Daraa insurgency

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The Daraa insurgency is an ongoing conflict being waged against the Syrian Army and allies by various anti-government forces in Daraa Governorate. Insurgent activity began in late 2018, but drastically increased the following year. Over 500 attacks have occurred since June 2019, when the insurgency intensified.[1][2] Tensions between reconciled rebels and the Syrian government would lead to armed clashes between the two sides on several occasions.

Insurgency in Daraa
Part of the Syrian Civil War
Date23 November 2018 – present
(1 year, 9 months, 3 weeks and 5 days)
Location
Status Ongoing
Belligerents

Syrian opposition loyalists


Former rebels in reconciliation zones

Syrian Arab Republic

 Hezbollah
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Commanders and leaders

Walid al-Zahra (leader of Thuwar al-Sanamayn) [3]

Mohamad Qassim al-Subhi "Abu Tariq"[4]
Maj. Gen. Maher al-Assad
(head of the 4th Division)[5]
Brig. Gen. Louay al-Ali[6]
Maj. Gen. Hossam Luke[6]
Brig. Gen. Hamed Makhlouf [7][8]
Col. Mahmoud Habib [8]
unknown
Units involved
Unknown

Syrian Arab Armed Forces

unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown

332 killed[12]

  • 79 former rebels
  • 23 pro-Iranian militiamen and Hezbollah fighters
  • 22 members of the 5th Corps established by Russia
unknown
122 civilians killed[12]

Background[edit]

Daraa and Quneitra governorates with reconciliation areas shown.

Following the 2018 offensive that brought Daraa and Quneitra under control of the Syrian Arab Army, many rebels forces in the area agreed to Russian-brokered reconciliation deals, in which they laid down their weapons against the Syrian Army.[13] The rebels also handed over their heavy weapons.[14] Most rebels stayed behind, and control various areas in the province, as well as the Al-Balad subdistrict of the city of Daraa.[15] Those who didn't agree to the terms were sent to rebel held areas in Idlib Governorate by bus.[13] However, due to several factors, Daraa became unstable following the conflict. Tensions arose between the Syrian government and the reconciled rebels.[14] Conditions in the province were lackluster. Most people in Daraa live below the poverty line, the poor financial situation has led to high unemployment, especially among youth. Basic services are in terrible condition, due in part to damage from fighting.[16] Economic downturn and lack of security gave rise to crime and tribal justice, fueling the security chaos.[17][18] The presence of foreign groups such as Hezbollah increased these tensions. In addition, forced conscription, arrests and disappearances of civilians, former rebel fighters and former rebel commanders fueled anger against the Syrian government.[19][18]

Factions[edit]

The Popular Resistance is the largest of the opposition groups in Daraa. It was created in 2018, but began extensive operations in 2019.[20] They usually carry out attacks on Syrian Army positions, intelligence agencies, and former rebels and commanders working for the government. The soldiers of former rebel factions which operated with Daraa are present in several towns and cities in the province,[14] and have clashed with government forces on several occasions during military operations against their areas. The Islamic State is also present in Daraa, and has carried out attacks against the Syrian Army.[21]

Timeline[edit]

2018[edit]

Sporadic attacks occurred in the province following its return to government control.

September–December[edit]

  • 27 September - Clashes with ISIS militants take place in the town of al-Hara in Northwest Daraa, the first of its kind since July.[22]
  • 23 November - A soldier in the Syrian Army was assassinated by unknown gunmen in the town of al-Allan.[23]
  • December - There is an increase in attacks on government forces and collaborators. Such actions included an attack on an army checkpoint in the eastern Karak area,[24] and assassination of two reconciled commanders.[25]

2019[edit]

January[edit]

Clashes took place on 11 January between the Syrian Army and former rebels in the town of Al-Sanamayn after an attempt was made to arrest a commander of the latter. Unknown gunmen shot a person in the same town the next day. On 16 January, A former fighter was shot in Tariq al-Sadd. The head of al-Msifira township was assassinated. On 21 January, a former rebel commander's house was attacked by men with grenades and small arms.[26] On 31 January, several explosions were heard as gunmen attacked Nahteh checkpoint, one of the largest checkpoints in the countryside, with shells and machine guns, causing Syrian soldiers to withdraw to rear positions.[27]

February[edit]

On 4 February, several gunmen attacked an Air Force Intelligence HQ in the town of Da’el.[28] The next day, an opposition group known as the Popular Resistance called on young men to join it in response to government recruitment campaigns, putting the authorities on high alert.[29] On the 6 February the Popular Resistance group carried out its first attack of the month, blowing up a checkpoint and killing at least three soldiers.[30] 14 February - The Popular Resistance assassinated a military intelligence officer in al-Yabudeh.[31] The following day, a reconciliation faction leader was assassinated. On the 16 February, between the towns of Sanamayn and Qita, a bus and car were attacked, leading to the deaths of seven soldiers.[32] 18 February - In Sanamayn, the leader of the "People's Committee" was shot.[33] The next day, a former rebel leader was fired upon in his car, wounding him. Gunmen tried unsuccessfully to kill the head of the Muzayrib municipality on the 20th.

On 25 February, a former judge was assassinated in the al-Yabudah court house. On the 28th, grenades were thrown at the cars of one of the godfathers in Al-Karak.[34]

March[edit]

On 7 March, gunmen target a reconciled rebel loyal to security forces, injuring him.[35] Two days later, the Sanamayn city council President's car was targeted with a grenade, injuring his daughter.[36] Threats were sent to Ba'ath party officials in the province by Popular Resistance and the "Southern Brigades," another group which emerged in Daraa, on 10 March.[37] The Southern Brigades had reportedly carried out an attack on the Ba'ath Party headquarters in Umm Walad back in February.[38] Demonstrations in Daraa al-Balad took place after a statue of former president Hafez al-Assad was erected in the city, causing anger among the populace.[39] They lasted several days, and demonstrations in other towns such as Tafas.[40] Meanwhile, Popular Resistance attacked an Air Force Intelligence detachment in Al-Mulayha Al-Sharkiyya, killing the chief of the detachment.[41] Multiple attacks took place on a detachment in the town of Da'el with medium weapons and grenades took place on several different days.[42] A relief official affiliated with reconciliation settlements was kidnapped on the 30 March.[43] On 31 March, gunmen attacked an army checkpoint in Daraa al-Balad, leading to casualties. The same day, clashes took place between the 5th corps and members of an Air Intelligence checkpoint due to abuses of the latter.[44]

April[edit]

On the 2nd of April, gunmen opened fire on a car carrying two reconciled commanders in Bosra al-Harir, injuring one of them severely, while in the town of Sanamayn, a grenade was thrown at a former rebel's house.[45] Attacks took place the next day, when an IED went off in the town of al-Suwar. The same day, a military security member was killed on the road to Khrab al-Shahem. Another was targeted on the same road, with him being injured and his grandson killed. An assassination attempt on a man working with Hezbollah also took place that day.[46] Gunmen attacked an Air Intelligence checkpoint west of Karak on the 5th of April, and on the 6th, an Air intelligence HQ in al-Msifra town was shot at, leading for government forces to fortify their checkpoints.[47][48] More attack occurred five days later, when, a mosque preacher was assassinated in al-Hrak and the Ba'ath party building in Daraa al-Mahatta, causing material damage.[49] On April 20, the car of a Ba'ath party official in Sanamayn was damaged by gunfire. On 21 April the Popular Resistance killed an individual in connection with Air Intelligence, and a former fighter was killed the next day.[50]

