Dolní Věstonice

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For information on the Dolní Věstonice archaeological site, please see Dolní Věstonice.
Dolní Věstonice
Village
Dolní Věstonice, 2007
Dolní Věstonice, 2007
Flag of Dolní Věstonice
Flag
Coat of arms of Dolní Věstonice
Coat of arms
Dolní Věstonice is located in Czech Republic
Dolní Věstonice
Dolní Věstonice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 48°53′14″N 16°38′38″E / 48.88722°N 16.64389°E / 48.88722; 16.64389Coordinates: 48°53′14″N 16°38′38″E / 48.88722°N 16.64389°E / 48.88722; 16.64389
CountryCzech Republic
RegionSouth Moravian
DistrictBřeclav
First Mentioned1312
Area
 • Total8.76 km2 (3.38 sq mi)
Elevation
174 m (571 ft)
Population
(2014)
 • Total322
 • Density37/km2 (95/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
691 29
Websitewww.obecdolnivestonice.cz

Dolní Věstonice (German: Unterwisternitz) is a small village in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It is known for a series of ice age archaeological sites in the area, including the oldest permanent human settlement ever found by archaeologists in the entire world.[1] These sites were used by mammoth hunters, and finds include a triple burial and the Venus of Dolní Věstonice.

Although prehistoric artifacts have been found in the area for some time, formal archaeological research started in 1924. The village became a target for tourists interested in archeology, wine, architecture or traditional costumes.

History[edit]

The Venus of Dolní Věstonice

Approximately 25,000 years ago, during the Upper Paleolithic period of the Stone Age, a small settlement consisting of huts built with rocks and mammoth bones was founded on the site of what is now Dolní Věstonice. This is the oldest permanent human settlement that has ever been found by archaeologists.[1] Numerous other archaeological discoveries point to extensive human habitation of the area in prehistoric times.

During the Great Moravia period, which lasted between the 9th and 10th centuries, a small fortress was built here. The first known mention of the place in written documents is from 1312. During the 13th century the place became inhabited by German colonists. In 1460 it received city rights. From the beginning of the 16th century Habaners (Habáni, members of anabaptist sects expelled from German lands and Switzerland) settled here. They were expelled again in 1622.

Until 1918, the village was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the NIKOLSBURG district, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia.[2]

A post-office named UNTER-WISTERNITZ was opened in 1869.

In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. The German speaking population was expelled in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees) and replaced by Czech settlers.

Population development[edit]

Before World War II the village was ethnically German speaking:

Census year Population Ethnicity of inhabitants
year German Czechs other
1793 630
1836 766
1869 779
1880 752 742 0 10
1890 826 812 1 13
1900 842 835 6 1
1910 771 768 3 0
1921 686 658 10 17
1930 688 642 36 10
1939 633

[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Stuart, Gene S. (1979). "Ice Age Hunters: Artists in Hidden Cages". Mysteries of the Ancient World. National Geographic Society. p. 19.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
  3. ^ Historický místopis Moravy a Slezska v letech 1848–1960, sv.9. 1984

External links[edit]



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