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Dillon, Read & Co. was an investment bank based in New York City. In 1991, it was acquired by Barings Bank and, in 1997, it was acquired by Swiss Bank Corporation, which was in turn acquired by UBS in 1998.
Carpenter & Vermilye
Dillon Read traces its roots to 1832 with the founding of the Wall Street brokerage firm Carpenter & Vermilye by Col. Washington Romeyn Vermilye, George Carpenter, and William Montgomery Vermilye. The firm was notable for selling war bonds during the U.S. Civil War.
Dillon, Read & Co.
In 1905, it was renamed after its principal partner, William A. Read. In 1921, it was renamed as Dillon, Read & Co. to include partner Clarence Dillon. The firm underwrote bonds issued by New York City and underwrote stocks and bonds of railroads and other companies. In 1921, the firm managed the rescue of faltering Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company. In 1925, it engineered the buyout of Dodge Brothers and the sale of the company to Chrysler in 1928. In the 1930, it underwrote foreign bonds and arranged financing for the petroleum industry. In 1937, it underwrote the bonds used to finance the Triborough Bridge.
C. Douglas Dillon, the son of Dillon Read co-founder Clarence Dillon, served as chairman of the company before serving as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under John F. Kennedy and as U.S. Undersecretary of State and U.S. Ambassador to France under Dwight Eisenhower.
In July 1986, the company was sold by its 35 partners to The Travelers Companies for $157.5 million, which was initiated when the Bechtel family cashed out its 30% holding in February, forcing the partnership to sell to Travelers to increase their pool of capital which had been depleted by $25 million.
Barings and Swiss Bank
In 1998, it became part of UBS when UBS bought SBC.
Dillon Read Capital Management
On May 3, 2007, UBS announced the closure of Dillon Read Capital Management. After profits of $1.2 billion in 2006, the division lost 150 million Swiss Francs in the first quarter of 2007, primarily due to bets on the sub-prime mortgage industry in the United States. The assets under management were transferred into UBS's main asset management business. The division had raised $1.2 billion in assets under management.
In her 2008 book, UBS: les dessous d'un scandale, Myret Zaki asserted that had UBS listened to Dillon Read Management, UBS could have limited its losses from the subprime mortgage crisis to $500 million instead of $40 billion.
- Sobel, Robert (1991). The Life and Times of Dillon Read. New York: Truman Talley Books/Dutton. ISBN 0-525-24959-1.
- Geisst, Charles R (2001). The Last Partnerships: Inside the Great Wall Street Money Dynasties. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-136999-6.
- WetFeet.com (2001). The WetFeet.com Insider Guide: Warburg Dillon Read. San Francisco, CA: WetFeet.com. ISBN 1-58207-078-4.
- "The Encyclopedia of New York City: Second Edition". Yale University Press. December 1, 2010.
- "BANKING FIRM CHANGES.; William A. Read & Co. Dissolves and Dillon, Read & Co. is Formed". The New York Times. January 14, 1921.
- PACE, ERIC (January 12, 2003). "C. Douglas Dillon Dies at 93; Was in Kennedy Cabinet". The New York Times.
- Romano, Lois (April 25, 1989). "THE CASUAL FORCE OF NICK BRADY". The Washington Post.
- STERNGOLD, JAMES (July 16, 1986). "TRAVELERS BUYING DILLON, READ". The New York Times.
- EICHENWALD, KURT (November 13, 1991). "Travelers Is Selling Dillon Firm". The New York Times.
- STROM, STEPHANIE (May 31, 1995). "Barings Successor Sells Back Dillon Stake". The New York Times.
- TRUELL, PETER (May 16, 1997). "Swiss Bank Steps Up to Buy Dillon, Read on Rebound". The New York Times.
- Swardson, Anne (December 9, 1997). "SWISS BANKING GIANTS SBC, UBS TO MERGE". The Washington Post.
- Clark, Andrew (May 3, 2007). "UBS shuts hedge fund after big sub-prime losses". The Guardian.
- Hamilton, Dane; Giannone, Joseph (May 3, 2007). "UBS blames Dillon Read closure on costs, not losses". Reuters.
- WERDIGIER, JULIA (May 4, 2007). "UBS Closing Hedge Fund; Losses Cited on Mortgages". The New York Times.
- Bradley, Simon (October 30, 2008). ""UBS could have curbed losses to $500 million"". Swissinfo.