On April 24, Popular Resistance carried out a series of attacks on Syrian army checkpoints in the town of Sanamayn, and assassinated a reconciled commander in Muzayrib. Two dead bodies were found on the outskirts, though they could not be identified. An attack by unknown gunmen took place in another part of the province when doctor and his family were attacked at his home, injuring him and his family.[51] five days later Popular Resistance killed a member of Air Intelligence on the road to Adwan town, and a reconciled fighter on the 30th.[52]

May[edit]

On 3 May, the Popular Resistance killed a reconciled fighter, and on the 9th, assassinated the commander of the free Syrian Police in the Al-Balad neighborhood, after he reconciled with the government.[53] Further attacks continued on the 23rd, when a former fighter was assassinated in the outskirts of Muzayrib town.[54] The same day, after the arrest of a former commander who joined the Fourth division, other reconciled fighters took over two checkpoints, but withdrew after the commander was released.[55] The Popular Resistance killed a soldier of the Fourth Division three days later in Daraa al-Balad.[56] On the 29th, a former ISIS fighter was assassinated in Tafas, and a day later, in Jasim, two army soldiers were shot and injured after the molestation of two girls in the town.[57]

Siege of al-Sanamayn[edit]

On the 15th of may, the government Criminal Security raided the home of Walid al-Zahra, leader of a rebel group active in the town, to arrest him. His brother and two others were taken.[58] Clashes broke out, and 2 patrol members were killed in the clashes.[59] Following this, the town was put under siege, and movement of people and goods was halted. Further clashes took place on May 19 as Popular Resistance carried out attacks on the Security Box in the town. A civilian was killed after being caught in the crossfire.[60] The next day, reinforcements were brought to the area.[61] On the 22nd, the Central Committee and government forces began negotiations with the government.[62] The Central Negotiations Committee was created by reconciled rebels after the 2018 offensive to negotiate with the Syrian government. After a dignitary meeting with Russian forces, the siege of the town was finally lifted on the 23rd.[63]

June[edit]

Popular Resistance intensified its attacks on government forces and supposed collaborators. The Ba'ath Party building in Om Walad village was attacked.[64] Popular Resistance shot a former Ahrar al-Sham commander near Saham al-Goulan.[65] In the town of Nawa, Popular Resistance assassinated Khaled Abu Rukba in front of his house. He was a member of the Central Negotiations Committee, and had joined air intelligence. A soldier was also killed by unknown gunmen in Tafas.[66] Popular Resistance assassinated Abu al-Majd, who was part of an Iranian-affiliated office promoting Shi'ism. A Shia Muslim living in Tafas was killed by known gunmen.[67] During the night of June 12, Popular Resistance attacked an air intelligence checkpoint on the road between Nahte and Busra al-Harir, killing or injuring all the soldiers. In the Quneitra countryside, a former commander who joined government forces was killed and his brother injured following an attack.[68] More attacks by Popular Resistance and other groups took place in Da'el, Jasim, Nawa, and al-Hirak.[69]

July[edit]

On the 3rd of July the first insurgent attack of the month occurred when a soldier of the Fourth division was killed. Two days later an air intelligence checkpoint in Om Walad village was attacked leading to casualties, and two members of air intelligence who were formerly fighters were found dead in the outskirts of al-Shammari.[70] Following more assassinations, a Russian patrol was attacked with an IED.[71] More assassinations and attacks on checkpoints occurred in Mukhtar of Al-Yadudah, Nawa, and other towns. Popular Resistance attacked the Fourth division's Zayzoun Camp with RPGs and machine guns, leading to injuries. Another bombing took place on the 17th of July, when an IED blew up a military bus travelling between Al-Dahiya neighborhood and Al-Yadudah town, killing and injuring multiple soldiers.[72] The same day near Sheikh Saad, gunmen opened fire on a car, killing a colonel along with his wife and son.[73] A lieutenant and member of the 5th corps would be targeted in the coming days.[74] On July 27, a suicide bomber detonated a booby trapped car at an air intelligence checkpoint between Al-Harak city and Mulayha al-Atash, killing six soldiers.[75] The same day, hours later, the head of the Ba'ath party branch in Jasim was assassinated.[76] Over the next three days, several attacks were carried out against checkpoints in al-Sanamayn, between Al-Jibayliyah and Ghadir Al-Bustan.[77]

August[edit]

Attacks against the Syrian army continued. Clashes took place for hours in the northern areas of al-Sanamayn in the second of August between the Syrian army and gunmen in the north of the city.[78] A number of attacks took place on the 8th of August. Popular Resistance attacked a military checkpoint in the town of Tasil,[79] two reconciled rebels in the Fourth division were assassinated in Daraa al-Balad, and a member of the republican guard was assassinated in the town of Tel Shihab.[80] Another Republican Guard member was assassinated two days later. A RPG attack in Tafas left several members of a family injured. On the 11th, soldiers on the road to the Jasim hospital were the target of an IED attack, with several injuries reported. In addition, a border guard was killed and another injured when they were attacked by gunmen near Nasib town.[81] The next day, a soldier was assassinated in Sheik Saad.[82] The next attack took place four days later, when two Fourth Division soldiers were killed in the town of Nahj.[83] On the 17th, an Iman who reportedly was a government agent was assassinated in the town of Alam. The municipality chairman of al-Shajrawas targeted two days later, leaving him seriously injured.

It was reported that the Syrian Army reinforced positions and threatened to storm the town of Tafas, blaming the rebels there for the security escalations in the province. Discussions took place between a former opposition commander in the town and the intelligence services. On the 20th, a man working with the security agencies was killed in Nateh.[84] A man working closely with Hezbollah was killed on the 23rd. On the 24th, the chief of the local council in the town of Muzayrib was killed. Unidentified men kidnapped a photographer of a pro-government agency, he was found later with bruises. On the 28th, a Fourth Division soldier was killed in al-Yadudah.[85] On the same day, gunmen carried out an attack on a military checkpoint south of Inkhil, injuring two soldiers.[86]

On the 29th, a person collaborating with the government in the reconciliation area of Nab’ Al-Fawwar village was killed. The same day, three police officers in the town of Masakin Jalin were killed after gunmen opened fire on their car.[87] On August 31, a minibus belonging to air intelligence was blown up with an IED on the road between western al-Gharya and eastern Karak in the eastern countryside, injuring over 15-17 security officers.[88]

September[edit]

