best 80% of wins in major tournaments for a period of ten plus years.[94]
  • The Sweden men's national handball team dominated the game of handball in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Led by coach Bengt Johansson and key players Magnus Wislander and Staffan Olsson, they have won three European championships in a row from 1998 to 2002, winning 60% of the major tournaments held in this period of time (3/5), clinching silver or gold medals in eight consecutive major tournaments between 1996 and 2002 (four times winner, four times runner up).
  • Led by coach Claude Onesta, goalie Thierry Omeyer and key playmaker Nikola Karabatić, the France men's national handball team was the first-ever to win five world championships in 2015, five out of ten world championships between 1995 and 2015. France is also the first men's team to have won back to back Olympic titles (2008 and 2012).[91] In 2010 it became the first men's team to simultaneously hold Olympic, world and continental titles.[94][95] In 2011 after another world championship title France men's team also clinched four consecutive major titles for the first time in the history of the game, women's included. In 2015 France holds all major titles for the third time in 5 years, three of the last five European championships and three of the last four world championships in play whilst being back to back Olympic champion. From 2008 to 2015 they have won seven out of nine major titles (78%) as well as 67% of wins for 9 years from 2006 to present (8/12).

Gridiron football[edit]

American football[edit]

National Football League[edit]

American Football League[edit]

All-America Football Conference[edit]

  • Cleveland Browns of the late 1940s. Won the AAFC championship in all four years of its existence (1946–49) including an undefeated season in 1948.[124]

NCAA Football[edit]

Football Bowl Subdivision (Formerly I-A)[edit]

The problems inherent in identifying sports dynasties are exacerbated in NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision, where the national champion is determined, at least in part, by poll rather than through a tournament. These polls, however, are largely based on win–loss records, thereby relying on minimal subjectivity. When fans of a sport cannot agree on which team within a league or other organization should be considered as holding that organization's championship, discussing whether a team has become a dynasty is more difficult. Because of these problems, teams that consistently win their conference championship and are frequently in contention for national championships are termed dynasties more often than a similarly performing team in another sport or division might.

