Central European International Cup

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European International Cup of Nations
Founded1927
Abolished1960; 61 years ago (1960)
RegionCentral Europe (UEFA)
Number of teams5 (1927–1953)
6 (1955–1960)
Last champions Czechoslovakia (1st title)
Most successful team(s) Italy (2 titles)

The European International Cup of Nations was an international football competition held by certain national teams from Central Europe between 1927 and 1960.[1] There were competitions for professional and amateur teams. Participating nations were Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Switzerland and (in the final competition) Yugoslavia. Poland and Romania only competed in the amateur competition.

Played as a league on a home and away basis, it was contested six times and each single tournament usually took more than two years to complete. The last two tournaments lasted five years. It was discontinued in 1960, when the European Football Championship started. Winners of the competition included the Austrian Wunderteam of the early 1930s, the Italy team that also won two World Cups in the 1930s, the Golden Team of Hungary and the Czechoslovakia team that later finished as World Cup runners up in 1962.

Trophy[edit]

The trophy of the early competitions was named Švehla Cup after Antonín Švehla, the prime minister of Czechoslovakia, who donated it. After the Second World War the new trophy was known as the Dr. Gerö Cup in honour of Josef Gerö, a director of the Austrian Football Association and former match referee.

History[edit]

The competition was conceived by the Austrian football pioneer Hugo Meisl, regarded by some as one of the fathers of European football. Meisl was also behind the launch of the Mitropa Cup, a knockout competition for club teams from the same countries which also began in 1927. He also managed Austria during the Wunderteam era of the 1930s and led them to victory in the 1931-32 competition.

The first tournament played between 1927 and 1930 had been won by an Italy team inspired by Giuseppe Meazza. Meazza and Italy also won the 1933-35 competition. This time the team was coached by Vittorio Pozzo and either side of winning this competition they also won two World Cups in 1934 and 1938. The fourth tournament which began in 1936 was eventually abandoned due to the Anschluss Crisis and because of the Second World War, while a fifth tournament was not held until 1948. This tournament marked the advent of the Golden Team of Hungary, coached by Gusztáv Sebes and featuring Ferenc Puskás, Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis, Nándor Hidegkuti, József Bozsik and Gyula Grosics. They claimed the trophy after a 3–0 win over Italy in Rome in 1953.

Winners[edit]

Final placings[edit]

Years Classification
Winner Points Runner-up Points Third place Points
1927–1930  Italy 11  Czechoslovakia and  Austria 10
1931–1932  Austria 11  Italy 9  Hungary 8
1933–1935  Italy 11  Austria 9  Hungary 9
1936–1938 Tournament was interrupted due to Anschluss 12 March 1938.
1948–1953  Hungary 11  Czechoslovakia 9  Austria 9
1955–1960  Czechoslovakia 16  Hungary 15  Austria 11
Years Classification (Amateur Competition)
Winner Points Runner-up Points Third place Points
1929–1930  Poland 7  Hungary (A) 6  Austria (A) 6
1933–1934  Romania 9  Hungary (A) 6  Czechoslovakia (A) 5

Topscorers per tournament[edit]

Years Top Scorers
Goals Striker National team Ref.
1927–1930 6 goals Julio Libonatti
Gino Rossetti
Ferenc Hirzer
 Italy
 Italy
 Hungary
[2]
1931–1932 8 goals István Avar
André Abegglen
 Hungary
  Switzerland
[3]
1933–1935 7 goals Leopold Kielholz
György Sárosi
  Switzerland
 Hungary
[4]
1936–1938 10 goals György Sárosi  Hungary [5]
1948–1953 10 goals Ferenc Puskás  Hungary [6]
1955–1960 7 goals Lajos Tichy  Hungary [7]

All-time top goalscorers[edit]

Rank Name Team Goals
1 Hungary György Sárosi Hungary 17
2 Hungary Ferenc Puskas Hungary 15
3 Czechoslovakia František Svoboda Czechoslovakia 12
4 Switzerland André Abegglen Switzerland 11
5 Hungary István Avar Hungary 10
6 Kingdom of Italy Giuseppe Meazza Italy 8
Switzerland Max Abegglen Switzerland 8
8 Austria Matthias Sindelar Austria 7
Hungary Ferenc Deák Hungary 7
Kingdom of Italy Silvio Piola Italy 7
Kingdom of Italy Julio Libonatti Italy 7
Switzerland Leopold Kielholz Switzerland 7
Hungary Lajos Tichy Hungary 7
14 Czechoslovakia Oldřich Nejedlý Czechoslovakia 6
Austria Josef Bican Austria 6
Hungary Sandor Kocsis Hungary 6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leo Schidrowitz "Internationaler Cup", Vienna 1954
  2. ^ "Central European International Cup 1927-1930 goal scorers". eu-football.info. EU-Football. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  3. ^ "Central European International Cup 1931-1932 goal scorers". eu-football.info. EU-Football. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  4. ^ "Central European International Cup 1933-1935 goal scorers". eu-football.info. EU-Football. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  5. ^ "Central European International Cup 1936-1938 goal scorers". eu-football.info. EU-Football. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  6. ^ "Central European International Cup 1948-1953 goal scorers". eu-football.info. EU-Football. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  7. ^ "Central European International Cup 1955-1960 goal scorers". eu-football.info. EU-Football. Retrieved July 22, 2020.

External links[edit]