On the 1st, gunmen opened fire on the head of the Al-Shajarah municipality, but failed to injure him. He was known for his strong ties to the security agencies and Iranian groups and had been targeted before. On the 3rd of September, unknown gunmen shot and seriously injured a former ISIS fighter working with air intelligence and branch 215 in front of his home in Nawa. On the 4th of September, an ex-rebel working in military security was assassinated in the town of Om Batnah, in the Quneitra countryside.[89] The same day, an IED was detonated in Zayzoun Camp, where units of the Fourth Division were positioned, injuring a colonel and four soldiers. On the 9th of September, it was announced that the head of the Air Intelligence branch in Daraa died in his home "under mysterious circumstances." On the 12th, a former opposition leader and reconciliation icon was targeted with an IED, but his condition was unknown. Gunmen carried out an attack in the town of Da'el, killing a member of the Command of the Ba'ath party's Yarmouk branch.[90] On the 17th, unknown gunmen assassinated a Hezbollah fighter and his brother in the town of al-Harak.[91] A bus was blown up in the al-Meftrah area, and two men died from their injuries days later.[92] The next day, a soldier in the 5th corps was assassinated in Daraa al-Balad.[93]

On the 19th, gunmen seriously injured someone working with government security services near al-Amal Hospital in Jasim.[94] On the 20th, gunmen attacked a pro-government militia in Sanamayn, killing an ex-rebel, and an IED blew up a convoy of the 52nd brigade travelling between al-Darah and Skaka.[95] On the 22nd of September, an IED blew up a car travelling between Izra and Bosra al-Harir, injuring a colonel of the 5th division. The next day a security agent was shot in the northern countryside of Daraa, and died later of his injuries.[96] On the 24th, a man working with the security agencies was assassinated in Tel Shihab, and an IED blew up in front of a house in Daraa al-Balad.[97] On the 25th September, clashes took place for hours when gunmen attacked the military headquarters of the NDF and Military Security in Sanamayn. One soldier was killed and several others were injured before the attackers fled.[98] The same day. the Mukhtar of Al-Mulayha al-Sharkiyya, known to work with intelligence agencies, was killed in front of his home by unknown gunmen.[99] Unidentified gunmen assassinated a citizen in the Al-Jam’eyya neighborhood of Sanamayn over personal problems.[100] In Tafas, an ex-rebel who joined Air Intelligence was assassinated on the 28th.[101] On the 30th of September, two gunmen opened fire on a citizen and injured them seriously in the town of Abtaa.[102] An ex-rebel commander who became a commander in the 5th corps was seriously injured in the Yarmouk Basin near Sahem al-Golan,[103] and a rocket launched by government forces to the south of Daraa city landed in a neighborhood of Daraa al-Balad.[104]

October[edit]

On 1 October, gunmen attacked a house in the Yarmouk Basin, damaging it.[105] An air intelligence officer was assassinated in Daraa al-Balad.[106] On the 2nd, a recruiter for Hezbollah was found dead in Daraa al-Balad. An informant working for the government was targeted in the town of Sayda on 4 October, and injured in the attack.[107] A soldier of the Syrian Army reserves was found dead near Bosra al-Harir the same day. Three attacks took place on the 6th. An ex-commander was assassinated on the road between Al-Taybah and Kahil, and a member of a municipality was injured after being shot in Nahteh.[108] Two soldiers of the Fourth Division were assassinated in Tel Shihab.[109] Another municipality member was injured on the 7th of October in the town of al-Yadudeh.[110] On the 11th, unknown rebels targeted a Russian military patrol with an IED on the road between Jasim and Inkhil, causing injuries among the Russian police. A Syrian lieutenant officer escorting the Russian police column died from his injuries days later.[111] Another bomb went off on the same road targeting a car carrying government forces, injuring several of them. Three ex-rebels who joined military security were assassinated in the town of Tafas.[112] On the 12th, an ex-rebel who joined government forces was found dead near the town of Tal Samn.[113]

November[edit]

On November 5 a member of the Russian backed 5 Corp was killed by an unknown attacker.[114] On November 5 a former fighter of the "free army" that stuck reconciliation with the Syrian army was kidnapped then killed by unknown gunmen.[115] Also on the 5th an informant for Hezbollah was killed by two unidentified gunmen on a motorcycle.[116] On November 7 a reconciled rebel fighter was assassinated by unknown gunmen.[117] On November 8 an IED exploded in the town of Tasil near a former rebel leader's house, the explosion killed 1 unidentified person.[118] A drug dealer was also assassinated by unknown gunmen in the town of al-Mzeireb on the 8th.[119] On November 11 a body of a civilian was dumped near a government checkpoint in village of Qita.[120] On the 12th fighters from the group “Popular Resistance in Daraa”, attacked a checkpoint of the military intelligence killing 3 and injuring an unknown number of others.[121] On November 12 small scale protest against Hezbollah occurred in the towns of Tal Shehab, Al-Ajami and Zayzun.[122] An assassination attempt failed in the city of Inkhil.[123] on the 15th more protest occurred in the towns of Al-Balad and Sahem Al-Golan.[124] On November 16 a series of attack took place, 2 house belonging to members of the military intelligence were targeted with RPGs, no one was injured. A security checkpoint near Al-Sahwa was also hit with RPGs injuring 1 person. Clashes broke out in the town of Al-Hara between the "Popular Resistance" and military forces,an unknown number of people were injured in the clashes.[125] On the 17th a body of a woman was found in the town of Al-Sahari.[126] On the 18th 3 young men were injured in the city of al-Sanamin by unknown gunmen.[127] A child was killed by gunfire on the road between Al-Sanamayn and al-Qenniyye on the 19th.[127] Also on the 19th a member of collaborator of Hezbollah was killed.[128] On the 20th a drug smuggler was killed by unknown gunmen.[129] On the 23rd 2 member of the special forces were killed by unknown gunmen on the road between Tafas and Al-Yadudah.[130] Also of the 23rd protest broke out in the city of Nawa.[131] two attacks took place on the 25th, a civilian was killed after being kidnapped and a reconciled rebel fighter was killed by unknown gunmen.[132][133] three incidents took place on the 27th protests started in the town of al-Shajra, A former rebel learder was killed in Tafas, and a lieutenant of the “NDF” was killed by unknown gunmen.[134][135][136] On the 29th two brothers that struck reconciliation were killed and thousands of people protest across Daraa province against the government.[137][138]

December[edit]