  • Yale – nineteen championships between 1874 and 1909[135]
  • Michigan – four straight championships, five straight undefeated seasons between 1901 and 1905.[citation needed]
  • Pittsburgh, 1910–1918 – five championships in nine seasons (1910, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918) [1][citation needed]
  • Notre Dame, 1919–1930. Led by head coach Knute Rockne. He won three national championships in 1924, 1929, and 1930 and an .892 winning percentage over 12 years.[135]
  • Pittsburgh, 1925–1938 – nine championships in fourteen seasons (1925, 1927, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938) [2][citation needed]
  • Minnesota, 1934–1941. Led by head coach Bernie Bierman. He led Minnesota to five championships in eight seasons (1934, 1935, 1936, 1940, 1941).[136]
  • Army, 1944–46[137]
  • Notre Dame 1941–1953. Led by head coach Frank Leahy. He led Notre Dame to four national championships 1943, 1946, 1947, and 1949.[33][138]
  • Oklahoma, 1948–1958. Led by head coach Bud Wilkinson. The Sooners won three national championships in 1950, 1955, and 1956. The centerpiece of this run was his 47-game win streak (NCAA Record) from 1953 to 1957.[139]
  • Alabama, 1961–66 Led by Bear Bryant, Joe Namath, and Ken Stabler– three national championships. In 1961, 1964, and 1965 and going unbeaten in 1966, and had a record of 60-5-1 over the six-year span.[140]
  • Nebraska, 1969–72 . Led by head coach Bob Devaney and capturing consecutive national titles in1970 and 1971. Nebraska's 1971 team remains the only champion ever to defeat the teams that finished second, third, and fourth (Oklahoma, Colorado, Alabama) in the final rankings.[141]
  • Oklahoma, 1971–75. Led by Barry Switzer winning back to back championships in 1974 and 1975.[142]
  • Alabama, 1973–80 Led by Bear Bryant winning national titles in 1973, 1978, and 1979.[143]
  • Miami, 1983–94 – Led by head coaches Howard Schnellenberger, Jimmy Johnson, and Dennis Erickson. In 12 seasons, Miami won four national championships (1983, 1987, 1989, 1991), played for seven national championships (1983, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1994), finished in the top three of the AP Poll for seven consecutive seasons (1986–92), and set an NCAA-record with 58 straight home victories. They also had two Heisman Trophy winners in Vinny Testaverde in 1986 and Gino Torretta in 1992.[144][145]
  • Florida State, 1987–2000 – At the height of Bobby Bowden's dominance, the Florida State Seminoles went 152–19–1, won nine ACC championships (1992–2000), two national championships (1993 and 1999), three national runner-up finishes (1996, 1998 and 2000), never lost the #1 AP ranking during 1999, produced 20 1st round NFL draft picks (including the 1997 offensive and defensive rookies of the year), won at least 10 games every year, and never finished a season ranked lower than fourth in the AP poll. Quarterbacks Charlie Ward and Chris Weinke won Heisman Trophies.[146]
  • Nebraska, 1993–97 – Led by head coach Tom Osborne, defensive coordinator Charlie McBride, and players Tommie Frazier, Scott Frost, Ahman Green, Grant Wistrom and Jason Peter and the Blackshirts. They played for four national championships in '93, '94, '95, and '97. They won three national championships in four years (1994, 1995, 1997), 60–3 cumulative record and went unbeaten in the three national championship seasons. They won 26 straight games from 1994 to 1996.[147]
  • USC from 2002 to 2005. Led by head coach Pete Carroll, and players Carson Palmer, Matt Leinart, Reggie Bush, and LenDale White. They won two consecutive AP national championships (2003 and 2004), appearance in the 2005 National Championship Game, seven straight Pac-10 titles, six major bowl wins in seven years (Rose: 2003 and 2007–2009, Orange: 2004 and 2005), and maintained a 34-game winning streak from 2003 to 2005. They also produced three Heisman Trophy winners in Carson Palmer, Matt Leinart, and Reggie Bush in 2002, 2004, and 2005 respectively.
  • Alabama, 2008–present. Led by head coach Nick Saban, Alabama won six National Championships in 12 years (2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017, 2020) and three national runner-up finishes (2016, 2018, 2021). Alabama appeared in the first five College Football Playoffs from 2014 to 2018 and returned to the CFP in 2020. Since the 2008 season, Alabama has averaged 12 wins per season and have a record of 176-19 (.903). Alabama under Nick Saban has 4 Heisman Trophy winners in running backs Mark Ingram and Derrick Henry in 2009 and 2015, wide receiver Devonta Smith in 2020, and quarterback Bryce Young in 2021, respectively.[148][149][150]
Football Championship Subdivision (Formerly Division I-AA)[edit]
  • Youngstown State (1991–1999): Led by head coach Jim Tressel. YSU won four national championships (1991, 1993, 1994, 1997) and appeared in six National Championship Games in nine years.
  • Appalachian State Mountaineers (2005–2007): The Mountaineers won 3 straight National Championships (2005, 2006, 2007) under head coach Jerry Moore before moving up to the Football Bowl Subdivision after the 2013 season.
  • North Dakota State (2011–present): Led by coaches Craig Bohl, Chris Klieman, and Matt Entz, North Dakota State has won 9 National Championships in the past 11 years (2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2021) and 9 consecutive MVFC titles. During this period they've accumulated a record of 148–11 (.931) which has included a 41–3 playoff record, a 17, 33, and ongoing 37 game winning streaks. The nine championships in 11 years is a feat not accomplished at any other level in collegiate American football history. The 2019 NDSU team went 16–0, the first team to do that since Yale in 1894. The 2014–15 senior class graduated with more National Championships than losses over their 4-year period.
Division II[edit]
Division III[edit]
  • Augustana (IL), 1983–1986 – Augustana won 4 consecutive titles from 1983 to 1986[152]
  • Mount Union, 1993–present – Mount Union won 110 consecutive regular-season games between 1994 and 2005, posted 14 undefeated regular seasons, won 16 Ohio Athletic Conference Championships, and had the best overall record in the 1990s (120–7–1 .941). They won Division III championships in 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2012, and 2015 and have appeared in 19 national championship games since 1993.[153]
  • Wisconsin–Whitewater, 2005–2014 – Led by coach Lance Leipold, UW–Whitewater appeared in seven consecutive Division III championship games between 2005 and 2011. They won Division III championships in 2007, 2009, 2010 2011, 2013, and 2014.[154]

NAIA Football[edit]