On December 1, unknown gunmen robbed a food aid compound belonging to the Syrian red crescent.[139] On the 2nd multiple events happened.A former commander of the rebels survived an assassination attempt on his life, Gunmen robed a jewelry store in Daraa city, a member of the “Military Security Intelligence Branch” was assassinated in Al-Sanamayn city. An IED killed a person in Jasim city, a member of the military was killed when their checkpoint was ambushed in al-Sanamin city, and a member of the 5th corp was seriouly injured in an attack in Al-Jiza town.[140][141][142][143][144] On the 3rd protests against government broke out in the town of Hyt.[145] On the 4th, an IED targeting an officer in the military went off, injuring him seriously.[146] On December 5, a collaborator with the government was assassinated in the town of al-Msifra.[147] On the 6th Armed gunmen attacked a checkpoint of the military, killing one member and injuring others.[148] On the 7th, unknown gunmen armed with machine guns attacked a building of “Criminal Security” in Al-Sanamayn city. A fire fight then broke out between soldiers stationed inside and the gunmen, an Unknown number of people were injured or killed.[149] On the 8th, a collaborator with Hezbollah was assassinated bu unknown gunmen.[150] On the 9th gunmen attack the checkpoint of the Air Force Intelligence in Al-Karak Al-Sharqi town, an unknown of people were killed or injured, and a collaborator with the state security was assassinated in Jassim city.[151][152] On the 10th the head of Al-Shajarah Municipality and a collaborator with the government was killed between Izraa and Al-Harrak, both were assassinated by unknown gunmen.[153][154] On the 12th a former member of the rebels was assassinated in the town of Tafas.[155] On December 13, an attack on Syrian military forces by unidentified attacker using light and medium weapons as well as RPGs, an unknown number of people were injured.[156] On the 14th an IED targeted a military vehicle of the “52nd Brigade” between Namir and Al-Surah leaving many injured.[157] On the 15th a civilian was assassinated by unknown gunmen on the road between Nahteh and Bosr Al-Harir. Protests also broke out in Naf’aa town on the 15th.[158][159] On December 16, an unidentified man was found dead Atman town.[160] On the 19th, a car was destroyed with an IED Jassim city, but no one was injured or killed.[161] On the 20th protest against the government took place in the town of Al-Yadoda.[162] On the 21st two members of the “4th Division” were assassinated by unknown gunmen on the road between Jassim and Salmin.[10] On the 22nd a major attack took place 5 soldier of the 4th Division were killed by unidentified gunmen in an attack on their checkpoint in Sad Saham al-Golan. Another person was killed by unidentified gunmen in Bosr al-Harir town, and an unsuccessful assassination attempt on a member of the political security took place in Al-Sanamin city injuring him. A captain in Bosr Al-Harir town was killed on the 22nd.In total 7 people were killed on the 22nd.[163][164] On the 23rd protests against the government took place in Tafas.[165] On December 24, multiple events took place, members of the military raided multiple houses in Sayda and Al-Gharya Al-Sharqiyah, they arrested multiple people and looted the buildings. An IED killed a former commander of the "Shabab Al-Sunnah" rebel faction in Daraa city. A former commander of the “Al-Omary Gathering” rebel faction was arrested by Hezbollah, and two officers of the government were kidnapped in the town of Yadudeh.[166][167][168][169] On the 26th an IED damaged a bus belonging to the military on the road between Nawa city and Tasil town injuring many.[170] On the 27th protest against the government actions in Idlib took place in the town of Nahta.[171] on the 28th A body of a person from Tal Shihab town was found Naseeb town.[172] On the 29th Unknown gunmen opened fire from a vehicle at a group of civilian in Al-Sanamayn city injuring three.[173] On the 30th an IED targeting a government post killed one government soldier and injured three more.[174]

2020[edit]

January[edit]

On the 1st a machine gun attack took place, grenade was thrown at a checkpoint, and the municipality building of Mesika town was burned down.[175] On the 2nd the Syrian reserve soldier was killed by unidentified gunmen on motorcycles.[176] On the 3rd an IED attack targeting a former rebel commander took place in Al-Balad causing only material damage, a former rebel fighter was injured by unknown gunmen, unknown gunmen attack the military headquarter in al-Harak city, and a man was found dead on Khirbet al-Ghazali road.[177][178][179] On the 4th unknown gunmen attack the Tafas military barracks and a civilian was injured in a machine gun attack in the town of Tal Shihab.[180][181] On the 6th a drug dealer in the 4th division was assassinated in Al-Muzayrib town.[182] On the 8th a commander of the 9th Division was attack in his car at Jbab village injuring his driver.[9] On the 9th a former commander in “Shabab Al-Sunnah” rebel group executed three young men in Daraa city.[183] On the 10th Unknown gunmen attack two checkpoints in al-Msifra and Eastern al-Gharya killing 3 and injuring 5, an assassination also took place in Amuriyyah village killing one.[184] On the 12th two IEDs went off in Tafas city injuring one civilian and destroying a vehicle.[185] On the 13th an unsuccessful assassination attempt took place in Al-Ghariya Al Sharqia town leave no one injured, but a successful assassination took place in Um al-Mayathen town killing one “Military Security" member.[186][187] On the 15 a collaborator with Hezbollah was assassinated in Tasil town.[188] On the 19th members of the 5th corp attacked the “Air Force Intelligence” headquarters in Da’el town several soldiers were injured, two members of the Airforce Intelligence were assassinated in Jassim town, and A doctor was killed in Bosr al-Harir town by an IED.[189][190][191] Three attacks took place on the 21st the driver of a member of “People’s Council of Syria” was assassinated on the road of Nimr – Jassim, a child was shot and killed in Jassim city, and unknown gunmen attacked Al-Souq checkpoint in Al-Sanamayn city with RPGs and machine guns.[192][193][194] On the 22nd two soldier were abducted in al-Harak.[195] On the 24th protests took place in Al-Harrak town and gunmen attacked a checkpoint of the “Air Force Intelligence" between Tasil and Adawan causing no casualties.[196][197] On the 25th clashes between gunmen and police in the town of Abtaa injured many and a checkpoint belonging to the 112th Brigade was attack in Koya town.[198][199] On the 26th a Jordanian civilian was found dead in Al-Harrak city after being kidnapped.[200] On the 28th gunmen attacked the house of a commander in the 5th corp in Sayda town and an IED destroyed a vehicle in the town of Da’el.[201][202] On the 29th unknown gunmen attacked a group of the “fourth division” soldiers in the town of Saham al-Golan.[203] On the 30th A vehicle of the 4th division was destroyed with an IED in Al-Yadouda town, a member of the State Security was injured by gunfire in Jassim town, and clashes between the 4th division and the civilians of al-Sanamin took place after a member of the 4th division shot a young man.[204][205] On the 31st a checkpoint was attack in al-Karak al-Sharqi, a Military Security member was attacked with an IED, and in Al-Gharia al-Sharqiya town gunmen open fired on the mayor of the towns house. None of these events caused any casualties.[206]

February[edit]