  • Carroll College (Montana) of the 2000s (decade) – 8 straight Frontier Conference Championships (2000 to 2007), six straight national semi-final appearances (2000–2005), and six NAIA National Football Championships in nine years (2002–2005,2007,2010).[152]
  • Texas A&I 7 NAIA National Championships in 11 years, 1968–1979. 3 consecutive and 5 in the decade of the 1970s: 1970-74-75-76-70. Lost only 1 NAIA Playoff Game (1968 National Championship Game—to Boise State, now a Bowl Subdivision team.[152]
  • Carson-Newman 5 NAIA National Championships in 7 years, 1983–89. Winning the title in 1983-86-88-89 outright and tied the 1984 title with Central Arkansas.[152]
  • Linfield 3 NAIA National Championships in 6 years, 1982–86; winning it in 1982-84-86.[152]
  • Westminster College (Pennsylvania) 3 NAIA National Championships in 8 years, 1970–78; winning it in 1970-77-78. Also was NAIA Champions in 1988-89-94.[152]

Canadian football[edit]

Indoor American football[edit]

Horseshoes[edit]

Horse racing[edit]

Ice hockey[edit]

Club[edit]

National Hockey League[edit]

The National Hockey League and the Hockey Hall of Fame officially recognize nine dynasty teams:[162][163] The Leafs and Canadiens have multiple dynasty teams recognized by HHOF.

The New York Islanders championship banners from their 1980 to 1984 dynasty

Kontinental Hockey League[edit]

The Soviet Championship League is now known as the Kontinental Hockey League.

World Hockey Association[edit]

Collegiate[edit]

NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey[edit]

  • Michigan Wolverines: 1948–1957, 6 championships and 1 runner-up in 10 tournaments.
  • Denver Pioneers: 1958–1964, 3 championships and 2 runners-up in 7 tournaments.
  • Minnesota Golden Gophers: 1974–1981, 3 championships and 2 runners-up in 8 tournaments. The majority of players during this stretch hailed from the state of Minnesota and eight players were members of the 1980 U.S. Miracle on Ice team.
  • Boston College Eagles: 2006–2012, 3 championships and 2 runners-up in 7 tournaments.
  • Minnesota-Duluth Bulldogs: 2011-Current, 3 championships and 1 runners-up in 7 tournaments. This dynasty is currently ongoing with Minnesota-Duluth winning back-to-back National Championships in 2018, and 2019; the first back-to-back men's ice hockey National Champions since Denver University Pioneers won in 2004, and 2005.

International[edit]

Men's Ice Hockey World Championships[edit]

  • Canada 1920–1962. Canada won 19 (66%) of the 29 International Ice Hockey Federation's (IIHF) World Championships from 1920 to 1962 and were silver medalists at another 6 (21%) during the same time period. Canada won a medal at 90% of all world championship and Olympic tournaments during this stretch. Canada withdrew from competition against the "pseudo-amateur" players of the Soviet Union for most of the 1970s.
  • Soviet Union 1963–1990. This stretch is the most dominant stretch of all-time in international play, with the Soviets winning nearly every world championship and Olympic tournament between 1963 and 1990 and never failing to medal in any IIHF tournament they competed. However, their dominance is marred by controversy over their use of state-funded players, circumventing the amateur rules that were in place at the time.
  • Czechoslovakia 1976–1985. The Czechoslovakians won 3 gold and 4 silver medals in 8 tournaments.
  • Sweden 1986–1998. Sweden won 4 gold and 5 silver medals in 12 tournaments.
  • Czech Republic 1999–2001. Three consecutive world championships.
  • Canada 2003–2009. Canada had another dynasty stretch from 2003 to 2009 having won 3 gold and 3 silver medals in 7 tournaments.
  • Russia 2008–2015. Russia is recognized by the IIHF as the successor to the Soviet Union and have passed its ranking on to Russia, which began competing internationally in 1993. Russia's "latest" dynasty stretch saw them win 4 golds and 2 silvers in 8 tournaments.
  • Finland 2019–2022. Finland won 3 gold medals and 1 silver in 4 consecutive major tournaments. This dynasty stretch includes winning the Olympic tournament and World Championship in the same year, the latter at home – both extremely rare achievements. During the stretch Finland won 31 games out of 36, losing only once in regular time (winning 86.11% of all games and 91.67% of playoff round games), allowing just 51 goals on total (GAA 1.416).[165][166]

Women's Ice Hockey World Championships[edit]

  • Canada 1990–2007. Canada won gold in 9 of the first 10 tournaments including the first 8 in a row.
  • United States 2008–present. The United States have won gold in 8 of 9 tournaments including 5 in a row.