Three assassinations took place in 2 February. A doctor and another civilian were killed in Tafas, while an ex-rebel was killed in the town of al-Shajarah.[207] On the 3rd, an ex-rebel was assassinated in Daraa al-Balad,[208] while unknown gunmen attempted to assassinate a farmer in Muzayrib.[209] On 4 February, an soldier of the 4th Division was assassinated in the al-Rayy area, between Yaboudeh and Muzayrib.[210] The same day, a civilian was assassinated by unknown gunmen in Muzayrib, while gunmen in Sanamayn attacked a pro-government fighter by shooting into his home.[211] On the 7th, a soldier was shot in Yaboudeh town, with a civilian and child killed by stray bullets.[212] On the 9th, a young man was found with his neck broken behind his house in Sanamayn, while a soldier of the 4th division was found dead in al Sha'ari area.[213]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  12. ^ a b "Instability in Daraa | Clashes erupt between "military security" members and local gunmen in Um Al-Mayazen, leaving casualties". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. September 18, 2020.
  13. ^ a b Kareem Khadder; Natalie Gallón; Ben Westcott. "Syrian government reaches reconciliation deal with rebels in Nawa". CNN.
  14. ^ a b c "Daraa — cradle of Syria's uprising turns into 'chaotic' south". Arab News. 31 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Daraa — cradle of Syria's uprising turns into 'chaotic' south". Arab News. 2019-08-31. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  16. ^ "Security chaos kill dozens, Iranian – Russian fight over power, Security prosecutions and arbitrary arrests, and catastrophic humanitarian conditions… the "Syrian Observatory" monitors 14 months of regime forces' control over Daraa Province". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
  17. ^ "South Syria: The return of state failure". AlJumhuriya.net. 2020-04-16. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  18. ^ a b "Assassinations in southern Syria expose limits of Assad's control". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 2 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Fear and uncertainty among residents of al-Qunaytirah and Daraa, as end of "settlement agreement" approaches". Enab Baladi. 2020-02-21. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  20. ^ ""Daraa's Popular Resistance" carries out its first operations, leaving casualties among the regime forces in a direct response to taking people for recruitment and reserve services and for the violations in the Syrian south". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 6 February 2019.
  21. ^ "Nine policemen abducted and killed in south Syria". Al Jazeera. 4 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Daraa Province witnesses the first clashes against ISIS cells after about 2 months of its loss of influence in the province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2018-09-27. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  23. ^ "The western countryside of Daraa witnesses alertness and tension in the wake of killing a member by unidentified gunmen in the area • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2018-11-23. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  24. ^ "An attack by unidentified gunmen targets a security checkpoint of the regime forces in Daraa countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2018-12-05. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  25. ^ "Liquidation in Daraa, within 48 hours 2 assassination attempts against 2 commanders of factions "reconciled" with the Syrian regime in the Syrian south • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2018-12-11. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  26. ^ "The security chaos incidents renew through more assassinations and killing attempts expanding the scope of the disorder in the countryside of Daraa province months after the regime imposed its control over it • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-01-21. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  27. ^ "Unidentified gunmen attack one of the regime's largest checkpoints in Daraa countryside and force its members to retreat and be fortified in rear positions • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-02-01. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  28. ^ "Unidentified gunmen attack a headquarters of the regime's Air Force Intelligence in a town in the middle countryside of Daraa in the shadow of the anti-regime movements • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-02-04. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  29. ^ "Daraa Province between assassinations, liquidation, and successive attacks against regime forces; headquarters, and security operations follow the executors in conjunction with announcing the "Popular Resistance faction" • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-02-04. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  30. ^ ""Daraa's Popular Resistance" carries out its first operations, leaving casualties among the regime forces in a direct response to taking people for recruitment and reserve services and for the violations in the Syrian south • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-02-06. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  31. ^ ""Popular Resistance" continues the liquidations war through more assassinations in Daraa countryside within the anti-regime escalation in the Syrian south". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 14 February 2020.
  32. ^ "7 casualties of the regime forces and their allies in the first shift in assassinations and attacks against them through a double attack north of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-02-16. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  33. ^ "The Syrian south witnesses new assassinations and killing attempts against a leader in the people's committees in Daraa countryside after similar operations carried out in different areas • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-02-18. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  34. ^ "Unidentified gunmen target one of the reconciliations' godfathers in the countryside of Daraa province raising the security chaos • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-02-28. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  35. ^ "Daraa province witnesses the continuation of the war of liquidations and assassinations months after regime forces' control of the Syrian south • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-07. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  36. ^ "Continuous targeting operations in Daraa Province by unknown gunmen and regime's intelligence arrest 4 members of the "5th Legion" in the capital Damascus • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-08. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  37. ^ "Threats to members of the ruling Baath Party in the Syrian southern after forming Saraya al-Janoub, The Popular Resistance, writing on the walls, and liquidations in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-10. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  38. ^ "As Syria War Enters Ninth Year, Anti-Regime Protests And Armed Operations Resume In Daraa Governorate". MEMRI. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  39. ^ "A demonstration in Daraa city against the regime demand the overthrow of it after installing a monument of the former Syrian president following graffiti against him • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-10. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  40. ^ "In the light of regime's control of it after military operation and "reconciliations;" anti-regime movements and demonstrations in Daraa countryside in the Syrian south • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-11. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  41. ^ "The increased attacks of the "Popular Resistance" confuse checkpoints and points of the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them in Daraa Province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-12. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  42. ^ "After tens of anti-regime phrases, unidentified people in Dael north of Daraa attack a security detachment of regime's intelligence • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-19. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  43. ^ "As defected of the regime forces being liquidated, security chaos increases within Daraa province in the Syrian south through more kidnappings and assassinations • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-30. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  44. ^ "As a part of the security chaos in Daraa province…an attack by gunmen targets a checkpoint of the regime forces leaving casualties • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-03-31. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  45. ^ "The liquidation attempts continue against the former commanders and fighters in the factions of Daraa who chose the reconciliation with the regime, through new targeting east of the province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-04-02. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  46. ^ "Bombing, assassinations, liquidation, and attempted murder increase in Daraa countryside in the Syrian south months after being controlled by the regime forces • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-04-03. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  47. ^ "In a continuation of targeting by the regime and their allies in the Syrian south, an armed attack targets the air intelligence in Daraa countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-04-06. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  48. ^ "The regime forces fortify their checkpoints in the eastern countryside of Daraa after separated and successive attacks which targeted checkpoints and positions of their members in the area • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-04-06. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  49. ^ "Security chaos continues in Daraa province through a new assassination targeted the preacher of a mosque in al-Hrak town east of the province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-04-12. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  50. ^ "In less than 48 hours…a 3rd assassination targets the "reconciliation" factions and persons in connect with the regime forces in Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-04-22. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  51. ^ "A new assassination targets a former commander of the factions in Daraa province in the wake of the escalated operations by the "Popular Resistance"". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 24 April 2019.
  52. ^ "A new assassination in Daraa province targets a former fighter of the factions as part of the escalating operations of the "Popular Resistance"". SOHR. 30 April 2019.
  53. ^ "New assassination in Syrian south targets the "Free Police commander" in Daraa". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 9 May 2019.
  54. ^ "As a part of the continued security chaos in Daraa province…unidentified gunmen assassinate a former fighter in the rebel factions in Daraa countryside". Syria Observatory for Human Rights. 23 May 2019.
  55. ^ "Regime forces continue their siege of la-Sanamayn city for the 8th consecutive day in conjunction with tension between "reconciliation" factions and the regime forces in the western countryside of Daraa". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 23 May 2019.
  56. ^ "The "Popular Resistance" continues its operations in Daraa province and kills a former fighter of the factions of those who joined the 4th Division within the regime forces".
  57. ^ "Within the continued security chaos in Daraa province…2 members of the regime forces were injured after being shot by members of the settlements in Jasim city against the backdrop of molestation by the regime's members to girls in the city". SOHR. 30 March 2019.
  58. ^ "Assad's regime suffer losses during the raid on Daraa city". Call Syria. 2019-05-16. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  59. ^ "As part of the continuous security chaos in Daraa Province, 2 members of the criminal security were killed in a raid on a house of a former faction leader in al-Sanamin town". SOHR. 15 May 2019.
  60. ^ "Cautious calm prevails al-Sanamayn town after clashes between unknown gunmen and the regime forces in the security box killed a civilian". SOHR. 19 May 2019.
  61. ^ "Public tension and discontent continue in al-Sanamayn city as of the suffocating siege by the regime forces on the citizens continues for the 5th consecutive day". SOHR. 21 May 2019.
  62. ^ "6 days after the regime forces' siege on Al-Sanamayn town…the negotiations -that aim the siege to be lift- meet obstacles after a meeting between the Central Committee in Hauran and the regime forces". SOHR. 21 May 2019.
  63. ^ "After 8 days of tight siege…the regime forces lift the siege imposed over Al-Sanamayn city after meeting with dignitaries from Hauran with the Russian forces". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 23 May 2019.
  64. ^ "The Popular Resistance resumes its operations in Daraa province and targets building of the party branch in Om Walad village • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-06-04. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  65. ^ "Unidentified gunmen open fire on a former commander in Ahrar Al-Sham Islamic movement in an attempt to assassinate him near Saham Al-Golan town in the western countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-06-05. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  66. ^ "Assassinations target one of the members of the Central Committee charged of negotiating with the Russians, and a member of the regime's army in Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-06-10. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  67. ^ "A few hours after the assassination of one of the most prominent promoters of "Shiism " in the southern area, unidentified gunmen kill a "Shiite" person in Daraa countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-06-11. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  68. ^ "Casualties and injuries of regime's Air Force Intelligence during an armed attack targeted their checkpoint in Daraa Province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-06-13. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  69. ^ "Daraa province witnesses increase in armed attacks by the Popular Resistance against headquarters and sites of the regime forces and their loyal militias • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-06-25. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  70. ^ ""Popular Resistance" continues its activity in Daraa province through new attacks and assassinations target the regime forces and members of the "reconciliation and settlements" • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-07-05. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  71. ^ "Unidentified persons target a patrol of the Russian forces by an IED in the east of Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-07-13. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  72. ^ "About 15 members of the regime forces were killed and injured in the explosion that targeted their bus in the neighborhoods of Daraa city • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-07-17. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  73. ^ "After killing 6 members of the regime forces by targeting them on the outskirts of Daraa city, unidentified gunmen kill a colonel with wife and son in western countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-07-17. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  74. ^ "In the shadow of the mounting operations of the "Popular Resistance" against the members of the regime forces and their loyal gunmen…an assassination attempt targets a member of the pro-Russia 5th Corps in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-07-24. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  75. ^ "In an incident that is the first of kind since the regime forces regained control over Daraa province…a suicidal bombing targets the regime forces and their loyal gunmen and kills 6 of them • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-07-27. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  76. ^ "Unidentified gunmen assassinate the "head of the branch of Al-Ba'ath Party" in Jasim town hours after a suicidal bombing that targeted a checkpoint of the regime forces east of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-07-27. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  77. ^ "In the second targeting during this day…unidentified persons target a checkpoint of the regime forces and gunmen loyal to them in the northern countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-07-30. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  78. ^ "In the light of chaos that prevails Daraa Province, al-Sanamin city witnesses renewed clashes between the regime forces and gunmen of the city". 3 August 2019.
  79. ^ "In the wake of the operations of "Popular Resistance" in the Syrian South…gunmen attack a military checkpoint of the regime forces west of Daraa".
  80. ^ "As part of the escalated security chaos in the Syrian south, new assassination targets a member of the "Republican Guard" west of Daraa".
  81. ^ "Casualties and wounded due to targeting by IEDs and machineguns to regime's members in Daraa province south of Syria".
  82. ^ "New assassination targets a member of the regime forces west Daraa".
  83. ^ "Unidentified members assassinate 2 members of the "4th Division" of the regime forces in the western countryside of Daraa".
  84. ^ "An assassination attempt targets one of the collaborators with the regime's security services in Nahteh town east of Daraa".
  85. ^ "Gunmen assassinate a member of the 4th Division of the regime forces in the western countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-08-28. Retrieved 2020-05-29.
  86. ^ "Gunmen attack a military checkpoint of the regime forces north of Daraa leaving injuries in their ranks • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-08-28. Retrieved 2020-05-29.
  87. ^ "Unidentified gunmen assassinate 3 officers of regime's police in the western countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-08-29. Retrieved 2020-05-29.
  88. ^ "More than 15 injury among regime's intelligence in an explosion targeted their vehicle in the eastern countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2019-08-31. Retrieved 2020-05-29.
  89. ^ "New assassination targets a fighter reconciled with the regime forces in Quneitra countryside and an explosion hits the camp of the 4th Division injures a colonel and 4 members west Daraa". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 4 September 2019.
  90. ^ "An assassination targets a member in the Command of Al-Yarmouk Branch of Ba'ath Party in Daraa countryside in the shadow of the mounting security chaos and assassinations in the province".
  91. ^ "Gunmen assassinate a member of the "Lebanese Hezbollah" and his brother in the eastern countryside of Daraa south of Syria".
  92. ^ "Unidentified gunmen attack militias loyal to the regime in al-Sanamin city and kill a member of the "Settlement and Reconciliation" factions as part of the continuous and increasing targeting in Daraa Province".
  93. ^ "ess than 24 hours after the assassination of a Lebanese Hezbollah member, a new assassination in Daraa province kills a member of the Russian-established 5th Corps".
  94. ^ "An assassination attempt targets one of the collaborators with the regime's security services in Jasim city in the northern countryside of Daraa in the shadow of the mounting operations that pursue people close to the regime".
  95. ^ "Casualties and wounded in the ranks of the regime due to an IED explosion in their caravan in the eastern countryside of Daraa".
  96. ^ "As assassinations escalate against members and agents of the Syrian regime, gunmen assassinate a collaborator of the security branches north of Daraa".
  97. ^ "An IED exploded in Daraa Al-Balad in the wake of the mounting security chaos and continuous targeting in the province".
  98. ^ "Casualty and injuries of regime members in an attack on their positions in the northern countryside of Daraa".
  99. ^ "Gunmen assassinate the Mukhtar of a town collaborating with the regime's security branches in the eastern countryside of Daraa".
  100. ^ "Unidentified gunmen assassinate a citizen in the northern countryside of Daraa in the shadow of the mounting lawlessness and the spreading weapons chaos in the area".