Olympics[edit]

Ice skating[edit]

  • Russian pairs skaters, 1965–1999[33]

Lacrosse[edit]

Club[edit]

  • Toronto Rock of 1999–2005 (five championships in seven years) 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005
  • Rochester Knighthawks of 2012–2014 (three straight championships) 2012, 2013, 2014
  • Saskatchewan Rush/Edmonton Rush of 2015–2018 (three championships in four years, as well as four straight Champion's Cup appearances) 2015, 2016, 2018

Collegiate[edit]

NCAA mens[edit]

  • Hobart Statesmen won thirteen national titles from 1980 to 1993, including twelve straight titles from 1980 to 1991.[168]

NCAA womens[edit]

  • Maryland Terrapins won eight national titles from 1992 to 2001, capturing seven consecutive titles from 1995 to 2001 and completing four undefeated seasons.[169]
  • Northwestern Wildcats won seven national titles from 2005 to 2012, capturing five consecutive titles from 2005 to 2009, national runner-up in 2010, and two more titles in 2011 and 2012. Northwestern completed two undefeated seasons in 2005 and 2009.

Rugby league[edit]

Clubs[edit]

English Rugby League and Super League[edit]

  • Leeds from 2007 to 2012 (five League Championships in six years: 2007–2009, 2011–2012)
  • Wigan from 1984 to 1985 to 1995–96 (seven consecutive League Championships, eight overall: 1986–87, 1989–90 to 1995–96; eight consecutive Challenge Cups, nine overall: 1984–85, 1987–88 to 1994–95; seven Regal Trophies; three World Club Challenge Cups: 1987, 1991, 1994)

National Rugby League[edit]

  • Balmain from 1915 to 1920 (five Premierships in six years: 1915–1917, 1919–1920)
  • Balmain from 1939 to 1948 (four premierships, 1939, 1944, 1946, 1947 from six grand final appearances)
  • South Sydney from 1923 to 1932 (seven premierships in eight seasons 1925–1929, 1931–1932; runners-up: 1923–1924)
  • Eastern Suburbs from 1934 to 1938 (five consecutive Grand Finals; three consecutive Premierships: 1935–1937)
  • South Sydney from 1949 to 1955 (seven consecutive Grand Finals; five Premierships: 1950–1951, 1953–1955)
  • South Sydney from 1967 to 1971 (four premierships from five grand final appearances)
  • St. George from 1956 to 1966 (eleven consecutive Premierships)
  • Parramatta from 1981 to 1986 (four premierships from five grand final appearances including three premierships in a row, 1981, 1982 and 1983)

International[edit]

Interstate (Australian)[edit]

Rugby union[edit]

Clubs[edit]

Collegiate[edit]

  • Bowling Green State University Men's Rugby Team has won 34 consecutive Mid-American Conference (MAC) championship since 1982 (two were won in one year when the season switched from spring to fall)
  • California Golden Bears rugby, 1980–2017. The Golden Bears have won 33 championships since the national collegiate championship for rugby began in 1980. Current head coach and Cal alumnus Jack Clark took over the team in 1984, and has achieved prolonged success, leading the Bears to 28 national titles, including twelve consecutive championships from 1991 to 2002, five more consecutive titles from 2004 to 2008, and back-to-back titles in 2010 to 2011 and 2016 to 2017.

International[edit]

Swimming[edit]

Collegiate[edit]

  • Indiana University won six consecutive NCAA championships from 1968 to 1973 in men's swimming and diving. The Hoosiers also finished second at the NCAA's five times in 1964–66 and 1974–75, third in 1967, and fourth (twice) in 1976–77. This totals 14 straight years that Indiana finished in the top four teams in the nation. From 1961 to 1985 the Hoosiers won 23 out of 25 Big Ten Championships (every year but 1981–82) including 20 straight from 1961 to 1980. Olympian Mark Spitz, who won seven gold medals and set seven world records at the 1972 Olympics, was a member of the 1969–72 NCAA Championship teams.
  • Auburn University earned 13 total NCAA championships in swimming and diving, eight by the men's team and five by the women's team during a 13-year period from 1997 to 2009. During that stretch, the Auburn Tigers men won five consecutive national championships and the women won three consecutive national championships. In the Southeastern Conference (SEC), Auburn men earned 16 consecutive team titles between 1997 and 2012 while the women took five non-consecutive SEC championships. Auburn swimmers won 18 medals at the 2008 Summer Olympics, more than many countries.[173][174][175]