  101. ^ "Targeting continues increasingly in Daraa province through the assassination of a former faction member who joined the Air Force Intelligence in Tafas town".
  102. ^ "An assassination attempt targets a citizen in the northern countryside of Daraa in the shadow of the mounting state of lawlessness and weapons chaos in the area".
  103. ^ "Targeting continues increasingly in Daraa province through a new assassination attempt of a prominent commander of the "5th Corps" in Yarmouk Basin and seriously injures him".
  104. ^ "The Syrian regime forces target a neighborhood in Daraa city by a rocket shell".
  105. ^ "As part of the escalating attacks in Daraa Province, unidentified gunmen attack a house in Yarmouk basin area with bombs and machine guns".
  106. ^ "In the shadow of repeated targeting to members of the regime forces in Daraa province…gunmen assassinate a member of the "Military Intelligence Branch" in Daraa Al-Balad".
  107. ^ "Assassination attempt targets one of regime's "informants" in Sayda town east of Daraa city".
  108. ^ "The province of Daraa witnesses the assassination of a former commander and an assassination attempt against another person in the shadow of the mounting security chaos within the Syrian South". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
  109. ^ "In the shadow of security chaos in the Syrian South…the province of Daraa witnesses assassination of 2 members of the 4th Division in the ranks of the regime". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 6 October 2019.
  110. ^ "Continued targeting in Daraa Province raises to about 130, the number of attacks in the area since last June". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 7 October 2019.
  111. ^ "An officer in the regime forces died affected by the injury he had in an explosion targeted a joint patrol with the Russian police in Daraa countryside on Friday". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 13 October 2019.
  112. ^ "3 "members of reconciliation" were assassinated in conjunction with 2 explosions targeted Russian military police patrol and another for the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them in Daraa countryside". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 11 October 2019.
  113. ^ "The province of Daraa witnesses a new assassination targeted a former member in the factions of those who joined the regime forces after settlement". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 12 October 2019.
  114. ^ "Member of the Russian- established "5th Corps" was shot dead by unknown people in the eastern countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 3, 2019.
  115. ^ "The body of one of the former members of the Free Army was shot dead after being kidnapped by unidentified persons in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 5, 2019.
  116. ^ "In light of the escalating attacks in Daraa Province, a new assassination targets an informant with the Lebanese Hezbollah in al-Muzayrib town • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 5, 2019.
  117. ^ "Within the continuous attacks in Daraa Province, new assassination targets one of the "settlement" members in al-Yadoda town • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 7, 2019.
  118. ^ "Unidentified body found in front of a house of a former opposition faction leader after an explosion hit the area in Tasil town west of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 8, 2019.
  119. ^ "Drug dealer assassinated in al-Mzeireb town of western Daraa countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 8, 2019.
  120. ^ "A body was found dumped near a military checkpoint of the regime forces in the shadow of the mounting security chaos in Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 11, 2019.
  121. ^ "The "Popular Resistance in Daraa" attacks a checkpoint of the military intelligence and kills 3 members of them bringing the number of casualties among members the regime forces to 62 in 5 months .. and the regime forces mobilize after the attack • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 13, 2019.
  122. ^ "Demonstrators call for releasing the detainees and the exit of Lebanese "Hezbollah" in Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 13, 2019.
  123. ^ "The daily attacks continue in Daraa province through a new assassination attempt that targeted a person in Inkhil city • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 15, 2019.
  124. ^ "Protests in Daraa call for releasing the detainees and the exit of Lebanese "Hezbollah" from the area • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 15, 2019.
  125. ^ "Gunmen target members of the intelligence by RPG shells in conjunction with an attack on security centers in Daraa countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 16, 2019.
  126. ^ "The body of a woman was found in Daraa in the shadow of security chaos and the spreading of phenomenon of kidnapping for collecting ransoms in the province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 17, 2019.
  127. ^ a b "Unidentified gunmen shoot young men in al-Sanamin city in Daraa countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 18, 2019.
  128. ^ url=https://www.syriahr.com/en/147740/
  129. ^ "As security chaos in Daraa escalates .. a drug smuggler assassinated by unidentified gunmen • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 20, 2019.
  130. ^ "In the frame of the state of disorder and lawlessness in Daraa province .. 2 members of the Special Forces were assassinated • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 23, 2019.
  131. ^ "Protests in "Daraa" call for releasing the detainees and the toppling of the regime and "Al-Baath Party" and affirm the continuation of Revolution • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 23, 2019.
  132. ^ "A civilian loses his life in the shadow of the kidnapping gangs activity in the Syrian South .. and the regime seeks to stir up sectarian strife and territorial disputes between Al-Suwaidaa and Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 25, 2019.
  133. ^ "Security chaos continues in Daraa through assassinating one of the reconciliations godfathers in the province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 25, 2019.
  134. ^ "A protest in Yarmouk Basin calls for expelling regime's intelligence and the Iranian militias from Daraa and the release of detainees • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 27, 2019.
  135. ^ "Gunmen assassinate a former opposition leader in "Tafas" city in the western countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 27, 2019.
  136. ^ "Security chaos continues: assassination targets military personnel in the western countryside of Daraa... Regime's death toll in the city since June rises to 66 • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 27, 2019.
  137. ^ "Unidentified gunmen assassinate 2 brothers of those who had their situations settled after being within the opposition factions in Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 29, 2019.
  138. ^ "Thousands of citizens in Daraa chant against the regime and the Iranian militias after a funeral of former "Free" fighters shot dead by unknown gunmen • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". November 29, 2019.
  139. ^ "Unknown gunmen rob a compound contains food aid provided by the "Syrian Red Crescent" in the eastern countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 1, 2019.
  140. ^ ""Air Force Intelligence" propels its agents to assassinate a former commander in the factions in the shadow of the mounting security chaos across "Daraa" • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 2, 2019.
  141. ^ "In the shadow of mounting security chaos in Daraa .. gunmen rob a jewelry store by force of arms • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 2, 2019.
  142. ^ "Unidentified gunmen kill a member in the "Military Intelligence Branch" .. and an IED explosion kills a person in Daraa countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 2, 2019.
  143. ^ "Gunmen attack a military checkpoint of the "regime forces" in al-Sanamin city north of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 2, 2019.
  144. ^ "In protest against arresting a former commander in the opposition factions .. armed members in the "5th Corps" formed by Russia, are deployed east Daraa and block the road to Sayda • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 2, 2019.
  145. ^ "Demonstration in western countryside of Daraa calls for "exit of Iranian militias" and the release of detainees for regime's prisons • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 3, 2019.
  146. ^ "Assassination attempt targets an officer in the regime forces and an IED goes off .. in the shadow of growing security chaos in Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 4, 2019.
  147. ^ "Unidentified gunmen assassinate one of the collaborators with the regime forces in the eastern countryside of Daraa .. and about 70 members of the regime forces and of those collaborating with security services have been killed since June • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 5, 2019.
  148. ^ "An armed attack on a military checkpoint in Daraa countryside leaves casualties and injuries among members of the regime forces and 5th Corps • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 6, 2019.
  149. ^ "Anonymous gunmen attack the building of "Criminal Security" using machineguns in Al-Sanamayn city north of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 7, 2019.
  150. ^ "Unidentified gunmen assassinate a collaborator with the "Lebanese Hezbollah" in Tafas town west of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 8, 2019.
  151. ^ "Gunmen attack checkpoints of the "Air Force Intelligence" in a town east of Daraa city • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 9, 2019.
  152. ^ "Assassination of a collaborator with the "intelligence" in Daraa countryside, and 70 members of the regime forces, militias, and collaborators with the security forces are the death toll of 6 months • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 9, 2019.
  153. ^ "Anonymous gunmen assassinate the head of a local council collaborating with the "regime's branches" in the western countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 10, 2019.
  154. ^ "An assassination targets a collaborator with the "regime's security services" in the eastern countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 10, 2019.
  155. ^ "Gunmen assassinate a former member of the opposition factions in Tafas town in the western countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 12, 2019.
  156. ^ "Unidentified gunmen attack members of the "regime forces" in al-Sanamin city, as chaos and insecurity continue in Daraa Province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 13, 2019.
  157. ^ "Anonymous persons target a military vehicle of the regime forces with an IED in the eastern countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 14, 2019.
  158. ^ "Assassinations continue in Daraa province raising the number of people killed since June, to 143 • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 15, 2019.
  159. ^ "Demonstration in Naf'aa town continues the march of the "popular uprising" against the presence of the Iranian militias in Daraa Province and demand the release of detainees • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 15, 2019.
  160. ^ "In light of Daraa province's security chaos, unidentified body with gunshot wounds was found • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 16, 2019.
  161. ^ "As part of the security chaos in Daraa, unknown people detonate a civilian car with an IED in Jassim city • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 19, 2019.
  162. ^ "Demonstrations and protests continue the march of "Popular Uprising" demanding the release of detainees and Iranian militias to leave Syria, in Daraa governorate • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 20, 2019.
  163. ^ "Six soldiers and pro-regime militiamen killed in two separate attacks in eastern and western countryside of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 22, 2019.
  164. ^ "Nearly ten soldiers and members of the regime intelligence killed or injuried in four assassinations targeted Daraa countryside in less than 12 hours • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 22, 2019.
  165. ^ "As "popular uprising" continues in Daraa, demonstration takes place in "Tafas" in solidarity with people of Idlib • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 23, 2019.
  166. ^ "Regime forces launch a campaign of raids and arrests in areas in eastern Daraa countryside and pillage civilians' houses • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 24, 2019.
  167. ^ "IED explosion in Daraa city kills former opposition commander of factions that reached a settlement with the Syrian regime • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 24, 2019.
  168. ^ "Regime Intelligence arrests a former opposition commander close to "Hezbollah" in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 24, 2019.
  169. ^ "Unidentified people abduct two officers in Daraa countryside after breaking into the Silos' building in "Yadudeh"dss • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 24, 2019.
  170. ^ "IED explosion in a military vehicle leaves casualties as security conditions continue to deteriorate in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 26, 2019.
  171. ^ "As part of the "popular uprising" in Daraa, demonstrations denounce "Erdogan's" policy and Russia in Idlib, demand the release of detainees • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 27, 2019.
  172. ^ "As kidnapping and murder escalate in Daraa Province, a body was found killed by unknown assailants • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 28, 2019.
  173. ^ "Unknown assailants open fire on a group of civilians in Daraa leaving injuries • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 29, 2019.
  174. ^ "Several regime soldiers killed or injured in IED explosion in Daraa city • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". December 30, 2019.
  175. ^ "Daraa in six months: Attacks and assassination attempts rise as security chaos continues • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 2, 2020.
  176. ^ "As insecurity in Daraa continues, a body of a woman found hanged in her home • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 2, 2020.
  177. ^ "Assassination attempt targets a former commander who settled his security situation with the regime in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 3, 2020.
  178. ^ "Unknown assailants shoot a former fighter hours after another assassination attempt in Daraa city • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 3, 2020.
  179. ^ "As part of the security chaos in Daraa, attack targets regime's headquarters and a body is found on an agricultural road • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 3, 2020.
  180. ^ "Unknown assailants attack one of regime forces "military barracks" in western rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 4, 2020.
  181. ^ "Security alert in regime's rank in Daraa city and a new assassination attempt in its countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 4, 2020.
  182. ^ "A drug dealer within the "4th Division" assassinated in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 6, 2020.
  183. ^ "Former opposition commander executes three young people in Daraa days after being kidnapped • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 9, 2020.
  184. ^ "Two separate attacks on checkpoints of the Air Force and Military Intelligence in rural Daraa wound and kill eight • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 10, 2020.
  185. ^ "Unknown assailants attack regime checkpoint and IEDs go off in several areas in Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 12, 2020.
  186. ^ "Regime security member assassinated in rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 13, 2020.
  187. ^ "A new assassination attempt takes place in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 13, 2020.
  188. ^ "Anonymous assailants assassinate a collaborator with Hezbollah in rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 15, 2020.
  189. ^ ""Air Force Intelligence" headquarters attacked and members of Russian-backed "5th Corps" kidnapped as security situation deteriorates in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 19, 2020.
  190. ^ "Two agents of regime 'Airfoce Intelligence' assassinated in northern rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 19, 2020.
  191. ^ "A doctor killed in IED explosion in front of his clinic east Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 19, 2020.
  192. ^ "Unknown assailants attack regime security checkpoints in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 21, 2020.
  193. ^ "As chaos continues in Daraa province, gunmen shoot a child in Jassim town north of Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 21, 2020.
  194. ^ "Insecurity in Daraa continues: attempted assassination targets the driver of a member of "People's Council of Syria" • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 21, 2020.
  195. ^ "Lawlessness in Daraa: two soldiers from al-Suwaidaa abducted in Daraa countryside • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 22, 2020.
  196. ^ "Anonymous gunmen attack regime security checkpoint in rural Daraa. No casualties reported • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 24, 2020.
  197. ^ "Residents organize a vigil in Al-Harrak town east of Daraa calling for the release of detainees from regime prisons • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 24, 2020.
  198. ^ "Clashes between police members and gunmen leave injuries in Daraa province • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 25, 2020.
  199. ^ "Unknown assailants attack regime military checkpoint in rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 25, 2020.
  200. ^ "Jordanian civilian of Syrian descent found dead after being kidnapped by unidentified assailants in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 26, 2020.
  201. ^ "Unknown assailants attack the house of commander in Russian-backed military formation in rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 28, 2020.
  202. ^ "IED targets collaborator with regime security services in rural Daraa. No casualties reported • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 28, 2020.
  203. ^ "Security chaos continues in Daraa, raising the number of attacks and assassination attempts to 270 in less than 7 months • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 29, 2020.
  204. ^ "Insecurity in Daraa continues: clashes between a member of the 4th Division and people of al-Sanamin • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 30, 2020.
  205. ^ "IED explosion, shooting target two regime intelligence members in two separate incidents in rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 30, 2020.
  206. ^ "Three separated attacks in east Daraa countryside amid continuous security chaos • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". January 31, 2020.
  207. ^ "Three separate assassinations leave three persons dead in rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2020-02-02. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  208. ^ "Unidentified gunmen assassinate former opposition fighter in Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2020-02-03. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  209. ^ "Attempted assassination targets a citizen in rural Daraa and clashes between regime force members and 5th legion cause injuries • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2020-02-03. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  210. ^ "Lawlessness in Daraa: unknown gunmen assassinate regime soldier • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2020-02-04. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  211. ^ "Insecurity continues in Daraa: a citizen assassinated and armed attack in al-Sanamin • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2020-02-04. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  212. ^ "Lawlessness in Daraa: One girl among three persons killed by unknown assailants • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2020-02-07. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  213. ^ "Lawlessness in Daraa: two persons killed in separate incidents in rural Daraa • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 2020-02-09. Retrieved 2020-08-03.