High school[edit]

  • The Carmel, Indiana girls swim team has won a national record 33 state team titles, including one that was made in 1982, and also 32 straight state team titles from 1985 to 2017, making them the all-time best high school sports program in the country. Their 2015 win broke the tie with the Honolulu Punahou boys swimming team, who had won 29 straight from 1958 to 1986.[176][177][178][179]

Tennis[edit]

Singles[edit]

  • Roger Federer, 2004–2007, Spent 237 consecutive weeks as the World Number 1. Won 11 of 20 Major titles during the period.
  • Novak Djokovic, 2011–present. Since the beginning of 2011, Djokovic has won 19 grand slams, spent 347 weeks (and counting) at world number 1 (a record), finished as Year End #1 a record 7 times, and cemented a positive head-to-head record against his two main rivals, Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal.

Team competitions[edit]

  • Australian Davis Cup team, 1950–1967[33]
  • Kalamazoo College men's tennis team has won 77 consecutive Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association championships (1936–2015) with a record of 426–2 in the MIAA from 1935 to 2007.[180] Kalamazoo has won seven NCAA Division III national championships and has made 25 consecutive NCAA III tournament appearances.[181][citation needed]

Volleyball[edit]

  • The NCAA Division I Penn State Nittany Lions women's volleyball team won four consecutive National Championships from 2007 to 2010, including two perfect seasons in 2008 and 2009, and then the Nittany Lions repeated in 2013 & 2014, to make it six Championships in eight years and seven overall titles with the first title coming in 1999; and Big Ten Conference Championships from 2003 to 2010, 2013 and 2014.
  • The Concordia University (Saint Paul) women's volleyball team have captured NCAA Division II Championships in seven consecutive seasons – the only NCAA volleyball program to accomplish the feat at the Division I or II levels. Their seven total volleyball titles is more than any program as well, with the sport dating back to 1980, at the women's Division II level. Their head coach, Brady Starkey, boasts a 306–26 overall record (.926) making him the winningest active NCAA volleyball coach in any division by overall percentage. They have also mounted 9 consecutive conference Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference championships (from 2003 to 2011) including 6-undefeated conference campaigns.[182]
  • The NCAA Division III Washington University in St. Louis women's volleyball team were the first volleyball team to win six consecutive national championships, from 1991 to 1996. They have won a total of 10 NCAA championships, including 26 consecutive appearances in the championship tournament dating back to 1987, the most of any program at any level.[183]

Wrestling[edit]

  • Oklahoma State University Cowboys On the national level, the Cowboys have won 34 NCAA team titles, crowned 141 NCAA individual champions and earned 450 All-America honors. At the conference level, OSU has won 51 league titles as a team, and Cowboy wrestlers combined to win 277 individual conference championships.[184]
  • University of Iowa Hawkeyes have 24 total NCAA championships. The dynasty runs are from 1975 to 1986 (11 NCAA championships in 12 years), from 1991 to 2000 (9 NCAA championships in 10 years) and three consecutive national championships from 2008 to 2010. Iowa also had a dynasty run of 25 straight Big Ten conference tournament championships from 1974 to 1998.[185]
  • Penn State University Nittany Lions won four consecutive NCAA team championships from 2011 to 2014 and then won four consecutive again from 2016 to 2019 to make it eight titles in nine years. They were led by head coach Cael Sanderson, three-time champion Ed Ruth, and two-time champion plus two-time Dan Hodge Trophy winner David Taylor.[186]

Dynasties in question[edit]

Most disputes about dynasties relate to teams that dominated within a conference or division, but either failed to win championships or infrequently won championships. This is exacerbated in NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly Division I-A), where the national champion is determined, at least in part, by poll rather than through a tournament.

  • Atlanta Braves Won 14 straight division titles from 1991 to 2005, and won 5 NL pennants during the 1990s, but could only win one World Series in 1995.
  • Buffalo Bills won 4 AFC Championships in a row from 1990 to 1993, the only team ever to do so, and for this they are sometimes considered a dynasty.[124][187] However, they went on to lose the Super Bowl all four times; the Bills' AFC dominance partially overlapped with the Dallas Cowboys dynasty.
  • Boise State Broncos football from 1998 to 2008. At 113–26, their 81.29% win rate was the highest in the nation.[188] Won ten of twelve conference championships from 1999 to 2009, undefeated in conference play in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2009, perfect seasons in 2006 and 2009, but has never been selected to play in the Division I-A national championship.
  • Detroit Red Wings of the mid-1990s through the late 2000s. Although not officially listed by the NHL as a dynasty, the Red Wings won 4 Stanley Cups in 11 seasons (1997, 1998, 2002, 2008) and went to the Stanley Cup Finals six times in fourteen seasons (1995, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2008, and 2009). The Red Wings had the best team record during both the 1990s and 2000s, accumulating the most points of any franchise during each decade. Detroit won the Presidents' Trophy for the best regular season record in the NHL in 1995, 1996, 2002, 2004, 2006 and 2008, in all winning their division thirteen times during this span.[189] The Red Wings qualified for the playoffs in 25 consecutive seasons from 1991 through 2016 (excluding the 2005 season which was cancelled due to a lockout).
  • Chicago Blackhawks of the early 2010s are also not officially listed by the NHL as a dynasty, but won 3 Stanley Cups in 6 seasons (2010, 2013, and 2015), as well as a Presidents Trophy in 2013 and acknowledgment by the NHL as their "Franchise of the Decade" for the 2010s.[190] When they were presented with their third Stanley Cup in 2015, NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman colloquially referred to the team as a "dynasty" as well.[191]
  • England 1991–2003, 7 Five/Six Nations Championships, 4 Grand Slams, 2003 World Cup. While the England national rugby union team was the form team in Europe in the nineties, they were unable to break through and win the World Cup until 2003, losing to Australia in the final of 1991 and failing to match the same performance in 1995 and 1999. Additionally, England struggled to beat the leading southern hemisphere sides, the Springboks and the New Zealand All Blacks until 2000 and 2002 respectively, with the team peaking from 2002 to early 2004, under the leadership of Clive Woodward, before a slow, long decline, foreshadowing the north–south divide in rugby that was to be come the norm from the mid 2000s.[192]
  • San Antonio Spurs of 1999 to 2014 led by Tim Duncan. (five NBA championships (1999, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2014) in sixteen seasons, six Western Conference titles, eleven division championships, and seventeen consecutive playoff appearances from 1998 to 2014, with a .705 win percentage during that span, the highest in any of the four major American sports) are considered a dynasty by some,[193][194] but not by others[195][196] because they did not win consecutive titles.
  • San Francisco Giants: From 2010 to 2014. Led by manager Bruce Bochy, Buster Posey, Madison Bumgarner, Pablo Sandoval and Hunter Pence. The Giants won three World Series Championships in a 5-year span (2010, 2012, and 2014). They are only the second NL team ever, since the 1940s St. Louis Cardinals, to do so. However, despite winning three championships, some do not consider the Giants a dynasty because they did not win consecutive titles nor did they win their division or make the playoffs in the years between (2011 and 2013). In 2013, they were below 500.[197][198][199][200][201]
  • University of Southern California football, 2002–2005 – two consecutive AP national championships (2003 and 2004), appearance in the 2005 National Championship Game, seven straight Pac-10 titles, six major bowl wins in seven years (Rose: 2003 and 2007–2009, Orange: 2004 and 2005), and maintained a 34-game winning streak from 2003 to 2005.[202] However, USC was forced to vacate two wins from the 2004 season including the Orange Bowl win and BCS national Championship, all wins from the 2005 season, and the Pac-10 titles from both of those seasons as the result of rules violations involving star running back Reggie Bush.
  • Washington Redskins 1982–1992 Led by head coach Joe Gibbs and with running back John Riggins and the Hogs,[203] the Redskins made 7 playoff appearances and won 3 of the 4 Super Bowls over the course of a decade.[204][205][206] However, once Gibbs retired, the Redskins never returned to a Super Bowl with their last appearance being Super Bowl XXVI and the most plausible reason why they weren't considered a dynasty at the time was due to the fact that they were overshadowed by the 49ers dynasty.[207][208][209][210][211]

Notes[edit]

a The 1916 and 1917 VFA seasons were cancelled due to World War I
b The Football League suspended operations between 1939–40 and 1945–46 inclusive due to World War II and planning difficulties in its aftermath.
c The Allied conquest of Italy caused normal Serie A football to be suspended between 1943 and 1944 and 1945–46, though the 1946 scudetto is considered official.

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